ESPN is a U. S.-based sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc. a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company and Hearst Communications. The company was founded in 1979 by Bill Rasmussen along with his son Scott Ed Egan. ESPN broadcasts from studio facilities located in Bristol, Connecticut; the network operates offices in Miami, New York City, Seattle and Los Angeles. James Pitaro serves as chairman of ESPN, a position he has held since March 5, 2018 due to the resignation of John Skipper on December 18, 2017. While ESPN is one of the most successful sports networks, there has been much criticism of ESPN, which includes accusations of biased coverage, conflict of interest, controversies with individual broadcasters and analysts; as of January 2016, ESPN is available to 91,405,000 paid television households in the United States. Nielsen has reported a much lower number in 2017, below 90,000,000 subscribers, losing more than 10,000 a day. In addition to the flagship channel and its seven related channels in the United States, ESPN broadcasts in more than 200 countries, operating regional channels in Australia, Latin America and the United Kingdom, owning a 20% interest in The Sports Network as well as its five sister networks in Canada.
In 2011, ESPN's history and rise was chronicled in Those Guys Have All the Fun, a nonfiction book written by James Andrew Miller and Tom Shales and published by Little and Company. Bill Rasmussen conceived the concept of ESPN in late May 1978, after he was fired from his job with the World Hockey Association's New England Whalers. One of the first steps in Bill and his son Scott's process was finding land to build the channel's broadcasting facilities; the Rasmussens first rented office space in Plainville, Connecticut. However, the plan to base ESPN there was put on hold because a local ordinance prohibiting buildings from bearing rooftop satellite dishes. Available land area was found in Bristol, with funding to buy the property provided by Getty Oil, which purchased 85% of the company from Bill Rasmussen on February 22, 1979, in an attempt to diversify the company's holdings; this helped the credibility of the fledgling company, however there were still many doubters to the viability of their sports channel concept.
Another event that helped build ESPN's credibility was securing an advertising agreement with Anheuser-Busch in the spring of 1979. Taped in front of a small live audience inside the Bristol studios, it was broadcast to 1.4 million cable subscribers throughout the United States. ESPN's next big break came when the channel acquired the rights to broadcast coverage of the early rounds of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament, it first aired the NCAA tournament in March 1980, creating the modern day television event known as "March Madness." The channel's tournament coverage launched the broadcasting career of Dick Vitale, who at the time he joined ESPN, had just been fired as head coach of the Detroit Pistons. In April of that year, ESPN created another made-for-TV spectacle, when it began televising the NFL Draft, it provided complete coverage of the event that allowed rookie players from the college ranks to begin their professional careers in front of a national television audience in ways they were not able to previously.
The next major stepping stone for ESPN came over the course of a couple of months in 1984. During this time period, the American Broadcasting Company purchased 100% of ESPN from the Rasmussens and Getty Oil. Under Getty ownership, the channel was unable to compete for the television rights to major sports events contracts as its majority corporate parent would not provide the funding, leading ESPN to lose out for broadcast deals with the National Hockey League and NCAA Division I college football. For years, the NFL, NBA and Major League Baseball refused to consider cable as a means of broadcasting some of their games. However, with the backing of ABC, ESPN's ability to compete for major sports contracts increased, gave it credibility within the sports broadcasting industry. In 1984, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the NCAA could no longer monopolize the rights to negotiate the contracts for college football games, allowing each individual school to negotiate broadcast deals of their choice.
ESPN took full advantage and began to broadcast a large number of NCAA football games, creating an opportunity for fans to be able to view multiple games each weekend, the same deal that the NCAA had negotiated with TBS. ESPN's breakthrough moment occurred in 1987, when it secured a contract with the NFL to broadcast eight games during that year's regular season – all of which aired on Sunday nights, marking the first broadcasts of Sunday NFL primetime games. ESPN's Sunday Night Football games would become the highest-rated NFL telecasts for the next 17 years; the channel's decision to broadcast NFL games on Sunday evenings resulted in a decline in viewership for the daytime games shown on the major broadcast networks, marking the first time that ESPN had been a legitimate competitor to NBC and CBS, which had long dominated the sports television market. In 19
In team sports, the number referred to as the uniform number, squad number, jersey number, shirt number, sweater number, or similar is the number worn on a player's uniform, to identify and distinguish each player from others wearing the same or similar uniforms. The number is displayed on the rear of the jersey accompanied by the surname. Sometimes it is displayed on the front and/or sleeves, or on the player's shorts or headgear, it is used to identify the player to officials, other players, official scorers, spectators. The International Federation of Football History and Statistics, an organization of association football historians, traces the origin of numbers to a 1911 Australian rules football match in Sydney, although photographic evidence exists of numbers being used in Australia as early as May 1903 in a Fitroy v Collingwood match. Player numbers were used in a Queensland vs. New Zealand rugby match played on 17 July 1897, in Brisbane, Australia, as reported in the Brisbane Courier.
