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Jehu

Jehu was the tenth king of the northern Kingdom of Israel since Jeroboam I, noted for exterminating the house of Ahab. He was the son of Jehoshaphat, grandson of Nimshi, great-grandson of Omri, his reign lasted for 28 years. William F. Albright has dated his reign to 842–815 BCE, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 841–814 BCE; the principal source for the events of his reign comes from 2 Kings 9–10. The reign of Jehu's predecessor, was marked by the Battle of Ramoth-Gilead against the army of the Arameans. Jehoram was returned to Jezreel to recover, he was attended by Ahaziah, king of Judah, his nephew, by his sister Athaliah. Meanwhile, according to the writer of the Book of Kings, the prophet Elisha orders one of his students to go to Ramoth-Gilead and separate Jehu, a military commander at the time, from his companions. There, he was to anoint Jehu as king in an inner chamber and explain to him that he was to act as an agent of divine judgement against the house of Ahab; the student followed these instructions and upon completion, he ran away.

Jehu dismisses the student as being a "madman", but nonetheless tells his companions about his anointing. His companions enthusiastically blew their trumpets and proclaimed him their king. With a chosen band, Jehu secretly entered Jezreel. King Jehoram tried to flee. Jehu threw his body on Naboth's vineyard, to avenge Naboth, whom Jehoram's father and mother had murdered. King Ahaziah fled after seeing Jehoram's death but Jehu wounded him. Ahaziah, managed to flee to Megiddo, where he died. Jehu proceeded to enter the premises of the palace at Jezreel. Jezebel mockingly compared him to King Zimri. Jehu commanded Jezebel's eunuchs to throw her out of the palace window, they obeyed his commands and Jezebel was killed. Jehu trampled over her body but after he decided to arrange a proper burial due to her royal descent, only her skull and feet remained; the rest of her body was eaten by dogs. Now master of Jezreel, Jehu wrote to command the chief men in Samaria to hunt down and kill all of the royal princes.

They did as ordered, the next day they piled the seventy heads in two heaps outside the city gate, as Jehu commanded. Ahab's entire family was slain. Shortly afterwards, Jehu encountered the forty-two "brothers of Ahaziah" at "Beth-eked of the shepherds", they told Jehu. Jehu, killed them all at "the pit of Beth-eked". Following Jehu's slaughter of the Omrides, he met Jehonadab the Rechabite and convinced him that he was pro-Yahwist. Jehonadab allied with him and they entered the capital together. In control of Samaria, he deceptively invited the worshippers of Baal to a ceremony and trapped and killed them. After that, he turned it into a latrine. Other than Jehu's bloody seizure of power and his tolerance for the golden calves at Dan and Bethel, little else is known of his reign, he was hard pressed by Hazael, king of the Arameans, who defeated his armies "throughout all of the territories of Israel" beyond the Jordan river, in the lands of Gilead, Gad and Manasseh. This suggests that Jehu offered tribute to Shalmaneser III, as depicted on his Black Obelisk, in order to gain a powerful ally against the Arameans.

Bit-Khumri was used by Tiglath-pileser III for the non-Omride kings Pekah & Hoshea, hence House/Land/Kingdom of Omri could apply to Israelite kings not descended from Omri. The destruction of the house of Ahab is commended by the author of 2 Kings as a form of divine punishment. Yahweh rewards Jehu for being a willing executor of divine judgement by allowing four generations of kings to sit on the throne of Israel, Jehoahaz, Jereboam II, Zachariah all descendants of Jehu ruled Israel for a total of 102 years. Nonetheless, according to the Book of Hosea, the House of Jehu was still punished by God through the hands of the Assyrians for Jehu's massacre at Jezreel, his apparent zeal for Yahweh during his anti-Omride purge is interpreted by some to be in reality, zeal for the golden calves at Dan and Bethel. Aside from the Hebrew Scriptures, Jehu appears in Assyrian documents, notably in the Black Obelisk where he is depicted as kissing the ground in front of Shalmaneser III and presenting a gift.

In the Assyrian documents, he is referred to as "son of Omri". This tribute is dated 841 BCE, it is the earliest preserved depiction of an Israelite. According to the Obelisk, Jehu severed his alliances with Phoenicia and Judah, became subject to Assyria; the author of the Tel Dan Stele claimed to have slain both Ahaziah of Jehoram of Israel. The most author of this monument is Hazael of the Arameans. List of biblical figures identified in extra-biblical sources Jehu Jewish Encyclopedia

Trece Martires

Trece Martires the City of Trece Martires, or known as Trece Martires City, is a 4th class city and the de facto capital city of the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 155,713 people; the city was the provincial capital until President Ferdinand Marcos transferred it to the City of Imus on June 11, 1977. Despite of the capital relocation, the city still hosts many offices of the provincial government. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 155,713 people, an income classification of 1st class. The city was named after the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite, a group of prominent Caviteños who were convicted of rebellion and executed by the Spanish colonial government on September 12, 1896 in the old port city of Cavite during the Philippine Revolution. Trece Martires started as one of the most remote barrios of Cavite. Named Quinta or Quintana, it was part of the municipality of Tanza; the land was agricultural subdivided into cattle ranches and sugar farms, with less than 1,000 hectares, at the intersection of the present Tanza–Trece Martires–Indang Road and the Naic–Dasmariñas Road.

