Turkey ham is a ready-to-eat, processed meat made from cooked or cured turkey meat and other ingredients such as binders. Turkey ham products contain no pork products. Several companies in the United States market it under various brand names, it was invented circa 1975 by Jennie-O. Around January 1980, the American Meat Institute tried to ban use of the term "turkey ham" for products that are composed of turkey and contain no ham. Turkey ham is a processed meat product made from cooked or cured turkey meat and water, formed into the shape of a ham and sold pre-sliced, it is a ready-to-eat product that can be consumed heated. Turkey ham is produced from turkey meat such as cured turkey thigh meat and other meat from the animals, which can be machine-deboned. Contrary to the product's name, turkey ham products do not contain any pork products; some turkey ham products are manufactured with added water, which adds moisture and weight, some include binders, which serves to bind the moisture and fat in the meat to improve texture.
Turkey ham is sometimes flavored to resemble the flavor of ham. Turkey ham has a 5 percent fat content, some turkey hams are produced as fat-free. Turkey hams are produced in two sizes and half-sized; some U. S. producers and brands of turkey ham include Butterball, Jennie-O, Louis Rich and Oscar Meyer. Turkey ham was developed by Jennie-O and was first introduced to American consumers by the company in 1975. Turkey ham was a successful venture for Jennie-O, as the processed meat brought in revenues that were ten times higher compared to those the company realized from unprocessed turkey thighs. Around January 1980, the American Meat Institute attempted to ban the use of the term "turkey ham" for products that contain no ham and are composed of turkey, which the AMI described as "flagrant consumer deception". Use of the term "turkey ham" for such products was opposed by some ham producers in the United States. Circa this time, the U. S. government began requiring turkey ham producers to include the words "cured turkey thigh meat" on turkey ham packaging.
In 2010, it was written in the Handbook of Poultry Science and Technology, Secondary Processing that the term "cured turkey thigh meat" always followed the words "turkey ham" on American turkey ham packaging. The dictionary definition of turkey ham at Wiktionary
Cargill, Incorporated is an American held global corporation based in Minnetonka and incorporated in Wilmington, Delaware. Founded in 1865, it is the largest held corporation in the United States in terms of revenue. If it were a public company, it would rank, as of 2015, number 15 on the Fortune 500, behind McKesson and ahead of AT&T; some of Cargill's major businesses are trading and distributing grain and other agricultural commodities, such as palm oil. Cargill has a large financial services arm, which manages financial risks in the commodity markets for the company. In 2003, it split off a portion of its financial operations into Black River Asset Management, a hedge fund with about $10 billion of assets and liabilities, it owned 2/3 of the shares of The Mosaic Company, one of the world's leading producers and marketers of concentrated phosphate and potash crop nutrients. Cargill reports revenues of $114.695 billion and earnings of $3.103 billion in 2018. Employing over 155,000 employees in 66 countries, it is responsible for 25% of all United States grain exports.
The company supplies about 22% of the US domestic meat market, importing more product from Argentina than any other company, is the largest poultry producer in Thailand. All the eggs used in US McDonald's restaurants pass through Cargill's plants, it is the only US producer of Alberger process salt, used in the fast-food and prepared food industries. Cargill remains a family-owned business; as a result, most of its growth has been due to reinvestment of the company's own earnings rather than public financing. Gregory R. Page succeeded former CEO Warren Staley in mid-2007, as Staley reached Cargill's mandatory retirement age of 65, was CEO and chairman until 2013, when he in turn was succeeded by Dave MacLennan. Cargill was founded in 1865 by William W. Cargill when he bought a grain flat house in Conover, Iowa. A year William was joined by his brother Sam, forming W. W. Cargill and Brother. Together, they opened a lumberyard. In 1875, Cargill moved to La Crosse and their brother James joined the business.
La Crosse was strategically located on the Mississippi near the junctions of the La Crosse River and Southern Minnesota divisions of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad. Sam Cargill left La Crosse in 1887 to manage the office in Minneapolis, an important emerging grain center. Three years the Minneapolis operation incorporated as Cargill Elevator Co.. In 1898, John H. MacMillan, Sr. and his brother, began working for W. W. Cargill. MacMillan married William Cargill's eldest daughter, Edna. Upon Sam Cargill's death in 1903, William Cargill became the sole owner of the La Crosse office. John MacMillan was named general manager of Cargill Elevator Company and moved his family to Minneapolis. William Cargill died in 1909. MacMillan worked to resolve the credit issues and to force his brother-in-law William S. Cargill out of the company; the current owners are descended from John MacMillan's two sons, John H. MacMillan, Jr. and Cargill MacMillan, Sr. and his youngest brother-in-law, Austen S. Cargill I.
