2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Cole County, Missouri
Cole County is a county in the central part of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 75,990, its county seat and largest city is the state capital. The county was organized November 16, 1820 and named after pioneer Captain Stephen Cole, an Indian fighter and pioneer settler, who built Cole's Fort in Boonville. Cole County is in MO Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is south of the Missouri River. In 2010, the center of the population of Missouri was in Cole County, near the village of Wardsville. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 402 square miles, of which 394 square miles is land and 8.2 square miles is water. It is the third-smallest county in Missouri by area. Boone County Callaway County Osage County Miller County Moniteau County U. S. Route 50 U. S. Route 54 U. S. Route 63 Route 17 Route 179 As of the census of 2000, there were 71,397 people, 27,040 households, 17,927 families residing in the county; the population density was 182 people per square mile.
There were 28,915 housing units at an average density of 74 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 87.06% White, 9.92% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, 1.23% from two or more races. 1.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.1% were of German, 13.6% American, 7.8% English and 6.9% Irish ancestry. There were 27,040 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.70% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 32.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $42,924, the median income for a family was $53,416. Males had a median income of $33,769 versus $25,189 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,739. About 5.80% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.50% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over. The Missouri Department of Corrections operates the Jefferson City Correctional Center in Jefferson City; the current JCCC was opened on September 15, 2004, replacing the Missouri State Penitentiary in Jefferson City. Blair Oaks R-II School District – Jefferson City Blair Oaks Elementary School Blair Oaks Middle School Blair Oaks High School Cole County R-I School District – Russellville Cole County R-I Elementary School Cole County R-I Middle School Russellville High School Cole County R-V School District – Eugene Eugene Elementary School Eugene High School Jefferson City Public School District – Jefferson City Southwest Early Childhood Education Center Southwest Elementary School Callaway Hills Elementary School – Holts Summit South Elementary School Thorpe J. Gordon Elementary School East Elementary School North Elementary School – Holts Summit Cedar Hill Elementary School West Elementary School Moreau Heights Elementary School Belair Elementary School Pioneer Trail Elementary School Clarence Lawson Elementary School Thomas Jefferson Middle School Lewis & Clark Middle School Simonsen Ninth Grade Center Jefferson City High School Central Baptist Christian Academy – Jefferson City – Baptist Concord Christian School – Jefferson City – Baptist Immaculate Conception School – Jefferson City – Roman Catholic Immanuel Lutheran School – Jefferson City – Lutheran Kids in Montessori School – Jefferson City – Nonsectarian Lighthouse Preparatory Academy – Jefferson City – Nonsectarian Moreau Montessori School – Jefferson City – Nonsectarian St. Francis Xavier School – Taos – Roman Catholic St. Joseph Cathedral School – Jefferson City – Roman Catholic St. Martin School – St. Martins – Roman Catholic St. Peter Interparish School – Jefferson City – Roman Catholic St. Stanislaus Catholic School – Wardsville – Roman Catholic Trinity Lutheran School – Jefferson City – Lutheran – Saint Thomas – Roman Catholic Calvary Lutheran High School – Jefferson City – Lutheran Helias Catholic High School – Jefferson City – Roman Catholic Lincoln University – Jefferson City – A public, four-year black university.
Missouri River Regional Library The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Cole County. Republicans hold all but one of the elected positions in the county; the only county-wide office held by a Democrat is that of Circuit Judge held by Judge Patricia Joyce. Cole County is divided into five legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, all of which elected Republicans. District 49 — Travis Fitzwater. Consists of a small unincorporated area of the county just west of the city of Jefferson City. District 50 —. Consists of unincorporated areas in the northwest cor
Columbia metropolitan area (Missouri)
The Columbia metropolitan area is the region centered around the City of Columbia in the U. S. state of Missouri. Located in Mid-Missouri, it consists of five counties: Boone, Randolph and Howard; the population was estimated at 256,640 in 2017, making it the 4th largest metropolitan area in Missouri. Columbia is home to the University of Missouri, is Missouri's fourth most-populous and fastest growing city, with an estimated 121,717 residents as of 2017. Other significant cities in the area include Moberly, Boonville, Vandalia and Fayette; the area was called the Boonslick and settled by Kentuckians following the Boone's Lick Road starting around 1812. The town of Franklin, now washed into the Missouri River, was an early commercial center and start of the Santa Fe Trail. Columbia was founded as county seat of Boone County in 1821; the region was considered for the location of the Missouri State Capitol, but a site was chosen 30 miles south of Columbia and Jefferson City was created to serve that purpose.
