United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Ohio State Route 152
State Route 152 is the designation for two segments of a state highway in Jefferson County, Ohio. The southern segment, 6.18 miles long, runs from SR 150 in Dillonvale to SR 151 in Smithfield. The northern segment, 20.20 miles long, runs from an interchange with U. S. Route 22 in Bloomingdale to SR 7 in Empire. Both segments of SR 152 wholly consist of two-lane roads—one lane in each direction. No part of SR 152 in included in the National Highway System; the southern segment of the route begins in the village of Dillonvale at an intersection with SR 150. SR 152 heads northwest to cross Piney Fork; the road parallels the creek as it exits Dillonvale to enter Smithfield Township. It exits the Piney Fork valley to ascend to a ridge away from the creek. Through this area, single-family houses line both sides of the road. After following the ridgeline for about two miles, SR 152 descends to a valley formed by the Dry Fork southwest of Smithfield; the road soon enters the Smithfield village limits and it heads northeast through the residential neighborhood on Main Street.
After descending another hill, this segment of SR 152 ends at an intersection with SR 151 on the north side of the village. The northern segment starts at its southern end at a diamond interchange with US 22 in the village Bloomingdale and Wayne Township. South of the interchange, Steubenville Street, the former alignment of US 22 as evidenced by its county road number, Jefferson County Road 22A. SR 152 heads northeast through rolling terrain with some agricultural businesses. At the next intersection with CR 22A, SR 152 turns off the through road and descends on a winding road to cross Cross Creek and a Columbus and Ohio River Railroad; the road ascends to a ridge line on a winding road that heads through a mix of forest, open space, small houses. The road enters Salem Township, treks to the north-northwest, has an intersection with SR 646. North of this intersection, SR 152 begins to curve to the northeast and enters the village of Richmond on Walnut Street. At the top of a hill, SR 152 reaches Main Street which carries SR 43.
The two highways travel together southeast ascending a hill. After two blocks, SR 152 turns onto Lisbon Street to continue climbing a hill out of the village. SR 152 exits the Richmond to continue northeast through Salem Township, Island Creek Township, Knox Township; this portion of the road features few homes lining the road a mix of open space and forest. At a former strip mine, the road begins to curve to the east and has a 0.9-mile-long concurrency with SR 213. The easternmost intersection with SR 213 is in the unincorporated community of Knoxville where a small cluster of homes and a fire station are present. SR 152 heads northeast through the community of Sugar Grove where there are some homes that line the road. At an intersection with CR 68 adjacent to a Methodist church's cemetery, SR 152 curves to the east and begins a long 500-foot descent into the village of Empire. About halfway downhill, the road begins to parallel Jeremy Run. At the bottom of the slope, the road, known as Stewart Street in Empire, crosses a Norfolk Southern railroad and travels for one block through a residential neighborhood.
After the one block, the road reaches an interchange with SR 7. This interchange incorporates local roads to facilitate some movements to and from SR 7. SR 152 ends at the top of the northbound entrance ramp to SR 7, about 100 feet from the Ohio River; the northern segment of SR 152 from Bloomingdale to Empire was first designated in 1923. However, a highway numbered SR 378 followed a similar alignment from 1916 to 1923; the modern-day southern segment of SR 152 from Dillonvale and Smithfield was designated SR 333 by 1932. By 1937, SR 152 was extended south to Smithfield and by 1938, SR 152 took over the entire alignment of SR 333 and traveled continuously from Dillonvale to Empire. Between 1942 and 1944, the segment between Smithfield and US 22, a gravel and earth-surfaced road, was removed from the State Highway System. With the exception of a one-and-a-half-mile-long extension of the northern segment towards Bloomingdale when the US 22 freeway opened between 1969 and 1971, the two segments of SR 152 have remained unchanged since.
