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Jean le Rond d'Alembert

Jean-Baptiste le Rond d'Alembert was a French mathematician, physicist and music theorist. Until 1759 he was co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. D'Alembert's formula for obtaining solutions to the wave equation is named after him; the wave equation is sometimes referred to as d'Alembert's equation. Born in Paris, d'Alembert was the natural son of the writer Claudine Guérin de Tencin and the chevalier Louis-Camus Destouches, an artillery officer. Destouches was abroad at the time of d'Alembert's birth. Days after birth his mother left him on the steps of the Saint-Jean-le-Rond de Paris church. According to custom, he was named after the patron saint of the church. D'Alembert was placed in an orphanage for foundling children, but his father found him and placed him with the wife of a glazier, Madame Rousseau, with whom he lived for nearly 50 years, she gave him little encouragement. When he told her of some discovery he had made or something he had written she replied, You will never be anything but a philosopher - and what is that but an ass who plagues himself all his life, that he may be talked about after he is dead.

Destouches secretly paid for the education of Jean le Rond, but did not want his paternity recognised. D'Alembert first attended a private school; the chevalier Destouches left d'Alembert an annuity of 1200 livres on his death in 1726. Under the influence of the Destouches family, at the age of 12 d'Alembert entered the Jansenist Collège des Quatre-Nations. Here he studied philosophy and the arts, graduating as baccalauréat en arts in 1735. In his life, d'Alembert scorned the Cartesian principles he had been taught by the Jansenists: "physical promotion, innate ideas and the vortices"; the Jansenists steered d'Alembert toward an ecclesiastical career, attempting to deter him from pursuits such as poetry and mathematics. Theology was, however, "rather unsubstantial fodder" for d'Alembert, he entered law school for two years, was nominated avocat in 1738. He was interested in medicine and mathematics. Jean was first registered under the name "Daremberg", but changed it to "d'Alembert"; the name "d'Alembert" was proposed by Frederick the Great of Prussia for a suspected moon of Venus.

In July 1739 he made his first contribution to the field of mathematics, pointing out the errors he had detected in Analyse démontrée in a communication addressed to the Académie des Sciences. At the time L'analyse démontrée was a standard work, which d'Alembert himself had used to study the foundations of mathematics. D'Alembert was a Latin scholar of some note and worked in the latter part of his life on a superb translation of Tacitus, for which he received wide praise including that of Denis Diderot. In 1740, he submitted his second scientific work from the field of fluid mechanics Mémoire sur la réfraction des corps solides, recognised by Clairaut. In this work d'Alembert theoretically explained refraction. In 1741, after several failed attempts, d'Alembert was elected into the Académie des Sciences, he was elected to the Berlin Academy in 1746 and a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1748. In 1743, he published his most famous work, Traité de dynamique, in which he developed his own laws of motion.

When the Encyclopédie was organised in the late 1740s, d'Alembert was engaged as co-editor with Diderot, served until a series of crises temporarily interrupted the publication in 1757. He authored over a thousand articles including the famous Preliminary Discourse. D'Alembert "abandoned the foundation of Materialism" when he "doubted whether there exists outside us anything corresponding to what we suppose we see." In this way, d'Alembert agreed with the Idealist Berkeley and anticipated the transcendental idealism of Kant. In 1752, he wrote about what is now called D'Alembert's paradox: that the drag on a body immersed in an inviscid, incompressible fluid is zero. In 1754, d'Alembert was elected a member of the Académie des sciences, of which he became Permanent Secretary on 9 April 1772. In 1757, an article by d'Alembert in the seventh volume of the Encyclopedia suggested that the Geneva clergymen had moved from Calvinism to pure Socinianism, basing this on information provided by Voltaire.

