Wisconsin Highway 106
State Trunk Highway 106 is a state highway in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. It runs west -- east in southeastern Wisconsin between Palmyra. WIS 106 Terminus Photos
New England is a region composed of six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut. It is bordered by the state of New York to the west and by the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec to the northeast and north, respectively; the Atlantic Ocean is to the east and southeast, Long Island Sound is to the south. Boston is New England's largest city as well as the capital of Massachusetts; the largest metropolitan area is Greater Boston with nearly a third of the entire region's population, which includes Worcester, Manchester, New Hampshire, Providence, Rhode Island. In 1620, Puritan Separatist Pilgrims from England established Plymouth Colony, the second successful English settlement in America, following the Jamestown Settlement in Virginia founded in 1607. Ten years more Puritans established Massachusetts Bay Colony north of Plymouth Colony. Over the next 126 years, people in the region fought in four French and Indian Wars, until the English colonists and their Iroquois allies defeated the French and their Algonquian allies in America.
In 1692, the town of Salem and surrounding areas experienced the Salem witch trials, one of the most infamous cases of mass hysteria in history. In the late 18th century, political leaders from the New England colonies initiated resistance to Britain's taxes without the consent of the colonists. Residents of Rhode Island captured and burned a British ship, enforcing unpopular trade restrictions, residents of Boston threw British tea into the harbor. Britain responded with a series of punitive laws stripping Massachusetts of self-government which were termed the "Intolerable Acts" by the colonists; these confrontations led to the first battles of the American Revolutionary War in 1775 and the expulsion of the British authorities from the region in spring 1776. The region played a prominent role in the movement to abolish slavery in the United States, was the first region of the U. S. transformed by the Industrial Revolution, centered on the Merrimack river valleys. The physical geography of New England is diverse for such a small area.
Southeastern New England is covered by a narrow coastal plain, while the western and northern regions are dominated by the rolling hills and worn-down peaks of the northern end of the Appalachian Mountains. The Atlantic fall line lies close to the coast, which enabled numerous cities to take advantage of water power along the many rivers, such as the Connecticut River, which bisects the region from north to south; each state is subdivided into small incorporated municipalities known as towns, many of which are governed by town meetings. The only unincorporated areas exist in the sparsely populated northern regions of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont. New England is one of the Census Bureau's nine regional divisions and the only multi-state region with clear, consistent boundaries, it maintains a strong sense of cultural identity, although the terms of this identity are contrasted, combining Puritanism with liberalism, agrarian life with industry, isolation with immigration. The earliest known inhabitants of New England were American Indians who spoke a variety of the Eastern Algonquian languages.
Prominent tribes included the Abenakis, Mi'kmaq, Pequots, Narragansetts and Wampanoag. Prior to the arrival of European settlers, the Western Abenakis inhabited New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, as well as parts of Quebec and western Maine, their principal town was Norridgewock in Maine. The Penobscot lived along the Penobscot River in Maine; the Narragansetts and smaller tribes under their sovereignty lived in Rhode Island, west of Narragansett Bay, including Block Island. The Wampanoag occupied southeastern Massachusetts, Rhode Island, the islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket; the Pocumtucks lived in Western Massachusetts, the Mohegan and Pequot tribes lived in the Connecticut region. The Connecticut River Valley linked numerous tribes culturally and politically; as early as 1600, French and English traders began exploring the New World, trading metal and cloth for local beaver pelts. On April 10, 1606, King James I of England issued a charter for the Virginia Company, which comprised the London Company and the Plymouth Company.
These two funded ventures were intended to claim land for England, to conduct trade, to return a profit. In 1620, the Pilgrims arrived on the Mayflower and established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, beginning the history of permanent European settlement in New England. In 1616, English explorer John Smith named the region "New England"; the name was sanctioned on November 3, 1620 when the charter of the Virginia Company of Plymouth was replaced by a royal charter for the Plymouth Council for New England, a joint-stock company established to colonize and govern the region. The Pilgrims wrote and signed the Mayflower Compact before leaving the ship, it became their first governing document; the Massachusetts Bay Colony came to dominate the area and was established by royal charter in 1629 with its major town and port of Boston established in 1630. Massachusetts Puritans began to settle in Connecticut as early as 1633. Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts for heresy, led a group south, founded Providence Plantation in the area that became the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in 1636.