John MacMillan ran the company until his retirement in 1936. Under his leadership Cargill grew several fold, expanding out of the Midwest by opening its first East coast offices, in New York, in 1923, the first Canadian and Latin American offices in 1928, 1929 and 1930. During this time, Cargill saw both record profits and major cash crunches; the first of the crises was the debt left by the death of William W. Cargill; the company issued $2.25 million in Gold Notes, backed by Cargill stock. The Gold Notes were due in 1917, but thanks to record grain prices caused by World War I all debts were paid by 1915; as World War I continued into 1917, Cargill made record earnings and faced criticisms of war profiteering. Four years as a fallout from the financial crash of 1920, Cargill posted its first loss. One of the biggest criticisms of the company has been its perceived arrogance; the MacMillans' aggressive management style led to a decades-long feud with the Chicago Board of Trade. It began in 1934.
The US government forced it to accept Cargill as a member. The 1936 corn crop failed and with the 1937 crop unavailable until October, the Chicago Board of Trade ordered Cargill to sell some of its corn. Cargill refused to comply; the US Commodity Exchange Authority and Chicago Board of Trade accused Cargill of trying to corner the corn market. In 1938, the Chicago Board suspended three of its officers from the trading floor; when the Board lifted its suspension a few years Cargill refused to rejoin, instead trading through independent traders. In 1962, Cargill did rejoin the Chicago Board of Trade, two years after the death of John MacMillan, Jr. During World War II, MacMillan, Jr. continued to expand the company, which boomed as it stored and transported grain and built ships for the United States Navy. In 1960, Erwin Kelm became the first non-family chief executive. Aiming for expansion into downstream production, he led the company into milling, starche
The domestic turkey is a large fowl, one of the two species in the genus Meleagris and the same as the wild turkey. Although turkey domestication was thought to have occurred in central Mesoamerica at least 2,000 years ago, recent research suggests a possible second domestication event in the Southwestern United States between 200 BC and AD 500. However, all of the main domestic turkey varieties today descend from the turkey raised in central Mexico, subsequently imported into Europe by the Spanish in the 16th century. Domestic turkey is a popular form of poultry, it is raised throughout temperate parts of the world because industrialized farming has made it cheap for the amount of meat it produces. Female domestic turkeys are referred to as hens, the chicks may be called poults or turkeylings. In the United States, the males are referred to as toms, while in the United Kingdom and Ireland, males are stags; the great majority of domestic turkeys are bred to have white feathers because their pin feathers are less visible when the carcass is dressed, although brown or bronze-feathered varieties are raised.
The fleshy protuberance atop the beak is the snood, the one attached to the underside of the beak is known as a wattle. The English language name for this species results from an early misidentification of the bird with an unrelated species, imported to Europe through the country of Turkey; the Latin species name gallopāvō means "chicken peacock". The modern domestic turkey is descended from one of six subspecies of wild turkey: Meleagris gallopavo, found in the area bounded by the present Mexican states of Jalisco and Veracruz Ancient Mesoamericans domesticated this subspecies, using its meat and eggs as major sources of protein and employing its feathers extensively for decorative purposes; the Aztecs associated the turkey with their trickster god Tezcatlipoca because of its perceived humorous behavior. Domestic turkeys were taken to Europe by the Spanish. Many distinct breeds were developed in Europe. In the early 20th century, many advances were made in the breeding of turkeys, resulting in breeds such as the Beltsville Small White.
The 16th-century English navigator William Strickland is credited with introducing the turkey into England. His family coat of arms — showing a turkey cock as the family crest — is among the earliest known European depictions of a turkey. English farmer Thomas Tusser notes the turkey being among farmer's fare at Christmas in 1573; the domestic turkey was sent from England to Jamestown, Virginia in 1608. A document written in 1584 lists supplies to be furnished to future colonies in the New World. Prior to the late 19th century, turkey was something of a luxury in the UK, with goose or beef a more common Christmas dinner among the working classes. In Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol, Bob Cratchit had a goose. Turkey production in the UK was centered in East Anglia, using two breeds, the Norfolk Black and the Norfolk Bronze; these would be driven as flocks, after shoeing, down to markets in London from the 17th century onwards - the breeds having arrived in the early 16th century via Spain. Intensive farming of turkeys from the late 1940s cut the price, making it more affordable for the working classes.