Today, Interstate 70, U. S. Highways 63, 54, 24, 40 link the urban areas; the U. S. Census defines the Columbia MSA as Boone and Howard counties while the addition of Audrain and Randolph form the combined statistical area. Boone Audrain Randolph Cooper Howard Columbia, 120,000 Moberly, 13,974 Mexico, 11,543 Boonville, 8,423 Centralia, 4,136 Vandalia, 3,899 Ashland, 3,707 Fayette, 2,695 Huntsville, 1,564 Hallsville, 1,491 Sturgeon, 872 Higbee, 568 Laddonia, 513 Farber, 322 Martinsburg, 304 Clark, 298 Cairo, 292 Harrisburg, 266 Rocheport, 239 Renick, 172 Rush Hill, 151 Jacksonville, 151 Clifton Hill, 114 Benton City, 104 Hartsburg, 103 Vandiver, 77 Pierpont, 76 Huntsdale, 31 McBaine, 10 Shaw Thompson Two Mile Prairie Midway As of the census of 2000, there were 145,666 people, 56,930 households, 34,010 families residing within the MSA; the racial makeup of the MSA was 85.83% White, 8.42% African American, 0.41% Native American, 2.76% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, 1.87% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $34,550, the median income for a family was $45,689. Males had a median income of $29,837 versus $22,970 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $17,521. Missouri census statistical areas List of cities in Missouri List of villages in Missouri
Osage County, Missouri
Osage County is a county in the central part of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,878, its county seat is Linn. The county was organized January 29, 1841, named from the Osage River. Osage County is part of MO Metropolitan Statistical Area, its geography and the founding of Westphalia Vineyards links it to the Missouri Rhineland, extending along the Missouri River valley to the western edges of the St. Louis Metropolitan Area. Westphalia Vineyards, although started only in 2005, won the gold medal in the National Norton Festival Wine Competition in St. Louis in 2007 for the top-rated wine from the Norton grape. According to data from the 2010 census, Osage County is the whitest county in Missouri, with 98.85 percent of residents being white. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 610 square miles, of which 604 square miles is land and 6.1 square miles is water. Callaway County Gasconade County Maries County Miller County Cole County Montgomery County U.
S. Route 50 U. S. Route 63 Route 89 Route 100 As of the census of 2000, there were 13,062 people, 4,922 households, 3,578 families residing in the county; the population density was 22 people per square mile. There were 5,904 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.64% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, 0.80% from two or more races. 0.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,922 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.70% were married couples living together, 6.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.30% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.10. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,565, the median income for a family was $46,503. Males had a median income of $29,538 versus $22,353 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,245. About 5.90% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.00% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over. Osage County R-I School District – Chamois Osage County R-I Elementary School Chamois High School Osage County R-II School District – Linn Osage County R-II Elementary School Linn High School Osage County R-III School District – Westphalia Fatima Elementary School Fatima High School St. Joseph Catholic School – Westphalia – Roman Catholic Immaculate Conception School – Loose Creek – Roman Catholic St. George School – Linn – Roman Catholic Sacred Heart School – Rich Fountain – Roman Catholic Holy Family School – Freeburg – Roman Catholic St. Mary’s School – Bonnots Mill – Roman Catholic State Technical College of Missouri - Linn, Missouri Osage County Library The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Osage County.
Republicans hold over half of the elected positions in the county. Osage County is split between two of the districts that elect members of the Missouri House of Representatives, both are represented by Republicans. District 61 — Aaron Griesheimer). Consists of the northern half of the county. District 62 — Tom Hurst. Consists of Linn and the southern half of the county. All of Osage County is a part of Missouri’s 6th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Mike Kehoe. All of Osage County is included in Missouri’s 3rd Congressional District and is represented by Blaine Luetkemeyer in the U. S. House of Representatives. Donald J. Trump received more votes, a total of 1,316, than any candidate from either party in Osage County during the 2016 presidential primary. National Register of Historic Places listings in Osage County, Missouri Bonnots Mill Historic District Chamois Public School Dauphine Hotel Huber's Ferry Farmstead Historic District Osage County Poorhouse Sacred Heart Catholic Church and Parsonage St. Joseph Church Alvah Washington Townley Farmstead Historic District Dr. Enoch T. and Amy Zewicki House History of Cole, Morgan, Miller and Osage counties, Missouri: from the earliest time to the present, including a department devoted to the preservation of sundry personal, business and the private records.
Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Osage County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections and Rare Books
Westphalia is a city in Osage County, United States. The population was 389 at the 2010 census, it is part of Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. Westphalia is influenced by the German heritage of the majority of its inhabitants. Many of the early settlers of the area came from the Westphalia region of Germany, hence the name. Many buildings are influenced by nineteenth-century German architecture, streets are labeled in both English and German; the center of population of Missouri is located in Westphalia. Westphalia was platted in 1835, named after Westphalia, in Germany, the native home of a large share of the first settlers. A post office called Westphalia has been in operation since 1848. St. Joseph Church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. Westphalia is located at 38°26′25″N 91°59′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.53 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 389 people, 166 households, 80 families residing in the city.
The population density was 734.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 184 housing units at an average density of 347.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.5% Asian, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8% of the population. There were 166 households of which 19.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 0.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 51.8% were non-families. 47.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age in the city was 51.3 years. 16.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 44.5% male and 55.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 320 people, 137 households, 84 families residing in the city; the population density was 631.9 people per square mile.