The NFL has used uniform numbers since its inception. An informal tradition had arisen by that point, similar to the modern system; this system was updated and made more rigid in 1973, has been modified since then. Numbers are always worn on the front and back of a player's jersey, so-called "TV numbers" are worn on either the sleeve or shoulder; the Cincinnati Bengals were the last NFL team to wear jerseys without TV numbers on a regular basis in 1980, though since several NFL teams have worn throwback uniforms without them, as their jersey designs predated the introduction of TV numbers. Players' last names, are required on all uniforms throwbacks which predate the last name rule; as of 2018 season, numbers on shoulders are mandatory, only leaving helmet and pants numbers as optional. Some uniforms feature numbers either on the front, back, or sides of the helmet. Players have asked the NFL for an exception to the numbering rule. Below is the numbering system established by the NFL, it has been unchanged since 1973, though small changes have been made on occasion since including opening up the 10-19 range for wide receivers in 2004, opening 40-49 up to linebackers in 2015, with the latter decree being named the "Brian Bosworth rule", who wanted to wear 44, but was ordered to change it to 55.
In the same year, numbers 50-59 were opened to defensive linemen. 1–9: quarterbacks and punters 10–19: quarterbacks, kickers and wide receivers 20–39: running backs and defensive backs 40–49: running backs, defensive backs and tight ends 50–59: linebackers, defensive linemen, centers 60–79: offensive linemen and defensive linemen 80–89: wide receivers and tight ends 90–99: linebackers and defensive linemenNumbers 0 and 00 are no longer allowed, but they were issued in the NFL before the number standardization in 1973. George Plimpton wore 0 during a brief preseason stint as quarterback for the Detroit Lions. Jim Otto wore number "00" during most of his career with the Oakland Raiders. Wide receiver Ken Burrough of the Houston Oilers wore "00" during his NFL career in the 1970s; this NFL numbering system is based on a player's primary position. Any player wearing any number may play at any position at any time, it is not uncommon for running backs to line up at wide receiver on certain plays, or to have a lineman or linebacker play at fullback or tight end in short yardage situations.
If a player changes primary positions, he is not required to change his number unless he changes from an eligible position to an ineligible one or vice versa. In preseason games, when teams have expanded rosters, players may wear numbers that are outside of the above rules; when the final 53-player roster is established, they are reissued numbers within the above guidelines. In college football and high school football, a less rigid numbering system is employed; the only rule is that members of the offensive line that play in ineligible positions must wear numbers from 50 to 79. Informally, certain conventions still hold, players wear numbers in the ranges similar to their NFL counterparts. Kickers and punters are numbered in the 40's or 90's, which are the least in-demand numbers on a college roster; the increased flexibility in numbering of NCAA rosters is needed because NCAA rules allow 85 scholarship players and rosters of over 100 players total. One oddity of college football is that the same squad number can be shared by two players, e.g. an offensive and a defensive player.
One of the players is a
John R. Wooden Award
The John R. Wooden Award is an award given annually to the most outstanding men's and women's college basketball players; the program consists of the men's and women's Player of the Year awards, the Legends of Coaching award and recognizes the All–America Teams. The awards, given by the Los Angeles Athletic Club, are named in honor of John Wooden, the 1932 national collegiate basketball player of the year from Purdue. Wooden taught and coached men's basketball at Indiana State and UCLA. Coach Wooden, whose teams at UCLA won ten NCAA championships, was the first man to be inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame as a player and coach, his 1948 Indiana State team was the NAIB National Finalist. The award, given only to male athletes, was first given in 1977. Starting in 2004, the award was extended to women's basketball. Additionally, the Legends of Coaching Award was presented first in 1999; the 2015 presentation was broadcast on ESPN2 and the show was presented by Wendy's at Los Angeles' Club Nokia on Friday, April 10, 2015.