With the availability of refrigeration, whole turkeys could be shipped frozen to distant markets. Advances in disease control increased production more. Advances in shipping, changing consumer preferences and the proliferation of commercial poultry plants has made fresh turkey inexpensive as well as available. Recent genome analysis has provided researchers with the opportunity to determine the evolutionary history of domestic turkeys, their relationship to other domestic fowl. Young domestic turkeys fly short distances and roost; these behaviours become less frequent as the birds mature, but adults will climb on objects such as bales of straw. Young birds perform frivolous running which has all the appearance of play. Commercial turkeys show a wide diversity of behaviours including'comfort' behaviours such as wing-flapping, feather ruffling, leg stretching and dust-bathing. Turkeys are social and become distressed when isolated. Many of their behaviours are facilitated i.e. expression of a behaviour by one animal increases the tendency for this behaviour to be performed by others.
Adults can recognise'strangers' and placing any alien turkey into an established group will certainly result in that individual being attacked, sometimes fatally. Turkeys are vocal, and'social tension' within the group can be monitored by the birds’ vocalisations. A high-pitched trill indicates the birds are becoming aggressive which can develop into intense sparring where opponents leap at each other with the large, sharp talons, try to peck or grasp the head of each other. Aggression increases in severity as the birds mature. Maturing males spend a considerable proportion of their time sexually displaying; this is similar to that of the wild turkey and involves fanning the tail feathers, drooping the wings and erecting all body feathers, including the'beard'. The skin of the head and caruncles becomes bright blue and red, the snood elongates, the birds'sneeze' at regular intervals, followed by a rapid vibration of their tail feathers. Throughout, the birds strut about, with the neck arched backward, their breasts thrust forward and emitting their ch
Hormel Foods Corporation is an American food products company founded 1891 in Austin, Minnesota, by George A. Hormel as George A. Hormel & Company. Focusing on the packaging and selling of ham, SPAM, sausage and other pork, chicken and lamb products to consumers; the company changed its name to Hormel Foods in 1993. Hormel serves 80 countries with brands such as Applegate, Columbus Craft Meats, Dinty Moore, Jennie-O and Skippy; the company was founded as George A. Hormel & Company in Austin by George A. Hormel in 1891, it changed its name to Hormel Foods in 1993. George A. Hormel worked in a Chicago slaughterhouse before hide buyer, his travels took him to Austin and he decided to settle there, borrow $500, open a meat business. Hormel handled the production side of the business and his partner, Albert Friedrich, handled the retail side, their partnership dissolved in 1891 as Hormel started his own meat packing operation in northeast Austin in a creamery building on the Cedar River. To make ends meet in those early days, Hormel continued to trade in hides, eggs and poultry.
The name Dairy Brand was first used in 1903. In the first decade of the 20th century distribution centers were opened in St. Paul, Duluth, San Antonio, Chicago and Birmingham. In 1915 Hormel began selling dry sausages under the names of Cedar Cervelat and Noxall Salami. Hormel products began appearing in national magazines such as Good Housekeeping as early as 1916. In 1921, when George's son Jay Hormel returned from service in WWI, he uncovered that assistant controller Cy Thomson had embezzled $1,187,000 from the company over the previous ten years; the embezzlement scandal provided George Hormel with additional incentive to fortify his company. He did so by arranging for more reliable capital management, by dismissing unproductive employees, by continuing to develop new products with the mantra “Originate, don't imitate." In 1926, the company introduced Hormel Flavor-Sealed Ham, America's first canned ham, added a canned chicken product line in 1928. Throughout the 1930s, Hormel ads were featured on the radio program The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show.
Hormel Chili and Spam were introduced in 1937 respectively. In 1938, Jay C. Hormel introduced the "Joint Savings Plan" which allowed employees to share in the proceeds of the company. In 1933, led by itinerant butcher Frank Ellis, formed the Independent Union of All Workers and conducted one of the nation's first successful sit-down strikes. By 1942, George and Jay established The Hormel Foundation to act as trustees of the family trusts; the Foundation funded the Hormel Institute at the University of Minnesota started with a study of the food value of soybeans. The Institute's scope grew towards studying nutrition, animal diseases and food technology. Hormel's production increased to aid in World War II and 65% of its products were purchased by the U. S. government by 1945. In 1959, Hormel was the first meatpacker to receive the Seal of Approval of the American Humane Society for its practice of anesthetizing animals before slaughter. Little Sizzlers sausages were introduced in 1961 and Cure 81 hams were introduced in 1963.
