Arnold is the largest city in Jefferson County, United States. The population was 20,808 at the 2010 census; the first European settler in Arnold was Jean Baptiste Gamache, who operated a ferry boat across the Meramec River in exchange for 1050 arpents of land granted by the King of Spain. This ferry was on the King's Trace or El Camino Real, from St. Louis to Ste. Genevieve, Missouri. Arnold was a focal point over the eminent domain issue in Missouri. In January 2004, the City of Arnold announced that THF Realty had approached them regarding developing a section of Arnold known as the Triangle, an area bordered by Route 141, Interstate 55 and Church Road in the city limits; the city voted in favor of the Triangle Development project proceeding on September 16, 2005. According to an agreement with THF, Arnold would acquire the properties in the triangle and would be reimbursed its costs by THF. Arnold offered the property owners a buy-out, most accepted; some businesses were promised relocation either elsewhere in the city.
Others were not given this option. Some refused the offer, the city moved to condemn the dissenting properties. One such hold out was Homer R. Tourkakis, the owner of a dental practice on the corner of the triangle formed by Route 141 and Interstate 55. Tourkakis claims. THF claims they offered to rebuild his practice elsewhere and purchase his property for $600,000. Tourkakis's property was declared blighted, Arnold sought to seize it under eminent domain. Tourkakis fought these proceedings in the Jefferson County courts. Arnold and THF argued that although incorporated cities are not explicitly granted the use of eminent domain does not imply they are denied it; the judge ruled that because Arnold is a third-class city, under Missouri law, it cannot use eminent domain to seize properties. In appeal to the Missouri Supreme Court, the decision was reversed, ruling that through the TIF act and the City of Arnold being an incorporated municipality, had the right to use eminent domain. In 2005, Arnold became the first city in Missouri to install red light cameras.
A 2009 lawsuit against the cameras was dismissed on procedural grounds. In 2013 the Missouri Court of Appeals Eastern District ruled the Arnold red-light camera ordinance to be unconstitutional. On July 17, 1993 President Bill Clinton with several members of his cabinet held a "flood summit" at Fox High School during the Great Flood of 1993. During the summit, Clinton promised the governors of flood-damaged states that his administration would not abandon them once the water recedes. On April 29, 2009, United States President Barack Obama held a town hall meeting commemorating his 100th day in office at Fox High School in Arnold; the Meramec River crested at a record level of 47.26 feet on December 31, 2015, after a weekend of heavy rain, affecting over 300 homes and breaking the previous record crest from 1993. The floodwaters closed Interstate 55 at the Meramec just north of Arnold. Flooding struck again in 2017 after heavy rains, with the Meramec cresting at 45.62 feet on May 3. Only the southbound lanes of I-55 were closed by floodwater.
20 homes were affected. Arnold is located at 38°25′58″N 90°22′10″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.94 square miles, of which 11.58 square miles is land and 0.36 square miles is water. The city is located at the confluence of the Meramec and Mississippi rivers, just south of St. Louis County; as of the census of 2010, there were 20,808 people, 8,090 households, 5,695 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,796.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,547 housing units at an average density of 738.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 0.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.6% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population. There were 8,090 households of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 29.6% were non-families.
23.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age in the city was 39.2 years. 23.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 19,965 people, 7,550 households, 5,564 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,775.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,913 housing units at an average density of 703.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.91% White, 0.30% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population. There were 7,550 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.3% were non-families.
22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.05. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 23.6% fr
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union; the largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia; the state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber and recreation; the Missouri River, after which the state is named, flows through the center of the state into the Mississippi River, which makes up Missouri's eastern border. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years; the Mississippian culture built mounds, before declining in the 14th century. When European explorers arrived in the 17th century they encountered the Osage and Missouria nations; the French established Louisiana, a part of New France, founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764. After a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved African Americans, rushed into the new Missouri Territory.
Missouri was admitted as a slave state as part of the Missouri Compromise. Many from Virginia and Tennessee settled in the Boonslick area of Mid-Missouri. Soon after, heavy German immigration formed the Missouri Rhineland. Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch; the Pony Express, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, California Trail all began in Missouri. As a border state, Missouri's role in the American Civil War was complex and there were many conflicts within. After the war, both Greater St. Louis and the Kansas City metropolitan area became centers of industrialization and business. Today, the state is divided into the independent city of St. Louis. Missouri's culture blends elements from Southern United States; the musical styles of ragtime, Kansas City jazz, St. Louis Blues developed in Missouri; the well-known Kansas City-style barbecue, lesser-known St. Louis-style barbecue, can be found across the state and beyond. Missouri is a major center of beer brewing.
