An arterial road or arterial thoroughfare is a high-capacity urban road. The primary function of an arterial road is to deliver traffic from collector roads to freeways or expressways, between urban centres at the highest level of service possible; as such, many arteries are feature restrictions on private access. Though the design of arterial roads varies from country to country, city to city, within cities, they share a number of common design characteristics. For example, in many cities, arteries are arranged in a grid. Many jurisdictions classify arterial roads as either principal or minor. In traffic engineering hierarchy, an arterial road delivers traffic between collector roads and freeways. For new arterial roads, intersections are reduced to increase traffic flow. In California, arterial roads are spaced every half mile, have intersecting collector and streets; some arterial roads, characterized by a small fraction of intersections and driveways compared to most arterial roads, are considered to be expressways in some countries and some states of the United States.
The Traffic Engineering Handbook describes "Arterials" as being either principal or minor. Both classes serve to carry longer-distance flows between important centers of activity. Arterials are laid out as the backbone of a traffic network and should be designed to afford the highest level of service, as is practical, as per the aforementioned "Traffic Engineering Handbook"; the construction and development of arterial roads is achieved through two methods. By far the most common is the upgrading of an existing right-of-way during subdivision development; when existing structures prohibit the widening of an existing road however, bypasses are constructed. Because of the placement and general continuity of arterial road corridors, water mains and other infrastructure are placed beneath or beside the roadbed. In North America, traffic signals are used at most intersections. In Europe, large roundabouts are more seen at the busier junctions. Speed limits are between 30 and 50 mph, depending on the density of use of the surrounding development.
In school zones, speeds may be further reduced. The width of arterial roads can range from four lanes to ten or more; some are divided at the center, while others share a common center lane, such as a contraflow lane or central turning lane. As with other roadway environmental consequences derive from arterial roadways, including air pollution generation, noise pollution and surface runoff of water pollutants. Air pollution generation from arterials can be rather concentrated, since traffic volumes can be high, traffic operating speeds are low to moderate. Sound levels can be considerable due to moderately high traffic volumes characteristic of arterials, due to considerable braking and acceleration that occur on arterials that are signalized. Grid plan The dictionary definition of arterial road at Wiktionary
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
Old Strathcona is an historic district in south-central Edmonton, Canada. Once the commercial core of the separate city of Strathcona, the area is now home to many of Edmonton's arts and entertainment facilities, as well as a local shopping hub for residents and students at the nearby University of Alberta. Many of the area's businesses are owner-operated but, chains have made inroads. A good proportion of Edmonton's theatres and live-performance venues are in the area; the district centres on Whyte Avenue and has shops, restaurants and buskers. In 2007, Old Strathcona was named Alberta's second Provincial Historic Area; the district comprises an area of five city blocks from 85 Avenue south to 80 Avenue and from 102 Street west to 106 street. The Old Strathcona and Area Business Revitalization Zone is a cross-shaped business revitalization zone, extending along Whyte Avenue from just west of 109 Street in the west, to just east of 99 Street in the east, along Gateway Boulevard from 86 Avenue in the north to University Avenue in the south.
Old Strathcona was once a municipality separate from Edmonton, achieving town status in 1899 and city status in 1907. The City of Strathcona amalgamated with Edmonton in 1912. A large part of Whyte Avenue's popularity is the historical character of its buildings, many of which are one hundred years old; the oldest building is the Strathcona Hotel, built by the railway when it arrived in 1891. Early construction used wood, but this changed in 1902 when the Town of Strathcona passed a bylaw requiring brick buildings in the downtown core to prevent a major fire. Many of the current brick buildings were erected during the 1910–1912 boom that brought thousands of settlers from eastern Canada and continental Europe, U. S. and other parts of the world. Whyte Avenue in the early 1890s was dominated by primitive shack homes and quickly-built pioneer stores; these early structures were soon replaced by more substantial wood-frame two-storey buildings or, in the case of the Ross Block, by a brick building before the town's anti-fire bylaw.
