Stephen Glenn Martin is an American actor, writer and musician. Martin came to public notice in the 1960s as a writer for The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, as a frequent guest on The Tonight Show. In the 1970s, Martin performed his offbeat, absurdist comedy routines before packed houses on national tours. Since the 1980s, having branched away from comedy, Martin has become a successful actor, as well as an author, playwright and banjo player earning him Emmy and American Comedy awards, among other honors. In 2004, Comedy Central ranked Martin at sixth place in a list of the 100 greatest stand-up comics, he was awarded an Honorary Academy Award at the Academy's 5th Annual Governors Awards in 2013. While he has played banjo since an early age, included music in his comedy routines from the beginning of his professional career, he has dedicated his career to music since the 2000s, acting less and spending much of his professional life playing banjo and touring with various bluegrass acts, including Earl Scruggs, with whom he won a Grammy for Best Country Instrumental Performance in 2002.
He released his first solo music album, The Crow: New Songs for the 5-String Banjo, in 2009, for which he won the Grammy Award for Best Bluegrass Album. Martin was born on August 14, 1945, in Waco, the son of Mary Lee and Glenn Vernon Martin, a real estate salesman and aspiring actor. Martin was raised in Inglewood, with brother Fred and sister Melinda Martin, later in Garden Grove, California, in a Baptist family. Martin was a cheerleader of Garden Grove High School. One of his earliest memories is of seeing his father, as an extra, serving drinks onstage at the Call Board Theatre on Melrose Place. During World War II, in the United Kingdom, Martin's father had appeared in a production of Our Town with Raymond Massey. Expressing his affection through gifts, like cars and bikes, Martin's father was stern, not open to his son, he was proud but critical, with Martin recalling that in his teens his feelings for his father were ones of hatred. Martin's first job was at Disneyland, selling guidebooks on weekends and full-time during his school's summer break.
That lasted for three years. During his free time, he frequented the Main Street Magic shop, where tricks were demonstrated to patrons. While working at Disneyland, he was captured in the background of the home movie, made into the short-subject film Disneyland Dream, incidentally becoming his first film appearance. By 1960, he had mastered several magic tricks and illusions and took a paying job at the Magic shop in Fantasyland in August. There he perfected his talents for magic and creating balloon animals in the manner of mentor Wally Boag performing for tips. In his authorized biography, close friend Morris Walker suggests that Martin could "be described most as an agnostic... he went to church and was never involved in organized religion of his own volition". In his early 20s, Martin dated Melissa Trumbo, daughter of acclaimed novelist and screenwriter Dalton Trumbo. After high school, Martin attended Santa Ana College, taking classes in English poetry. In his free time, he teamed up with friend and Garden Grove High School classmate Kathy Westmoreland to participate in comedies and other productions at the Bird Cage Theatre.
He joined a comedy troupe at Knott's Berry Farm. He met budding actress Stormie Sherk, they developed comedy routines and became romantically involved. Sherk's influence caused Martin to apply to the California State University, Long Beach, for enrollment with a major in philosophy. Sherk enrolled at UCLA, about an hour's drive north, the distance caused them to lead separate lives. Inspired by his philosophy classes, Martin considered becoming a professor instead of an actor–comedian, his time at college changed his life. Martin recalls reading a treatise on comedy that led him to think: Martin periodically spoofed his philosophy studies in his 1970s stand-up act, comparing philosophy with studying geology. In 1967, Martin switched his major to theater. While attending college, he appeared in an episode of The Dating Game. Martin began working local clubs at night, to mixed notices, at twenty-one, he dropped out of college. In 1967, his former girlfriend Nina Goldblatt, a dancer on The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour, helped Martin land a writing job with the show by submitting his work to head writer Mason Williams.
