Rammstein are a German Neue Deutsche Härte band from Berlin, formed in 1994. Throughout their existence, their six-man lineup has remained unchanged — lead vocalist Till Lindemann, lead guitarist Richard Z. Kruspe, bassist Oliver "Ollie" Riedel, rhythm guitarist Paul H. Landers, keyboardist Christian "Flake" Lorenz and drummer Christoph "Doom" Schneider. All band members hail from the former East Germany. Prior to their formation, some members were involved with certain bands such as Feeling B, First Arsch, Die Firma. After winning a contest for amateur bands, Rammstein were able to record demo tapes and send them to different record labels. Working with producer Jacob Hellner, they released Herzeleid, their debut album, in 1995. Though it didn't sell well, they gained popularity through their live performances, their rise led to the release of their second album, two years later. It resulted in a worldwide tour that lasted nearly four years; the album spawned the successful singles "Engel" and "Du hast" and live album Live aus Berlin.
Following the expansive tour, Rammstein recorded and released Mutter in 2001. Six singles were released from all charting in multiple countries throughout Europe; the lead single, "Sonne", reached number two in Germany. After signing with major label Universal Music, they released Reise, Reise in 2004 and had two more singles reach number two in Germany; the following year saw the release of their fourth album, a live release, Völkerball, one year after. The band released their sixth album, Liebe ist für alle da, in 2009, with its lead single, "Pussy", becoming their first number-one hit in Germany, despite having a controversial music video. Afterward, the band entered a recording hiatus and instead toured for several years, releasing the Made in Germany greatest hits album as well as the Rammstein in Amerika and Rammstein: Paris live albums. Rammstein returned with new music in 2019 with the song "Deutschland", which debuted at number one in Germany, their untitled seventh album is due for release in May 2019.
Rammstein were one of the first Neue Deutsche Härte bands. Their style of music has had a positive reception from music critics. Commercially, the band have been successful, earning many number-one albums as well as gold and platinum certifications in countries around the world, their grand live performances, which feature pyrotechnics, have played a part in their popularity growth. Despite success, the band have been subject to some controversies, their overall image has been subject to criticism, the music video for "Pussy" was interspersed with scenes of hardcore pornography, the song "Ich tu dir weh" forced Liebe ist für alle da to be re-released in Germany with the song removed from the album due to its graphic lyrics about sex. In 1989, East German guitarist Richard Z. Kruspe escaped to West Berlin and started the band Orgasm Death Gimmick. At that time, he was influenced by American music that of rock group Kiss. After the Berlin Wall came down, he moved back home to Schwerin, where Till Lindemann worked as a basket-weaver and played drums in the band First Arsch.
At this time, Kruspe lived with Oliver Riedel of the Inchtabokatables and Christoph "Doom" Schneider of Die Firma. Kruspe had come to realize that the music he had created did not suit him, he envisioned something as well as the sound of hard guitars. Kruspe and Schneider started working together on a new project in 1993. Finding it difficult to write both music and lyrics, Kruspe persuaded Lindemann, whom he had overheard singing while he was working, to join the fledgling group; the band called. Guitarist Paul H. Landers said the spelling of Ramstein with the extra "m". After the band became popular, the bandmembers denied the connection to the air show disaster and said that their name was inspired by the giant doorstop-type devices found on old gates, called Rammsteine; the extra "m" in the band's name makes it translate as "ramming stone". A contest was held in Berlin for amateur bands in 1994, the winner of which would receive access to a professional recording studio for a whole week. Kruspe, Riedel and Lindemann entered and won the contest with a 4-track demo tape with demo versions of songs from Herzeleid, written in English.
This sparked Landers' attention. To complete their sound, Rammstein attempted to recruit Christian "Flake" Lorenz, who had played with Landers in Feeling B. Though hesitant, Lorenz agreed to join the band. Rammstein were signed by Motor Music. Rammstein began to record their first studio album, Herzeleid, in March 1995 with producer Jacob Hellner, they released their first single "Du riechst so gut" that August and released the album in September. That year, they toured with Clawfinger in Warsaw and Prague. Rammstein headlined a 17-show tour of Germany in December, which did much to boost the band's popularity and establish them as a credible live act, they went on several tours throughout early 1996, releasing their second single titled "Seemann" on 8 January. On 27 March 1996, Rammstein performed on MTV's Hanging Out in London, their first performance in the UK. Rammstein's first major boost in popularity outside Germany came when music director Trent Reznor chose two Rammstein songs, "Heirate mich" and "Rammstein", for Da
Inglewood is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, California in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 U. S. Census, the city had a population of 109,673, it was incorporated on February 14, 1908. The city is in the South Bay region of Los Angeles County. Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park is under construction in the city and, when completed around 2020, will be the new home of both the National Football League's Los Angeles Rams and Los Angeles Chargers; the city is close to Los Angeles International Airport. The earliest residents of what is now Inglewood were Native Americans who used the natural springs in today's Edward Vincent Jr. Park. Local historian Gladys Waddingham wrote that these springs took the name Centinela from the hills that rose around them and which allowed ranchers to watch over their herds "". Waddingham traced the written history of Inglewood back to the original settlers of Los Angeles in 1781, one of whom was the Spanish soldier Jose Manuel Orchado Machado, "a 23-year-old muleteer from Los Alamos in Sinaloa".