In 2005, Edmonton City Council sent a letter to the Province of Alberta requesting heritage status for the area, the new status of Provincial Heritage Area in 2007. Old Strathcona is Alberta's second Provincial Historic Area, has a number of historic buildings; the designation as a Provincial Historic Area applies to 5 square blocks that formed the commercial hub of the former city of Strathcona. It runs from 85 Avenue south from 102 Street west to 106 Street. Within this area are many of the most significant buildings from Strathcona's early boom from the arrival of the Calgary and Edmonton Railway in 1891 to the Edmonton real estate crash of 1913–14. Heritage buildings within this area include the Strathcona Hotel, the Gainers Block, the Orange Hall, the Canadian Pacific Railway Station, the South Side Post Office, the Douglas Block, the Princess Theatre, the Strathcona Public Library, the Connaught Armoury, Old Scona Academic High School. Outside of the Provincial Heritage Area in the wider Old Strathcona area are several non-commercial buildings that are protected as heritage buildings including churches and residences.
Within the Edmonton-Strathcona provincial electoral district, which covers most of the former City of Strathcona, there are 18 Provincial Historic Resources and 11 Registered Historic Resources recognized by the Government of Alberta, 14 Municipal Restoric Resources recognized by the City of Edmonton. After amalgamation of the cities of Strathcona and Edmonton, Strathcona went into an economic slump and little re-development occurred, allowing many of area's old buildings to continue to the present day. In the 1970s, Edmonton city council bought many properties along 104 Street in preparation for a freeway through the historic area. A "Save-the-district" movement emerged and the plan was abandoned. Old Strathcona became more Bohemian in tone, as well as performing its historic purpose of supplying goods and services to local residents, students at nearby University of Alberta, residents of the nearby County of Strathcona whose county offices would first be located in Old StrathconaThe Strathcona Hotel, the first building built after the arrival of the railway that had established the hamlet of South Edmonton in 1891 has been in operation since, other bars were never absent from the district.
However, in the 1990s, many new bars were established in Whyte Avenue buildings that had held offices and shops. The area's night-time ambience began to change dramatically; the area has attracted media attention over the years for its revelry. Over time, the area has become the premier entertainment strip in Edmonton and is the locale for events such as the Edmonton International Fringe Festival. Although it has lacked alternative music venues since the 1990s heyday, there is a strong revival of music venues on Whyte Avenue with several offering live entertainment for various genres; the primary location for clubs and nightlife is on Whyte Avenue between 99 and 109 Streets, with the majority of clubs directly on Whyte Avenue or on adjacent side streets. Whyte Avenue arguably remains the centre of Edmonton's alternative lifestyles, containing various independent clothing and other types of shops catering to a variety of alternative subcultures. Clothing is the fastest growing business trend with retailers all along the avenue.
Old Strathcona is a bastion of small and independent business. There are a number of restaurants in this area, many locally
Transportation in Edmonton
The city of Edmonton, has a transportation network typical for a Canadian city of its size, involving most modes of transport including, but not limited to, rail and public transit. With few natural barriers to growth and flat to rolling terrain bisected by a deep river valley, the city of Edmonton has expanded to cover an area of nearly 684 km2, of which only two-thirds is built-up; the metropolitan area covers over 9,418 km2. This has resulted in a private transportation-oriented transportation network typical of any other city of its size in North America. However, Edmonton does not have the extensive limited access freeway system typical of what one would find in a US metro area, the road network is somewhat unusual in regard to access to downtown; the Edmonton Transit System is the primary public transportation agency, covering most parts of the city, but only within the City of Edmonton proper. Neighbouring communities outside Edmonton's city limits such as Sherwood Park and St. Albert operate their own public transit agencies and offer public transportation to and from neighbouring communities.
The smaller city of Fort Saskatchewan contracts out bus services there to ETS. In 1978, Edmonton became the first city with a population of under one million to operate a light rail transit system in North America; the LRT runs on two lines - the Capital Line and the Metro Line - extending 24.3 km. The system runs from Clareview Station in northeast Edmonton, across the North Saskatchewan River, to Century Park in the south. Of the 18 stations on the network, six are underground running through the downtown core and the University of Alberta main campus, with the rest at ground level; the ETS operates a fleet of well over 960 buses across the city with 180 regular routes. Edmonton was one of two cities in Canada that operated a trolley bus system until service was discontinued in May 2009; the ETS operates a specialized system for disabled people called DATS. Commuter service to Edmonton's suburbs is provided by Strathcona County Transit and St. Albert Transit. Edmonton is connected to British Columbia and Saskatchewan via the Yellowhead Highway, to Calgary and Red Deer via the Queen Elizabeth II Highway.
