click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Jasenovac concentration camp

The Jasenovac concentration camp was an extermination camp established in Slavonia by the authorities of the Independent State of Croatia during World War II. The camp was established and operated by the governing Ustaše regime rather than by Nazi Germany as in the rest of occupied Europe, it was one of the largest concentration camps in Europe and it has been referred to as "the Auschwitz of the Balkans" and "the Yugoslav Auschwitz". It was established in August 1941 in marshland at the confluence of the Sava and Una rivers near the village of Jasenovac, was dismantled in April 1945, it was "notorious for its barbaric practices and the large number of victims". In Jasenovac the majority of victims were ethnic Serbs. Jasenovac was a complex of five subcamps spread over 210 km2 on both banks of the Sava and Una rivers; the largest camp was the "Brickworks" camp at about 100 km southeast of Zagreb. The overall complex included the Stara Gradiška sub-camp, the killing grounds across the Sava river at Donja Gradina, five work farms, the Uštica Roma camp.

During and since World War II, there has been much debate and controversy regarding the number of victims killed at the Jasenovac concentration camp complex during its more than three-and-a-half years of operation. After the war, a figure of 700,000 reflected the "conventional wisdom", although estimates have gone as high as 1.4 million. The authorities of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia conducted a population survey in 1964 that resulted in a list of 59,188 victims of Jasenovac and Stara Gradiška, the findings were not published until 1989. Croatian academic Vladimir Žerjavić published books in 1989 and 1992 in which he "meticulously analysed the available data" and concluded that some 83,000 people had been killed at Jasenovac, his findings were criticized by the director of the Museum of Victims of Genocide in Belgrade, Milan Bulajić, who defended his figure of 1.1 million, although his rebuttal was dismissed as having "no scholarly value". Since Bulajić's retirement from his post in 2002, the Museum has no longer defended the figure of 700,000 to 1 million victims of the camp.

In 2005, Dragan Cvetković, a researcher from the Museum, a Croatian co-author published a book on wartime losses in the NDH which gave a figure of 100,000 victims of Jasenovac. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D. C. presently estimates that the Ustaša regime murdered between 77,000 and 99,000 people in Jasenovac between 1941 and 1945, comprising. The Jasenovac Memorial Site quotes a similar figure of between 100,000 victims; the Independent State of Croatia was founded on 10 April 1941, after the invasion of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers. The NDH consisted of the present-day Republic of Croatia and modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina together with Syrmia in modern-day Serbia, it was an Italo–German quasi-protectorate, as it owed its existence to the Axis powers, who maintained occupation forces within the puppet state throughout its existence. However, its day-to-day administration was comprised exclusively of Croatians, including monks and nuns; some of the first decrees issued by the leader of the NDH Ante Pavelić reflected the Ustaše adoption of the racist ideology of Nazi Germany.

The regime issued a decree restricting the activities of Jews and seizing their property. These laws were followed by a decree for "the Protection of the Nation and the State" of 17 April 1941, which mandated the death penalty for the offence of high treason if a person did or had done "harm to the honour and vital interests of the Croatian nation or endangered the existence of the Independent State of Croatia"; this was a retroactive law, arrests and trials started immediately. It was soon followed by a decree prohibiting the use of the Cyrillic script, an integral part of the rites of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Another decree concerning nationality determined that only citizens of Aryan origin could be nationals of the NDH, only nationals of the NDH were under the protection of the NDH; these decrees were enforced not only through the regular court system, but through new special courts and mobile courts-martial with extended jurisdiction. In July 1941, when existing jails could no longer contain the growing number of new inmates, the Ustaše government began clearing ground for what would become the Jasenovac concentration camp.

On 10 April 1941, the Independent State of Croatia was established, supported by Nazi Germany and fascist Italy, it adopted similar racial and political doctrines. Jasenovac contributed to the Nazi "final solution" to the "Jewish problem", the killing of Roma people and the elimination of political opponents, but its most significant purpose for the Ustaše was as a means to achieve the destruction of Serbs inside the Independent State of Croatia. Jasenovac was located in the German occupation zone of the Independent State of Croatia; the Nazis encouraged Ustaše anti-Jewish and anti-Roma actions and showed support for the intended extermination of the Serb people. Soon, the Nazis began to make clear their genocidal goals, as in the speech Hitler gave to Slavko Kvaternik at a meeting on 21 July 1941:The Jews are the bane of mankind. If the Jews will be allowed to do as they will, like they are permitted in their Soviet heaven t

Ohio Bell

The Ohio Bell Telephone Company, now doing business as AT&T Ohio, is the Bell Operating Company serving most of Ohio and parts of West Virginia. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of AT&T, its headquarters is the Ohio Bell Building at 750 Huron Road, Cleveland and had a secondary headquarters at 150 East Gay Street, Ohio. Ohio Bell is not affiliated with Cincinnati Bell, which serves Cincinnati and other surrounding communities. After the 1984 Bell System Divestiture, Ohio Bell became a subsidiary of Ameritech, one of the seven original Regional Bell Operating Companies; the Ohio Bell name continued to be used until January 1993, when Ameritech dropped all of its individual Bell Operating Company names in favor of its corporate name for marketing purposes. After Ameritech was acquired by SBC in 1999, Ohio Bell continued to retain the "Ameritech" brand until 2001, when it began doing business as SBC Ameritech Ohio. A year in 2002, SBC dropped the Ameritech name in favor of "SBC" as a national brand, resulting in the trade name of SBC Ohio.

