Lawrence County, Mississippi
Lawrence County is a county located in the U. S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,929, its county seat is Monticello. The county is named for the naval hero James Lawrence. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 436 square miles, of which 431 square miles is land and 5.1 square miles is water. U. S. Route 84 Mississippi Highway 27 Mississippi Highway 43 Mississippi Highway 44 Simpson County Jefferson Davis County Marion County Walthall County Lincoln County Copiah County As of the census of 2000, there were 13,258 people, 5,040 households, 3,749 families residing in the county; the population density was 31 people per square mile. There were 5,688 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 66.94% White, 32.07% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, 0.44% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,040 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 14.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.60% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.10. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,495, the median income for a family was $37,899. Males had a median income of $28,925 versus $18,707 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,469. About 16.60% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.10% of those under age 18 and 19.50% of those age 65 or over.
Monticello New Hebron Silver Creek Arm Jayess Nola Oak Vale Oma Sontag Wanilla Earl W. Bascom, rodeo champion, cowboy artist, Mississippi Rodeo Hall of Fame inductee, "Father of Modern Rodeo" Texas Rose Bascom, rodeo celebrity, Hollywood actress, Mississippi Rodeo Hall of Fame inductee Weldon Bascom, rodeo champion, hall of fame inductee, "Father of Mississippi Rodeo" Edgar Godbold, president of two Southern Baptist colleges, was a school principal in Lawrence County from 1905 to 1906. Rod Paige, Secretary of Education from 2001-2004 under President George W. Bush. Rod Paige was raised in Lawrence County. National Register of Historic Places listings in Lawrence County, Mississippi Lawrence County Courthouse Pictures Lawrence County Mississippi Genealogy and History
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Simpson County, Mississippi
Simpson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Mississippi. Its western border is formed by the Pearl River, an important transportation route in the 19th century; as of the 2010 census, the population was 27,503. The county seat is Mendenhall; the county is named for judge Josiah Simpson. Simpson County is part of MS Metropolitan Statistical Area. Spencer Myrick, a politician who has served in both houses of the Louisiana State Legislature, his brother, Bill, a country music figure in Odessa, were born in Simpson County, they were reared in West Carroll Parish in northeastern Louisiana. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 590 square miles, of which 589 square miles is land and 1.3 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 49 Mississippi Highway 13 Mississippi Highway 28 Mississippi Highway 43 Mississippi Highway 149 Rankin County Smith County Covington County Jefferson Davis County Lawrence County Copiah County As of the census of 2000, there were 27,639 people, 10,076 households, 7,385 families residing in the county.
The population density was 47 people per square mile. There were 11,307 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 64.39% White, 34.31% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, 0.56% from two or more races. 1.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 10,076 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.70% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years.
For every 100 females, there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,343, the median income for a family was $32,797. Males had a median income of $27,197 versus $20,136 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,344. About 17.50% of families and 21.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.70% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over. Magee Mendenhall D'Lo Braxton Harrisville Merry Hell Pinola Sanatorium Westville Dry counties National Register of Historic Places listings in Simpson County, Mississippi
Mississippi Highway 43
Mississippi Highway 43 runs north–south in three segments: the first from U. S. Highway 90 near Bay St. Louis to Mississippi Highway 13 south of Columbia, resuming at MS 13 in southern Jefferson Davis County to end near Mendenhall, starting again at Mississippi Highway 18 near Puckett to end at Attala Road 3122 in northern Attala County, it traverses 235 miles, serving Hancock, Pearl River, Jefferson Davis, Simpson, Madison and Attala counties. MS 43 Spur inventoried as Mississippi Highway 992, is a short local road which runs through Picayune, Mississippi, its northern terminus is at MS 43 and its southern terminus is just north of Goodyear Boulevard in Picayune. List of Mississippi state highways
African Americans are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa. The term refers to descendants of enslaved black people who are from the United States. Black and African Americans constitute the third largest racial and ethnic group in the United States. Most African Americans are descendants of enslaved peoples within the boundaries of the present United States. On average, African Americans are of West/Central African and European descent, some have Native American ancestry. According to U. S. Census Bureau data, African immigrants do not self-identify as African American; the overwhelming majority of African immigrants identify instead with their own respective ethnicities. Immigrants from some Caribbean, Central American and South American nations and their descendants may or may not self-identify with the term. African-American history starts in the 16th century, with peoples from West Africa forcibly taken as slaves to Spanish America, in the 17th century with West African slaves taken to English colonies in North America.