Anthony Henday Drive is a 78 km ring road encircling the City of Edmonton completed on October 1, 2016. In a clockwise direction, the 78 km of free-flowing road spans from the Yellowhead Trail /Meridian Street in the east to Manning Drive Highway 15 in the northeast; the southeast leg from Calgary Trail/Gateway Boulevard to Highway 14 opened on October 23, 2007. The northwest leg of Anthony Henday Drive from Yellowhead Trail in the west to Manning Drive in the northeast opened on November 1, 2011; the remaining 9 km leg in the northeast, from Manning Drive to the Yellowhead Highway in east Edmonton, began construction in 2012, was completed on October 1, 2016. Edmonton's roads were all named and arranged so that roads titled "avenues" ran north-south and "streets" ran east-west; the first move to a grid-style system began as the city expanded west - the streets west of Queens Avenue were switched to run on a north-south orientation with 1st Street being west of Queens Avenue, the street numbers increasing further west.
West of Queens Avenue, the avenues switched. This led to a confusing situation with avenues becoming streets despite no change in direction. For example, MacKenzie Avenue became Boyle Street west of Queens Avenue, Athabasca Avenue became Elizabeth Street west of Queens Avenue; the city of Strathcona had adopted a grid and quadrant system before its amalgamation with Edmonton, with the city being centred on Main Street and Whyte Avenue. This street system was similar to that of present-day Calgary's system, having NW, NE, SW and SE quadrants. Strathcona's grid/quadrant system was abandoned in 1914. In 1914, following amalgamation with Strathcona, Edmonton adopted a new street numbering system, which with a few small modifications is still in use; the centre of the city, Jasper Avenue and 101 Street, was set as the starting point. Jasper Avenue was one of the few streets, not assigned a number; the other avenues were numbered. Several other streets have maintained their names despite of having been reassigned as numbers — these include but are not limited to Whyte Avenue, Norwood Boulevard, Alberta Avenue, while others were given new names over time, such as Rue Hull Street -, a segment of what used to be Queens Avenue.
Avenues run west. Avenue numbers increase to the north; when a street lies between two numbered streets, letters are appended as suffixes. For example, 107A Avenue lies between 108 Avenue; the letter B will be used and more C, to denote multiple streets between 2 different street numbers. For example, 17A, 17B and 17C Avenues all lie between 17 18 Avenue. Houses with odd numbers are on the south side of an avenue. Dropping the last two digits of a ho
The Fairmont Hotel Macdonald is a hotel in Edmonton, Alberta. It was built by the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, has been successively owned by Canadian National Railway, Canadian Pacific Hotels, Fairmont Hotels and Resorts. Construction began in 1911, was completed in 1915, allowing the hotel to open in July of that year; the hotel is an Edmonton landmark, overlooks the North Saskatchewan River Valley, the largest urban parkway in North America. It is one of Canada's chateau-style hotels built in the late early 20th centuries. Prior to the construction of the Hotel Macdonald, the site was home to a squatters' camp; the squatters lived in tents or in small caves dug into the side of the river valley wall, which remain to this day. Local residents nicknamed the site the "Galician Hotel" due to the fact that many of the squatters were Ukrainian-speaking immigrants from the Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia. Ross and Macdonald, the same architectural firm that designed many of Canada's landmark hotels, designed the hotel in the château-style that characterized Canada's large railway hotels.
Construction was completed on July 5, 1915, the structure was named after Canada's first prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald; the original seven-story Grand Trunk Pacific hotel was built in a distinctive chateau style adapted from 16th century French castles. The building is roofed with copper. Construction and furnishings cost about $2,250,000. Along with the Palliser Hotel in Calgary, it was one of the first two establishments to be reissued a liquor license by the Alberta Liquor Control Board when the province repealed Prohibition in 1924. In 1953, the owners constructed a 300-bedroom, 16-story addition to keep up with the rising demand for hotel accommodations in the city. Together, the hotel and the addition were dubbed "The Mac and the box it came in."The Hotel MacDonald fell into disrepair and closed in 1983, there was talk of demolition. The City of Edmonton designated the building as a Municipal Heritage Resource. Five areas were included in the designation: the building exterior, the Confederation Lounge, the lobby, the Wedgewood Room, the Empire Ballroom.