On January 15, 2006, after SBC's acquisition of AT&T, Ohio Bell's trade name was changed, again, to AT&T Ohio, a name which it continues to use today. AT&T Ohio official website

Westercelle

Westercelle is a suburb of the district town of Celle in Lower Saxony, that lies 3 kilometres south of the town centre on the river Fuhse. The village derives its name from its location west of the original settlement of Celle, now called Altencelle; the first houses were built on the banks of the river. Westercelle developed into a purely agricultural large village with farms on both sides of the road running from Celle south towards Hanover, which became the B 3 federal road. Individual farmsteads still exist in the suburb. In 1974 the village was incorporated into the town of Celle; the mother church of the Lutheran parish of Westercelle is the Christ Church. The chair of the local council is Michael Schwarz; the green shield of the village coat of arms is divided diagonally from top left by a wavy white line that symbolises the river Fuhse. Above is a white horses' head, below a white lime tree leaf. Since the 1970s industry and commerce has settled in the new trading estates sited in favourable locations next to the B 3.

The trading estates include trispel. Following completion of the second section of the eastern ring road in 2011 Westercelle should be relieved of its heavy through traffic; the Deutsche Bahn's S-Bahn line from Celle via Burgdorf and Lehrte to Hanover runs towards the west through this part of Celle. The nearest station is Celle; the town's bus lines: nos. 1, 6 and 7 stop in Westercelle. In addition there are regional bus lines 1-15, 1-45, 6-65, 6-85 and 7-75; the bus network is run by CeBus. In Westercelle there are three general educational schools: two primary schools and the secondary school; the Jugenddorf Westercelle is a youth centre. Westercelle has an open-air swimming pool, no longer run by the town, but by a private company; the river meadows of the Fuhse are worth seeing. Westercelle has a shooting club, founded in 1644, a sports club, Vfl Westercelle, formed in 1950 and a riding and driving club on the Trift. Schützenfest Edmund Rehwinkel, politician specialising in agriculture and farmer's representative Artur Müller-Davidi: Westercelle: Hinweise für die Erforschung der Geschichte des Dorfes.

Celle, 1981 Horst Bolle: Chronik des Dorfes Westercelle. Celle, 1951 Celle town website

Castello Ruspoli

Castello Ruspoli is a 16th-century castle in the town of Vignanello, Italy. It continues to be the property of an old and noble Italian family, it is well known for its Renaissance-era Giardino all'italiana In 1531 Pope Clement VII awarded Vignanello as a fief to Beatrice Farnese. Her daughter, married Sforza Marescotti, the Farnese Pope Paul III confirmed the fief and elevated the couple to the first count and countess of Vignanello; the castle was built around 1574 as the seat of countess. In the 17th century the Renaissance gardens were created by Ottavia Orsini who had married into the family; the gardens still are one of the best preserved examples of an Italian Renaissance garden. The castle contains on the ground floor a chapel dedicated to Sister Giacinta, a Ruspoli family member, canonized a Saint by Pope Pius VII in 1807; the Ruspoli family was an influential Italian noble family with close connections to the Holy See. Francesco Maria Ruspoli, the 6th Count of Vignanello, was made the 1st Prince of Cerveteri, the family has used the Princely title since.

Many generations of the family lived at the castle in Vignanello, although the family had residences in Rome and Cerveteri as well. The castle continues to be in the possession of the Ruspoli family and serves as a private residence, but is open for visits and events. Ruspoli Family Black Nobility Grand Master of the Sacred Apostolic Hospice Prince of Cerveteri Dado Ruspoli Castello Ruspoli Official Website Castello Ruspoli: See the Garden, Meet the Family Elegant Etruria

Woodcreek High School

Woodcreek High School is one of many schools in the Roseville Joint Union High School District. This school is located at 2551 Woodcreek Oaks Bl. in Roseville, United States. Woodcreek has over 2,100 students. Woodcreek High School was established in 1994; when it opened it served as a high school for Roseville and the surrounding area in the newer section of the town. As the population of Placer County increased, many schools were assigned to the Roseville Joint Union High School District, it is one of the six common high schools in the Roseville Joint Union High School District. Dominic Sandoval, dancer Steven Anderson, founder of Faithful Word Baptist Church and the New Independent Fundamentalist Baptist movement Stephen Nogosek, MLB pitcher for the New York Mets

Beyond the Astral Skies

Beyond the Astral Skies is the third and final album by Electric Sun. It was released in 1985 on EMI. All songs composed by Uli Jon Roth"The Night the Master Comes" - 4:16 "What Is Love?" - 3:24 "Why?" - 4:51 "I'll Be There" - 5:02 "Return" - 3:27 "Icebreaker" - 2:39 "I'm a River" - 4:45 "Angel of Peace" - 3:43 "Eleison" - 6:56 "Son of Sky" - 2:21 Michael Flexig - Lead vocals on 2, 6, 9, 10, harmony vocals on 1-4, 6-10 Uli Jon Roth - Lead & Backing vocals, keyboards, bass Nicky Moore - Harmony vocals on 1 Ule Ritgen - Bass guitar, harmony vocals on 2, 4 Clive Bunker - drums, Timpani Elizabeth Mackenzie - Soprano and Alto on 9 Robert Curtis - Violin and Viola on 9 Jenni Evans - Harmony vocals on 1, 5, 6, 8 Dorothy Patterson - Harmony vocals on 5, 6 Zeno Roth - Harmony vocals on 1, 3, 6, 8 Rainer Przywara - Harmony vocals on 2, 3, 4, 7, 9, 10 Produced by Uli Jon Roth