2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Allen Parish, Louisiana
Allen Parish is a parish located in the U. S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,764; the parish seat is Oberlin. Allen Parish is in southwest of Alexandria. Allen Parish is named for former Confederate States Army general and Governor of Louisiana Henry Watkins Allen, it was separated in 1912 from the larger Calcasieu Parish to the southwest. On September 27, 2008, the Allen Parish Tourist Commission opened Leatherwood Museum in Oakdale in a two-story house which served during the early 20th century as a hospital where women waited on the second-floor balcony to deliver their babies; the museum focuses on the history of timber. Upstairs exhibits include photographs and a machine for cutting rice stalks, displays of early dental and medical equipment, pictures of war maneuvers during World War II, a letter from Confederate States of America soldier David Dunn to his wife. Dunn was the grandfather of founder of Dunnsville, which became Oakdale. An education room contains displays on Louisiana High School Hall of Fame sports figures Curtis Cook of Oakdale, Johnny Buck of Kinder, Hoyle Granger of Oberlin.
Granger, an inductee of the Louisiana Sports Hall of Fame who starred for the Houston Oilers, addressed the grand opening of the museum. Other exhibits focus on the Coushatta Indians and Courir de Mardi Gras or the country way of celebrating Mardi Gras in Allen Parish. Adagria Haddock, director of the Allen Parish Tourist Commission, said that in addition to a hospital, the building served as a boarding house and the home of the Leatherwood family; the house dates to July 3, 1888. The Leatherwoods turned the building into a museum in 1986, but it closed a decade because of a lack of funding. In 2005, the house was donated to the Allen Parish Tourist Commission; the downstairs contains the furnishings of a typical family house of the time, with displays of clothing and other period artifacts. "We just wanted you to feel like home when you walked in and go explore the museum part," Haddock told Alexandria Daily Town Talk. The facility is handicapped-accessible with an elevator. A state grant of $65,000 helped fund restoration.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 766 square miles, of which 762 square miles is land and 4.1 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 165 U. S. Highway 190 Louisiana Highway 10 Louisiana Highway 26 Vernon Parish Rapides Parish Evangeline Parish Jefferson Davis Parish Beauregard Parish Bundick Creek Calcasieu River Ouiski Chitto Creek Six Mile Creek Ten Mile Creek As of the census of 2000, there were 25,440 people, 8,102 households, 5,930 families residing in the parish; the population density was 33 people per square mile. There were 9,157 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile; the racial makeup of the parish was 71.90% White, 24.60% Black or African American, 1.72% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, 0.96% from two or more races. 4.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 6.22 % reported speaking Cajun French at home, while 4.68 % speak Spanish. There were 8,102 households out of which 36.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 15.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.80% were non-families.
24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.12. In the parish the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 33.40% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 126.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 133.50 males. The median income for a household in the parish was $27,777, the median income for a family was $33,920. Males had a median income of $32,371 versus $17,154 for females; the per capita income for the parish was $13,101. About 17.90% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.60% of those under age 18 and 21.50% of those age 65 or over. The most populated city as of the 2000 census was Oakdale, LA. Allen was a Democratic parish in Presidential and Congressional elections.
Starting in 2000, when George W. Bush narrowly won the parish, Allen has become a Republican stronghold. Allen is part of Louisiana's 4th congressional district, held by Republican. In the Louisiana House of Representatives Allen is part of the 32nd Assembly district, held by Democrat Dorothy Sue Hill. In the Louisiana Senate Allen is part of the 28th district, held by Democrat Eric LaFleur. Residents are zoned to Allen Parish Schools. B Company 3-156TH Infantry Battalion of the 256TH IBCT resides in Louisiana; this unit deployed twice to Iraq in 2004-5 and 2010. Oakdale Elizabeth Kinder Oberlin Reeves Lieutenant Governor and Louisiana Education Superintendent William J. "Bill" Dodd Entertainer Faye Emerson Louisiana State Senator Gilbert Franklin Hennigan, represented Allen Parish from 1944 to 1956. Louisiana State Representative Dorothy Sue Hill, represents Allen and Calcasieu parishes in District 32. State Representative E. Holm
Vermilion Parish, Louisiana
Vermilion Parish is a parish located in the U. S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 57,999; the parish seat is Abbeville. The parish was created in 1844. Vermilion Parish is part of LA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Vermilion and neighboring Cameron parishes are represented in the Louisiana State Senate by the Republican Jonathan W. Perry of Kaplan. In the past several decades, much of the southern portion of the parish has been swept away by water erosion after Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita in 2005. Indigenous peoples lived in the area from different cultures. By historic times, the Chitimacha and Atakapa inhabited the area and were the American Indians encountered by Spanish and French explorers and settlers; the tribes' numbers were drastically reduced as a result of exposure to European diseases to which they had no immunity. French, enslaved Africans, French-Canadians from Acadia expelled after the Seven Years' War won by Great Britain, had all entered the area by the end of the 18th century.