The 1953 addition was demolished in 1986. Canadian Pacific Hotels purchased the hotel in 1988, began a restoration campaign; the hotel reopened in 1991 after work totaling $28 million. The renovation added several suites in what had been storage space, some of which are named for prominent guests of the hotel, including: Charles Melville Hays Suite, Lois Hole Suite, King George VI Suite, Sir Winston Churchill Suite, Edward Prince of Wales Suite, the Aberhart and Lougheed suites, the Queen Elizabeth II Suite, which covers 2,400 square feet over two floors, with two bedrooms and a dining room for eight. With the addition of the 18 suites, the hotel now has 199 rooms on 8 floors, stands a total of 51 metres high. In 1999, CP Hotels merged with Fairmont Hotels, began operating the hotel under the Fairmont banner; the chain was sold, Fairmont Hotels and Resorts is now owned by Kingdom Holding Company
Stony Plain Road
Stony Plain Road is a major Roadway in west Edmonton, Alberta. Parkland Highway is an alternative route to the corresponding section of Highway 16 in Parkland County. Stony Plain Road is an Expressway. Soon after entering the city limits, the westbound and eastbound traffic lanes separate into two separate one-way streets. Stony Plain Road at this time refers only to the westbound street, while eastbound traffic becomes 100 Avenue. Both sections cross Anthony Henday Drive. After Anthony Henday Northbound, there are a few eastbound lanes, to better serve Place LaRue, a commercial area with big-box stores, hotels and other commercial activity catering to travellers and commuters; this is true near the intersection with 170 Street. After 170 Street the road again carries both directions of traffic, but 100 Avenue remains a one-way street until 163 Street. East of 170 Street the road passes by the Mayfield Common strip mall, through some mixed residential-commercial areas and a low-income neighbourhood.
East of 142 Street, Stony Plain Road branches northwest while the main roadway continues as 102 Avenue towards downtown. Stony Plain Road continues as a spur of 102 Avenue into the upscale residential neighbourhoods of Glenora and, after passing over Groat Road, Westmount. After crossing 121 Street, the road's name changes to 104 Avenue which passes in front of the old Molson's brewery. Prior to 1989, 104 Avenue formed the south boundary of the Old Canadian National rail yard. After the railway yard's closure, 104 Avenue became a major site of redevelopment. Here the road passes a block south of the boundary between Oliver and Downtown and the neighbourhoods of Queen Mary Park and Central McDougall, the so-called "North Edge" of downtown. In the area to either side of 116 Street, 104 Avenue is lined to north by the Oliver Square West and East strip malls and condo developments, to the south by the Longstreet Mall and several other smaller strip malls. From 112 Street to 104 Street, 104 Avenue runs along the south side of MacEwan University City Centre Campus.
Continuing east, 104 Avenue passes the 104 Street Promenade in Edmonton's warehouse district, Rogers Place. At 101 Street, the road again changes names to 103A Avenue, it passes on the south side of the CN Tower, the north side of Edmonton City Hall, the south side of Edmonton Police Headquarters, the north side of Chinatown, it merges into Jasper Avenue. 102 Avenue is a short arterial road west of downtown Edmonton. 102 Avenue is first occupied by Stony Plain Road at 149 Street. It changes name to 102 Avenue at 142 Street. Prior to flying over Groat Road, it passes by Government House and the former site of the Royal Alberta Museum, it sees the official start of Jasper Avenue at 125 Street. At 124 Street it transitions from an arterial to a collector road, with inbound traffic following 124 Street south for one block before it turns east and becomes Jasper Avenue. 102 Avenue ends at 111 Street. A separate segment of 102 Avenue begins west of 109 Street and passes through downtown Edmonton, ending at a five-way intersection at Jasper Avenue and 95 Street.
