Jaws is a 1975 American thriller film directed by Steven Spielberg and based on Peter Benchley's 1974 novel of the same name. In the film, a giant man-eating great white shark attacks beachgoers at a New England summer resort town, prompting police chief Martin Brody to hunt it with the help of a marine biologist and a professional shark hunter. Murray Hamilton plays the mayor, Lorraine Gary portrays Brody's wife; the screenplay is credited to Benchley, who wrote the first drafts, actor-writer Carl Gottlieb, who rewrote the script during principal photography. Shot on location on Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts, Jaws had a troubled production, going over budget and past schedule; as the art department's mechanical sharks malfunctioned, Spielberg decided to suggest the shark's presence, employing an ominous and minimalistic theme created by composer John Williams to indicate its impending appearances. Spielberg and others have compared this suggestive approach to that of director Alfred Hitchcock.
Universal Pictures gave the film what was an exceptionally wide release for a major studio picture, on over 450 screens, accompanied by an extensive marketing campaign with a heavy emphasis on television spots and tie-in merchandise. Considered one of the greatest films made, Jaws was the prototypical summer blockbuster, regarded as a watershed moment in motion picture history, it won several awards for its music and editing, it was the highest-grossing film until the release of Star Wars in 1977. Both films were pivotal in establishing the modern Hollywood business model, which pursues high box-office returns from action and adventure films with simple high-concept premises, released during the summer in thousands of theaters and advertised. Jaws was followed by three sequels, all without Spielberg or Benchley, many imitative thrillers. In 2001, it was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as "culturally or aesthetically significant".
During a beach party at dusk on Amity Island, New England, a young woman, Chrissie Watkins, goes skinny dipping in the ocean. While treading water, she is violently pulled under; the next day, her partial remains are found on shore. The medical examiner's ruling that the death was due to a shark attack leads police chief Martin Brody to close the beaches. Mayor Larry Vaughn overrules him; the coroner now concurs with the mayor's theory. Brody reluctantly accepts their conclusion until another fatal shark attack occurs shortly thereafter. A bounty is placed on the shark. Local professional shark hunter Quint offers his services for $10,000. Meanwhile, consulting oceanographer Matt Hooper examines Chrissie's remains, confirms her death was caused by a shark—an unusually large one; when local fishermen catch a tiger shark, the mayor proclaims the beaches safe. Hooper disputes that it is the same predator, confirming this after no human remains are found inside it. Hooper and Brody find a half-sunken vessel while searching the night waters in Hooper's boat.
Underwater, Hooper retrieves. He drops it in fright after encountering a partial corpse. Vaughn discounts Brody and Hooper's statements that a huge great white shark is responsible for the deaths, refuses to close the beaches, allowing only added safety precautions. On the Fourth of July weekend, tourists pack the beaches. Following a juvenile prank in which the presence of a shark is simulated, the real shark enters a nearby estuary, killing a boater and causing Brody's oldest son, Michael, to go into shock. Brody convinces Vaughn to hire Quint. Quint and Hooper set out on Quint's boat, the Orca, to hunt the shark. While Brody lays down a chum line, Quint waits for an opportunity to hook the shark. Without warning, it appears behind the boat. Quint, estimating its length at 25 feet and weight at 3 tonnes, harpoons it with a line attached to a flotation barrel, but the shark pulls the barrel underwater and disappears. At nightfall and Hooper drunkenly exchange stories about their assorted scars, Quint reveals that he survived the USS Indianapolis.
The shark returns unexpectedly, ramming the boat's hull, disabling the power. The men work through the night. In the morning, Brody attempts to call the Coast Guard, but Quint, who has become obsessed with killing the shark without outside assistance, smashes the radio. After a long chase, Quint harpoons another barrel into the shark; the line is tied to the stern cleats, but the shark drags the boat backward, swamping the deck and flooding the engine compartment. Quint prepares to sever the line to prevent the transom from being pulled out but the cleats break off, keeping the barrels attached to the shark. Quint heads toward shore to draw the shark into shallower waters, but he intentionally pushes the damaged engine past the safety limits and the overtaxed engine fails. With the Orca sinking, the trio attempt a riskier approach. Hooper puts on scuba gear and enters the water in a shark-proof cage, intending to lethally inject the shark with strychnine, using a hypodermic spear; the shark attacks the cage, causing Hooper to drop the spear, lost.