Williams paid Martin out of his own pocket. Along with the other writers for the show, Martin won an Emmy Award in 1969, aged 23, he wrote for John Denver, The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour, The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour. Martin's first TV appearance was on The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour in 1968, he says: During these years his roommates included comedian Gary Mule Deer and singer/guitarist Michael Johnson. Martin opened for groups such as The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, The Carpenters, Toto, he appeared among other venues. He continued to write, earning an Emmy nomination for his work on Van Dyke and Company in 1976. In the mid-1970s, Martin made frequent appearances as a stand-up comedian on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, on The Gong Show, HBO's On Location, The Muppet Show, NBC's Saturday Night Live. SNL's audience jumped by a million viewers when he made guest appearances, he was one of the show’s most successful hosts. Martin appeared on 27 Saturday Night Live s
Oculus is a 2013 American supernatural psychological horror film written and directed by Mike Flanagan. It is based on his short film Oculus: Chapter 3 – The Man with the Plan, stars Karen Gillan as a young woman, convinced that an antique mirror is responsible for the death and misfortune that her family suffered; the film had its world premiere on September 5, 2013, at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival and received a wide theatrical release on April 11, 2014. It received positive reviews from critics, was a box office success; the film takes place in two different times: 11 years earlier. The two plot lines are told in parallel through flashbacks. In 2002, software engineer Alan Russell moves into a new house with his wife Marie, 10-year-old son Tim, 12-year-old daughter Kaylie. Alan purchases. Unbeknownst to them, the mirror supernaturally induces hallucinations. Marie is haunted by visions of her own body decaying, while Alan is seduced by a ghostly woman named Marisol, who has mirrors in place of eyes.
Over time, the parents become psychotic. All of the plants in the house die, the family dog disappears after being shut in the office with the mirror. After Kaylie sees Alan with Marisol, she tells her mother, the parents fight. One night, Marie goes insane and attempts to kill her children; when the family runs out of food, the children realize that their father is under the influence of the mirror, so Kaylie goes to seek help from their mother, finds her chained to the wall, acting like an animal. Kaylie and Tim try going to their neighbors for help; when Kaylie attempts to use the phone, she discovers that all of her phone calls are answered by the same man. One night, Alan unchains Marie, both parents attack the children. Marie comes to her senses, only to be shot dead by Alan; the children try to destroy the mirror but it tricks them, making them believe they are hitting the mirror when they are hitting the wall. Alan experiences a moment of lucidity and kills himself by forcing Tim to pull the trigger of the gun and shoot him, causing a small crack in the corner of the mirror in the process.
Before dying, he begs the children to run, but Marisol and other victims of the mirror appear as horrific ghosts. The police take Tim into custody. Before the siblings are separated, they promise to destroy the mirror; as Tim is taken away, he sees the ghosts of his parents watching him from the house. Eleven years Tim is discharged from a psychiatric hospital, having come to believe that there were no supernatural events involved in his parents' deaths. Kaylie has spent most of her young adulthood researching the history of the mirror. Using her position as an employee of an auction house, she obtains access to the mirror and has it transported to the family home, where she places it in a room filled with surveillance cameras and a "kill switch" — an anchor weighted to the ceiling. Kaylie intends to destroy the mirror, but first wants to document its powers, proving Tim's innocence. Tim attempts to convince Kaylie that she's wrong and the siblings argue; when they notice the houseplants begin to wilt, they review the camera footage and see themselves performing actions they have no memory of.
Tim accepts that the mirror has an evil power and attempts to escape the house with Kaylie, only for the pair to be drawn back by the mirror's influence. Seeing a hallucination of her mother, Kaylie stabs it in the neck, only to realize that she has stabbed her fiancé, they try to call the police, but are only able to reach the same voice who spoke to them on the phone as children. At this point, they see their doppelgangers inside the house standing in front of the mirror. Realizing that the 911 call is not going through, they go back inside the house. Kaylie and Tim begin hallucinating by seeing younger versions of each other, they get separated, each of them relives the nightmare from their youth. Both end up in the room with the mirror. Tim wakes up as his older self, alone in the room, or so he thinks. Kaylie is standing by the mirror imagining her mother inside the reflection. At this point Tim is not seeing Kaylie in the room. Tim activates the kill switch, realizing too late that Kaylie stood in its path, he has killed her.
