The Java Sea is an extensive shallow sea on the Sunda Shelf. It lies between the Indonesian islands of Borneo to the north, Java to the south, Sumatra to the west, Sulawesi to the east. Karimata Strait to its northwest links it to the South China Sea; the Java Sea covers the southern section of the 1,790,000 km2 Sunda Shelf. A shallow sea, it has a mean depth of 46 m, it measures about 1,600 km east-west by 380 km north-south and occupies a total surface area of 320,000 km2. It formed; the uniform flatness of the sea bottom and the presence of drainage channels indicate that the Sunda Shelf was once a stable, low-relief land area above which were left standing a few monadnocks. The International Hydrographic Organization defines the Java Sea as being one of the waters of the East Indian Archipelago; the IHO defines its limits as follows: On the North. By the Southern limit of the South China Sea, the South coast of Borneo and the Southern limit of Makassar Strait. On the East. By the Western limit of Flores Sea.
On the South. By the Northern and Northwestern limits of Bali Sea, the North and West coasts of Java to Java Hoofd its Western point, thence a line to Vlakke Hoek the Southern extreme of Sumatra. On the West; the East coast of Sumatra between Vlakke Hoek and Lucipara Point. The Battle of the Java Sea from February to March 1942, was one of the costliest naval battles of World War II; the naval forces of the Netherlands, Britain and the United States were nearly destroyed trying to defend Java from Japanese attack. On 28 December 2014, Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 crashed into the Java Sea while en route to Singapore from Surabaya, Indonesia. All 162 passengers and crew were killed. On 29 October 2018, Lion Air Flight 610 crashed into the Java Sea shortly after takeoff from Soekarno–Hatta International Airport in Jakarta heading towards Depati Amir Airport in Pangkal Pinang. All 189 passengers and crew on board are presumed dead; the southern section of the seafloor has long been recognized as geologically similar to northern Java, where oil fields occur and extend under the sea.
Prospects are favourable for oil fields in the waters off southeast Kalimantan. As the site of successful exploration for petroleum and natural gas, the Java Sea has become the basis of Indonesia's export program. Fishing is an important economic activity in the Java Sea. Over 3,000 species of marine life are found in the area. A number of national parks exist in the area such as Karimunjawa; the Thousand Islands are located north of the national capital Jakarta, are the city's only regency. The area around the Java Sea is a popular tourist destination. Scuba diving offers a chance to explore and photograph underwater caverns, coral and other marine life. Touwen, Jeroen Shipping and trade in the Java Sea region, 1870-1940: a collection of statistics on the major Java Sea ports ISBN 90-6718-162-5 "Java Sea a study on its economic impacts."
Call Equiname was a British Thoroughbred racehorse who competed under National Hunt rules. In a racing career interrupted by injury he raced twenty-one times in eight seasons, winning eleven races. Despite an undistinguished pedigree, he showed promise in his early career, winning the Kennel Gate Novices' Hurdle in 1995, he reached his peak in the spring of 1999 when he won the Victor Chandler Chase and the Queen Mother Champion Chase. He was retired from racing in January 2001. Call Equiname was a grey gelding bred in the United Kingdom by Mrs L Steele, he was by far the most notable horse sired by Belfort, a moderate racehorse and an obscure breeding stallion. Call Equinames dam, Cherry Season, won one minor race from fifteen starts in 1982 and 1983; as a yearling, Call Equiname was sent to the Doncaster bloodstock sale in September 1991 and bought for 1,500 guineas by Don Eddy acting on behalf of Karen McLintock. Although it was intended to use the horse for dressage, he was trained for racing by Eddy at his stable at Black Heddon, Northumberland.