At this time, Vermont was yet unsettled, the territories of New Hampshire and Maine were claimed and governed by Massachusetts. Relationships between colonists and local Indian tribes alter
Wisconsin Highway 134
State Trunk Highway 134 is a 2.85-mile state highway in the south central part of the U. S. state of Wisconsin. The route runs from U. S. Route 12 and U. S. Route 18 in Cambridge north to County Highway O in London. WIS 134 is maintained by the Wisconsin Department of Transportation. WIS 134 begins at US 18 in the village of Cambridge in Dane County. From here, the route heads north through a rural area of the Town of Christiana. After crossing into the Town of Deerfield, the highway heads northeast before turning north along the Dane–Jefferson county line; the route heads through farmland into the community of London, where it terminates at a junction with Main Street and County Highway O, the latter of which continues north past the intersection
Milwaukee metropolitan area
The Milwaukee metropolitan area is a major metropolitan area located in Southeastern Wisconsin, consisting of the city of Milwaukee and the surrounding area. There are several definitions of the area, including the Milwaukee–Waukesha–West Allis metropolitan area and the Milwaukee–Racine–Waukesha combined statistical area, it is the largest metropolitan area in Wisconsin, the 39th largest metropolitan area in the United States. The U. S. Census Bureau defines the Milwaukee Metropolitan area as containing four counties in southeastern Wisconsin: Milwaukee, Waukesha and Ozaukee; the Metropolitan population of Milwaukee was 1,572,245 in a 2014 estimate. The city of Milwaukee is the hub of the metropolitan area; the eastern parts of Racine County, eastern parts of Waukesha County, southern part of Ozaukee County, southeastern part of Washington County, remainder of Milwaukee County are the most urbanized parts of the outlying counties. The character of the area varies widely. Mequon and the North Shore are more white-collar, while West Milwaukee, West Allis, St. Francis are more blue-collar.
Metro Milwaukee draws commuters from outlying areas such as Madison and the Fox Cities. It is part of the Great Lakes Megalopolis containing an estimated 54 million people; the Milwaukee–Racine–Waukesha Combined Statistical Area is made up of the Milwaukee–Waukesha–West Allis Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Racine Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Beaver Dam Micropolitan Statistica Area, the Watertown-Fort Atkinson Micropolitan Area, the Whitewater-Elkorn Micropolitan Area according to the U. S. Census. Updated definitions released in February 2013 added Dodge and Walworth Counties to the Milwaukee CSA. Kenosha, despite being just 32 miles from Milwaukee and 50 miles from Chicago, is included as part of the Chicago CSA, as Kenosha has more residents who commute to the Chicago area. In a 2014 estimate the Milwaukee–Racine–Waukesha Combined Statistical Area population was 2,043,904, the largest in Wisconsin and the 30th largest in the United States. There are eight counties in the U. S. Census Bureau's Milwaukee–Racine–Waukesha Combined statistical area.
Dodge Milwaukee Jefferson Ozaukee Racine Walworth Washington Waukesha Milwaukee Racine Waukesha Although each county and its various municipalities are self-governing, there is some cooperation in the metropolitan area. The Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District is a state-chartered government agency which serves 28 municipalities in the five counties. At the same time, some in the area see the need for more consolidation in government services; the Kettl Commission and former Wisconsin Governor Scott McCallum have supported initiatives to do this. However, full consolidation has been criticized as a means of diluting minority voting power. Metro Milwaukee Portal 2003 article on consolidation of area governments https://web.archive.org/web/20170118134056/https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/bulletins/2013/b-13-01.pdf
Jefferson is a city in Jefferson County, United States, is its county seat. It is at the confluence of the Crawfish rivers; the population was 7,973 at the 2010 census. The city is bordered by the Town of Jefferson. Jefferson's location was selected to make use of the water power and transportation opportunities offered by the Rock River, it was the furthest point a steamboat could navigate the Rock in 1839. Bridges built downstream prevented such navigation. Jefferson's founders were settlers from New England Connecticut, rural Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Maine, as well some from upstate New York born to parents who had migrated there from New England shortly after the American Revolution; these people were "Yankees" descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal as well as the end of the Black Hawk War.