The police arrive and arrest Tim, hysterical, just as they did when he was younger. As both a boy and an adult, Tim claims; as he is taken away, Tim's adult incarnation sees Kaylie's ghost standing in the house with his parents. Karen Gillan as Kaylie Russell Annalise Basso as 12-year-old Kaylie Russell Brenton Thwaites as Tim Russell Garrett Ryan Ewald as 10-year-old Tim Russell Katee Sackhoff as Marie Russell Rory Cochrane as Alan Russell James Lafferty as Michael Dumont Miguel Sandoval as Dr. Graham Kate Siegel as Marisol Chavez The film is based on Flanagan's earlier 2005 short horror film called Oculus; the short contained only one setting, a single actor, a mirror. The short became acclaimed, interest arose regarding the adaptation of the short into a feature. Studios were interested in making the film in accordance with the found footage genre. Intrepid Pictures expressed interest in producing the film "as long as you don't do it found footage". Expanding the premise to a feature-length screenplay proved challenging, as Flanagan felt like he had "pushed the limit" of what could be done with the premise in the short.
The solution Flanagan came across was to combine
San Diego Comic-Con
San Diego Comic-Con International is a multi-genre entertainment and comic convention held annually in San Diego, United States. The name, as given on its website, is Comic-Con International: San Diego, it was founded as the Golden State Comic Book Convention in 1970 by a group of San Diegans that included Shel Dorf, Richard Alf, Ken Krueger, Mike Towry. It is a four-day event held during the summer at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego. On the Wednesday evening prior to the official opening, professionals and pre-registered guests for all four days can attend a pre-event "Preview Night" to give attendees the opportunity to walk the exhibit hall and see what will be available during the convention. Comic-Con International produces two other conventions, WonderCon, held in Anaheim, the Alternative Press Expo, held in San Francisco. Since 1974, Comic-Con has bestowed its annual Inkpot Award on guests and persons of interest in the popular arts industries, as well as on members of Comic-Con's board of directors and the Convention committee.
It is the home of the Will Eisner Awards. Showcasing comic books and science fiction/fantasy related film and similar popular arts, the convention has since included a larger range of pop culture and entertainment elements across all genres, including horror, Western animation, manga, collectible card games, video games and fantasy novels. In 2010 and each year subsequently, it filled the San Diego Convention Center to capacity with more than 130,000 attendees. In addition to drawing huge crowds, the event holds several Guinness World Records including the largest annual comic and pop culture festival in the world; the convention was founded in 1970 by Shel Dorf, Richard Alf, Ken Krueger, Mike Towry, Barry Alfonso, Bob Sourk, Greg Bear. Detroit, Michigan-born, comics fan Shel Dorf, had, in the mid-1960s, mounted the Detroit Triple-Fan Fairs, one of the first commercial comics-fan conventions; when he moved to San Diego, California, in 1970, he organized a one-day convention on March 21, 1970, "as a kind of'dry run' for the larger convention he hoped to stage."
Dorf went on to be associated with the convention as president or manager, for years until becoming estranged from the organization. Alf co-chaired the first convention with Krueger and became chairman in 1971. Following the initial gathering, Dorf's first three-day San Diego comics convention, the Golden State Comic-Con, drew 300 people and was held at the U. S. Grant Hotel from August 1–3, 1970. Other locations in the convention's early years included the El Cortez Hotel, the University of California, San Diego, Golden Hall, before being moved to the San Diego Convention Center in 1991. Richard Alf, chairman in 1971, has noted an early factor in the Con's growth was an effort "to expand the Comic-Con committee base by networking with other fandoms such as the Society for Creative Anachronism and the Mythopoeic Society, among others.." In a Rolling Stone article about the origins of Comic-Con, it noted the work of Krueger, who handled early business matters, worked to get the event to be organized by a non-profit organization.
