Jaynagar Majilpur

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Jaynagar Majilpur
Kolkata Metropolitan Region
Jaynagar Majilpur Municipality
Jaynagar Majilpur Municipality
Jaynagar Majilpur is located in West Bengal
Jaynagar Majilpur
Jaynagar Majilpur
Location in West Bengal, India
Jaynagar Majilpur is located in India
Jaynagar Majilpur
Jaynagar Majilpur
Jaynagar Majilpur (India)
Coordinates: 22°10′09″N 88°24′57″E / 22.1691°N 88.4157°E / 22.1691; 88.4157Coordinates: 22°10′09″N 88°24′57″E / 22.1691°N 88.4157°E / 22.1691; 88.4157
Country  India
State West Bengal
District South 24 Parganas
Region Greater Kolkata
Established 01/04/1869; 149 years ago (1869)
 • Type Chairman-Council
 • Body Jaynagar Majilpur Municipality
 • Total 5.85 km2 (2.26 sq mi)
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 25,922
 • Density 4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 743337
Telephone code +91 3218 220/221
Vehicle registration WB-01 to WB-10, WB-19, WB-20, WB-22, WB-22U, WB-95, WB-96
Lok Sabha constituency Jaynagar (SC)
Vidhan Sabha constituency Jaynagar (SC)
Website www.joynagarmozilpurmunicipality.com

Jaynagar Majilpur, popularly known as Jaynagar, is a city and a municipality under Jaynagar police station of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal. It is situated in the southern suburbs of Kolkata, as an urban setup in the vicinity of the Kolkata, the city is within the area of Greater Kolkata. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). While they form a common municipality both the towns are also identified individually as Jaynagar and Majilpur. Jaynagar is famous for the sweet delicacy Jaynagarer Moa.


The town of Majilpur, is an ancient settlement, the etymology of the name is an interesting one. Originally the Ganges would flow over where the town is, but slowly it started silting down, this silting is called "Moje Jaowa" (মজে যাওয়া) in Bengali, from which the town derived the name, "Mojapur" (মজাপুর). Over time it became "Mojpur", "Mojipur" and then "Mojilpur" or Majilpur (মজিলপুর).

This town carries the memory of a very significant incident in the history of the Bengal. When Raja Pratapaditya Roy, the last Independent Hindu king of Bengal at Jessore was defeated by the Mughal forces, the State Diwan's (Grand Vizier) family and the State Priest's family were forced to flee to avoid persecution and conversion. They settled down in the Majilpur town to form the estate of the Duttas, and the Brahmin priest, Sree Krishna Udgata, who came over, settled down in what is today the Bhattacharya Para (ভটচায্ পাড়া). All the Bhattacharyas in the town are his scions, with the current 13th generation being settled out of the town.

The town was also called "Half-Calcutta" owing to the development it had seen before Independence, with stalwarts like Sivanath Sastri emerging.

It was also a centre for active freedom fighting, with names like Kanailal Bhattacharya and Rajaram Bhattacharya to name a few.

The town is famous for the ancient Dhanwantary Kali Temple, believed to be very benevolent, who listens to the prayers of her devotees promptly. An annual event is held, called the "Besher Mela" (বেশের মেলা), where the goddess Kali is dressed up as Radha Krishna and other goddesses, it attracts thousands of devotees, and is one of the most iconic yearly events in the town.

Also, by the express direction of the Dhanwantary Kali, every year, during Kali Puja, it is mandatory to host a Kali Puja in every Brahmin household of the place, it used to be a big annual festival, with hundreds of houses performing Kali Puja on the night of the Diwali, and going out on the next day in a beautifully orchestrated procession, going around the town of Majilpur, before the immersion or the "Bisarjan" (বিসর্জন). However, over the past few years, the number of houses performing Kali Puja has fallen drastically, now performed in only twenty odd houses, this has been mainly due to the gradual outward immigration of people from the hamlet, the reluctancy of the younger generation, and their inability to get hold of funds considering the deteriorating economic condition of Bengal, the rise of public subscription or locally called "Barowari Puja" (বারোয়ারী) and also the rise of Muslim immigrants and converts, who have posed problems while the peaceful immersion procession was on its way.

The town has a largely haunted ancient crematorium, by the name of "Buro'r Ghaat" (বুড়োর ঘাট) or the Old man's Ghaat, which was connected to the Ganges at one point of time in history, but has silted up since.

Nearby is the quaint monasteries of Ramkrishna Ashram and Sarada Ashram in Nimpith, which houses the homely and re assuring idols of Ramkrishna Dev and Sarada Maa.


The culture milieu in the Jaynagar Majilpur city reflects the usual cultural characteristics of similar cities in West Bengal, the educated middle–class community continues to perpetuate the Bengali cultural manifestations like drama, recitation, classical music, songs and dances, while young Turks take a rather revolutionary stand and let out their feeling in the form of minor little magazines and socially relevant functions like health check up camps, blood donation camps etc.


Jaynagar Majilpur city is located at 22°10′09″N 88°24′57″E / 22.1691°N 88.4157°E / 22.1691; 88.4157. It has an average elevation of 8 metres (26 ft).


The climate is tropical — like the rest of the Gangetic West Bengal, the hallmark is the Monsoon — from early June to mid September. The weather remains dry during the winter (mid November to mid February) and humid during summer.