Each year, the Award's National Advisory Board, a 26-member panel, selects 20 candidates for Player of the Year and All-American Team honors. The candidates must be full-time students and have a cumulative grade point average of 2.00 or higher throughout their college career. Players who are nominated must have made outstanding contributions to team play, both offensively and defensively, be model citizens, exhibiting strength of character both on and off the court; the selection ballot is announced prior to the NCAA basketball tournament. The voters sportscasters representing the 50 states; the top ten vote-getters are selected to the All-American Team, the results are announced following the Elite Eight round of the NCAA Tournament. The person who receives the most votes is named the Player of the Year, the winner is announced following the NCAA championship game; the Player of the Year is awarded a trophy consisting of five bronze figures. The player's school receives a duplicate trophy, as well as a scholarship grant.
The other top four members of the All-American Team receive an All-American Team trophy, a jacket, a scholarship grant which goes to their school. Each coach of the top five All-American Team members receives a jacket; the All-American Team members ranked six through ten receive an All-American Team trophy and a jacket, but their schools do not receive a scholarship. The criteria for the women's Player of the Year award and All-American Team honors are similar to those for the men. For the women's award, the National Advisory Board consists of 12 members, 15 candidates are selected for the ballot; the voters are 250 sportscasters. In contrast to the men's All-American Team, only five members are selected for the women's team; the Player of the Year receives a trophy, her school receives a duplicate trophy and a scholarship grant. The trophy features five bronze figures, each depicting one of the five major skills that Wooden believed that "total" basketball player must exhibit: rebounding, shooting and defense.
The concept for the trophy originated with Richard "Duke" Llewellyn. Work began on the trophy in 1975, sculptor Don Winton, who had sculpted many top sports awards, was given the task of designing the model of the trophy; the figures are bronze attached to a pentagonal base plate. The tallest figure is 10¼ inches high; the trophy's base is 7½ inches high, is made from solid walnut. The total height of the trophy is 17 3⁄4 inches, it weighs 25 lb; the Wooden family announced in August 2005 that he would no longer participate because of a trademark dispute concerning the use of his name. However, he never contested the use of his name prior to his death in 2010, the award continues to bear his name. “I don’t want anything to interfere with the continuation of the award,” told The Associated Press at the time. In 2011 the Wooden Family began participation. Coach John Wooden’s son, presented the Wooden Award to Brigham Young senior Jimmer Fredette. In 2012 John Wooden’s grandson, Greg, on behalf of The Los Angeles Athletic Club, presented the Wooden Award to University of Kentucky freshman Anthony Davis.
Greg Wooden made the announcement on ESPN College GameDay. The John R. Wooden High School Player of the Year awards are given to the most valuable player in each of the five divisions of the California Interscholastic Federation Southern Section, one Los Angeles City division; the Legends of Coaching Award recognizes the lifetime achievement of coaches who exemplify Coach Wooden's high standards of coaching success and personal achievement. When selecting the individual, the Wooden Award Committee considers a coach's character, success rate on the court, graduating rate of student athletes, his or her coaching philosophy, identification with the goals of the John R. Wooden Award. List of U. S. men's college basketball national player of the year awards John R. Wooden Classic Official website
Carlos Austin Boozer Jr. is an American retired professional basketball player. The two-time NBA All-Star played for the Cleveland Cavaliers, Utah Jazz, Chicago Bulls and Los Angeles Lakers, spent his last season playing overseas with the Guangdong Southern Tigers; as a member of Team USA, Boozer won an Olympic bronze medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics and an Olympic gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Although born at a military base in Aschaffenburg, West Germany, Boozer grew up in Alaska. Boozer was a two-time member of the PARADE All-American high school basketball team, leading the Juneau-Douglas Crimson Bears to back-to-back state titles, he was recruited by many top-tier collegiate basketball programs, including St. John's and UCLA, but Boozer elected to play for coach Mike Krzyzewski at Duke University, helping the team win the 2001 NCAA championship. In 2001–02, Jason Williams, Mike Dunleavy, Jr. each scored at least 600 points for the season, a feat only matched at Duke by Jon Scheyer, Kyle Singler and Nolan Smith in the 2009–10 season.