The shark attacks the boat directly and devours Quint. Trapped on the sinking vessel, Brody jams a pressurized scuba tank into the shark's mouth, climbing the crow's nest, shoots the tank with a rifle; the resulting explosion obliterates the shark. Hooper surfaces, he an
Tippah County is a county located on the northern border of the U. S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,232, its county seat is Ripley. The name "Tippah" is derived from a Chickasaw language word meaning "cut off." It was taken from the creek of the same name that flows across much of the original county from northeast to southwest before emptying into the Tallahatchie River. The creek was so named because it, the ridges on either side, "cut off" the western part of the region from the eastern portion. One of President Bill Clinton's great-grandfathers is buried here. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 460 square miles, of which 458 square miles is land and 2.1 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 72 Mississippi Highway 2 Mississippi Highway 4 Mississippi Highway 15 Hardeman County, Tennessee Alcorn County Prentiss County Union County Benton County Holly Springs National Forest At the 2000 census, there are 20,826 people, 8,108 households and 5,910 families residing in the county.
The population density was 46 per square mile. There were 8,868 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.85% White, 15.92% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.29% from other races, 0.61% from two or more races. 2.08 % of the population were Latino of any race. As of 2000, there were 8,108 households of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.10% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00. Age distribution was 25.00% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males. The median household income was $29,300, the median family income was $34,547. Males had a median income of $27,505 versus $20,446 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,041 About 14.00% of families and 16.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.00% of those under age 18 and 23.30% of those age 65 or over. Ripley Blue Mountain Dumas Falkner Walnut Brownfield Chalybeate Tiplersville Lake Mohawk Dry Creek Cotton Plant Camp Hill National Register of Historic Places listings in Tippah County, Mississippi Tippah County - Official site
Arena México is an indoor arena in Mexico City, located in the Colonia Doctores neighborhood in the Cuauhtémoc borough. The arena is used for professional wrestling, or lucha libre, shows promoted by Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre; the building is called the "cathedral of lucha libre". Arena México has a seating capacity of 16,500 when configured for professional wrestling or boxing events; the current building was completed in 1956, built by Salvador Lutteroth, owner of CMLL at the time and is the largest arena built for wrestling. The building was used as the venue for the boxing competition at the 1968 Summer Olympics, throughout the last half of the 20th century hosted several large boxing events; the location on calle Doctor Lavista #203, Col. Doctores on the intersection of Dr. Rafael Lucio, Dr. Carmona and Valle, was an all-purpose arena called Arena Modelo. Arena Modelo was built in the 1910s or 1920s for boxing events. By the early 1930s the arena was abandoned until professional wrestling promoter Salvador Lutteroth began promoting wrestling, or Lucha libre events in Arena Modelo on September 21, 1933.
For the next ten years it served as the main venue for Lutteroth's promotion Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre until Lutteroth commissioned the construction of "Arena Coliseo" in Mexico City. After Arena Coliseo opened in 1943, Arena Model served as the location for EMLL's wrestling school. By 1953 Arena Coliseo was too small for the crowds EMLL's shows were attracting, Lutteroth promised to "build the largest wrestling arena in the world" on the site of Arena Modelo and construction started not long after. Arena México, as it was renamed, stood complete in 1956 and is still the largest arena built for professional wrestling. From 1956 and forward Arena México has been the main venue for EMLL and all of their Anniversary shows. In 1968 it was selected to be the location of the boxing competition at the 1968 Summer Olympics, held in Mexico City. Since its construction, Arena Mexico had been hosting boxing shows on a regular basis and following the refurbishment for the Olympic Games, several major boxing events have been held at Arena Mexico, hosting several world title bouts.
In 1990 EMLL was renamed retaining ownership of the arena. Arena México hosts twice weekly wrestling events promoted by CMLL. On Tuesdays they present "CMLL Martes Arena Mexico" and on Fridays they present "CMLL Super Viernes", the promotions primary event, taped for television. Arena México hosts all of CMLL's feature events and Pay-Per-View shows and have done so since the arena opened in 1956. From the 1950s to near the end of the 20th century, Arena Mexico was a major venue for boxing as well. During this time, all of Mexico’s boxing greats, except Julio César Chávez have fought here; some of those that have include Rubén Olivares, Chucho Castillo, Carlos Zárate Serna, Pipino Cuevas, Julio Guerrero, "Famoso" Gómez, Memo Téllez, Miguel Castro and Raúl Rodríguez. Arena Mexico was the scene of “Púas” Rubén Olivares major victories and it was the scene of his last fight, when he was beaten by newcomer Ignacio Madrid. Most of the biggest fights fought in Mexico during the 1960s to 1970s period took place here.
One notable world championship fight occurred here in 1989, when Ghanaian Nana Konadu fought Mexican Gilberto Román in the superflyweight division. No one anticipated a chance for Konadu. From 2000 to 2008, there had not been a world-class championship fight in Arena Mexico. However, it returned when Mexican Jorge “Travieso” Arce beat Panamanian Rafael Concepción in the super flyweight division and Mexican Jackie Nava beat Argentinian Betina Garino in the female bantamweight division. Aniversario de Arena México Signo San Diego article on venue – Website of CMLL, the owners of the building