The Pastors of Geneva were indignant, appointed a committee to answer these charges. Under pressure from Jacob Vernes, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and others, d'Alembert made the excuse that he considered anyone who did not accept the Church of Rome to be a Socinianist, and, all he meant, he abstained from further work on the encyclopaedia following his response to the critique, he was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1781. D'Alembert's first exposure to music theory was in 1749 when he was called upon to review a Mémoire submitted to the Académie by Jean-Philippe Rameau; this article, written in conjunction with Diderot, would form the basis of Rameau's 1750 treatise Démonstration du principe de l'harmonie. D'Alembert wrote a glowing review praising the author's deductive character as an ideal scientific model, he saw in Rameau's music theories support for his own scientific ideas, a systematic method with a deductive synthetic structure. Two years in 1752, d'Alembert attempted a comprehensive survey of Rameau's works in his Eléments de musique théorique et pratique suivant les principes de M. Rameau.

Emphasizing Rameau's main claim that music was a mathematical science that had a single principle from which could be deduced all the elements and rules of musica

Machine postmark

A machine postmark or machine cancellation is a postmark or cancellation on mail, applied by a mechanical device rather than with the use of a handstamp. Nearly all machine-cancellation devices apply both cancellation simultaneously. While some mail is cancelled using handstamps, machine cancellation is ubiquitous, in the industrialized nations the vast majority of mail is cancelled by machine. In the United States, the first successful postmarking machine was developed by Thomas Leavitt in the 1870s, with covers known from 1876. By 1880 Leavitt machines were in use in twenty cities. Cancellations were of a variety of forms, including horizontal and diagonal lines, as well as "football" shapes; the American Postal Machines Company soon got into the business, with postmarks appearing from 1884, became successful with a machine known for its speed of processing. APMC introduced the flag cancel in 1894, which used the wavy lines of the cancel to depict an approximate image of an American flag. During the 1890s dozens of other companies got into the business, although most were short-lived, only about six, including Pitney-Bowes, lasted past the 1920s.

Slogan cancels first appeared in the 1890s to advertise the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York expanding to include a wide variety of uses. Slogans are commonplace today, with the US Postal Service still using them to promote special events, as well as to encourage better mailing practices. Russell F. Hanmer, A Collector's Guide to U. S. Machine Postmarks 1871-1925, 3rd ed. International Machine Cancel Society Homepage Pages with many US examples Machine cancellations of Latvia

Geoffrey Rock

Geoffrey Alan Rock was an English/Canadian painter. He was best known for his proficiency in realism. Rock’s work can be found in art collections around the world. Geoffrey Rock was born in 1923 in England. Rock was the son of his 17-year-old mother; as a young boy, Rock demonstrated artistic talent. He left home at the age of fourteen and attended the Birmingham College of Art as a gratis student, sitting in on classes. One day during roll call, a professor discovered Geoffrey’s artwork and accepted him into the school free of charge due to his exceptional talent. Upon completing his studies, Rock moved away to London, England where he became an apprentice for an advertising firm and attended the London Central School of Art, he began doing commercial art work for the advertising firm. While in London, Geoffrey met his future wife Joan, a Welsh woman from Cardiff, working as the personal secretary to Lord Beaverbrook, they were married in 1942. A short time Geoffrey Rock entered World War II as a “war artist”, painting portraits of superior officers and sketching depictions of battle scenes.

Rock was present for the D-Day landings at Normandy on June 6th, 1944. When the war ended, he returned to London and worked as an assistant to Sir James Gunn, who did portraits of the British Royal Family. Rock worked under Gunn for five years; as an assistant, one of Rock’s paintings entitled “St. George’s Chapel” drew the attention of Queen Elizabeth II, who decided to use it for her official annual Christmas card of 1954, it was during this time that Rock’s wife gave birth to a daughter and son, Nigel. In 1956, the Rock family emigrated to Canada. Shortly thereafter, Geoffrey’s wife gave birth to their third child, Christopher; the Rock family spent time moving throughout Canada before settling into an old farmer’s home in Cheltenham, Ontario. The family spent twelve years here before moving west to British Columbia. While in British Columbia, Geoffrey was able to turn his full attention to his work, which led him to opening a studio in West Vancouver. In the years following, Rock would continue to hone his craft and gain recognition through various art shows and exhibits.