The entire route is in Jefferson County. Media related to Ohio State Route 152 at Wikimedia Commons
Belmont County, Ohio
Belmont County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 70,400, its county seat is St. Clairsville; the county was created in 1801 and organized in 1815. It takes its name from the French for "beautiful mountain". Belmont County is part of WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, it is the only Belmont County nationwide. Dille, Ohio known as Dilles Bottom, was located across the Ohio River from Moundsville, West Virginia, it was founded by the sons of David Dille around 1790 and was a fort called Fort Dille. Belmont County was formed from Jefferson and Washington Counties, September 7, 1801, it was one of Ohio's earliest counties and was a county in the Northwest Territory. Belmont is the French term for "beautiful mountain". Settlers migrating westward followed Zane's Trace through the county; the National Road was built through the county. Quakers were among the county's first settlers. Many of these people would become outspoken critics of slavery, including famous abolitionist Benjamin Lundy.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 541 square miles, of which 532 square miles is land and 9.1 square miles is water. Harrison County Jefferson County Ohio County, West Virginia Marshall County, West Virginia Monroe County Noble County Guernsey County As of the census of 2000, there were 70,226 people, 28,309 households, 19,250 families residing in the county; the population density was 131 people per square mile. There were 31,236 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.98% White, 3.64% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, 0.77% from two or more races. 0.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.2% were of German, 12.5% Irish, 12.0% American, 10.3% English, 10.2% Italian and 9.0% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 28,309 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.00% were non-families.
28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.90. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.80% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,714, the median income for a family was $37,538. Males had a median income of $31,211 versus $19,890 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,221. About 11.70% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 70,400 people, 28,679 households, 18,761 families residing in the county.
The population density was 132.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 32,452 housing units at an average density of 61.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.0% white, 4.0% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.0% were German, 17.9% were Irish, 12.4% were English, 10.1% were Italian, 9.0% were Polish, 6.2% were American. Of the 28,679 households, 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were non-families, 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 43.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $38,320 and the median income for a family was $47,214. Males had a median income of $42,022 versus $26,926 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $20,266. About 12.1% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over. All of the county's government offices are located in the Belmont County Courthouse. Belmont County has a three-member board of county commissioners who administer and oversee the various county departments, similar to all but two of the 88 Ohio counties; the elected commissioners serve four-year terms. Belmont County's elected commissioners are: Mark Thomas, J. P. Dutton, Josh Meyer. Belmont County's county flag was designed in 1988 by local state official Michael Massa. Local citizens voted in a nationally covered election to choose it from a group of three designs by Massa; the seal is featured on the county's flag. Belmont County is served by several detentional centers located around St. Clairsville; the Belmont Correctional Institution is located on 158 acres between St. Clairsville and Bannock on State Route 331.
The facility houses 2,698 inmates. The Belmont County Jail is located in St. Clairsville and is located near Belmont College and Ohio University Eastern Campus; the facility contains 144 beds and houses the county sheriff's offices. The county is served by Sargus Juvenile Detention Center, a 17-bed facility that serves surrounding counties. Sargus Center is locat
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
Columbiana County, Ohio
Columbiana County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,841; the county seat is Lisbon. The county name is derived from the explorer of Christopher Columbus. Columbiana County comprises the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the larger Youngstown-Warren, OH-PA Combined Statistical Area. Due to its location, Columbiana County is traditionally considered part of East Ohio as southern communities share more in common culturally with Greater Pittsburgh, while northern communities are more associated with Northeast Ohio. Considered part of the Youngstown media market, the Steubenville market media stations report in the area as well; the principal historic Indian tribes in the area were the Wyandots and Delawares. Throughout the second half of the 18th century white explorers, starting with Christopher Gist in 1750, came to the area. George Washington, while engaged in land examinations, camped in the area of present-day East Liverpool in 1774.
Columbiana County was founded in 1803 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus, combining his surname with the suffix -iana. The county was the scene of one of the northern-most action fought during the American Civil War; the county was home to the largest pottery industry in the world, in East Liverpool & surrounding communities, which produced more than half of the United States' annual ceramics output. Throughout East Liverpool's ceramics history, there were more than 300 potteries. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 535 square miles, of which 532 square miles is land and 2.8 square miles is water. Mahoning County Lawrence County, Pennsylvania Beaver County, Pennsylvania Hancock County, West Virginia Jefferson County Carroll County Stark County As of the census of 2000, there were 112,075 people, 42,973 households, 30,682 families residing in the county; the population density was 210 people per square mile. There were 46,083 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 96.43% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, 0.79% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.0% were of German, 12.9% English, 12.8% American, 12.3% Irish and 9.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 42,973 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.60% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,226, the median income for a family was $40,486. Males had a median income of $32,134 versus $20,331 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,655. About 9.00% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 107,841 people, 42,683 households, 29,101 families residing in the county; the population density was 202.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 47,088 housing units at an average density of 88.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95.5% white, 2.2% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 29.2% were German, 17.7% were Irish, 14.6% were English, 9.1% were Italian, 7.6% were American.