By the late 1970s, the show had grown to such an extent that Bob Schreck recalled visiting with his then-boss Gary Berman of Creation Conventions and reflecting, "While kept repeating'This show's not any bigger than ours!' I was walking the floor stunned and in awe of just how much bigger it was. I was blown away."According to Forbes, the convention is the "largest convention of its kind in the world. The convention has an estimated annual regional economic impact of more than $140 million. Yet, in 2009, the estimated economic impact was criticized for negatively impacting seasonal businesses outside of Comic-Con, low individual spending estimates of attendees, that a large number of attendees live in San Diego, that the impact of the convention was more cultural than financial. In 2011, the estimated economic impact of that year's convention was $180 million. In 2014, the estimated impact of that year's convention was $177.8 million. In 2016, the estimated impact of that year's convention was down to $150 million.
By 2018, San Diego Comic-Con saw increasing competition from other comic conventions in places such as New York City, Washington, D. C. which caused it to compete for attendees and companies time and budget. The convention is organized by a panel of 13 board members, 16 to 20 full-time and part-time workers, 80 volunteers who assist via committees. Comic-Con International is a non-profit organization, proceeds of the event go to funding it, as well as the Alternative Press Expo and WonderCon; the convention logo was designed by Richard Bruning and Josh Beatman in 1995. In 2015, working with Lionsgate, a video channel was created to host Comic-Con related content. In 2015, through a limited liability company, Comic-Con International purchased three buildings in Barrio Logan. In 2018 Comic-Con International purchased a 29,000-square-foot office in San Diego's Little Italy neighborhood. In 2017, the organization acquired a lease to the Federal Building in Balboa Park built for the California Pacific Internati
Ethan Green Hawke is an American actor and director. He has been nominated for four Academy Awards and a Tony Award. Hawke has directed three feature films, three Off-Broadway plays, a documentary, he has written three novels. He made his film debut with the 1985 science fiction feature Explorers, before making a breakthrough appearance in the 1989 drama Dead Poets Society, he appeared in various films before taking a role in the 1994 Generation X drama Reality Bites, for which he received critical praise. Hawke starred alongside Julie Delpy in Richard Linklater's Before trilogy: Before Sunrise, Before Sunset and Before Midnight, all of which received critical acclaim. Hawke has been nominated twice for both the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay and the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Hawke was further honored with SAG Award nominations for both films, as well as BAFTA Award and Golden Globe Award nominations for the latter, his other films include the science fiction drama Gattaca, the contemporary adaptation of Hamlet, the action thriller Assault on Precinct 13, the crime drama Before the Devil Knows You're Dead, the horror film Sinister.
In 2018 he garnered critical acclaim for his performance as a protestant minister in Paul Schrader's drama First Reformed receiving numerous accolades including New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor and nominations at the Independent Spirit Awards and Critics' Choice Awards. In addition to his film work, Hawke has appeared in many theater productions, he made his Broadway debut in 1992 in Anton Chekhov's The Seagull, was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Featured Actor in a Play in 2007 for his performance in Tom Stoppard's The Coast of Utopia. In 2010, Hawke directed Sam Shepard's A Lie of the Mind, for which he received a Drama Desk Award nomination for Outstanding Director of a Play. Hawke was born in Austin, Texas, to Leslie, a charity worker, James Hawke, an insurance actuary. Hawke's parents were high school sweethearts in Fort Worth and married young, when Hawke's mother was 17. Hawke was born a year later. Hawke's parents were students at the University of Texas at Austin at the time of his birth, separated and divorced in 1974.
After the separation, Hawke was raised by his mother. The two relocated several times, before settling in New York City, where Hawke attended the Packer Collegiate Institute in Brooklyn Heights. Hawke's mother remarried when he was 10 and the family moved to West Windsor Township, New Jersey, where Hawke attended West Windsor Plainsboro High School, he transferred to the Hun School of Princeton, a secondary boarding school, from which he graduated in 1988. In high school, Hawke aspired to be a writer, but developed an interest in acting, he made his stage debut at age 13, in a production at The McCarter Theatre of George Bernard Shaw's Saint Joan, appearances in West Windsor-Plainsboro High School productions of Meet Me in St. Louis and You Can't Take It with You followed. At the Hun School he took acting classes at the McCarter Theatre on the Princeton campus, after high school graduation he studied acting at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh dropping out after he was cast in Dead Poets Society.