Geoffrey Rock died August 31, 2000. As a young boy, Geoffrey Rock would visit the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, where he would spend hours studying each painting individually, he became influenced by the Pre-Raphaelite painters Holman Hunt, Burne-Jones, Ford Madox Brown. Rock’s study of these painters allowed him to develop his own realistic style of painting. In a 1981 publication of Arts West magazine, Geoffrey Rock described his creative process by stating, “I use reality as a starting point, but project on the canvas my most intimate reaction to the subject. I spend hours searching for the right subject. I give my work total concentration… I enter a trance-like state, it is hard to come back to reality. Painting is exhausting, at times frustrating but in the long run an intensely satisfying occupation.” Geoffrey Rock held a number of solo art shows throughout his career at various locations including: Yellow Door Gallery, Art Gallery of Windsor, Gainsborough Gallery, Galerie Sherbrook, Art Emporium and Backroom Gallery.

Additionally, Rock held multiple shows at the following locations: Pollock Gallery, Alex Fraser Gallery, Laing Art Gallery. The work of Geoffrey Rock has been represented in collections throughout Canada and the United States. Geoffrey’s youngest son, Christopher Rock, followed in his father’s footsteps and has become a painter in Victoria, British Columbia

List of Terra Formars episodes

Terra Formars is a Japanese manga series. An anime adaptation of the series began in Japan on September 26, 2014, ran for 13 episodes, concluding on December 19, 2014. Two OVAs set before the main television series were released, in August and November 2014; the opening theme is "AMAZING BREAK" by TERRASPEX while the ending theme is "Lightning" by TERRASPEX. The second season's first opening theme from episodes 1-4, 7, 10, 12 is "Kouryoutaru Shinsekai" by Seikima-II; the second opening theme from episodes 5-6, 8-9, 11, 13 is "PLANET / THE HELL" by Seikima-II. The first ending theme from episodes 1-3 and 9 is "Red Zone" by Zwei; the second ending theme from 4-5 and 7-8 is "Strength" by Fuki. The third ending theme from episodes 6 and 10-12 is "Revolution" by nao

Freetown station

Freetown is a planned commuter rail station on the Fall River Subdivision in the Assonet village of Freetown, Massachusetts. Under current plans, the station would open for MBTA Commuter Rail service in 2023 as part of the first phase of the South Coast Rail project; the Fall River Railroad opened from Myricks to Fall River in June 1845, to South Braintree in December 1846. Two stations were located on the line in Freetown: Assonet at Elm Street, Crystal Spring at Copicut Road. Somerset Junction - the junction with the Dighton and Somerset Railroad - was located further to the south in Fall River. Service was consolidated under the Old Colony Railroad and the New Haven Railroad. Passenger service on the line continued until September 5, 1958. However, local stops including the two Freetown stops were discontinued well before and trains ran nonstop from Fall River to Taunton; the line continued to be used for freight service by the New Haven and its successors Penn Central and Conrail finally as the CSX Fall River Subdivision.

In September 2008, MassDOT released 18 potential station sites for the South Coast Rail project, including a Freetown station off South Main Street near the Route 24/79 expressway. A 2009 conceptual design called for a single side platform serving one track, with a second track allowing freight trains to pass the high-level platform. Plans released as part of the Final Environmental Impact Report in 2013 were nearly identical. In 2017, the project was re-evaluated due to cost issues. A new proposal released in March 2017 called for early service via Middleborough by 2024, followed by full service via Stoughton by 2029. Freetown would have only been built as an infill station during the second phase. By mid-2017, plans called for the first phase to be completed in 2022, to include stations at Freetown and Battleship Cove in Phase 1 rather than Phase 2