Missouri wine is produced in Ozarks. Missouri's alcohol laws are among the most permissive in the United States. Outside of the state's major cities, popular tourist destinations include the Lake of the Ozarks, Table Rock Lake, Branson. Well-known Missourians include U. S. President Harry S. Truman, Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, Nelly; some of the largest companies based in the state include Cerner, Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, H&R Block, Wells Fargo Advisors, O'Reilly Auto Parts. Missouri has been called the "Mother of the West" and the "Cave State"; the state is named for the Missouri River, named after the indigenous Missouri Indians, a Siouan-language tribe. It is said that they were called the ouemessourita, meaning "those who have dugout canoes", by the Miami-Illinois language speakers; this appears to be folk etymology—the Illinois spoke an Algonquian language and the closest approximation that can be made in that of their close neighbors, the Ojibwe, is "You Ought to Go Downriver & Visit Those People."
This would be an odd occurrence, as the French who first explored and attempted to settle the Mississippi River got their translations during that time accurate giving things French names that were exact translations of the native tongue. Assuming Missouri were deriving from the Siouan language, it would translate as "It connects to the side of it," in reference to the river itself; this is not likely either, as this would be coming out as "Maya Sunni" Most though, the name Missouri comes from Chiwere, a Siouan language spoken by people who resided in the modern day states of Wisconsin, South Dakota, Missouri & Nebraska. The name "Missouri" has several different pronunciations among its present-day natives, the two most common being and. Further pronunciations exist in Missouri or elsewhere in the United States, involving the realization of the first syllable as either or. Any combination of these phonetic realizations may be observed coming from speakers of American English; the linguistic history was treated definitively by Donald M. Lance, who acknowledged that the question is sociologically complex, but that no pronunciation could be declared "correct", nor could any be defined as native or outsider, rural or urban, southern or northern, educated or otherwise.
Politicians employ multiple pronunciations during a single speech, to appeal to a greater number of listeners. Informal respellings of the state's name, such as "Missour-ee" or "Missour-uh", are used informally to phonetically distinguish pronunciations. There is no official state nickname. However, Missouri's unofficial nickname is the "Show Me State"; this phrase has several origins. One is popularly ascribed to a speech by Congressman Willard Vandiver in 1899, who declared that "I come from a state that raises corn and cotton and Democrats, frothy eloquence neither convinces nor satisfies me. I'm from Missouri, you have got to show me." This is in keeping with the saying "I'm from Missouri" which means "I'm skeptical of the matter and not convinced." However, according to researchers, the phrase "show me" was in use
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
St. Francois County, Missouri
St. Francois County is a county located in the Lead Belt region in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,359; the largest city and county seat is Farmington. The county was organized on December 19, 1821, it was named after the St. Francis River; the origin of the river's name is unclear. It might refer to St. Francis of Assisi. Another possibility is that Jacques Marquette, a Jesuit who explored the region in 1673, named the river for the Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier. Marquette had spent some time at the mission of St. Francois Xavier before his voyage and, as a Jesuit, was unlikely to have given the river a name honoring the Franciscans. St. Francois County comprises the Farmington, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, MO-IL Combined Statistical Area; the first European settlement in St. Francois County was made in the spring of 1796 at what is now known as Big River Mills by Andrew Baker, John Ally, Francis Starnater and John Andrews.
They each located claims in 1794 but did not bring their families until 1796. Andrew Baker was the only one. Baker, who built a large home along the north bank of Big River, established a community there. At one time he owned 200 slaves and was one of the wealthiest men in the area. All his children married and left the farm which consisted of 740 acres; the farm was sold for taxes and sold for $30 per acre. Several families settled that same year on Big River. In 1798, Solomon George became the first to settle on Little St. Francois River. A memorable circumstance occurred around March 1, 1797. Henry Fry and Rebecca Baker having concluded to be married, started, in company with Catharine Miller and Abraham Baker and William Patterson, for Ste. Genevieve, the nearest point where anyone authorized to perform the service could be found; when they were eight or 10 miles from home near the crossing of the Terre Bleu, they were met by the Native Americans and all, save Rebecca and Abraham Baker, were stripped of their clothing and left to find their way home in this plight.