As the population became Cajun, the primary language was French for years. In the mid- to late 19th century, they were joined by European Americans. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 1,542 square miles, of which 1,173 square miles is land and 369 square miles is water, it is the fifth-largest parish in Louisiana by total area. The Gulf of Mexico is located to the south of the parish. U. S. Highway 167 Louisiana Highway 13 Louisiana Highway 14 Louisiana Highway 82 Acadia Parish Lafayette Parish Iberia Parish Cameron Parish Jefferson Davis Parish Home to a number of Cajun peoples, as of the census of 2000, there were 53,807 people, 19,832 households, 14,457 families residing in the parish; the population density was 46 people per square mile. There were 22,461 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile; the racial makeup of the parish was 82.68% White, 14.17% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, 0.76% from two or more races.
1.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.89% reported speaking French or Cajun French at home, while 1.64% speak Vietnamese and 1.02% Spanish. There were 19,832 households out of which 37.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.10% were non-families. 23.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.16. In the parish the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males. The median income for a household in the parish was $29,500, the median income for a family was $36,093.
Males had a median income of $31,044 versus $18,710 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $14,201. About 17.40% of families and 22.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.00% of those under age 18 and 21.40% of those age 65 or over. Vermilion Parish School Board operates public schools in the parish; the schools serving Delcambre are located in Vermilion Parish and are operated by Iberia Parish School System. On January 8, 2018, teacher Deyshia Hargrave was asked by a marshal to leave the room after she questioned the Vermilion Parish School Board on their decision to increase the salary of superintendent Jerome Puyau but keep teacher salaries stagnant. After she walked out into the hallway, the marshal arrested her; the city's prosecutor and the board declined to press charges. Board president Anthony Fontana described the incident as a "set up" and blamed "the poor little woman" for the incident, saying, "She could have walked out and nothing would have happened."
As a result, Fontana resigned around ten days later. Abbeville Kaplan Delcambre Erath Gueydan Maurice Home of Catherine Romaine, Vermillion Catholic Alumni and 2018-2019 Louisiana Senior State Beta Club Vice President National Register of Historic Places listings in Vermilion Parish, Louisiana Heinrich, P. V. 2006, White Lake 30 x 60 minute geologic quadrangle. Louisiana Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Heinrich, P. V. J. Snead, R. P. McCulloh, 2003, Crowley 30 x 60 minute geologic quadrangle. Louisiana Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Official website Vermilion Historical Society Vermilion Parish Sheriff's Office
Jefferson Finis Davis was an American politician who served as the only President of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1865. As a member of the Democratic Party, he represented Mississippi in the United States Senate and the House of Representatives prior to switching allegiance to the Confederacy, he was appointed as the United States Secretary of War, serving from 1853 to 1857, under President Franklin Pierce. Davis was born in Fairview, Kentucky, to a moderately prosperous farmer, the youngest of ten children, he grew up in Wilkinson County and lived in Louisiana. His eldest brother Joseph Emory Davis secured the younger Davis's appointment to the United States Military Academy. After graduating, Jefferson Davis served six years as a lieutenant in the United States Army, he fought as the colonel of a volunteer regiment. Before the American Civil War, he operated a large cotton plantation in Mississippi, which his brother Joseph gave him, owned as many as 113 slaves. Although Davis argued against secession in 1858, he believed that states had an unquestionable right to leave the Union.