The city was established on May 24, 1954 under Republic Act No. 981 as approved by President Ramon Magsaysay. The Republic Act transferred the provincial seat of government from Cavite City to Trece Martires; the original bill, House Bill 1795, was authored by Congressman Jose T. Cajulis and Senator Justiniano S. Montano. Under the city charter, the Governor of Cavite is ex-officio mayor of Trece Martires. On January 2, 1956, the provincial capitol was formally inaugurated, the same day the newly elected Governor, Delfin N. Montano was sworn into office, he served in both offices from 1956 to 1971. On June 22, 1957, the original act was amended by Republic Act 1912 increasing its territory to 3,917 hectares, more or less; the municipality of Indang and the city of General Trias had to yield parts of their respective areas to this territorial expansion. On June 11, 1977 President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 1163 relocating the capital and seat of government from Trece Martires to the city of Imus.

Governor Juanito Remulla requested Marcos in September 1979 to transfer the capital back to the city, although it wasn't approved. As of 2011, the provincial capital is the city of Imus, but most of the provincial offices are in Trece Martires — making Trece Martires as a de facto capital of the province, while Imus as a de jure provincial capital. On March 31, 1992, the Republic Act no. 7325 was approved by President Corazon C. Aquino amending the charter of Trece Martires City, allowing the city to vote their own local officials for the first time. Vice Mayor Alexander Lubigan was assassinated in front of a hospital along Trece Martires–Indang Road in Trece Martires on July 7, 2018. Following this event, the Presidential Anti-Corruption Commission initiated a graft probe parallel to the investigation of the vice mayor's slaying. Before the assassination, Lubigan was expressively intent to run for Mayor against Mayor Melandres de Sagun's wife, Melandres was intended to run for Congressman for reapportioned 7th District consisting Amadeo, Indang and Trece Martires.

Trece Martires is in the heart of Cavite Province. It is bounded north and northwest by the municipality of Tanza and southwest by the municipality of Naic, south by the municipality of Indang, southeast by the municipality of Amadeo and east by the city of General Trias, it is about 48.3 km from the capital of the Philippines. The city of Trece Martires is characterised with ground elevation ranging from 30 metres to nearly 400 metres, its ground slope ranges from 0.5 to 2%. The land area is fairy well dissected by creeks and streams that are cut, characterized by steep and abrupt banks; these parallel drainage lines flow in northern direction to discharge into either Manila Bay or Laguna de Bay. Trece Martires City has a tropical climate with two pronounced seasons: dry. Wet season covers the period from May to December of each year. Trece Martires City is politically subdivided into 13 barangays; the city was subdivided by Congressman Jose Cajulis. Each barangay was named after one of the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite to commemorate their bravery and heroism.

Below are the names of the barangays and their names before the City's Charter was passed on May 24, 1954. In the 2015 census, the population of Trece Martires was 155,713 people, with a density of 4,000 inhabitants per square kilometre or 10,000 inhabitants per square mile. Industrialisation and commercialism has replaced agriculture as the major source of economy for the city, its economic growth has attracted immigration from other municipalities from Metro Manila. The population grown from 104,559 people in 2010 to 155,713 in 2015, representing an increase of 7.88%. In comparison, the population in 1995 was only 20,451; the city's other major source of income are revenues from real property taxes. The most noteworthy fact about Trece Martires is the absence of any form of gambling, it has been awarded in the fields of nutrition, health services, literacy and social services. For the past years, the city deve

Earl Flansburgh

Earl R. Flansburgh was a Modernist architect known for his extensive work in the Boston area. Flansburgh grew up in New York, his father was a professor at Cornell University. Flansburgh graduated from the Cornell Architecture School in 1954, where he was a member of the Quill and Dagger society. While at Cornell, Flansburgh was manager of the freshmen's men orientation camp. In 1957, Flansburgh received a master's degree from MIT, taught in London as a Fulbright scholar. Flansburgh and his wife Polly both had deep ties to Cornell University. Both their parents were professors there. Polly's grandfather was a member of the school's first graduating class of 1869, which makes their son Earl Cornell's first-ever fifth-generation Cornellian. From 1972 until 1987, he was a University trustee, serving as chairman of the Buildings and Properties Committee, he designed Builder's Wall. In 1963, Flansburgh formed the architecture firm, Earl R. Flansburgh & Associates in Cambridge, Massachusetts. In January 1969, "Progressive Architecture" selected Flansburgh's underground Cornell Campus Store for one of its sixteen Annual Design Awards.

Under his direction, the firm won over 80 national design awards. Throughout his professional career Flansburgh taught or lectured about architecture at institutions including Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Wellesley College, the Architectural Association School of Architecture. Flansburgh received the Award of Honor for Lifetime Achievement from the Boston Society of Architects in 1999, his design of the Cornell University Campus Store was honored with a citation in Progressive Architecture Magazine in January 1969. Flansburgh married Louise Hospital. Louise went on to found Boston By Foot a not-for-profit group that gives walking tours of historic sites in Boston; the couple had two sons, Earl Schuyler Flansburgh, born in 1957, now known as Paxus Calta, John Flansburgh, born in 1960. Calta is an anti-nuclear activist. Flansburgh firm website