This unfortunate adventure caused the postponement of the marriage for one year. That same year, other immigrants began coming to this new country. Among these was the Reverend William Murphy, a native of Ireland and a pioneer Baptist minister from the Holston River area in East Tennessee who procured a land grant, he and his three sons Joseph and David, along with a friend, Silas George, arrived by boat that fall in Ste. Genevieve. None in that community could speak English, so a Mr. Madden, living three miles distant, was sent for, he invited them to his home, the following day sent a Native American with them to show where good claims could be secured. David Murphy located his claim in the north side of the selected site, where Washington School now stands. Reverend Murphy selected as his claim an area to the south, known as Carter Spring, now McIlvane Street, Joseph Murphy located on a plot to the northwest known as the Swink farm situated on old Highway 67, all just south of the present site of Farmington in 1798.
After securing their claims, these men returned to Tennessee for their families. But sickness overtook them, both the Reverend Murphy and Silas George died before reaching home. In 1801, David Murphy, a son of Reverend Murphy, cut the first tree, felled in what was long known as Murphy Settlement; the next year Joseph and Richard, brothers of David Murphy and began permanent settlements on grants made by the Spanish Government. Early in the spring of 1800, William and David Murphy returned to Missouri with their families, they were accompanied by a younger brother, who came to establish a home for their widowed mother, Sarah Barton Murphy. Soon Mrs. Murphy and three other sons—Isaac and Dubart—her only daughter, Sarah, a grandson William Evans; the journey was made by flat boat down the Holston River into Ohio. Genevieve, a distance of more than 1,000 miles. Many places infested with hostile Native Americans, they managed to pass in the night while keeping concealed along the banks during the day.
When the party arrived at Ste. Genevieve, the inhabitants gave them a rousing welcome. About the same year, Michael Hart and his son Charles settled in the same vicinity. At the time of this settlement the area was under Spanish rule. On October 7, 1800, Spain ceded the whole of upper and lower Louisiana to France, it was not until our own Louisiana Purchase on April 30, 1803 that this area became a part of the United States. Settlers came in large numbers after the Murphy Settlement was established, at the close of 1803 it had grown to a sizable community. Most of the settlers had enjoyed freedom of worship in their previous homes but found here they were restricted in worshipping God according to their Protestant tradition. Mrs. Murphy invited friends to her home where secret prayer meetings were held while sentinels kept guard to warn of approaching danger; the religious restriction imposed by the Spanish officials gave way when the United States came into full possession. When the settlement learned that control of the land had passed to the United States, Mrs. Murphy was given the honor of the first Protestant prayer in public west of the Mississippi.
There was never a lack of order in the Murphy settlement. Differences among p
Mean center of the United States population
The mean center of the United States population is determined by the United States Census Bureau from the results of each national census. The Bureau defines it as follows: The concept of the center of population as used by the U. S. Census Bureau is that of a balance point; the center of population is the point at which an imaginary, weightless and flat surface representation of the 50 states and the District of Columbia would balance if weights of identical size were placed on it so that each weight represented the location on one person. More this calculation is called the mean center of population. After moving 600 mi west by south during the 19th century, the shift in the mean center of population during the 20th century was less pronounced, moving 324 mi west and 101 mi south. Nearly 79% of the overall southerly movement happened between 1950 and 2000. Given the strong pull of Texas and the Western US, the population center would be heading towards and one day entering Oklahoma; the 20.2-mile shift projected for the 2010–2020 period would be the shortest centroid movement since the Great Depression intercensal period of 1930–1940.
Center of population Median center of United States population Geographic center of the United States Geographic center of the contiguous United States
Hillsboro is a city in Jefferson County, United States. The population was 2,821 at the 2010 census. Hillsboro is the county seat of Jefferson County. Hillsboro was called Monticello, under the latter name was platted in 1839, named after Monticello, home of President Thomas Jefferson; the name Monticello was afterwards changed because the U. S. postal authorities refused to accept that name, there being another post office in the state with a similar name. The present name Hillsboro is the English equivalent of the Italian name Monticello. A post office has been in operation at Hillsboro since 1838; the Thomas C. Fletcher House and Sandy Creek Covered Bridge are listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the Doe Run Company, a subsidiary of the Renco Group has operated a lead smelter near they city since 1892. In 2001, the Missouri Department of Natural Resources found that street dust in the town of Herculaneum contained 30% lead. Testing the same year by the United States Environmental Protection Agency found high levels of air pollution.