Davis married Sarah Knox Taylor in 1835. They were both stricken with malaria soon thereafter, Sarah died after three months of marriage. Davis recovered and suffered from recurring bouts of the disease throughout his life. At the age of 36, Davis married again, to 18-year-old Varina Howell, a native of Natchez, educated in Philadelphia and had some family ties in the North, they had six children. Only two survived him, only one married and had children. Many historians attribute some of the Confederacy's weaknesses to the poor leadership of Davis, his preoccupation with detail, reluctance to delegate responsibility, lack of popular appeal, feuds with powerful state governors and generals, favoritism toward old friends, inability to get along with people who disagreed with him, neglect of civil matters in favor of military ones, resistance to public opinion all worked against him. Historians agree he was a much less effective war leader than his Union counterpart, President Abraham Lincoln. After Davis was captured in 1865, he was accused of treason and imprisoned at Fort Monroe in Hampton, Virginia.
He was released after two years. While not disgraced, Davis had been displaced in ex-Confederate affection after the war by his leading general, Robert E. Lee. Davis wrote a memoir entitled The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government, which he completed in 1881. By the late 1880s, he began to encourage reconciliation, telling Southerners to be loyal to the Union. Ex-Confederates came seeing him as a Southern patriot, he became a hero of the Lost Cause of the Confederacy in the post-Reconstruction South. Jefferson Finis Davis was born at the family homestead in Fairview, Kentucky, on June 3, 1808, he sometimes gave his year of birth as 1807. He dropped his middle name in life, although he sometimes used a middle initial. Davis was the youngest of ten children born to Samuel Emory Davis, he was named after then-incumbent President Thomas Jefferson. In the early 20th century, the Jefferson Davis State Historic Site was established near the site of Davis's birth. Coincidentally, Abraham Lincoln was born in Hodgenville, only eight months less than 100 miles to the northeast of Fairview.
Davis's paternal grandparents were born in the region of Snowdonia in North Wales, immigrated separately to North America in the early 18th century. His maternal ancestors were English. After arriving in Philadelphia, Davis's paternal grandfather Evan settled in the colony of Georgia, developed chiefly along the coast, he married the widow Lydia Emory Williams, who had two sons from a previous marriage, their son Samuel Emory Davis was born in 1756. He served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, along with his two older half-brothers. In 1783, after the war, he married Jane Cook, she was born in 1759 to William Cook and his wife Sarah Simpson in what is now Christian County, Kentucky. In 1793, the Davis family relocated to Kentucky, establishing a community named "Davisburg" on the border of Christian and Todd counties. During Davis's childhood, his family moved twice: in 1811 to St. Mary Parish and less than a year to Wilkinson County, Mississippi. Three of his older brothers served in the War of 1812.
In 1813, Davis began his education at the Wilkinson Academy in the small town of Woodville, near the family cotton plantation. His brother Joseph encouraged Jefferson in his education. Two years Davis entered the Catholic school of Saint Thomas at St. Rose Priory, a school operated by the Dominican Order in Washington County, Kentucky. At the time, he was the only Protestant student at the school. Davis returned to Mississippi in 1818, he returned to Kentucky in 1821. His father Samuel died on July 1824, when Jefferson was 16 years old. Joseph arranged for Davis to get an appointment and attend the United States Military Academy starting in late 1824. While there, he was placed under house arrest for his role in the Eggnog Riot during Christmas 1826. Cadets smuggled whiskey into the academy to make eggnog, more than one-third of the cadets were involved in the incident. In June 1828, Davis graduated 23rd in a class of 33. Fol
Union Pacific Railroad
Union Pacific Railroad is a freight hauling railroad that operates 8,500 locomotives over 32,100 route-miles in 23 states west of Chicago and New Orleans. The Union Pacific Railroad system is the second largest in the United States after the BNSF Railway and is one of the world's largest transportation companies; the Union Pacific Railroad is the principal operating company of the Union Pacific Corporation. Union Pacific is known for pioneering multiple innovative locomotives the most powerful of their era; these include members of the Challenger-type, the Northern-type, as well as the famous Big Boy steam locomotives. Union Pacific ordered the first streamliner, the largest fleet of turbine-electric locomotives in the world, still owns the largest operational diesel locomotive; the Union Pacific legacy began in 1862 with the original company, called the Union Pacific Rail Road, part of the First Transcontinental Railroad project known as the Overland Route. The railroad would subsequently be reorganized thrice: as the Union Pacific Railway, as the Union Pacific "Railroad", as a renamed Southern Pacific Transportation Company.