He enrolled in New York University's English program for two years, but dropped out to pursue other acting roles. Hawke obtained his mother's permission to attend his first casting call at the age of 14, secured his first film role in Joe Dante's Explorers, in which he played an alien-obsessed schoolboy alongside River Phoenix; the film was met with favorable reviews but had poor box office results, a failure which Hawke has admitted caused him to quit acting for a brief period after the film's release. Hawke described the disappointment as difficult to bear at such a young age, adding "I would never recommend that a kid act."In 1989, Hawke made his breakthrough appearance in Peter Weir's Dead Poets Society, playing one of the students taught by Robin Williams's inspirational English teacher. The Variety reviewer noted "Hawke, as the painfully shy Todd, gives a haunting performance." The film received considerable acclaim, winning the BAFTA Award for Best Film and an Academy Award nomination for Best Picture.
With revenue of $235 million worldwide, it remains Hawke's most commercially successful picture to date. Hawke described the opportunities he was offered as a result of the film's success as critical to his decision to continue acting: "I didn't want to be an actor and I went back to college, but the success was so monumental that I was getting offers to be in such interesting movies and be in such interesting places, it seemed silly to pursue anything else." While filming Dead Poets Society he auditioned for what would be his next film appearance, 1989's comedy drama Dad, where he played Ted Danson's son and Jack Lemmon's grandson. Hawke's next film, 1991's White Fang, brought his first leading role; the film, an adaptation of Jack London's novel of the same name, featured Hawke as Jack Conroy, a Yukon gold hunter who befriends a wolfdog. According to The Oregonian, "Hawke does a good job as young Jack... He makes Jack's passion for White Fang real and keeps it from being ridiculous or overly sentimental."
He appeared in Keith Gordon's A Midnight Clear, a well-received war film based on William Wharton's novel of the same name. In the survival drama Alive, adapted from Piers Paul Read's 1974 book, Hawke portrayed Nando Pa
The Normal Heart (film)
The Normal Heart is a 2014 American television drama film directed by Ryan Murphy and written by Larry Kramer, based on his 1985 play of the same name. The film stars Mark Ruffalo, Matt Bomer, Taylor Kitsch, Jim Parsons, Alfred Molina, Joe Mantello, Jonathan Groff, Julia Roberts; the film depicts the rise of the HIV-AIDS crisis in New York City between 1981 and 1984, as seen through the eyes of writer/activist Ned Weeks, the founder of a prominent HIV advocacy group. Weeks prefers public confrontations to the calmer, more private strategies favored by his associates and closeted lover Felix Turner, their differences of opinion lead to arguments. It was released on DVD and Blu-ray on August 26, 2014, it is summer of 1981. Ned Weeks is an gay writer from New York City who travels to Fire Island on Long Island to celebrate the birthday of his friend Craig Donner at a beachhouse. Other friends in attendance include Mickey Marcus and the charismatic Bruce Niles, who has begun dating Craig, young and appears to be in good health.
While walking on the beach, Craig feels dizzy and collapses. When blowing out the candles on his birthday cake, Craig begins to cough repeatedly. While traveling back to New York City, Ned reads an article in the New York Times titled "Rare Cancer Diagnosed in 41 Homosexuals". Back in the city, he visits the offices of Dr. Emma Brookner, a physician who has seen many patients afflicted with symptoms of rare diseases that would be harmless unless their immune systems had been compromised. All of these cases seem to be appearing in gay men. In the waiting room, Ned meets Sanford, a patient whose face and hands are marked with skin lesions caused by Kaposi's sarcoma, a rare cancer. Brookner finds that he does not have the symptoms of this disease, she asks Ned to help her raise awareness of this disease within the gay community. Craig suffers violent convulsions and is rushed to the hospital with Ned and Bruce where he is pronounced dead. Brookner recognizes Bruce, noting that he is the former boyfriend of another one of her patients who died.