Glass Tiger

Glass Tiger is a Grammy-nominated Canadian rock band from Newmarket, Ontario that formed in 1983. The band has released five studio albums, its 1986 debut album, The Thin Red Line, went quadruple platinum in Canada and gold in the United States. Two singles from that album, "Don't Forget Me" and "Someday", reached the U. S. Top 10. In Newmarket, vocalist Alan Frew and bassist Wayne Parker, along with keyboardist Sam Reid, were recruited by drummer Michael Hanson with the intention of forming a new band. At the time, Hanson was the lead drummer of The End. After Hanson disbanded The End, the new partnership from the ashes of both bands formed the band Tokyo. Guitarist Al Connelly joined the band in 1983. In 1986, Glass Tiger released The Thin Red Line; this album went quadruple platinum in gold in the United States. Two of its songs, "Don't Forget Me" and "Someday", reached the Top 10 in the U. S. charts. Glass Tiger won three 1986 Juno Awards: Album of the Year for The Thin Red Line, Single of the Year for "Don't Forget Me", Most Promising Group of the Year.

The album's producer, Jim Vallance, was named Composer of the Year. The band was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best New Artist; the band performed in the United States as part of the Raised on Radio Tour and on Tina Turner's European Break Every Rule Tour. The band released a second album, Diamond Sun, in 1988; the album was certified triple platinum in Canada and featured the single "I'm Still Searching", which peaked at #2 in Canada. Hanson left the band in 1988 following the release of Diamond Sun. Glass Tiger's third album, Simple Mission, was released in 1991 by Capitol Records; the album received radio play in Europe. It was certified platinum in Canada; the band went on hiatus in 1993. After pursuing other projects, the band reformed in 2003 with new drummer Chris McNeil and began touring again. In March 2009, Glass Tiger and members of the NHL alumni visited Canadian Forces stationed in Kandahar, Afghanistan; the visit included live performances and footage was shown on an episode of Entertainment Tonight Canada.

The band returned to Afghanistan for a second performance in 2010. In 2012, Glass Tiger toured across Canada with the band Roxette, performed as part of Penticton, BC's "Rock The Peach Music Fest" On July 1, 2013, Glass Tiger performed a free concert in Leduc, Alberta as part of a Canada Day Celebration. Glass Tiger performed at a number of festivals in the summer of 2017. On September 23, 2017, Glass Tiger performed at Canada Games Plaza in Prince George, British Columbia; the free concert was held to thank the city for receiving over 11,000 evacuees from the southern interior, displaced by various wildfires. In February 2018, to celebrate 31 years of making music together, the band released an album entitled 31. Produced by Scottish/Canadian country artist Johnny Reid, the album includes special guest contributions from Julian Lennon, Alan Doyle, Véronic DiCaire and Susan Aglukark and David R. Maracle. In May 2019, Glass Tiger released their fifth studio album, 33. Following the release of 33, the band joined Corey Hart on his Never Surrender cross-Canada tour in June 2019.

The band continued to perform a number of headlining shows throughout the summer and performed as part of the Sopot International Song Festival in Poland. Current members Al Connelly – guitar, backing vocals Alan Frew – vocals, tambourine Wayne Parker – bass, backing vocals Sam Reid – keyboards, backing vocals Chris McNeilldrums Former members Michael Hanson – drums, backing vocals Live Air Time: The Best of Glass Tiger No Turning Back: 1985–2005 Then, Next NB: "My Song" missed the Billboard Hot 100, but peaked at number 71 on the Cash Box Top 100 Singles chart. NB: "Don't Forget Me" and "Someday" both reached the Billboard AC chart, peaking at #30 and #4 respectively. Glass Tiger homepage Bio at CanConRox entry Canadian Pop Music Encyclopedia entry Glass Tiger in The Canadian Encyclopedia Photos from Glass Tiger's performance in Vancouver, 2008