The current Union Pacific corporation began in 1969 as the Southern Pacific Transportation Company, itself created in a reorganization of a railroad whose legacy dated to 1865. Over the years it would grow to include the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad and the St. Louis Southwestern Railway, in addition to its eponymous railroad; the 1998 Union Pacific-Southern Pacific merger was not UP's first: Union Pacific had merged with Missouri Pacific Railroad, the Chicago and North Western Transportation Company, the Western Pacific Railroad and the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad. However, because the merger with Southern Pacific changed the scope of the Union Pacific railroad, this article will refer to the unmerged system as Union Pacific, the merged system as Union Pacific. Union Pacific's main competitor is the BNSF Railway, the nation's largest freight railroad by volume, which primarily services the Continental U. S. west of the Mississippi River. Together, the two railroads have a duopoly on all transcontinental freight rail lines in the U.
S. The original company, the Union Pacific Rail Road was incorporated on July 1, 1862, under an act of Congress entitled Pacific Railroad Act of 1862; the act was approved by President Abraham Lincoln, it provided for the construction of railroads from the Missouri River to the Pacific as a war measure for the preservation of the Union. It was constructed westward from Council Bluffs, Iowa to meet the Central Pacific Railroad line, constructed eastward from Sacramento, CA; the combined Union Pacific-Central Pacific line became known as the First Transcontinental Railroad and the Overland Route. The line was constructed by Irish labor who had learned their craft during the recent Civil War. Under the guidance of its dominant stockholder Dr. Thomas Clark Durant, the namesake of the city of Durant, the first rails were laid in Omaha; the two lines were joined together at Promontory Summit, Utah, 53 miles west of Ogden on May 10, 1869, hence creating the first transcontinental railroad in North America.
Subsequently, the UP purchased three Mormon-built roads: the Utah Central Railroad extending south from Ogden to Salt Lake City, the Utah Southern Railroad extending south from Salt Lake City into the Utah Valley, the Utah Northern Railroad extending north from Ogden into Idaho. The original UP was entangled in the Crédit Mobilier scandal, exposed in 1872; as detailed by The Sun, Union Pacific's largest construction company, Crédit Mobilier, had overcharged Union Pacific. In order to convince the federal government to accept the increased costs, Crédit Mobilier had bribed congressmen. Although the UP corporation itself was not guilty of any misdeeds, prominent UP board members had been involved in the scheme; the ensuing financial crisis of 1873 led to a credit crunch, but not bankruptcy. As boom followed bust, the Union Pacific continued to expand; the original company was purchased by a new company on January 24, 1880, with dominant stockholder Jay Gould. Gould owned the Kansas Pacific, sought to merge it with UP.
Thusly was the original "Union Pacific Rail Road" transformed into "Union Pacific Railway."Extending towards the Pacific Northwest, Union Pacific built or purchased local lines that gave it access to Portland, Oregon. Towards Colorado, it built the Union Pacific and Gulf Railway: both narrow gauge trackage into the heart of the Rockies and a standard gauge line that ran south from Denver, across New Mexico, into Texas; the Union Pacific Railway would declare bankruptcy during the Panic of 1893. Again, a new Union Pacific "Railroad" was formed and Union Pacific "Railway" merged into the new corporation. In the early 20th century, Union Pacific's focus shifted from expansion to internal improvement. Recognizing that farmers in the Central and Salinas Valleys of California grew produce far in excess of local markets, Union Pacific worked with its rival Southern Pacific to develop a rail-based transport system, not vulnerable to spoilage; these efforts came culminated in the 1906 founding of
Evangeline Parish, Louisiana
Evangeline Parish is a parish located in the U. S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 33,984; the parish seat is Ville Platte. The parish was created out of lands belonging to St. Landry Parish in 1910; the majority of the area were settled by colonist French directly from France, former colonial Canadian marines from Fort Toulouse, Alabama to Fort Kaskaskia in the Illinois country and including Napoleonic and 19th-century French and European French-speaking soldier and immigrant families. The early generations born in colonial French colonies, which included the enormous Louisiana Territory was known as "la Nouvelle France" and included this region under Spanish rule, whose citizens were called Isleños. Many people of Evangeline are of French, English & Spanish descent in Colonial Louisiana; some of the major families included Fontenot, Ardoin, Vidrine, LaFleur, Dupre, Manuel, Fuselier, Andrepont, LeBas and Gobert, along with many others. People of Canary Islands Spanish heritage can be found to have settled in the Parish, bearing names like Aguillard, Casaneuva, De Soto, Ortego and Segura.