In April 2002, Boozer declared for the NBA draft. Boozer was selected with the 35th overall pick in the 2002 NBA draft by the Cleveland Cavaliers. Boozer averaged 10.0 points and 7.5 rebounds per game in his rookie campaign, followed it up with 15.5 points and 11.4 rebounds per game his second year. After the 2003–04 season, the Cavaliers had the option of allowing him to become a restricted free agent, or keeping him under contract for one more year at a $695,000 salary; the Cavaliers claimed to have reached an understanding with Boozer and his agent on a deal for $39 million over six years, which he would have signed if they let him out of his current deal. Cleveland proceeded to release him from his contract making him a restricted free agent. During this period, the Utah Jazz offered Boozer a six-year, $70 million contract that Cleveland chose not to match due to salary cap considerations. On July 30, 2004, Boozer signed with the Jazz. Cavaliers owner Gordon Gund said, "In the final analysis, I decided to trust Carlos and show him the respect he asked for.
He did not show that trust and respect in return." However, Boozer denied that he made any commitment to the Cavaliers: "There was no commitment. It's unfortunate how the turn of events went through the media", Boozer said shortly after signing the deal with Utah. "I'm not a guy that takes it away. I think I've made that clear." In his first season with the Jazz in 2004 -- 05, Boozer averaged 9 rebounds per game. However, he suffered an injury, missing the part of the season, which contributed to the Jazz missing the playoffs for only the second time in 22 years, he was publicly criticized for a lack of effort by team owner Larry Miller; as the 2005–06 season began, Boozer was still recovering from injury, aggravated a hamstring, causing him to miss the first half of that season as well. He returned to action in late February. In the middle of March, he was placed back into the starting lineup. From that point, he finished the season in impressive fashion, averaging over 20 points and 10 rebounds per game and establishing himself as the Jazz's starting power forward once again.
Boozer got off to a strong start in the 2006–07 season, winning the Western Conference Player of the Week Award and helping the Jazz to win eleven of their first twelve games. Boozer was named part of the NBA All-Star roster as a reserve, but could not participate because of a hairline fracture in his left fibula. In an April 23, 2007 game against the Houston Rockets, Boozer scored 41 points, tying the career high he had set a month earlier on March 26, he led the Jazz past the Rockets in game 7 of the first round in the NBA Playoffs, scoring 35 points, grabbing 14 rebounds and two clutch free throws to secure the victory in Boozer's first playoff series. The Jazz would go on to win their second round series against the upstart Golden State Warriors, 4 games to 1, advance to the Western Conference Finals for the first time since 1998. Though they lost 4 games to 1 to the more experienced San Antonio Spurs, Boozer proved valuable and durable, he ended the season averaging 20.9 points and 11.7 rebounds per game, playing in 74 of 82 games.
He was better in the playoffs, increasing his output to 23.5 points and 12.2 rebounds per game, appearing in all 17 Jazz playoff games. In November 2007, Boozer was named Western Conference Player of the Month. By mid-December, he was among the league's top five performers in scoring and field goal percentage. Although he slipped in all of these categories, he continued to produce solid numbers. Boozer was again chosen as a backup in the All-Star Game, finishing with 14 points and 10 rebounds in just 19 minutes of play, he registered his first career triple-double against the Seattle SuperSonics on February 13, 2008, with 22 points, 11 rebounds, 10 assists. In the 2008 playoffs, the Jazz faced the Houston Rockets in the first round for the second year in a row. Determined to not allow him to beat them, the Rockets geared their defense more to stopping Boozer and his production was somewhat limited, but the Jazz defeated the Rockets, 4–2. In the second round of the 2008 playoffs, the Jazz lost to the top seeded Los Angeles Lakers in six games.
During the 2008–09 season, Boozer's ability to stay healthy was questioned by fans and media alike, as he missed 44 games following arthroscopic left knee surgery. He missed time from late November 2008 to late February 20
Mike Dunleavy Jr.