Not-So-Sloppy-Joe Sloppy Joe sauce made its debut in 1985. In 1986, Hormel Foods acquired Jennie-O Foods and began an exclusive licensing arrangement to produce Chi-Chi's brand products; the following year, Hormel Foods introduced the Top Shelf line of microwavable non-frozen products. The company added to their poultry offerings by purchasing Chicken by George, created by former Miss America Phyllis George, in 1988; that same year, Hormel Foods introduced microwave bacon. In 1984 Hormel introduced the Stuff brand of stuffed hot dogs. In August 1985, Hormel workers went on strike at the Hormel headquarters in Minnesota. In the early 1980s, recession impacted several meatpacking companies, decreasing demand and increasing competition which led smaller and less-efficient companies to go out of business. In an effort to keep plants from closing, many instituted wage cuts. Wilson Food Company declared bankruptcy in 1983, allowing them to cut wages from $10.69 to $6.50 and reduce benefits. Hormel Foods had avoided such drastic action.
Workers had labored under a wage freeze and dangerous working conditions, leading to many cases of repetitive strain injury. When management demanded a 23% wage cut from the workers they decided to begin the strike, it became one of the longest strikes of the 1980s. The local chapter of the United Food and Commercial Workers Union, Local P-9, led the strike, but was not supported by their parent union; the strike gained national attention and led to a publicized boycott of Hormel products. The strike ended in June 1986, after lasting 10 months; the SPAM Museum in Austin, was opened in 2001. That same year, Hormel Foods acquired The Turkey Store, the business was combined with Jennie-O Foods to form Jennie-O Turkey Store. According to Triple Pundit, Hormel Foods began CSR reporting in 2006; the company has been included in Corporate Responsibility magazine's list of the "100 best corporate citizens" for 10 consecutive years. In 2008 an article in the New York Times, "SPAM Turns Serious and Hormel Turns Out More," detailed an overwhelming spike in the demand for SPAM due to the flagging economy.
In 2009 Hormel and Herdez del Fuerte created the joint venture MegaMex Foods to market and distribute Mexican food in the United States. Brand
Willmar is a city in, the county seat of, Kandiyohi County, United States. The population was 19,610 at the 2010 census. Willmar has been assigned ZIP code 56201 by the United States Postal Service. U. S. Highways 12 and 71 and Minnesota State Highways 23 and 40 are four of the main routes in the city. Agricultural expansion and the establishment of Willmar as a division point on the Great Northern Railway determined the growth of the community; the first settlers arrived during the 1850s, attracted to the fertile land and an abundance of timber and game. The Dakota War of 1862 left the township abandoned for several years; the advent of the railroad in Kandiyohi County in 1869 brought new settlers. Many were of Norwegian origins. In 1870, Leon Willmar, a Belgian acting as an agent for the European bondholder of the St. Paul and Pacific Railroad, purchased the title to Section 1 of Willmar Township. Willmar was established as the county seat in 1871 and was incorporated as a village in 1874 and as a city in 1901.
Willmar was the site of a bank robbery by the Machine Gun Kelly gang on July 15, 1930. They wounded three people. From 1977 to 1979, Willmar was the site of the Willmar 8, a famous strike of female workers confronting sexual discrimination at a local bank; the story of the strike was made into a documentary. The music of Willmar native Bradley Joseph draws inspiration from his childhood there, his company, Robbins Island Music, is named after a Willmar city park. Willmar was home to the annual Sonshine Festival, a Christian music festival, from 1982 to 2014. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.95 square miles, of which 14.15 square miles is land and 1.80 square miles is water. The 45° latitude line passes just south of Willmar, placing it halfway between the equator and the North Pole; as of the census of 2010, there were 19,610 people, 7,677 households, 4,538 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,385.9 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 8,123 housing units at an average density of 574.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.9% White, 4.8% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.4% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.9% of the population. There were 7,677 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 40.9% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age in the city was 33.8 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 18,351 people, 7,302 households, 4,461 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,549.9 people per square mile. There were 7,789 housing units at an average density of 657.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.12% White, 0.90% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 8.52% from other races, 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.86% of the population. There were 7,302 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.9% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.08. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,455, the median income for a family was $45,415. Males had a median income of $31,575 versus $22,158 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,515. About 8.4% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under the age of 18 and 8.0% of those 65 and older. Since October 15, 1989, Willmar has experienced a large influx of immigrants from Latin America and Northeast Africa due to the demand for labor at the Jennie-O poultry plant. In 2001, the city was recognized as an "All America City" by the National Civic League, in part for its success as growing numbers of immigrants became part of the community. In 2005, the city received attention from national media after several Somali-American high school students gave Willmar High School its first Cross-Country State championship in 20 years; the team won the state tournament and attended the Nike Nationals consecutively in 2005 and 2006.
