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Norwalk rail accident

The Norwalk rail accident occurred on May 6, 1853, in Norwalk and was the first major U. S. railroad bridge disaster. The accident occurred on the New York and New Haven Railroad where it crosses a small inlet of Long Island Sound via a swing bridge; the approach from New York is around a sharp curve, so there was a signal indicating if the bridge was passable by trains: a red ball mounted upon a tall pole. At 08:00 that morning, the Boston express left New York with 200 passengers driven by a substitute driver for whom this was the third transit of the route; the train consisted of five passenger cars. On approaching the bridge, the driver neglected to check the signal and only became aware that the bridge was open when within 400 feet of it; the bridge had been opened for the passage of the steamship Pacific. The driver reversed the engine, but was unable to stop in time, he and the fireman leapt escaped serious injury. The engine itself flew across the 60-foot gap, striking the opposite abutment some 8 feet below the level of the track and sinking into 12 feet of water.

The baggage cars came to rest atop the locomotive. The third passenger car broke in two. Most of the 48 dead and 30 injured were in the first passenger car. A further eight people were reported missing. Many doctors were travelling on the train, returning from the Sixth Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association in New York. Amongst the unhurt was Dr. Gurdon Wadsworth Russell, who wrote an account of the accident for the Hartford Courant in which he says that the dead "presented all the symptoms of asphyxia from drowning, were drowned at once, being confined and pressed by broken cars. Oh, what a melancholy scene that!" As a result of the public panic and indignation caused by the accident, the Connecticut Legislature imposed a law requiring every train in the state to come to a dead halt before crossing any opening bridge. The engineer was charged with gross negligence and held responsible for the disaster. A similar accident occurred eleven years in Canada with greater loss of life, the St-Hilaire train disaster

Languages Other Than English

LOTE or Languages Other Than English is the name given to language subjects besides English in Australian, New York City, other schools. The name evolved from'heritage language', a term first used to refer to languages other than French and English in Canada. Modified in relation to Australia to refer to languages other than English. LOTEs have historically been related to the policy of multiculturalism, tend to reflect the predominant non-English languages spoken in a school's local area, the idea being to play a part in the maintenance of cultural identities in local communities. LOTE is used to describe written material presented in languages other than English. LOTE is becoming an popular subject in Australian Schools; the Draft Shape of the Australian Curriculum: Languages, produced by ACARA, has suggested three tiers of languages to be taught in Australian schools: Tier 1 languages were chosen because they cater for the needs of the greatest number of students. Italian is learnt by the most students and Chinese is a national priority.

Tier 2 languages were chosen because French, Japanese and German are some of the most taught languages in Australian schools, Indonesian and Korean are national priorities and Spanish "is a language of global importance". Tier 3 languages were chosen because Arabic, Modern Greek and Vietnamese are the most spoken foreign languages in Australian homes, Arabic "is a language of global importance". LOTE at Victorian Essential Learning Standards LOTE as part of Multicultural Education Programs LOTE on Victorian Department of Education Website LOTE at Tasmanian Department of Education Website LOTE at Queensland Education LOTE part of Queensland education curriculum LOTE Learning Standards "Draft Shape of the Australian Curriculum: Languages". Archived from the original on 8 March 2016. "Languages Other Than English". Tea.texas.gov. Retrieved 1 July 2016. "California ssmp-handbook-lote". Retrieved 1 July 2016. "University of California - Language other than English". Ucop.edu. Retrieved 1 July 2016. LOTE specialist books - Australia LOTE Resource Guide - New York

Pedro Silva Pereira

Manuel Pedro Cunha da Silva Pereira, better known as Pedro Silva Pereira, is a Portuguese politician and legal expert. He has been a Member of the European Parliament since 2014. Silva Pereira holds a master's degree in Law from the University of Lisbon. Silva Pereira has been a member of the Socialist Party since 2000. In his home country, he was member of the Portuguese Parliament from 2002 to 2014, Secretary of State of Spatial Planning and Nature Conservation from 1999 to 2002 in António Guterre's second cabinet, Minister of the Presidency from 2005 to 2011 in José Sócrates' cabinets. Silva Pereira first became a Member of the European Parliament in the 2014 elections, he has since been serving on the Committee on Constitutional Affairs. In 2016, he joined the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs. Between 2014 and 2016, he was a member of the Committee on Development. Since the 2019 elections, Silva Pereira has been serving as one of the Parliament’s Vice-Presidents. In addition to his committee assignments, Silva Pereira has been part of the Parliament’s delegation for relations with Japan since 2014.

Together with Danuta Hübner, Silva Pereira drafted a 2018 report in which they called on the European Parliament to hold 46 of the 73 seats which will be lost after Brexit in reserve for possible new class of MEPs representing pan-European constitutencies and for countries that might join the EU in the future. Official website Personal profile of Pedro Silva Pereira in the European Parliament's database of members

Baden-Powell Scouts' Association

The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association is a worldwide youth organisation originating in the United Kingdom, with friendly relationships with similar traditional scouting organisations in various countries. Baden-Powell Scouting focuses on the importance of tradition in the scout movement; the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association shares the heritage of the youth scouting movement, however they believe in a traditional way of scouting which follows the programme set out by Lt. General Robert Baden-Powell in his book: Scouting for Boys; the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association was formed in the United Kingdom in 1970 by the Reverend William Dowling when it was felt that the Scout Association was abandoning the traditions and intentions set out by Baden-Powell in 1908. The Baden-Powell Scouts retain the belief that the essence of the movement should be based on outdoor activities related to the skills of explorers and frontiersmen, it is a non-formal educational charity association for young people. It is an independent, non-political, non-military organisation.