Michael Joseph Dunleavy Jr. is an American former professional basketball player, a pro scout for the Golden State Warriors of the National Basketball Association. He played for the Golden State Warriors, Indiana Pacers, Milwaukee Bucks, Chicago Bulls and Cleveland Cavaliers, he is the son of long-time NBA player and former NBA head coach Mike Dunleavy Sr. As a 1999 graduate of Jesuit High School in Beaverton, Dunleavy led them to the 1999 4A State Boys Basketball Championship over North Salem High School, 65–38. Dunleavy attended the University School of Milwaukee for his freshman year, Homestead High School in Mequon, Wisconsin for his sophomore year. Dunleavy played at Duke University from 1999–2002; as a sophomore, he played on Duke's national championship team and scored a team-high 21 points in the title game, including 3 three-pointers during a decisive 11–2 second-half Duke run. As a junior, Dunleavy was a first-team NABC All-American, averaging 17.3 points per game and 7.2 rebounds per game for the 31–4 Blue Devils.
In 2001–02, Jay Williams, Carlos Boozer each scored at least 600 points for the season, a feat only matched at Duke by Jon Scheyer, Kyle Singler, Nolan Smith in the 2009–10 season. Dunleavy was selected by the Golden State Warriors third overall in the 2002 NBA draft. In November 2005, the Warriors signed Dunleavy to a 5-year, $44 million contract extension; the Warriors' general manager Chris Mullin said, "The way Mike performed, the way he conducted himself and the way we run our organization, we both felt it was something that we wanted." The deal has drawn criticism from fans, though, in light of the other large contracts that the Warriors franchise has signed, including Adonal Foyle and Derek Fisher. During the 2005–06 season, Dunleavy lost his starting role as small forward for a number of games, due to a shooting slump, he won back the starting job in the season and was expected to start at his new position of power forward for the 2006–07 season. Some early struggles, prompted Warriors head coach Don Nelson to send Dunleavy back to the bench, juggling his lineup in search of better team chemistry and winning results.
On January 17, 2007, Dunleavy was dealt to the Indiana Pacers along with teammates Troy Murphy, Ike Diogu, Keith McLeod for Stephen Jackson, Al Harrington, Šarūnas Jasikevičius, Josh Powell. In his first full season with the Pacers, Dunleavy started all 82 games and averaged a career-high 19.1 points per game. During the 2010–2011 season, the Indiana Pacers advanced to the NBA playoffs for the first time since 2006 thanks to an end of the season win over the Washington Wizards coupled with a Charlotte Bobcats loss to the Orlando Magic. Dunleavy scored 14 points in the 136–112 victory. Dunleavy ended his career playoff drought of 9 years and 624 games, he was the second active leader in this category behind former Warriors and Pacers teammate Troy Murphy, who ended his drought as a part of the Boston Celtics. Chris Wilcox of the Boston Celtics now holds the record. Following the 2011 NBA lockout, Dunleavy signed a two-year, $7.5 million contract with the Milwaukee Bucks on December 10. His best game as a Buck came on November 3, 2012 when he recorded 29 points and 12 rebounds against the Cleveland Cavaliers.
On July 10, 2013, Dunleavy signed with the Chicago Bulls, on a reported two-year deal worth about $6 million. On April 25, 2014, Dunleavy set a playoff career-high 35 points including a franchise playoff record for most three-point field goals with 8 against the Washington Wizards in game three of their 2014 NBA Playoffs first round match-up, which the Bulls won 100–97. Dunleavy injured his right ankle against the Denver Nuggets on January 1, 2015 and was sidelined for over a month. On July 14, 2015, Dunleavy re-signed with the Bulls to a reported three-year, $14.4 million contract. After missing the Bulls' first 16 games of the season due to a back injury, he was ruled out for a further four-to-six weeks on December 3 due to the injury requiring additional rehabilitation. On February 1, 2016, using the flexible assignment rule, Dunleavy was assigned to the Santa Cruz Warriors, the D-League affiliate of the Golden State Warriors, with the goal to practice there during the Bulls' West Coast road trip.