List of neighbourhoods Stony Plain Road runs through, in order from west to east: Secord Stewart Greens La Perle Place LaRue Terra Losa Britannia Youngstown Glenwood West Jasper Place Canora Grovenor Westmount Glenora Oliver Downtown Boyle Street This is a list of major intersections, starting at the west end of Highway 16A. The entire route is in Edmonton; the entire route is in Edmonton. List of avenues in Edmonton Transportation in Edmonton
Oliver is one of the oldest residential neighbourhoods in the City of Edmonton, Canada. The neighbourhood is named after Frank Oliver, an early Edmonton resident and politician; the south east portion of the neighbourhood is known as Grandin, with both Grandin LRT Station and Grandin School located in this part of the neighbourhood. Oliver is located to the west of the downtown core, overlooks the North Saskatchewan River valley south of the neighborhood. Located in the river valley below Oliver is Edmonton's Royal Glenora Club, Victoria Golf Course, Victoria Park; the High Level Bridge and Groat Bridge give residents access to the south side of the river valley, including the University of Alberta and Old Strathcona. The Victoria Promenade offers attractive vistas of the river valley at the western end of Oliver. Oliver is one of the densest neighbourhoods in Edmonton and West Oliver is the densest area in Alberta; the population in 2009 was the highest of every neighbourhood in Edmonton. The north edge of the neighbourhood was once a Canadian National Railway right of rail yard.
This part of the neighbourhood was redeveloped, includes apartment buildings, the Oliver Square and Oliver Square West strip shopping centres, some old warehouses converted shops, parking for the MacEwan University downtown campus. The community is represented by the Oliver Community League, established in 1922. In the City of Edmonton's 2014 municipal census, Oliver had a population of 19,135 living in 13,914 dwellings, a 3.0% change from its 2012 population of 18,580. With a land area of 1.72 km2, it had a population density of 11,125 people/km2 in 2014. Oliver was early Edmonton's West End; as the city grew, Oliver became a central neighbourhood and underwent a significant amount of redevelopment. According to the 2001 federal census, most of the residences in Oliver were built in the 1960s and with only one residence in seven dating from 1960 and earlier; these buildings represent surviving structures from Oliver's early development. Beginning in the 1960s, the neighbourhood underwent significant redevelopment with a significant number of high-rise apartments/condos coming to dominate the neighbourhood's skyline.
One residence in three were built between 1961 and 1970. Another one residence in three were built between 1971 and 1980. One residence in seven were built during the early 1980s. While some redevelopment occurred after 1985, the pace of redevelopment slowed significantly; the most common type of residence in Oliver, according to the 2005 municipal census, are rented apartments and apartment style condominiums in high-rise buildings with more than five stories. This type of residence accounts for two out of every three residences in the neighbourhood. Seven out of every ten of these are rented. Most of the remaining residences are rented apartments and apartment style condominiums in low-rise buildings with fewer than five stories; this type of residence accounts for one out of three of all residences in Oliver. Four out of five buildings are rented. In addition, there are a small number of duplexes, row houses, single-family dwellings; the population in Oliver is comparatively mobile. According to the 2014 municipal census two out of every ten residents had moved within the previous twelve months.
Another one in five residents had moved within the previous one to three years. About one resident in four had lived at the same address for at least five years. There is a significant amount of commercial development in the Oliver area. During the 1990s and early 2000s, the majority of the rail yards of the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific railways were redeveloped as strip shopping centres; these include Oliver Square West located along the north edge of Oliver. In addition, a Canadian Pacific rail yard to the east of Oliver, was redeveloped as a strip shopping centre. Edmonton's main street, Jasper Avenue, cuts through Oliver, much of Jasper Avenue is lined with shops and other services. Along the west edge of the neighbourhood and businesses line 124 Street. Just to the west of Oliver, in the neighbourhood of Westmount, are the shops and services located in another strip shopping centre called High Street. There are many places of worship in the Oliver area. One of the best known is St. Joseph's Basilica.
St. Joseph's Cathedral, the name was changed when Pope John Paul II visited Edmonton during his visit to Canada in 1984. Other places of worship in Oliver are: Beth Shalom Synagogue Christ Church Ethiopian Evangelical Church Evangelical Mission to Ukraine Grace Lutheran House of Refuge Mission Jesus is Lord Fellowship The Oblate Missionaries Secular Institute Robertson Wesley United Church, St. Joachim Church; the Beth Israel Synagogue was located in the Oliver area before relocating to the Oleskiw neighbourhood. Surrounding neighbourhoods include Queen Mary Park to the north, Central McDougall to the north east, Westmount to the west and north west, it is bounded on the west by 124 Street, on the north by 105 Ave, on the east by 110 Street. Edmonton Federation of Community Leagues