Temperature: 40 °C in May (Max) & 10 °C in January (Min)

Relative Humidity: Between 55% in March & 98% in July

Rainfall: 1,579 mm (Normal)


As per 2011 Census of India, Jaynagar Majilpur city had a total population of 25,922, of which 13,234 (51%) were males and 12,688 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 2,277, the total number of literates was 20,898 (88.38% of the population over 6 years). [1]

As of 2001 Census of India, Jaynagar Majilpur city had a total population of 23,319. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%, it has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 71%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Connectivity & Transport[edit]


Railway is the primary mode of transport in the Jaynagar Majilpur city. The entire area of this city is served by the Jaynagar Majilpur railway station on the Sealdah (South) – Lakshmikantapur line of Kolkata Suburban Railway with an approximate 49 kilometres (30 mi) distance from Sealdah railway station. It is under the jurisdiction of Eastern Railway zone. Jaynagar Majilpur railway station is one of the busiest railway stations of Sealdah railway division. More than 30 pairs of E.M.U. Local Trains ply through the railway station on a daily basis.


Jaynagar Majilpur city is also connected with Roadway, the entire area of this city is well connected through the SH–1 (Kulpi Road). Buses like CTC, CSTC, WBSTC, Express ply their trade here. Buses available for all over Kolkata and suburbs.

Civic Administration[edit]

There is a Jaynagar Majilpur Municipality, which is one of the oldest municipalities in the whole country and was established in 01/04/1869; 149 years ago (1869).

The Jaynagar Majilpur Municipality is divided into 14 wards, as per 2015 municipal election, it is controlling by the INC. In this election,the municipality faced a hung verdict. INC, AITC, SUCI(C) and CPI(M) are won in the 6, 4, 2 and 1 ward respectively. Other 1 ward is won by an Independent politician. Later, the INC, with 6 councillors, formed the municipal board with the support of the 1 CPI(M) and 1 Independent councillor.

Bank/ ATM/ Government Organisation[edit]

All leading Banks and ATMs are present in the Jaynagar Majilpur city including Bank of India, United Bank of India, State Bank of India, Axis Bank, Punjab National Bank, Bandhan Bank etc.

Other Government Organisations
  • Jaynagar Police Station
  • Jaynagar Fire Station
  • Jaynagar Excise Department
  • Jaynagar Telephone Exchange
  • Jaynagar Electric Supply Office
  • Jaynagar Majilpur Municipality
  • Jaynagar Majilpur Post Office
  • Jaynagar Majilpur LICI Satellite Office


Jaynagar Majilpur city's schools are run by the West Bengal State Government. Schools mainly use Bengali as the medium of instruction, the schools are affiliated with the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education (WBBSE). Under the 10+2 plan, after completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in a school with a higher secondary facility affiliated with West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education (WBCHSE). Students usually choose from one of three streams - liberal arts, commerce or science, though vocational streams are also available. Upon completing the required coursework, students may enroll in general or professional degree programmed.


  • Jaynagar Institution
  • Jaynagar Institution for Girls
  • Jaynagar P. C. Pal Institution
  • Majilpur J. M. Training School
  • Majilpur Shyam Sundar Balika Vidyalaya
  • Majilpur A. K. V. B. Vidyapith


  • Jaynagar-II Government ITI
  • Jaynagar Private ITI


Jaynagar Majilpur city is one of the major shopping areas of South 24 Parganas district.


Newspaper & Magazine[edit]

Some small local newspapers and magazines are there, however the scenario is dominated by the media of Kolkata. Bengali newspapers like Anandabazar Patrika, Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin, Aajkal, Ei Samay etc are widely circulated regional newspapers. English newspapers such as The Statesman, The Telegraph, The Times of India, Hindustan Times etc are also available.


Kolkata's radio stations are available here. Twelve local FM stations: Friends FM (91.9 MHz), Big FM (92.7 MHz), Red FM (93.5 MHz), Radio One (94.3 MHz), Radio Mirchi (98.3 MHz), AIR FM Gold (100.2 MHz), AIR FM Vividh Bharati (101.8 MHz), Fever FM (104 MHz), Radio ISHQ (104.8 MHz), Gyan Vani (105.6 MHz), Aamar FM (106.2 MHz) and AIR FM Rainbow (107 MHz) are available.


The state-owned television broadcaster Doordarshan provides two free terrestrial channels, while MSO, DTH operators provide a mix of Bengali, Hindi, English and other regional channels via Cable and DTH.


Jaynagar Majilpur city have one municipality operated nursing home (Matri Mangal O Shishu Mangal) and many privately operated nursing homes and diagnostic centres.

Places of Interest[edit]

  • Jaychandi Mandir
  • Dwadash Shiva Mandir
  • Radhaballav Mandir
  • Shyam Sundar Mandir
  • Dhanwantari Kali Mandir
  • Satsang Thakurbari (Sree Sree Thakur Anukulchandra)

Notable People[edit]


  1. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  2. ^ Sengupta, Subodh Chandra and Bose, Anjali (editors), 1976/1998, Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Biographical dictionary) Vol I, (in Bengali), pp. 522-3, ISBN 81-85626-65-0
  3. ^ Sengupta, Subodh Chandra and Bose, Anjali (editors), 1976/1998, Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Biographical dictionary) Vol I, (in Bengali), pp. 70-1, ISBN 81-85626-65-0

See Also[edit]