According to the Encyclopedia of British Horse Racing, Equiname was a company set up to allow advertisers to name a horse without buying one and Call Equiname was intended to act as their "mobile advertisement". Throughout his racing career, Call Equiname's efforts were compromised by a series of injury problems: the Racing Post described him as having "legs like glass and a heart of oak". Call Equiname made his racecourse debut in a National Hunt Flat race at Musselburgh Racecourse on 7 January 1994. Starting at odds of 5/1 in a fourteen-runner field he accelerated clear of his opponents in the last three furlongs to win by fifteen lengths from Benbeath. After finishing second when favourite for a similar event at Doncaster Racecourse three weeks he ended his first season in a National Hunt flat race at Ayr Racecourse in April. Starting the 7/4 favourite, he won by six lengths from Sparky Gayle. In May 1994 Call Equiname was sent back to the Doncaster sales and was bought for 64,000 guineas by Paul Nicholls who moved the gelding to his stable in Somerset.
For the remainder of his racing career, Call Equiname was owned by Paul Barber in a variety of partnerships. In his early days at Nicholls's yard Call Equiname was aggressive: according to Robin Oakley he was "almost responsible" for the death of the promising chaser See More Indians, euthanised after his leg was "shattered" by a kick from Call Equiname. On 28 October 1994, Call Equiname made his first appearance as a hurdler in a novice event at Wetherby Racecourse, he finished fourth of the nineteen runners behind Callisoe Bay. On his only other appearance of the season, he started favourite for a similar at Newbury Racecourse in March but was beaten four lengths by the 66/1 outsider Raqib. Having failed to win in the previous season, Call Equiname was still eligible to compete in novice hurdle events in the 1995/1996 campaign and had his most active season, racing seven times and ridden in all of his races by Tony McCoy. On 30 September 1995, he recorded his first win over obstacles when winning at Chepstow Racecourse, beating Speedwell Prince by half a length.
He was matched against more experienced hurdlers in a handicap race at the same course in November and finished unplaced behind Lightening Lad under top weight of 167 pounds. A week the gelding was moved up in class for the Grade 2 Flowers Fine Ales Novices' Hurdle and finished second of the twelve runners behind the Josh Gifford-trained Mandy's Mantino. On 1 December, Call Equiname conceded ten pounds to nine opponents in a novices' event at Sandown Park Racecourse and won by four lengths from Crack On. Two weeks Call Equiname started the 7/4 favourite for the Kennel Gate Novices' Hurdle at Ascot Racecourse. McCoy sent the favourite into the lead at the second last flight of hurdles and Call Equiname prevailed in a contested finish, winning by a neck and a short head from Speedwell Prince and Strong Promise. On 23 February 1996 Call Equiname started 4/7 favourite for a novices' handicap at Kempton Park Racecourse. Carrying top weight of 162 pounds he took the lead at the fourth hurdle and drew away from his rivals to win by twenty lengths from Peace Lord.
In March, Call Equiname ran for the first time at the Cheltenham Festival when he contested the Supreme Novices' Hurdle and started 10/1 fourth choice in the betting behind Castle Sweep and Dance Beat. He was never in contention and finished eleventh of the twenty-seven runners behind the Jenny Pitman-trained Indefence. In the 1996/1997 season Call Equiname was campaigned in novice steeplechases and was unbeaten in an abbreviated campaign which comprised only two races. At Chepstow on 5 October he was ridden by Richard Dunwoody and started at odds of 4/5 for a two and a half mile novices' event, he won by eighteen lengths from Sonic Star, the only one of his three opponents to complete the course. Three weeks in a similar event at Worcester Racecourse he was reunited with McCoy and won by one and a half lengths from Fine Thyne at odds of 8/13. On his only appearance of the 1997/1998 season, Call Equiname was matched against more experienced chasers in the Mitsubishi Shogun Trophy Handicap Chase at Chaltenham on 14 November 1997.