Many English colonists that came to collect Louisiana territory married into French families, some prominently held the surnames of Young, Reed and Buller. A few Acadians such as Francois Pitre and his wife had settled the area between Evangeline and St. Landry parishes, preferring the rich pre-American and pre-Civil War era Cajun planter's lifestyle over that of the humble and isolated existence of their Acadian Coast cousins; the parish was named Evangeline in honor of Evangeline. It was from this poem that founding father, Paulin Fontenot was to propose the namesake of "Evangeline" for this parish foreseeing an emerging American tourism centered upon the Acadian saga. In 19th-century American literature, she would gain popularity through Hollywood's interest, thus began the embryonic'Acadian-based' tourism which sprang up in St. Martinville. Evangeline Parish is mentioned in the Randy Newman song "Louisiana 1927", in which he described the Great Mississippi Flood which covered it with six feet of water.
Ville Platte, the capitol seat of Evangeline Parish, was itself so named by one of Napoleon Bonaparte's former soldiers, Adjutant Major, Marcellin Garand, of Savoy, France.. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 680 square miles, of which 662 square miles is land and 17 square miles is water. Interstate 49 U. S. Highway 190 U. S. Highway 167 Louisiana Highway 10 Louisiana Highway 13 Louisiana Highway 29 Rapides Parish Avoyelles Parish St. Landry Parish Acadia Parish Allen Parish Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge Chicot State Park Louisiana State Arboretum As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 33,984 people residing in the parish. 69.0% were White, 28.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 1.0% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 2.3% were Hispanic or Latino. 40.0% were of French, French Canadian or Cajun ancestry and 9.1% identified as having American ancestry. As of the census of 2000, there were 35,434 people, 12,736 households, 9,157 families residing in the parish.
The population density was 53 people per square mile. There were 14,258 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the parish was 70.42% White, 28.57% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, 0.46% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.71% reported speaking French or Cajun French at home, the highest percentage of any Louisiana parish. There were 12,736 households out of which 38.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.19. In the parish the population was spread out with 29.60% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 20.40% from 45 to 64, 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 99.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.10 males. The median income for a household in the parish was $20,532, the median income for a family was $27,243. Males had a median income of $30,386 versus $16,793 for females; the per capita income for the parish was $11,432. About 27.20% of families and 32.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.10% of those under age 18 and 31.00% of those age 65 or over. Public Schools in Evangeline Parish are operated by the Evangeline Parish School Board. Roman Catholic schools include Sacred Heart Elementary and Sacred Heart of Jesus Catholic High School, both located in the parish seat of Ville Platte, Louisiana. Ville Platte Basile Mamou Chataignier Pine Prairie Turkey Creek Reddell Vidrine Bayou Chicot Saint Landry Amédé Ardoin, Creole singer and Cajun accordion virtuoso Winston De Ville - noted genealogist and publisher of hundreds of articles and numerous books Eric LaFleur, French educator and Senator
U.S. Route 90
U. S. Route 90 is an east–west United States highway. Despite the "0" in its route number, US 90 never was a full coast-to-coast route. On August 29, 2005, a number of the highway's bridges in Mississippi and Louisiana were destroyed or damaged due to Hurricane Katrina, including the Bay St. Louis Bridge, the Biloxi Bay Bridge, the Fort Pike Bridge. US 90 has seven exits on I-10 in the State of Florida, it includes part of the DeSoto Trail between Tallahassee and Lake City, Florida. The highway's eastern terminus is in Jacksonville Beach, Florida, at an intersection with Florida State Road A1A three blocks from the Atlantic Ocean, its western terminus is in Texas at an intersection with Bus. I-10, just north of I-10 and just west of State Highway 54; this was its former intersection with US 80, but the western segments of US 80 have been decommissioned in favor of I-10 and I-20. US 90 begins at SH 54 in downtown Van Horn, it heads south-southeast towards Marfa, where the route begins to head east.
