Jean-Marie Le Pen is a French politician who served as President of the National Front from 1972 to 2011. He served as Honorary President of the National Front from 2011 to 2018, he graduated from faculty of law in Paris in 1949. After his time in the military, he studied political law at Panthéon-Assas University. Le Pen focuses on issues related to immigration to France, the European Union, traditional culture and values and order and France's high rate of unemployment, his progression in the 1980s is known as the "lepénisation of spirits" due to its noticeable effect on mainstream political opinion. His controversial speeches and his integration into public life have made him a figure who polarizes opinion, considered as the "Devil of the Republic" among his opponents or as the "last samurai in politics" among his supporters, his longevity in politics and his five attempts to become President of France have made him a major figure in French political life. His progress to the second round in the 2002 presidential election left its mark on French public life and the "21st of April" is now a used expression in France.
A former Member of the European Parliament, he served as the Honorary President of the National Front from 2011 to 2018. He was expelled from the party by his daughter Marine Le Pen in 2015, after new controversial statements. Jean Louis Marie Le Pen was the only son of Jean Le Pen. Jean Le Pen was born in French Brittany, like his ancestors and had started work at the age of 13 on a transatlantic vessel, he was Councilor of La Trinité-sur-Mer. Jean-Marie Le Pen's mother, Anne-Marie Hervé was a seamstress and of local ancestry. Le Pen was born on 20 June 1928 in La Trinité-sur-Mer, a small seaside village in Brittany, the son of Anne Marie Hervé and Jean Le Pen, a fisherman, he was orphaned as an adolescent, when his father's boat La Persévérance was blown up by a mine in 1942. He was raised as a Roman Catholic and studied at the Jesuit high school François Xavier in Vannes at the lycée of Lorient. In November 1944, aged 16, he was turned down by Colonel Henri de La Vaissière when he attempted to join the French Forces of the Interior.
He entered the faculty of law in Paris, started to sell the monarchist Action Française's newspaper, "Aspects de la France", in the street. He was convicted of assault and battery. Le Pen started his political career as the head of the student union in Toulouse, he became president of the Association corporative des étudiants en droit, an association of law students whose main occupation was to engage in street brawls against the "Cocos". He was excluded from this organisation in 1951. After his time in the military, he studied political law at Panthéon-Assas University, his graduate thesis, submitted in 1971 by him and Jean-Loup Vincent, was titled Le courant anarchiste en France depuis 1945 or. After receiving his law diploma, he enlisted in the Foreign Legion, he arrived in Indochina after the 1954 battle of Dien Bien Phu, lost by France and which prompted Prime Minister of France Pierre Mendès France to put an end to the Indochina war at the Geneva Conference. Le Pen was sent to Suez in 1956, but arrived only after the cease-fire.
In 1953, a year before the beginning of the Algerian War, he contacted President Vincent Auriol, who approved Le Pen's proposed volunteer disaster relief project after a flood in the Netherlands. Within two days, there were 40 volunteers from his university, a group that would help victims of an earthquake in Italy. In Paris in 1956, he was elected to the National Assembly as a member of Pierre Poujade's UDCA populist party. Le Pen has presented himself as the youngest member of the Assembly, but a young communist, André Chène, 27 years old and half a year younger, was elected in the same year. In 1957, Le Pen became the General Secretary of the National Front of Combatants, a veterans' organization, as well as the first French politician to nominate a Muslim candidate, Ahmed Djebbour, an Algerian, elected in 1957 as deputy of Paris; the next year, following his break with Poujade, he was reelected to the National Assembly as a member of the Centre National des Indépendants et Paysans party, led by Antoine Pinay.
Le Pen claimed that he had lost his left eye when he was savagely beaten during the 1958 election campaign. Testimonies did not lose it, he lost the sight in his left eye years due to an illness. During the 1950s, Le Pen took a close interest in the French defence budget. Elected deputy of the French Parliament under the Poujadist banner, Le Pen voluntarily reengaged himself for two to three months in the French Foreign Legion, he was sent to Algeria as an intelligence officer. He has been accused of having engaged in torture. Le Pen has denied these accusations. Le Pen directed the 1965 presidential campaign of far-right candidate Jean-Louis Tixier-Vignancour, who obtained 5.19% of the votes. He insisted on the rehabilitation of the Collaborationists, declaring that: Was General de Gaulle more brave than Marshal Pétain in the occupied zone? This isn't sure, it was much easier to resist in London. In 1962, Le Pen lost his seat in the Assembly, he created the Serp firm, a company involved in
Thomas Mathew Donnelly is a rugby union player who plays at Lock for Montpellier in the Top 14. He has made 15 appearances for the All Blacks since 2009. Born in Rotorua, Donnelly moved south in 2000 to attend the University of Otago, made his debut for Otago in 2002, he established himself as a fixture at lock for the province, by 2005 was one of the standout players in the provincial championship, forming a dynamic partnership with James Ryan. Although injuries and international duty have limited his availability for Otago, he remained a fixture in the squad, captaining the team for a stretch in 2007 in place of an injured Craig Newby. In 2008, he played his 50th match for the province. Due to a shoulder injury and his time with the All Blacks, Donnelly made only a single appearance for Otago in the 2010 ITM Cup. However, in the 2011 ITM Cup he appeared in every game, serving as team captain for the majority of the season following an injury to Eben Joubert. Donnelly earned a place on the Highlanders for the first time for the 2004 Super 12 season, but was limited to only two appearances.