Two days he was recalled by the Bulls. On February 6, Dunleavy made his season debut for the Bulls after missing the first 49 games, he played 14 minutes and scored five points in a 112–105 loss to the Minnesota Timberwolves. On July 7, 2016, Dunleavy was traded, along with the rights to Vladimir Veremeenko, to the Cleveland Cavaliers in exchange for the rights to Albert Miralles, he made his debut for the Cavaliers in the team's season opener on October 25, 2016 against the New York Knicks. In 22 minutes off the bench, he recorded four points, four rebounds, two assists and three steals in a 117–88 win. On December 23, 2016, he scored a season-high 14 points in a 119–99 win over the Brooklyn Nets. On January 7, 2017, Dunleavy was traded, along with Mo Williams and a future first-round draft pick, to the Atlanta Hawks in exchange for Kyle Korver. After refusing to report to the Hawks while seeking a buyout of his contract, Dunleavy changed his mind and agreed to join the Hawks. On January 10, he reported to the team and passed his physical.
Three days he made his debut for the Hawks, scoring six points on a pair of three-pointers in a 103–101 loss to the Boston Celtics. On January 15, he scored 20 points off the bench in a 111–98 win over the Milwaukee Bucks, it was his first 20-point performance since a first-round playoff game for Chicago on April 30, 2015. On March 3, 2017, Dunleavy was diagnosed with right ankle synovitis, he returned to action on March 22 against Washington after a 13-game injury layoff. O
Kyle Edward Singler is an American professional basketball player for Monbus Obradoiro of the Liga ACB. Singler was a four-year starter for the Duke men's basketball team and was instrumental in their 2010 NCAA championship run, earning Most Outstanding Player of the Final Four. In the 2011 NBA draft, the Detroit Pistons selected Singler in the second round with the overall 33rd pick. Singler joined the Pistons for the 2012–13 season after playing in Spain during 2011–12. Singler attended South Medford High School. In high school, he averaged 10.6 rebounds per game as a senior. In 2006, Singler played against Brandon Jennings in the championship game of The Les Schwab Invitational. Singler was named to the 2006 U18 USA Junior National team, alongside fellow top prospects Michael Beasley, Jerryd Bayless, 2006 star recruit Spencer Hawes. Singler is one of eight players featured in Gunnin' for That#1 Spot, a 2008 documentary directed by Adam Yauch of the Beastie Boys, filmed in 2006. In October 2006, he signed a letter of intent to play college basketball at Duke University.
In 2007 Singler led South Medford to its first-ever state basketball championship, winning 58–54 over defending champion Lake Oswego and national standout Kevin Love. A year earlier Love and Lake Oswego had defeated Singler and South Medford for the state championship. Singler was a member of the Legends AAU team, along with future UCLA player Kevin Love, participated in many prestigious all-American camps, including the Nike All-American Camp, the Nike Peach Jam, the Main Event. 2006 Elite 24 Hoops Classic 2006 Second-team Parade All-American 2007 Oregon Co-Player of the Year 2007 First-team Parade All-American 2007 McDonald's All American 2007 Jordan Brand All-American 2007 Oregon Southwest Conference Player of the Year 2007 OSAA 6A All Tournament Team 2007 OSAA 6A State Champion Singler started at power forward as a freshman, finished the 2007–08 season with averages of 13.3 points per game and 5.9 rebounds per game, helping lead Duke to a 28–6 record. Singler put to rest any speculation that he might enter the 2008 NBA draft, saying: I didn’t give the NBA any thought, I know I’m not ready.
I need to mature both mentally. I want to get stronger and quicker, I want to work on learning how to play the game. I’m at a great place for that. In January 2009 he had a career-high 16 rebounds against Georgetown, a game in which Duke won 76-67. Singler ended the 2009 season as the top scorer for Duke. At the end of the season Singler was averaging a team high 16.5 points per game in 37 games played. In February 2010 Singler scored a career-high 30 points against Georgia Tech, hitting a career-high 8 three-pointers in 10 attempts. In the ACC Tournament Final, he hit. On March 28, 2010, in an Elite Eight NCAA game, as Duke beat Baylor and advanced to the Final Four, Jon Scheyer, Nolan Smith became the second trio in the history of the school to score at least 600 points each in the same season. Jason Williams, Carlos Boozer, Mike Dunleavy, Jr. first accomplished that feat for Duke in 2001–02. Singler scored 19 points in the national championship game to reach 707 for the season, joining Scheyer as the two became the second duo in Duke history to each score over 700 points in one season, following in the footsteps of Jason Williams and Shane Battier, who did so for Duke's 2001 national championship team.