Ned organizes a gathering at his home where many local gay men are invited to hear Brookner share information about the disease. Though she lacks conclusive evidence, she states her belief that the illness is sexually transmissible and that they should all avoid having sex for the time being to prevent new transmissions. Most attendees question her belief, she notes that few medical journals appear interested in publishing anything on this disease, affecting homosexual men. Ned announces that he wants to start an organization to spread information about the disease and provide services to those who have been infected. Brookner and Ned visit a local hospital where several of her sick patients are in critical condition with an illness, now being referred to as gay-related immune deficiency, they stay in rooms. Ned, Bruce and several other friends including Tommy Boatwright establish a community organization called Gay Men's Health Crisis; the organization sponsors fundraisers for research on the disease now called AIDS and establishes a telephone hotline and other services.
Over Ned's objections, they elect Bruce their president. Ned arranges for his older brother, lawyer Ben Weeks, to provide free legal advice to the GMHC; the two brothers are close, but there remains an underlying tension over Ben's lack of understanding of Ned's sexuality. Ned contacts gay New York Times reporter Felix Turner, hoping that he can use his media connections to publish more stories about the unfolding health crisis. Felix laments that it is difficult getting any mainstream newspapers to report much information on AIDS; the two begin a romantic relationship. The disease continues to claim lives. Bruce attempts to travel to Phoenix with his boyfriend Albert, dying, so that Albert can see his mother one more time; the airline refuses at first to fly the plane with sick Albert on board. When they do get to Phoenix, Albert dies following a period of dementia; the hospital doctors refuse to examine him and issue a death certificate, instead throw him out with the garbage while Bruce bribes a funeral home to cremate his body without a death certificate.
Brookner attempts to obtain grant money to continue researching AIDS, but her efforts are rejected by government officials who do not see AIDS as a priority. Ned, meanwhile, is kicked out of GMHC for his combative and aggressive tactics to promote awareness of AIDS, causing tension within the group. Felix comes down with symptoms and his body wastes away as the disease claims his life. Felix arranges for a will with the help of Ben, leaves everything he has to Ned; the two state their love for one another at the hospital. A few days Ned visits his alma mater, Yale University, where a Gay Week is being hosted by the students, he admires how young men and women are able to dance with one another without fear of discrimination. Information is displayed about the growing number of people developing AIDS, as Tommy's Rolodex pile grows bigger including Bruce Niles. In August 2011, Ryan Murphy said in an interview with Deadline Hollywood that he had optioned The Normal Heart and intended to produce the film version, starring Mark Ruffalo "and maybe Julia Roberts".
The Hollywood Reporter confirmed the film
Split (2016 American film)
Split is a 2016 American psychological horror thriller film and the second installment in the Unbreakable trilogy written and produced by M. Night Shyamalan and starring James McAvoy, Anya Taylor-Joy, Betty Buckley; the film follows a man with 23 different personalities who kidnaps and imprisons three teenage girls in an isolated underground facility. Principal photography began on November 2015, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; the film premiered at Fantastic Fest on September 26, 2016, was released in the United States on January 20, 2017, by Universal Pictures. The film received positive reviews, with McAvoy's performance earning high praise and some critics labeling it a welcome return to form for Shyamalan, although some criticized the film for its perceived stigmatization of mental illness; the film grossed $278 million worldwide on a budget of $9 million. The film is a standalone sequel to the 2000 film Unbreakable, written and directed by Shyamalan; the film was not marketed as a sequel, instead saving the revelation for a scene featuring Bruce Willis reprising his Unbreakable role in an uncredited cameo.