Ridden by Timmy Murphy, he took the lead at the second last fence and won by a length from Time Won't Wait. When Call Equiname appeared for the Victor Chandler Chase at Kempton on 23 January 1999 he was running for only the second time in more than twenty-six months. Ridden by Robert Thornton he started at odds of 15/2 in a seven runner field. After being restrained by Thornton in the early stages he made progress from the seventh fence a
Giuseppe Sermonti was an Italian professor of genetics. Sermonti is well known for his criticism of natural selection as the deciding factor of human biology. Born in Rome, graduated in agriculture and genetics, he entered the Superior Institute of Health in 1950, founding a department of Microbiological Genetics, he became professor of genetics at the University of Camerino at the University of Palermo in 1965, moved to the University of Perugia in 1970, where he was emeritus professor and managed the Genetics Institute of the University from 1974. From 1970–1971 he presided over the Associazione Genetica Italiana, he was the discoverer of the genetic parasexual recombination in antibiotic-producing Penicillium and Streptomyces species. He was vice-president of the XIV International Congress of Genetics held in Moscow and he was appointed as president of the International Committee of the Working Group on Genetics of Industrial Microorganisms. In 1994 Sermonti attended an AIDS denial conference in Bologna where he spoke on the damages of campaigning against AIDS rather than HIV.
In 1971 Sermonti published a post-modernist critique of science. In 1980 Sermonti published a book Dopo Darwin co-authored with Roberto Fondi, which critiqued aspects of Neo-Darwinism as the fundamental model for evolution. From 1979 to 2012, Sermonti was chief editor of Rivista di Biologia-Biology Forum. Between 1986 and 1989 Sermonti produced three books on the hermeneutics of fairy tales, entitled Fiabe di Tre Reami, arguing that they contained unexpressed principles of science: Snow White is the narrative of cupellation as well as of the phases of the moon. In 1987 Sermonti was one of the founding members of the Osaka "Group for the Study of Dynamic Structure" which holds the view of process structuralism. An acknowledged critic of Neo-Darwinian theory, Sermonti's view was that evolution encompasses more than Neo-Darwinism. At times his views have been incorrectly conflated with Creationism; this connection is however. Moreover, considering his multiple documented statements denying that he was not a creationist, coupled with the content of his published works this seems a substantial misreading.
Like many academic critics of Neo-Darwinism parts of his work have been cherry picked by Creationists. In 1993 Sermonti published in Answers in Genesis's young earth creation magazine, an article entitled "Not from the apes", a paper, a philosophical style critique of aspects of scientific and evolutionary theory in the sense of Gould and Lewontin's critique of'unverifiable narrative explanations', or'Just so Stories'; the young earth creationist Henry M. Morris cited Sermonti as a Roman Catholic creationist in response to John Paul II's 1996 statement on evolution, but Sermonti did not describe himself as either a Roman Catholic or a creationist. Sermonti was engaged in discussions of the processes and limits of current evolutionary theory, whether it be Neo-Darwinism or Process Structuralism with both a broad range of scientists and theists, he was one of the signatories of the Discovery Institute's "A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism", a petition which the intelligent design movement uses to promote intelligent design by attempting to cast doubt on evolution.
Sermonti doubt evolution. He that the Neo-Darwinian model was not an adequate or complete form of explanation for evolution, was deserving of more rigorous critique by those studying evolution. Sermonti attended the Kansas evolution hearings with the Discovery Institute in 2005 but no transcript of his testimony exists as the court reporter could not understand what he was saying due to his strong Italian accent, his book Dimenticare Darwin was published in 2003 and was translated into English as Why Is a Fly Not a Horse?, published by the Discovery Institute and edited by Jonathan Wells. In the book, he denies being a creationist, saying that "For the reservations I harbor about Evolutionism, I have been accused of being a Creationist. I am not: if I am allowed, I would only aspire to being a creature". Genetics of Antibiotic-Producing Microorganisms, 1969, ISBN 0-471-77635-1 Il Crepuscolo dello Scientismo, 1971, 2002, ISBN 88-88251-01-4 Dopo Darwin, with R. Fondi, 5 editions, 1980–1984 ISBN 88-18-02515-5 "Not from the apes".
Creation. 15: 13. June 1993. Fiabe di Tre Reami, 1985–1989, 2004 ISBN 88-88097-31-7 Why is A Fly Not A Horse?, 2005. ISBN 0-9638654-7-1 Tra le quinte della scienza, 2007, Di Renzo Editore, ISBN 88-8323-175-9 Is There A Purpose In Nature