Of the 42,683 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 42.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $39,502 and the median income for a family was $48,948. Males had a median income of $39,614 versus $27,179 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,635. About 12.1% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. Allegheny Wesleyan College Kent State University at East Liverpool Kent State University at Salem Columbiana County Career and Technical Center New Castle School of Trades Ohio Valley College of Technology Heartland Christian School – Columbiana East Liverpool Christian School – Glenmoor St. Paul Elementary School – Salem Columbiana East Liverpool Salem https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Columbiana County.† county seat Ammon Hennacy - notable Christian anarchist, grew up in Negley Harvey Firestone, businessman & founder of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, William M. F
Jefferson is a village in Ashtabula County, United States. The population was 3,120 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Ashtabula County. Modern-day Jefferson sports the world's only perambulator museum and a historical complex including several restored 19th-century buildings. Joshua Giddings' law office has been restored as a museum. Annual village events include the Ashtabula County Fair, the Strawberry Festival, Jefferson Days, the Covered Bridge Festival. Jefferson was founded by Gideon Granger—U. S. Postmaster General during Thomas Jefferson's administration—in 1803, he envisioned the new settlement as a "Philadelphia of the West," and early plans for the village were based upon the layout of that city. A cabin was erected by Granger's agent in 1804, but the settlement's first permanent residents arrived only in 1805: the Samuel Wilson family. Wilson, misled by land agents, moved to Ohio in late autumn expecting to find a thriving city on Granger's land. Instead, he found a wilderness, broken only by trees emblazoned with Philadelphian street names, marking where future streets would be built.
Wilson himself died after two weeks of herculean effort to prepare for the winter, but his family stayed on as the first citizens of Jefferson. Jefferson's two most famous sons were Congressman Joshua Giddings and Senator Benjamin Wade, two prominent Republican abolitionists. In 1831 the two men formed a law practice in Jefferson and worked together until Giddings was elected to Congress in 1838. Wade ran for the Ohio State Senate in 1837 won election to the US Senate in 1851. Both were instrumental in the foundation of the Republican Party and defied the "Gag Rule" barring discussion of slavery prior to the American Civil War. Jefferson itself was a hotbed of abolitionism. John Brown spoke in the village, several of its houses acted as stations on the Underground Railway. During the American Civil War, it trained Union recruits at Fort Giddings, which stood in the village at the current site of the fairgrounds. Jefferson is located at 41°44′14″N 80°46′19″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.52 square miles, all land.
The village's principal watercourse is Mill Creek. As of the census of 2010, there were 3,120 people, 1,290 households, 809 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,238.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,400 housing units at an average density of 555.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.1% White, 1.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population. There were 1,290 households of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.3% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age in the village was 43 years.
22.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 45.6% male and 54.4% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,572 people, 1,357 households, 933 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,566.5 people per square mile. There were 1,425 housing units at an average density of 625.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.17% White, 1.43% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.14% from other races, 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population. 19.1% were of German, 14.6% English, 12.7% Italian, 11.3% Irish and 10.8% American ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 1,357 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.99. In the village, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males. The median income for a household in the village was $36,883, the median income for a family was $46,313. Males had a median income of $34,341 versus $25,036 for females; the per capita income for the village was $18,371. About 3.9% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over. Julius C. Burrows – U. S. Representative and a U. S. Senator from Michigan. Theodore Elijah Burton – U. S. Representative and U. S. Senator Joshua Reed Giddings – American statesman, prominent in the anti-slavery conflict Matthew Hatchette – former NFL wide receiver with Minnesota Vikings and New York Jets John L. Hervey – prominent authority on thoroughbred horses Elbert L. Lampson – Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, former state Senator Platt Rogers Spencer – creator of Spencerian penmanship, a popular system of cursive handwriting George Van Tassel – UFO enthusiast and religious cult leader
Steubenville is a city in and the county seat of Jefferson County, United States. Located along the Ohio River, it had a population of 18,659 at the 2010 census; the city's name is derived from Fort Steuben, a 1786 fort that sat within the city's current limits and was named for German-Prussian military officer Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. Today, a replica of the fort is open to the public. Steubenville is known after its more than 25 downtown murals, it is home to Franciscan University of Eastern Gateway Community College. It is known for the Steubenville Nutcracker Village, an annual Christmastime event. Steubenville is a principal city of the Weirton–Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a 2010 population of 124,454 residents. Steubenville is not part of Greater Pittsburgh, the 20th largest combined statistical area in the United States with a 2016 estimated population of 2,635,228. In 1786–87, the soldiers of the 1st American Regiment built Fort Steuben to protect the government surveyors mapping the land west of the Ohio River, named the fort in honor of Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben.