Split is noted as Hollywood's first stealth sequel. It is Shyamalan's first sequel; the final part of the trilogy, titled Glass, was released in 2019, combining the casts and characters of both previous films. Casey Cooke is a withdrawn teenager, having been molested as a child by her uncle John, her legal guardian since her father died from a heart attack. After a pity invite to a birthday party, she is offered a ride home by her classmate Claire and Claire's father, along with Claire's friend Marcia; as the girls wait for Claire's father in the car, he is knocked unconscious and Casey and Marcia, are kidnapped by Kevin Wendell Crumb, a man suffering from dissociative identity disorder. Kevin is in therapy with Dr. Karen Fletcher. In his mind, these personalities sit in chairs in a room, waiting for "Barry", the dominant personality, to grant them their turn "in the light", she has found that Kevin's physiology changes with each personality. "Barry" has refused to allow "Dennis" or "Patricia" their turns, in part due to Dennis' tendencies towards bothering underage girls and Patricia's undesirable traits, because both appear to worship a mysterious entity known as "The Beast".
Fletcher has found. Kevin, as "Dennis", locks the girls in a cell in his underground quarters, they recognize his DID, Claire attempts to use this to escape but is caught by "Dennis" and separated from the others. Kevin continues attending appointments with Fletcher. Fletcher soon recognizes, it is never returned. As he grew up, Kevin was abused and terrorized by his mother, who suffered from obsessive–compulsive disorder, he experienced an awkward incident with two teenage girls where they forced Kevin to touch their breasts, which Fletcher believes triggered "Dennis" to take over. Marcia attempts to escape but is caught by "Patricia". Casey befriends "Hedwig", another one of Kevin's personalities, a 9 year-old boy, who reveals himself as the one to have taken control of "the light" from "Barry". Casey convinces "Hedwig" to let her out of her cell to see his bedroom, believing that there might be a means of escape through the window "Hedwig" has described in that room, but she finds that it is only a drawing of a window.
She takes a walkie-talkie from Hedwig and uses it to call for help, but the man at the other end thinks it is a prank. "Patricia" subdues Casey. Fletcher visits Kevin's home, where he reveals that he has met "The Beast", in actuality a yet-to-manifest 24th personality. Realising that "Dennis" may have abducted the three missing girls to serve as a sacrifice to "The Beast", Fletcher feigns going to the bathroom, searches the house, finds Claire. "Dennis" appears, sedates Fletcher and locks her up as well. "Dennis" goes to a train station, where he boards an empty train car, which allows "The Beast" to take over, giving Kevin superhuman abilities. Fletcher writes Kevin's full name on a piece of paper before "The Beast" kills her. Casey escapes from her cell, only to find that "The Beast" has devoured Marcia and watches in horror as he devours Claire too. Casey finds the piece of paper. "The Beast" approaches her. Upon learning of the situation and realizing that he has not been in control for two years, a horrified Kevin begs Casey to kill him with a shotgun he has hidden.
This prompts all 24 personalities to fight. He gives control over to the undesirable personalities—"Dennis" and "Patricia"—so nobody will make fun of him again and they once again let "The Beast" take hold. Casey retrieves the gun and ammunition before escaping into an underground tunnel, where she shoots "The Beast" twice to no effect, she locks herself in a caged area. He sees faded scars across her body from cutting herself. Having declared his plans to rid the world of the "impure" and "untouched"—those who have never suffered—he considers Casey to be "pure" so he spares her and he runs off. Casey is rescued and learns that she was being held at the Philadelphia Zoo, where Kevin had been an employee; when Casey is asked if she is ready to return home with her uncle, she hesitates to answer. In another hideo
American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Americans who are Jews, whether by religion, ethnicity or nationality. The current Jewish community in the United States consists of Ashkenazi Jews, who descend from diaspora Jewish populations of Central and Eastern Europe and comprise about 90-95% of the American Jewish population. Most American Ashkenazim are US-born, with a dwindling number of now elderly earlier immigrants, as well as some more recent foreign-born immigrants. During the colonial era, prior to the mass immigration of Ashkenazim and Portuguese Jews represented the bulk of America's small Jewish population, while their descendants are a minority today, they along with an array of other Jewish communities represented the remainder of American Jews, including other more recent Sephardic Jews, Mizrahi Jews, various other ethnically Jewish communities, as well as a smaller number of converts to Judaism; the American Jewish community manifests a wide range of Jewish cultural traditions, encompassing the full spectrum of Jewish religious observance.