Following the team's success, the city gained attention from Sports Illustrated. Subsequently, NBC Nightly News ran a story on Willmar's changing complexion and its acceptance of its new citizens. Willmar is home to a community and technical college, it has a sister college in Hutchinson. Ridgewater enr
A brand is an overall experience of a customer that distinguishes an organization or product from its rivals in the eyes of the customer. Brands are used in business and advertising. Name brands are sometimes distinguished from generic or store brands; the practice of branding is thought to have begun with the ancient Egyptians, who were known to have engaged in livestock branding as early as 2,700 BCE. Branding was used to differentiate one person’s cattle from another's by means of a distinctive symbol burned into the animal’s skin with a hot branding iron. If a person stole any of the cattle, anyone else who saw the symbol could deduce the actual owner. However, the term has been extended to mean a strategic personality for a product or company, so that ‘brand’ now suggests the values and promises that a consumer may perceive and buy into. Over time, the practice of branding objects extended to a broader range of packaging and goods offered for sale including oil, wine and fish sauce. Branding in terms of painting a cow with symbols or colors at flea markets was considered to be one of the oldest forms of the practice.
Branding is a set of marketing and communication methods that help to distinguish a company or products from competitors, aiming to create a lasting impression in the minds of customers. The key components that form a brand's toolbox include a brand’s identity, brand communication, brand awareness, brand loyalty, various branding strategies. Many companies believe that there is little to differentiate between several types of products in the 21st century, therefore branding is one of a few remaining forms of product differentiation. Brand equity is the measurable totality of a brand's worth and is validated by assessing the effectiveness of these branding components; as markets become dynamic and fluctuating, brand equity is a marketing technique to increase customer satisfaction and customer loyalty, with side effects like reduced price sensitivity. A brand is, in essence, a promise to its customers of what they can expect from products and may include emotional as well as functional benefits.
When a customer is familiar with a brand, or favours it incomparably to its competitors, this is when a corporation has reached a high level of brand equity. Special accounting standards have been devised to assess brand equity. In accounting, a brand defined as an intangible asset, is the most valuable asset on a corporation’s balance sheet. Brand owners manage their brands to create shareholder value, brand valuation is an important management technique that ascribes a monetary value to a brand, allows marketing investment to be managed to maximize shareholder value. Although only acquired brands appear on a company's balance sheet, the notion of putting a value on a brand forces marketing leaders to be focused on long term stewardship of the brand and managing for value; the word ‘brand’ is used as a metonym referring to the company, identified with a brand. Marque or make are used to denote a brand of motor vehicle, which may be distinguished from a car model. A concept brand is a brand, associated with an abstract concept, like breast cancer awareness or environmentalism, rather than a specific product, service, or business.
A commodity brand is a brand associated with a commodity. The word, derives from its original and current meaning as a firebrand, a burning piece of wood; that word comes from the Old High German and Old English byrnan and brinnan via Middle English as birnan and brond. Torches were used to indelibly mark items such as furniture and pottery, to permanently burn identifying marks into the skin of slaves and livestock; the firebrands were replaced with branding irons. The marks themselves took on the term and came to be associated with craftsmen's products. Through that association, the term acquired its current meaning. Branding and labelling have an ancient history. Branding began with the practice of branding livestock in order to deter theft. Images of the branding of cattle occur in ancient Egyptian tombs dating to around 2,700 BCE. Over time, purchasers realised that the brand provided information about origin as well as about ownership, could serve as a guide to quality. Branding was adapted by farmers and traders for use on other types of goods such as pottery and ceramics.
Forms of branding or proto-branding emerged spontaneously and independently throughout Africa and Europe at different times, depending on local conditions. Seals, which acted as quasi-brands, have been found on early Chinese products of the Qin Dynasty. Identity marks, such as stamps on ceramics, were used in ancient Egypt. Diana Twede has argued that the "consumer packaging functions of protection and communication have been necessary whenever packages were the object of transactions", she has shown that amphorae used in Mediterranean trade between 1,500 and 500 BCE exhibited a wide variety of shapes and markings, which consumers used to glean information about the type of goods and the quality. Systematic use of stamped labels dates from around the fourth century BCE. In a pre-literate society, the shape of the amphora and its pictorial markings conveyed information about the contents, region of o