However, he emerged as a full-time starter through the 2005 and 2006 seasons, starting 20 out of 24 games over that period. After losing most of the 2007 Super 14 season to injury, he returned in 2008 in top form, marking himself as a future All Black. A strong 2009 would see that promise fulfilled, as he cracked the national side for the first time at the conclusion of the year. Donnelly started the first 5 games of the 2010 Super 14 season before being ruled out for the rest of the campaign with a serious ankle injury. Back healthy in 2011, he found himself in an unfamiliar position coming off the bench as the strong play of Josh Bekhuis and Jarrad Hoeata kept him out of the starting line-up. After a disappointing season in 2011, Donnelly transferred to the Crusaders for the 2012 season. On 17 October 2013, it was confirmed that Donnelly had moved to the Blues. In 2014, Donnelly signed a deal to join French Top 14 side Montpellier. Donnelly was on the fringes of the All Blacks for several years, first being selected to the Junior All Blacks in 2006.
He was again selected for the Junior All Blacks in 2007, to an All Blacks wider training group in 2008. After being selected to the Junior All Blacks again in 2009, Donnelly was called into the full squad due to an injury to Bryn Evans and made his debut against Australia in the final Tri Nations game of the season on 19 September, won 33-6 by the All Blacks in Wellington. On the 2009 end of year tour, Donnelly featured in all 5 matches, earning positive reviews for his steady play. In the 2010 Tri Nations tournament, Donelly played the finest rugby of his career as one of the form players for the All Blacks, starting every match as New Zealand went undefeated in the tournament. However, his international season would end on a sour note as he injured his knee against Ireland, ruling him out of the remainder of the end of year tour; the All Blacks have a record of 14 wins against only 1 loss in games. Profile on itsrugby All Blacks Profile
Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski was a Polish physicist and chemist. Wróblewski was born in Grodno, he studied at Kiev University. After a six-year exile for participating in the January 1863 Uprising against Imperial Russia, he studied in Berlin and Heidelberg, he defended his doctoral dissertation at Munich University in 1876 and became an assistant professor at Strasburg University. In 1880 he became a member of the Polish Academy of Learning. Wróblewski was introduced to gas condensation in Paris by Professor Caillet at the École Normale Supérieure; when Wróblewski was offered a chair in physics at Jagiellonian University, he accepted. At Kraków he soon established a collaboration with Karol Olszewski. While studying carbonic acid, Wróblewski discovered the CO2 hydrate, he reported this finding in 1882. On 29 March 1883 Wróblewski and Olszewski used a new method of condensing oxygen, on 13 April the same year—nitrogen. In 1888, while studying the physical properties of hydrogen, Wróblewski upset a kerosene lamp and was burned.
He died soon after at a Kraków hospital. Karol Olszewski continued the experiments, using an improved Pictet cascade apparatus, carbon dioxide, boiling ethylene in vacuum, boiling nitrogen and boiling air as cooling agents, he died on 16 April 1888 as a result of an accident in his laboratory in which he sustained serious injuries and was buried at the Rakowicki Cemetery in Kraków. In 1976, the International Astronomical Union passed a decision to give the name of Wróblewski to one of the craters of the Moon in honour of the chemist. Ueber die Diffusion der Gase durch absorbirende Substanzen House of Wróblewski Timeline of low-temperature technology Timeline of hydrogen technologies List of Poles
Fulk known as Fulk the Younger, was the Count of Anjou from 1109 to 1129 and the King of Jerusalem from 1131 to his death. During his reign, the Kingdom of Jerusalem reached its largest territorial extent. Fulk was born at Angers, between 1089 and 1092, the son of Count Fulk IV of Anjou and Bertrade de Montfort. In 1092, Bertrade deserted her husband, bigamously married King Philip I of France, he became count of Anjou upon his father's death in 1109. In the next year, he married Ermengarde of Maine, cementing Angevin control over the County of Maine, he was an opponent of King Henry I of England and a supporter of King Louis VI of France, but in 1118 or 1119 he had allied with Henry when he arranged for his daughter Matilda to marry Henry's son and heir, William Adelin. Fulk went on crusade in 1119 or 1120, became attached to the Knights Templar, he returned, late in 1121, after which he began to subsidize the Templars, maintaining two knights in the Holy Land for a year. Much Henry arranged for his daughter Matilda to marry Fulk's son Geoffrey of Anjou, which she did in 1127 or 1128.