Depending on religious definitions and varying population data, the United States has the largest or second largest Jewish community in the world, after Israel. In 2012, the American Jewish population was estimated at between 5.5 and 8 million, depending on the definition of the term, which constitutes between 1.7% and 2.6% of the total U. S. population. Jews have been present in the Thirteen Colonies since the mid-17th century. However, they were small in number, with at most 200 to 300 having arrived by 1700; those early arrivers were Sephardic Jewish immigrants, of Western Sephardic ancestry, but by 1720 Ashkenazi Jews from Central and Eastern Europe predominated. The English Plantation Act 1740 for the first time permitted Jews to become British citizens and emigrate to the colonies. Despite some being denied the ability to vote or hold office in local jurisdictions, Sephardic Jews became active in community affairs in the 1790s, after achieving political equality in the five states where they were most numerous.
Until about 1830, South Carolina had more Jews than anywhere else in North America. Large-scale Jewish immigration commenced in the 19th century, when, by mid-century, many German Jews had arrived, migrating to the United States in large numbers due to antisemitic laws and restrictions in their countries of birth, they became merchants and shop-owners. There were 250,000 Jews in the United States by 1880, many of them being the educated, secular, German Jews, although a minority population of the older Sephardic Jewish families remained influential. Jewish migration to the United States increased in the early 1880s, as a result of persecution and economic difficulties in parts of Eastern Europe. Most of these new immigrants were Yiddish-speaking Ashkenazi Jews, most of whom arrived from the poor diaspora communities of the Russian Empire and the Pale of Settlement, located in modern-day Poland, Belarus and Moldova. During the same period, great numbers of Ashkenazi Jews arrived from Galicia, at that time the most impoverished region of the Austro-Hungarian empire with a heavy Jewish urban population, driven out by economic reasons.
Many Jews emigrated from Romania. Over 2,000,000 Jews landed between the late 19th century and 1924, when the Immigration Act of 1924 restricted immigration. Most settled in the New York metropolitan area, establishing the world's major concentrations of Jewish population. In 1915 the circulation of the daily Yiddish newspapers was half a million in New York City alone, 600,000 nationally. In addition thousands more subscribed to the numerous weekly papers and the many magazines. At the beginning of the 20th century, these newly arrived Jews built support networks consisting of many small synagogues and Landsmanshaften for Jews from the same town or village. American Jewish writers of the time urged assimilation and integration into the wider American culture, Jews became part of American life. 500,000 American Jews fought in World War II, after the war younger families joined the new trend of suburbanization. There, Jews became assimilated and demonstrated rising intermarriage; the suburbs facilitated the formation of new centers, as Jewish school enrollment more than doubled between the end of World War II and the mid-1950s, while synagogue affiliation jumped from 20% in 1930 to 60% in 1960.
More recent waves of Jewish emigration from Russia and other regions have joined the mainstream American Jewish community. Americans of Jewish descent have been disproportionately successful in many fields and aspects over the years; the Jewish community in America has gone from a lower class minority, with most studies putting upwards of 80% as manual factory laborers prior to World War I and with the majority of fields barred to them, to the consistent richest or second richest ethnicity in America for the past 40 years in terms of average annual salary, with high concentrations in academia and other fields, today have the highest per capita income of any ethnic group in the United States, at around double the average income of non-Jewish Americans. In 2016, Modern Orthodox Jews had a median household income of $158,000, while Open Orthodox Jews had a median household income at $185,000. Scholars debate whether the favorable historical experience for Jews in the United States has been such a unique experience as to validate American exceptionalism.