Test results showed elevated levels of lead among more than half of pre-school age children who were tested living near the smelter in Herculaneum. The Doe Run Company, a major component of Hillsboro's local economy, undertook a voluntary buyout of homes in the area and over the next few years purchased 160 homes. In addition to the buyout, Doe Run invested $14 million in the removal of lead-contaminated soil, it replaced soil for more than 700 properties, including residences, public parks, other land. In December 2013, Doe Run closed the Herculaneum smelter, though refining operations of specialty alloys continue; the company allocated more than $8 million for cleanup of the property following its closure. Between 2010 and 2015, Doe Run spent $289 million on environmental expenditures across its various holdings; the funds have been used in part for remediating old mining sites and for the construction of water treatment plants to treat waste from mining operations. Hillsboro is located at 38°13′56″N 90°33′48″W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.65 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 2,821 people, 900 households, 623 families residing in the city; the population density was 772.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 957 housing units at an average density of 262.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.5% White, 2.8% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population. There were 900 households of which 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 30.8% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.23.
The median age in the city was 29.2 years. 27.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 52.0% male and 48.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,675 people, 581 households, 395 families residing in the city; the population density was 701.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 620 housing units at an average density of 259.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.46% White, 2.03% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.60% from other races, 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.15% of the population. There were 581 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $36,850, the median income for a family was $44,000. Males had a median income of $30,880 versus $24,408 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,585. About 9.7% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. The main campus of Jefferson College is located in Hillsboro. Jefferson College is a two-year institution. Hillsboro R-3 School District is the local school district; the city has Hillsboro High School. Autovon City of Hillsboro
Washington County, Missouri
Washington County is a county located in the eastern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,195; the largest city and county seat is Potosi. The county was organized on August 21, 1813, was named in honor of George Washington, the first President of the United States; the French explorers Renault and La Motte entered the area of present-day Potosi in 1722–23. However, no permanent settlements were made until 1763, when François Breton settled near Potosi and began to operate a mine bearing his name; the Bellview Valley, near Caledonia and Belgrade, was settled in 1802 by the families of Annanias McCoy, Benjamin Crow, Robert Reed. Washington County was organized on August 21, 1813, out of Ste. Genevieve County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 762 square miles, of which 760 square miles is land and 2.6 square miles is water. Franklin County Jefferson County St. Francois County Iron County Crawford County Mark Twain National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 23,344 people, 8,406 households, 6,237 families residing in the county.
The population density was 31 people per square mile. There were 9,894 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.47% White, 2.48% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, 1.08% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 8,406 households out of which 36.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.80% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.05. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.60% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years.
For every 100 females there were 106.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,001, the median income for a family was $38,193. Males had a median income of $27,871 versus $18,206 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,095. About 17.10% of families and 20.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.40% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or older. According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report, Washington County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion; the most predominant denominations among residents in Washington County who adhere to a religion are Roman Catholics, Southern Baptists, Baptist Missionary Association of America. Republicans and Democrats hold an equal number of the elected positions in the county. Washington County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives.
District 118 – Currently represented by Ben Harris and consists of the northeastern part of the county and includes Cadet, Mineral Point, Old Mines, Richwoods and part of Potosi. District 119 – Currently represented by Nate Tate. Consists of the northwestern part of the county, including Pea Ridge. District 144 – Currently represented by Paul Fitzwater. Consists of the southern parts of the county including Belgrade, Courtois, Hopewell and part of Potosi. All of Washington County is a part of Missouri's 3rd District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Gary Romine. Washington County is included in Missouri's 8th Congressional District and is represented by Jason T. Smith in the U. S. House of Representatives. Smith won a special election on Tuesday, June 4, 2013, to finish out the remaining term of U. S. Representative Jo Ann Emerson. Emerson announced her resignation a month after being reelected with over 70 percent of the vote in the district, she resigned to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative.
At the presidential level, Washington County is a independent-leaning or battleground county although it does have a tendency to lean Democratic. While George W. Bush carried Washington County in 2004, he narrowly lost the county to Al Gore in 2000, both times the margins of victory were closer than in many of the other rural areas. Bill Clinton carried Washington County both times in 1992 and 1996 by convincing double-digit margins, unlike most of the other rural counties in Missouri, Washington County was one of only nine counties in Missouri that favored Barack Obama over John McCain. Obama won Washington County by just five votes in the 2008 election. Like most rural areas throughout Missouri, voters in Washington County adhere to and culturally conservative principles but are more moderate or populist on economic issues, typical of the Dixiecrat philosophy. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Washington County with 81.37 percent of the vote.
The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Washington County with 56.48