By 1127 Fulk was preparing to return to Anjou when he received an embassy from King Baldwin II of Jerusalem. Baldwin II had no male heirs but had designated his daughter Melisende to succeed him. Baldwin II wanted to safeguard his daughter's inheritance by marrying her to a powerful lord. Fulk was a wealthy crusader and experienced military commander, a widower, his experience in the field would prove invaluable in a frontier state always in the grip of war. However, Fulk held out for better terms than mere consort of the Queen. Baldwin II, reflecting on Fulk's military exploits, acquiesced. Fulk abdicated his county seat of Anjou to his son Geoffrey and left for Jerusalem, where he married Melisende on 2 June 1129. Baldwin II bolstered Melisende's position in the kingdom by making her sole guardian of her son by Fulk, Baldwin III, born in 1130. Fulk and Melisende became joint rulers of Jerusalem in 1131 with Baldwin II's death. From the start Fulk assumed sole control of the government, he favored fellow countrymen from Anjou to the native nobility.
The other crusader states to the north feared that Fulk would attempt to impose the suzerainty of Jerusalem over them, as Baldwin II had done. Melisende's sister Alice of Antioch, exiled from the Principality by Baldwin II, took control of Antioch once more after the death of her father, she allied with Pons of Tripoli and Joscelin II of Edessa to prevent Fulk from marching north in 1132. In Jerusalem as well, Fulk was resented by the second generation of Jerusalem Christians who had grown up there since the First Crusade; these "natives" focused on Melisende's cousin, the popular Hugh II of Le Puiset, count of Jaffa, devotedly loyal to the Queen. Fulk saw Hugh as a rival, it did not help matters when Hugh's own stepson accused him of disloyalty. In 1134, in order to expose Hugh, Fulk accused him of infidelity with Melisende. Hugh rebelled in protest. Hugh secured himself to Jaffa, allied himself with the Muslims of Ascalon, he was able to defeat the army set against him by Fulk. The Patriarch interceded in the conflict at the behest of Melisende.
Fulk agreed to peace and Hugh was exiled from the kingdom for three years, a lenient sentence. However, an assassination attempt was made against Hugh. Fulk, or his supporters, were believed responsible, though direct proof never surfaced; the scandal was all, needed for the queen's party to take over the government in what amounted to a palace coup. Author and historian Bernard Hamilton wrote that Fulk's supporters "went in terror of their lives" in the palace. Contemporary author and historian William of Tyre wrote of Fulk "he never attempted to take the initiative in trivial matters, without consent"; the result was that Melisende held direct and unquestioned control over the government from 1136 onwards. Sometime before 1136 Fulk reconciled with his wife, a second son, Amalric was born. Jerusalem's northern border was of great concern. Fulk had been appointed regent of the Principality of Antioch by Baldwin II; as regent he had Raymond of Poitou marry the infant Constance of Antioch, daughter of Bohemund II and Alice of Antioch, niece to Melisende.
However, the greatest concern during Fulk's reign was the rise of Atabeg Zengi of Mosul. In 1137 Fulk was defeated in battle near Baarin but allied with Mu'in ad-Din Unur, the vizier of Damascus. Damascus was threatened by Zengi. Fulk captured the fort of Banias, to the north of Lake Tiberias and thus secured the northern frontier. Fulk strengthened the kingdom's southern border, his butler Paganus built the fortress of Kerak to the east of the Dead Sea, to help give the kingdom access to the Red Sea, Fulk had Blanchegarde and other forts built in the south-west to overpower the Egyptian fortress at Ascalon. This city was a base from which the Egyptian Fatimids launched frequent raids on the Kingdom of Jerusalem and Fulk sought to neutralise this threat. In 1137 and 1142, Byzantine emperor John II Comnenus arrived in Syria attempting to impose Byzantine control over the crusader states. John's intention of making a pilgrimage, accompanied by his impressive army, to Jerusalem alarmed Fulk, who wrote to John pointing out that his kingdom was poor and could not support the passage of a large army.
This lukewarm re
Kati Wolf is a Hungarian singer. Wolf represented Hungary at the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 with the song "What About My Dreams?". At the age of seven, Wolf sang the title track for the popular Hungarian cartoon Vuk. Besides singing, she took piano and jazz dance classes. After her graduation as solfege teacher, chorus master at the Hungarian Music Academy, she worked with numerous bands in different genres, her breakthrough came in 2010 as a finalist of the Hungarian version of the talent show X-Faktor. Prior to X-Faktor she worked as an airline purser. On 10 December 2014, it was announced that Wolf would take part in A Dal, the national selection implemented the year after she participated, with the song "Ne engedj el!" in hopes of representing Hungary in the Eurovision Song Contest 2015. She was a judge in the 2012 edition of the national final. Kati did not qualify for the superfinal. Wolf-áramlat Az első X — 10 dal az élő showból Vár a holnap "Vuk dala" Kati Wolf - official website
The Shire of Goomalling is a local government area in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, about 240 kilometres northeast of Perth, the state capital. The Shire covers an area of 2,836 square kilometres and its seat of government is the town of Goomalling. On 18 January 1895, the Goomalling Road District was created. On 1 July 1961, it became a Shire following the enactment of the Local Government Act 1960; the shire has been divided into 4 wards: Town Ward North Ward South Ward Central Ward Goomalling Jennacubbine Konnongorring Mumberkine Ucarty Wongamine Official website