Through the 2009–10 season, Singler was 6th on Duke's all-time list in offensive rebounds, 7th in defensive rebounds. For the season he averaged 7.0 rebounds per game. He was 3rd in the ACC in 3-point field goal percentage, 4th in scoring, 3-point field goals made, minutes, 7th in free throw percentage. Singler was instrumental in Duke winning its fourth national championship. Scheyer called him "the toughest player I've played with." Following the national championship, Singler considered entering the 2010 NBA draft, but decided to return for his senior season at Duke. Singler was named the pre-season Atlantic Coast Conference player of the year, pre-season first team All-ACC, was named a pre-season first team All-American. On November 27, 2010 Singler tied his career high 30 points against his brother E. J. Singler and the Oregon Ducks. Singler was voted to the Atlantic Coast Conference first team. For the 2010–2011 season, Singler averaged 16.9 points, 6.8 rebounds, 1.6 assists in 34.8 minutes per game for the Blue Devils.
The Blue Devils were eliminated in the Sweet 16 in the tournament against the Arizona Wildcats by the score of 93-77. Singler had 18 points in the defeat. 4th Leading Scorer in Duke history NABC All-American Second Team NCAA Champion NCAA Basketball Tournament Most Outstanding Player Sporting News All-American Fifth Team NCAA Final Four All-Tournament Team ACC Tournament MVP 2x All-ACC First Team 3x ACC All-Tournament First Team All-ACC Second Team ACC Rookie of the Year All-ACC Third Team ACC All-Freshman Team Maui Invitational All-Tournament Team Maui Invitational MVP Singler was selected with the 33rd overall pick in the 2011 NBA draft by the Detroit Pistons. On August 23, 2011, he signed with CB Lucentum Alicante of the Liga ACB; the contract had an NBA out-claus
National Basketball Association
The National Basketball Association is a men's professional basketball league in North America. It is considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world; the NBA is an active member of USA Basketball, recognized by FIBA as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player; the league was founded in New York City on June 1946, as the Basketball Association of America. The league adopted the name National Basketball Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with the competing National Basketball League; the league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in New Jersey; the Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada.
On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now refers to as the first game played in NBA history. The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play in large arenas in major cities. During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league's 1948 title, the 1948 NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers won the 1949 BAA title. Prior to the 1948–49 season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional.
On August 3, 1949, the remaining NBL teams–Syracuse, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan and Waterloo–merged into the BAA. In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed to the present National Basketball Association though the merged league retained the BAA's governing body, including Podoloff. To this day, the NBA claims the BAA's history as its own, it now reckons the arrival of the NBL teams as an expansion, not a merger, does not recognize NBL records and statistics. The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1953–54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Philadelphia Warriors, Minneapolis Lakers, Rochester Royals, Fort Wayne Pistons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks, Syracuse Nationals, all of which remain in the league today.
The process of contraction saw. The Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in 1951, to St. Louis in 1955; the Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in 1957 and the Pistons relocated from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Detroit in 1957. Japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks, he remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter, signing with the Washington Capitols in 1950. Hunter was cut from the team during training camp, but several African-American players did play in the league that year, including Chuck Cooper with the Celtics, Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton with the Knicks, Earl Lloyd with the Washington Capitols. During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty. To encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.
If a team does not attempt to score a field goal within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped and the ball given to its opponent. In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, which featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, setting new single game records in scoring and rebounding. Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports; the 1960s were dominated by the Celtics. Led by Russell, Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966; this championship streak is the longest in NBA history. They did not win the title in 1966–67, but regained it in the 1967–68 season and repeated in 1969; the domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the 1960s.
Through this period, the NBA continued to evolve with the shift of the Minneapolis Lakers to Los Angeles, the Philadelphia Warriors to San Francisco, the Syracuse Nationals to Philadelphia to become the Philadelphia 76ers, the St. Louis Hawks moving to Atlanta, as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises; the Chicago Packers (now Wa