When the surveyors completed their task a few years the fort was abandoned. In the meantime, settlers had built homes around the fort; the name Steubenville was derived from Fort Steuben to honor Baron von Steuben. The town was sometimes referred to as La Belle City, a franglais interpretation of "The Beautiful City". On July 29, 1797, Jefferson County was organized by a proclamation of Governor Arthur St. Clair, Steubenville was selected as the County seat and was platted in the same year by Bezaliel Wells and James Ross, the city's co-founders. Wells, a government surveyor born in Baltimore, received about 1,000 acres of land west of the Ohio River. On March 1, 1803, Ohio was admitted to the Union as the 17th state. During the first half of the nineteenth century, Steubenville was a port town, the rest of the county was small villages and farms. Steubenville received a city charter in 1851. In 1856, Frazier and Company erected a rolling mill and the Steubenville Coal and Mining Company sank a coal shaft.
The city was a stop along the Pittsburgh, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad, which connected Pittsburgh to Chicago and St. Louis. In 1946, the College of Steubenville was founded by the Franciscan Friars of the Third Order Regular. In 1980, its name was changed to University of Steubenville, in 1985 to Franciscan University of Steubenville. In 1966, the Jefferson County Technical Institute was founded. In 1977, its name was changed to Jefferson Technical College. In 1995, it was renamed Jefferson Community College. In 2009, the college expanded its service district by three Ohio counties, was renamed again: Eastern Gateway Community College. In 1992, the RZA, before starting the Wu-Tang Clan, was involved in a shoot-out in Steubenville and faced attempted murder charges for shooting an adversary in the leg, he was acquitted. "When they said'not guilty', my face stuck in a smile for three days," he recalled. "I was just walking around town, thinking about my wife. Right I said goodbye to anything that would put me in that situation again.
I was up on trial on an attempted murder charge. I was a motherfucking fool, with all that knowledge in my head and ending up there."The city gained international attention in late 2012 from the events surrounding the Steubenville High School rape case, which occurred in August 2012. The case was first covered by The New York Times that December, followed by the computer hacker group Anonymous that month, the subsequent coverage of the trials in late 2013; the case was significant in the extensive use of social media as evidence and in opening a national discussion on the concept of rape culture. Steubenville is located at 40°21′30″N 80°37′0″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.63 square miles, of which 10.55 square miles is land and 0.08 square miles is water. The city lies along the Ohio River, with the city spreading west from the floodplains to the hills that surround the city, it lies within the ecoregion of the Western Allegheny Plateau. The city's population has been in continuous decline since.
The 2010 census found 18,659 residents, down 1.8 percent from the 2000 census, while the 2011 estimate put the population at 18,440, a drop of another 1.2 percent since 2010. The poverty rate increased to 27.5 percent of the population. The proportion of the population, white remained at 79.5 percent, while the Hispanic proportion more than doubled to 2.4 percent as the black population dropped to 15.9 percent. From 1980 to 2000, census figures show that the Weirton–Steubenville population decreased faster than any other urban area in the United States. Steubenville is a principal city of the Weirton–Steubenville, WV–OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, part of the Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV Combined Statistical Area; as of the census of 2010, there were 18,659 people, 7,548 households, 4,220 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,768.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,857 housing units at an average density of 839.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 79.0% White, 15.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% from other races, 3.5% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population. There were