When they arrived in what is now Jefferson there was nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders built farms and government buildings and established post routes. They brought many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, establishing many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism, they were members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some had converted to Methodism and others had become Baptists before moving to what is now Jefferson. Jefferson, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history. During World War II, Camp Jefferson, a prison camp for German POWs, was erected at the Jefferson County Fairgrounds; the Jefferson County Fairgrounds hosted horse buggy racing prior to the renovations to the new fairgrounds. Jefferson is located at 43°0′11″N 88°48′28″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.93 square miles, of which 5.72 square miles is land and 0.21 square miles is water.
Jefferson's elevation is 797 ft at the center of downtown. As of the census of 2010, there were 7,973 people, 3,132 households, 1,989 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,393.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,378 housing units at an average density of 590.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.2% White, 0.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.4% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.8% of the population. There were 3,132 households of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 36.5% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age in the city was 37.5 years.
24.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.8% male and 50.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,338 people, 2,816 households, 1,819 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,645.9 people per square mile. There were 2,934 housing units at an average density of 658.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.28% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.04% from other races, 1.12% from two or more races. 6.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,816 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $40,962, the median income for a family was $47,737. Males had a median income of $32,500 versus $25,142 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,124. About 5.4% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over In Jefferson there are six schools: two elementary schools, one middle school, one high school, two private schools. The names of the schools are East Elementary, West Elementary, Jefferson Middle School, Jefferson High School, St. John's Catholic, St. John's Lutheran. East Elementary School was built as a public works project in 1939 during the Great Depression.
Valero Renewables is an ethanol plant located in Jefferson. There is a Purina cat food manufacturing plant and a Generac Power Systems plant. City of Jefferson official website Jefferson Area Chamber of Commerce Sanborn fire insurance maps: 1884 1892 1898 1904 1909 1914
Waukesha is a city in and the county seat of Waukesha County, United States. It is part of the Milwaukee metropolitan area, its population was 70,718 at the 2010 census. The city is adjacent to the Town of Waukesha; the area that Waukesha now encompasses was first settled by European-Americans in 1834, with Morris D. Cutler as its first settler; when the first settlers arrived, there was nothing but wild prairie. The settlers laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes; the original founders of Waukesha consisted of settlers from New England Connecticut, rural Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Maine, as well some from upstate New York who were born to parents who had migrated to that region from New England shortly after the American Revolution. These people were "Yankee" settlers, to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s, they were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s.
Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal as well as the end of the Black Hawk War. When they arrived in what is now Waukesha County there was nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes, they brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as a passion for education, establishing many schools as well as staunch support for abolitionism. They were members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before moving to what is now Waukesha County. Waukesha, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history. By 1846, the area was incorporated as the Town of Prairie Village. On February 8, 1847, the town changed its name to "Waukesha,". On January 10, 1852, the settled area once known as Prairieville was separated from the town of Waukesha, incorporated as a village and in 1896, incorporated as a city.
The first appointed mayor of the newly incorporated city of Waukesha was John Brehm, who served from January to April 1896. Over the years, many believed, that the origin of the name of the city was an Algonquian word meaning "fox" or "little foxes," when in fact "Waukesha" is an Anglicization of the Ojibwe proper name Waagoshag or the Potawatomi name Wau-tsha. Wau-tsha was the leader of the local tribe at the time of the first European settlement of the area; this is confirmed by accounts of an early settler and historian of the region. According to Lapham, the word for "fox" was pishtaka. Cutler told visitors about Wau-tsha, described as "tall and athletic, proud in his bearing and friendly." Matthew Laflin, an early pioneer of Chicago, provided the capital and enterprise that laid the foundation for Waukesha as a famous Wisconsin watering resort and was the proprietor of the grand resort, the Fountain Spring House. Waukesha was once known for its clean and good-tasting spring water and was called a "spa town."