There were 152 housing units at an average density of 300.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.81% White, 0.31% African American, 1.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population. There were 137 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.0% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.02. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $35,833, the median income for a family was $47,500.
Males had a median income of $35,568 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,496. About 1.3% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 27.1% of those age 65 or over. Joe Crede, former MLB third baseman for the Chicago White Sox and Minnesota Twins, 2008 All Star, grew up in Westphalia
Tebbetts is an unincorporated community in southern Callaway County, United States. It is part of Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. Tebbetts is located on Route 94 eight miles east of Jefferson City, on the north edge of the Missouri River floodplain, at 38°37′14″N 91°57′45″W. A post office called Tebbetts has been in operation since 1895; the community was named after a railroad employee. The Cote Sans Dessein Archeological Site and Oakley Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church are listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Callaway County, Missouri
Callaway County is a county located in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 44,332, its county seat is Fulton. With a border formed by the Missouri River, the county was organized November 25, 1820, named for Captain James Callaway, grandson of Daniel Boone. Callaway County has been referred to as "The Kingdom of Callaway" after a 19th-century incident in which some residents confronted Union troops, during the U. S. Civil War. Callaway County is part of the Jefferson City, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Vineyards and wineries were first established in the area by German immigrants in the mid-19th century. Among the first mentioned in county histories are those around the southeastern Callaway settlement of Heilburn, a community neighboring Portland, on the Missouri River. Since the 1960s, there has been a revival of winemaking there and throughout Missouri; the Callaway Nuclear Generating Station is located near Fulton. This area was occupied by the Osage and other Native American peoples, some of whom migrated from east of the Ohio River Valley.
Others emerged as cultures in this area, following thousands of years of settlement by indigenous peoples. The early European-American settlement of Callaway County was by migrants from the Upper South states of Virginia and Tennessee, with an influx of German immigrants starting in the 1830s, as was the case with other counties along the Missouri River; some of them brought African-American slaves and slaveholding traditions with them, started cultivating hemp and tobacco, the same crops as were grown in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky. Given their culture and traditions, this area became known as Little Dixie. By 1860, slaves made up at least 25 percent of the county's population, higher than in most parts of the state. On October 27, 1860, an African-American woman known as "Slave Teney" was lynched by whites near Fulton after she confessed to killing the daughter of her mistress; some pioneer families from Callaway and Lewis County, moved to the West and became influential early settlers of the nascent state of California.
Callaway families were instrumental in establishing settlements in areas of California near the Oregon border, as they entered the state via the Oregon Trail southward toward San Francisco. Lewis County relatives helped building Sacramento and develop viticulture in the California Central Valley and areas north of San Francisco Bay; some of these Missouri families key US/Unionist advocates and military personnel during the U. S. Civil War, held early local and statewide political offices in California. A large percentage a majority, of Callaway residents are reported to have supported the Confederacy during the Civil War; the minutes of the U. S. Congressional hearing on the legitimacy of war-era elections in Callaway County include reports of substantial election meddling and voter harassment and intimidation, summarized in the 1867-68 Reports of Committees of the House of Representatives, it described the Confederate support in the county, citing prominent citizens, but the report demonstrated that there was substantial county support for Union/US government among citizens who were intimidated into silence.
Historians can not ascertain Confederate sympathies in the county. The Battle of Moore's Mill was the only significant Civil War battle that took place in Callaway County. One historian said it was known as'Kingdom of Callaway'. A truce with US/Union forces during the war allowed Confederate advocates to continue to operate under surveillance, in proximity to the Missouri government offices in Jefferson City. There may have been more than twice as many Confederate as US/Union troops in Callaway. A so-called "Confederate government of Missouri" set up offices in southwest Missouri near the northwest corner border of Arkansas, while a line straight south along the Arkansas-Oklahoma border connected it to a known Texas-affiliate office set up across from the southwest corner of Arkansas in Marshall, Texas. According to "A Short History of Callaway County" by Ovid Bell, the publisher of the Fulton Daily Sun Gazette, "Fulton was occupied during the greater part of the war by Union soldiers and militia, Southern sympathizers were in constant fear of imprisonment and death."
US forces loyal to the Union were raised by Captains William T Snell, Henry Thomas, JJP Johnson. They were reinforced by troops under General John B Henderson from the town of Louisiana in Pike County, Missouri. After the late-1860s Reconstruction era, an element of white residents in the state and county worked to restore white supremacy. Violence against black people reached a peak around the turn of the 20th century, when whites lynched a total of four African Americans in the county; the victims included Ham Peterson in May 1884, killed because his brother spoke disrespectfully to whites. Other settlers in the Missouri River valley included German immigrants from the mid-19th century following the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states. Missouri was the second-largest wine-producing state nationally until Prohibition. Since the 1960s, numerous vineyards and wineries have been established again in the river valley, including Summit Lake