After the founding of the United States, black people continued to be enslaved, the last four million black slaves were only liberated after the Civil War in 1865. Due to notions of white supremacy, they were treated as second-class citizens; the Naturalization Act of 1790 limited U. S. citizenship to whites only, only white men of property could vote. These circumstances were changed by Reconstruction, development of the black community, participation in the great military conflicts of the United States, the elimination of racial segregation, the civil rights movement which sought political and social freedom. In 2008, Barack Obama became the first African American to be elected President of the United States; the first African slaves arrived via Santo Domingo to the San Miguel de Gualdape colony, founded by Spanish explorer Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526. The marriage between Luisa de Abrego, a free black domestic servant from Seville and Miguel Rodríguez, a white Segovian conquistador in 1565 in St. Augustine, is the first known and recorded Christian marriage anywhere in what is now the continental United States.
The ill-fated colony was immediately disrupted by a fight over leadership, during which the slaves revolted and fled the colony to seek refuge among local Native Americans. De Ayllón and many of the colonists died shortly afterwards of an epidemic and the colony was abandoned; the settlers and the slaves who had not escaped returned to Haiti, whence. The first recorded Africans in British North America were "20 and odd negroes" who came to Jamestown, Virginia via Cape Comfort in August 1619 as indentured servants; as English settlers died from harsh conditions and more Africans were brought to work as laborers. An indentured servant would work for several years without wages; the status of indentured servants in early Virginia and Maryland was similar to slavery. Servants could be bought, sold, or leased and they could be physically beaten for disobedience or running away. Unlike slaves, they were freed after their term of service expired or was bought out, their children did not inherit their status, on their release from contract they received "a year's provision of corn, double apparel, tools necessary", a small cash payment called "freedom dues".
Africans could raise crops and cattle to purchase their freedom. They raised families, married other Africans and sometimes intermarried with Native Americans or English settlers. By the 1640s and 1650s, several African families owned farms around Jamestown and some became wealthy by colonial standards and purchased indentured servants of their own. In 1640, the Virginia General Court recorded the earliest documentation of lifetime slavery when they sentenced John Punch, a Negro, to lifetime servitude under his master Hugh Gwyn for running away. In the Spanish Florida some Spanish married or had unions with Pensacola, Creek or African women, both slave and free, their descendants created a mixed-race population of mestizos and mulattos; the Spanish encouraged slaves from the southern British colonies to come to Florida as a refuge, promising freedom in exchange for conversion to Catholicism. King Charles II of Spain issued a royal proclamation freeing all slaves who fled to Spanish Florida and accepted conversion and baptism.
Most went to the area around St. Augustine, but escaped slaves reached Pensacola. St. Augustine had mustered an all-black militia unit defending Spain as early as 1683. One of the Dutch African arrivals, Anthony Johnson, would own one of the first black "slaves", John Casor, resulting from the court ruling of a civil case; the popular conception of a race-based slave system did not develop until the 18th century. The Dutch West India Company introduced slavery in 1625 with the importation of eleven black slaves into New Amsterdam. All the colony's slaves, were freed upon its surrender to the British. Massachusetts was the first British colony to recognize slavery in 1641. In 1662, Virginia passed a law that children of enslaved women took the status of the mother, rather than that of the father, as under English common law; this principle was called partus sequitur ventrum. By an act of 1699, the colony ordered all free blacks deported defining as slaves all people of African descent who remained in the c
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Modern social round dancing is choreographed and cued ballroom dancing that progresses in a circular pattern, counter-clockwise around the dance floor. The two major categories of ballroom rhythm found in round dancing are the smooth or international rhythms, such as foxtrot and waltz, the Latin rhythms, such as cha-cha and rhumba, it is not to be confused with circle dancing, a type of folk dance where dancers are connected in a circular chain. Round dancing differs from free-style ballroom dancing in that each round dance has been choreographed ahead of time, a "cuer" or leader at the front of the ballroom tells the dancers, as they dance, what steps to do; as the music plays, just ahead of the beat, so the dancers have time to respond, the cuer names each dance figure in the choreography. As a consequence, all the dancers on the floor are dancing the same steps at the same time. To create a round dance, a piece of music is selected by the choreographer, the different steps or figures are chosen to fit the music.
If the music swells and pauses then a dance step that rises and stretches is put into that place. If there is a little syncopation in another part of the music a quick step is inserted; the creation of a piece of choreography is like engineering a machine, with every gear and lever in just the right place to give smooth and flowing motion. The step-by-step instructions on how to dance this choreography are written out in what is called a cue sheet. Examples of social dances that may be danced in "round" fashion are bolero, cha-cha-cha, hustle, mambo, paso doble, rhumba, samba, single swing, slow two step, two step, Viennese waltz and West Coast swing. Roundalab, the International Association of Round Dance Teachers, Inc. has established a "Phase Rating System" of round dancing, in order to rate round dance figures according to difficulty and complexity. Salsa rueda referred to as casino de rueda, is a kind of round dance in which there is no complete pre-choreographed sequence, the dance patterns are called out in a random order.
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