The B-PSA believes. As an independent scout association, they are members of the World Federation of Independent Scouts; the WFIS was formed in Laubach, Germany, in 1996 by Lawrie Dring, a scouter and President of the B-PSA, scouts from Laubach. The WFIS is an international body that recognises independent scouts associations in countries around the world that teach traditional Baden-Powell scouting values, their aim is to improve the standard of future citizens with the object of using their efficiency for service for their fellows. For the origins and history of the scout movement see: Scouting Following the origin of the Boy Scout Movement and, in 1908, the publication of Robert Baden-Powell's book, Scouting for Boys, the Boy Scouts Association was formed in 1910 and, until 1967, it followed the programme established by Baden-Powell. However, the publication of the Chief Scouts' Advance Party Report, introduced major changes to that association's name, uniform and programme. In 1969, some of those, led by the Reverend William Dowling, who did not agree with changes being introduced following the Advance Party Report formed a pressure group within the Scout Association, known as'the Scout Action Group'.

They asked that Scout Groups wishing to maintain a more traditional approach to Scouting should be allowed to do so. In mid-1970 the Scout Action Group published A Boy Scout Black Paper; as a result of discussions, the whole organisation factioned into two groups on 20 September 1970 – The Scout Association and the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association. In 1979, due to internal arguments, the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association split into two organisations, with both claiming the name and charity number of the association; the two factions reconciled their differences in June 1990, in 1994 there were nearly 70 groups in the association. In the 1990s there was a dip in the number of active groups in the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association, in common with a fall in numbers experienced by the various United Kingdom Scout organisations at that time, the number of groups had dropped to around 40 in 2001; the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association, as with Scouting in the United Kingdom has shown subsequent growth in numbers with the opening of new groups.

The B-PSA celebrated 100 years of Scouting in 2007, issuing centenary badges and holding their own Centenary Camp in Southampton. Jamboree 2008, marked the centenary of the first official Scout Camp held by Baden-Powell at Humshaugh; the event included parades at a ceremony at the original Carr Edge camp site. The main policy is Traditional Scouting –, taking Baden-Powell's original nine Scout Laws and the 10th Scout Law and using them, along with Baden-Powell's original training programme and rank system. Once a Scout is invested Baden-Powell believed; this law is kept by Scouts from the age of ten and Adult Leaders must renew their promise on regular occasions. The original Scout Law, written by Baden-Powell, appeared in 1908; the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association uses his 1911 version, as follows: A Scout's honour is to be trusted A Scout is loyal to the King and to his officers, to his country, to his employers. A Scout's duty is to help others. A Scout is a friend to all and a brother to every other Scout, no matter to what social class the other belongs.

A Scout is courteous. A Scout is a friend to animals. A Scout obeys orders of his patrol Scout master without question. A Scout whistles under all difficulties. A Scout is thrifty. A Scout is clean in thought and deed; the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association hold to the ideals of Scouting that were created by Baden-Powell. The association's heritage dates back to the foundations of Scouting in the UK in 1908; the association follows a charter set down in their Policy Association Rules. They have Leaders; the traditional programme develops a sense of duty, personal discipline and honour. In addition to a wide range of activities Scouts in the B-PSA continue to practise traditional Scouting skills: lighting fire by friction navigating by means other than a compass backwoods cooking camping in self erected "bivvys"The Baden-Powell Scouts' Association are members of the World Federation of Independent Scouts; the Baden-Powell Scouts wear traditional uniforms. Wolf Cubs continue to use the Grand Howl at the end of their meetings.

The advancement program for members of the Baden-Powell Scouts' Association is symbolised by the earning of badges and awards. In Wolf Cubs this consists of Ten

Sanborn County, South Dakota

Sanborn County is a county in the U. S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,355, its county seat and largest city is Woonsocket. The county was created by the Dakota Territorial legislature on May 1, 1883 with land partitioned from Miner County, it was organized by July 18, 1883. The terrain of Sanborn County consists of rolling hills devoted to agriculture; the James River flows southward through the east-central part of the county, the SW part of the country is drained by Dry Run Creek. The terrain slopes to the southeast; the county has a total area of 570 square miles, of which 569 square miles is land and 1.2 square miles is water. South Dakota Highway 34 South Dakota Highway 37 South Dakota Highway 224 McCoy Lake State Public Shooting Area Long Lake Twin Lakes As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 2,675 people, 1,043 households, 732 families in the county; the population density was 5 people per square mile. There were 1,220 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the county was 98.88% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, 0.26% from two or more races. 1.01 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 1,043 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.50% were married couples living together, 4.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.80% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.07. The county population contained 25.70% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 19.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 107.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,375, the median income for a family was $38,256.

Males had a median income of $25,951 versus $18,482 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,301. About 11.00% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,355 people, 975 households, 630 families in the county; the population density was 4.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,172 housing units at an average density of 2.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.0% white, 0.3% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.6% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry,Of the 975 households, 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families, 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.79.

The median age was 47.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $44,732 and the median income for a family was $56,304. Males had a median income of $32,361 versus $23,724 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,055. About 7.7% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over. Woonsocket Artesian Letcher Forestburg Cuthbert Sanborn County has been a swing state in the past, but in recent decades has tended to vote Republican. In 64% of the national elections since 1960, the county selected the Republican Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Sanborn County, South Dakota