This earned the city the nicknames "Spring City" and "Saratoga of the West."According to author Kristine Adams Wendt, in 1868, Colonel Richard Dunbar, a sufferer of diabetes, chanced upon the medicinal properties of what he named the Bethesda Spring while viewing a parcel of land purchased by his sister. Testimonials found in a Dunbar brochure of 1873 proclaimed. Wendt reports that by 1872, "area newspapers carried accounts of a community ill equipped to handle its new popularity among the suffering multitudes; the semi-weekly Wisconsin of July 31, 1872, reported'that 500 visitors are quartered in hotels and scattered in private families here, seeking benefit from the marvelous waters…'" The "healing waters" were so valued that a controversial attempt was made to build a pipeline between the city and Chicago so that they could be enjoyed by visitors to the 1893 Columbian Exposition. According to Time magazine, "he scheme had been conceived by one Charles Welsh, given the springs by his uncle, but after several miles of pipe were laid, it was discovered that the cost was too great."Richard W. Sears, founder of Sears and Roebuck, may have been attracted to Waukesha by the waters.
In failing health, Sears retired from business in 1908 and, according to The New York Times, "spent his time on his great farm near Waukesha." In 1914, Sears died in Waukesha of Bright's disease. In 1956, Helen Moore, who ran a mud bath spa in Waukesha, appeared as a guest on. Over the years, the natural springs have been spoiled by pollution and a number have gone dry. Water drawn from an aquifer reached radium levels exceeding federal standards. In 2013, Waukesha applied for permission to withdraw water from Lake Michigan; because Waukesha is outside the lake's basin, the 2008 Great Lakes Compact makes the city ineligible to withdraw water from the lake without approval from the governors of Illinois, Michigan, New York, Ohio and Wisconsin. In June, 2016, the governors approved Waukesha's application. One of the most important "firsts" in American sports history occurred in Waukesha on September 5, 1906, when Carroll College hosted the football team from St. Louis University. SLU halfback Bradbury Robinson threw the first legal forward pass in football history in that game.
The Carroll pl
Jefferson County, New York
Jefferson County is a county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 116,229, its county seat is Watertown. The county is named after Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States of America, it is adjacent to southeast from the Canada -- US border of Ontario. Jefferson County comprises NY Metropolitan Statistical Area; the U. S. Tenth Mountain Division is based at Fort Drum; when counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Jefferson County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean; this county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County.
One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion. The eastern boundary of Tryon County was 5 miles west of the present city of Schenectady, the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River; the area designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for colonial governor of New York. In the years subsequent to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor. In 1789, the size of Montgomery County was reduced by the splitting off of Ontario County from Montgomery; the actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county including the present Allegany, Chautauqua, Genesee, Monroe, Orleans, Wyoming and parts of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.
Jefferson County is part of Macomb's Purchase of 1791. In 1791, Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery; this was much larger than the present county and was reduced by a number of subsequent splits. The first one of these, in 1794, produced Onondaga County; this county was larger than the current Onondaga County, including the present Cayuga and Cortland Counties, part of Oswego County. Oneida County, was split off from Herkimer County in 1798. Jefferson County was split off from Oneida County in 1805. In 1817, Carleton Island, captured from the British in the War of 1812, was annexed to the county. In 2019, Jefferson County and much of the rest of the North Counry was identified as one of the most politically tolerant communities in America, according to an analysis by PredictWise. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,857 square miles, of which 1,269 square miles is land and 589 square miles is water, it is the fourth-largest county in New York by total area.
Jefferson County is located in the northern lobe of New York State, adjacent to the area where the Saint Lawrence River exits Lake Ontario. It is northeast of Syracuse, northwest of Utica; the county is at the international border with Canada. The Black River, which empties into Lake Ontario, is an important waterway in the county. Part of the Tug Hill Plateau is in the southern part of the county; the county contains part of the Thousand Islands in the St. Lawrence River, including such large islands as Carleton Island, Grindstone Island, Wellesley Island. St. Lawrence County – northeast Lewis County – southeast Oswego County – southwest Leeds and Grenville United Counties, Ontario – north Frontenac County, Ontario – northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 111,738 people, 40,068 households, 28,127 families residing in the county; the population density was 88 people per square mile. There were 54,070 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 88.71% White, 5.83% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 2.05% from other races, 1.82% from two or more races.
4.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 93.2% spoke English and 3.5% Spanish as their first language. 21.9% were of English, 14.1% Irish, 12.8% German, 8.5% French and 8.5% Italian ancestry according to the 2010 American Community Survey. There were 40,068 households out of which 37.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.80% were non-families. 24.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 107.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,006, the median income for a family was $39,296.
Males had a median income of $