The route is two lanes west of Uvalde. At this point, it becomes a four-lane surface road until it reaches western Bexar County where it becomes a freeway, joining I-10 in Downtown San Antonio; this concurrency with I-10 continues intermittently into western Houston, where US 90 follows the Katy Freeway. The section of US 90, multiplexed with I-10 through Houston is the only section of the route, unsigned. In eastern Houston, US 90 splits from I-10 and heads northeast towards Liberty traveling through downtown Beaumont where it rejoins I-10 for the rest of its routing through Texas; the speed limit on US 90 between Van Horn and Del Rio is 75 miles per hour. Beginning at Seguin, US 90 Alternate splits from US 90 and travels parallel to the south, rejoining the main route in northeast Houston. In 1991, the construction on a four- to six-lane freeway northeast of Houston in Harris County was completed along a new routing for US 90; this segment traveled from just inside Beltway 8 to east of the town of Crosby.
Construction began in 2006 to extend the freeway westward to the intersection of I-10 and the I-610. On January 24, 2011, the new extension opened. Due to lack of funds, overpasses were not built over Greens Bayou and over future Purple Sage Road, leaving traffic to exit to the frontage roads before rejoining the freeway. Entering Louisiana from the west, US 90 and I-10 travel side by side through Lake Charles to Lafayette. In Lafayette, US 90 and I-10 part ways: I-10 proceeds east to Baton Rouge, while US 90 takes a southern turn and passes through New Iberia, Morgan City, the Houma – Bayou Cane – Thibodaux metropolitan area before reaching New Orleans; the four-laning of US 90 was pushed in the 1990s by former State Senator Carl W. Bauer through his role as the chairman of the Governor’s Interstate 49 Task Force while a member of the Greater Lafayette Chamber of Commerce; the portion of US 90 from Lafayette to New Orleans is designated to become the corridor for I-49. In New Orleans, US 90 again meets up with I-10, the two highways follow a similar path into Mississippi.
Prior to Hurricane Katrina, Mississippi's portion of US 90 was four-laned except for a short segment at the state's west end leading to the old Pearl River Bridge into Louisiana. That segment of old highway is obviated for most purposes by an extension of the four-lane roadway from its split with US 90 to I-10 just east of the much newer Pearl Bridge. Before Hurricane Camille in 1969, the 26-mile stretch of US 90 traveling from the Bay St. Louis Bridge at the west end to the Biloxi Bay Bridge at the east was one of the most scenic roadways in the south, offering beautiful views of the Gulf of Mexico on its south side and lovely mansions — some antebellum — on its north; the median featured many a good number of which survived the storm. Many segments and important bridges were damaged or destroyed by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. With the opening of two lanes of the Biloxi Bay Bridge on November 1, 2007, the entire route is now restored. However, reconstruction projects continue on much of the highway and lane closures are not rare.
Substantial completion of all US 90 Katrina-related road work in this state was scheduled to have been completed by now.'US Highway 90 Project History' recounts in some detail this roadway's colorful past in Mississippi, dating back to the early 20th century when it was part of the Old Spanish Trail. The pdf document is available at the'Project Updates' page of the Mississippi Department of Transportation's website. US 90, internally designated by the Alabama Department of Transportation as State Route 16, is a major east–west state highway across the southern part of the U. S. state of Alabama. US 90/SR-16 crosses the extreme southern part of the state, covering 77 miles; the routes pass through the city of its suburbs before entering Baldwin County. With the completion of I-10, US 90/SR-16 serves as a local route connecting the towns along its path; as it enters the Sunshine State, US 90 shifts south towards Pensacola while US 90 Alternate stays to the north of the city. This stretch of highway is known as Nine Mile Road.
After Hurricane Ivan destroyed the I-10 Bridge in Northwest Florida, motoris