These settlers, she wrote, were ordered by the officials of the San Gabriel Mission "to graze their animals on the ocean side of Los Angeles in order not to infringe on Mission lands." As a result, the settlers, or pobladores, drove some of their cattle to the "lush pasture lands near Centinela Springs," and the first construction there was done by one Ygnacio Avila, who received a permit in 1822 to build a "corral and hut for his herders." Avila constructed a three-room adobe on a slight rise overlooking the creek that ran from Centinela Springs all the way to the ocean. According to the LAOkay web site, this adobe was built where the present baseball field is in the park, it no longer exists. In 1834, Ygnacio Machado, one of the sons of Jose Machado, built the Centinela Adobe, which sits on a rise above the present 405 San Diego Freeway and is used as the headquarters of the Centinela Valley Historical Society. Two years Waddingham writes, Ygnacio was granted the 2,220-acre Rancho Aguaje de la Centinela though this land had been claimed by Avila.
Inglewood Park Cemetery, a used cemetery for the entire region, was founded in 1905. The city has been home to the Hollywood Park Racetrack from 1938 to 2013, one of the premier horse racing venues in the United States. Fosters Freeze, the first soft serve ice cream chain in California, was founded by George Foster in 1946 in Inglewood. Inglewood was named an All-America City by the National Civic League in 1989 and yet again in 2009 for its visible progress. On January 12, 2016, Inglewood was selected to be the home of the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League. Ku Klux Klan activities in Inglewood during the 20th century were highlighted by the 1922 arrest and trial of 37 men, most of them masked, for a night-time raid on a suspected bootlegger and his family; the raid led to the shooting death of one of an Inglewood police officer. A jury returned a "not guilty" verdict for all defendants, it was this scandal, according to the Los Angeles Times, that led to the outlawing of the Klan in California.
The Klan had a chapter in Inglewood as late as October 1931. "No blacks had lived in Inglewood," Gladys Waddingham wrote, but by 1960, "they lived in great numbers along its eastern borders. This came to the great displeasure of the predominantly white residents residing in Inglewood. In 1960, the census counted only 29'Negroes' among Inglewood's 63,390 residents. Not a single black child attended the city's schools. Real estate agents refused to show homes to blacks. A rumored curfew kept blacks off the streets at night. Inglewood was a prime target because of its history of restrictions." "Fair housing and school busing were the main problems of 1964. The schools were not prepared to handle racial incidents though any that occurred were minor. Adults held many heated community meetings, since the Blacks objected to busing as much as did the Whites." In 1969, an organization called "Morningside Neighbors" changed its name to "Inglewood Neighbors" "in the hope of promoting more integration."On February 3, 1969, Harold P. Moret became Inglewood's first black police officer.
A full year Jimmy Lee Worsham became the second. He was followed by Barbara Harris, the first black female officer Otis Hendricks, Melvin Lovelace and Eugene Lindsey; the 7th black officer in the history of the City of Inglewood was Jr.. He became Inglewood's first black Motorcycle Traffic Enforcement Officer, 1st Black Lieutenant and only black Deputy Chief in the history of the Department. Butts left Inglewood in September 1991 at the age of 38 to become the first person of color to command the Santa Monica Police Department as Chief of Police, the youngest to do so. Twenty years on February 1, 2011 Butts returned to Inglewood by being elected as its fourth black mayor. On July 22, 1970, Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Max F. Deutz ordered Inglewood schools to desegregate in response to a suit filed by 19 parents. At least since 1965, said Deutz, the Inglewood school board had been aware of a growing influx of black families into its eastern areas but had done nothing about the polarization of its pupils into an eastern black area and a western white one.
On August 31, he rejected an appeal by four parents who said the school board was not responsible for the segregation but that the blacks "selected their places of residence by voluntary choice."The first black principal among the 18 Inglewood schools was Peter Butler at La Tijera Elementary, in 1971, Waddingham wrote, "Stormy r
Walk Among Us
Walk Among Us is the debut full-length album by American punk rock band Misfits. The band's first full-length album to be released, it was co-released by Ruby and Slash Records as JRR804 in March 1982; the album was reissued on November 30, 2018 by Earache Records with six limited run variant colored pressings with the catalog number MOSH666. It features a Pink cover with Green Misfits logo. Walk Among Us is the product of a January 1982 recording session at Quad Teck in Los Angeles, California, in which Glenn Danzig, for the most part, remixed recorded songs, overdubbing additional guitar tracks. Danzig recorded new vocals for "Vampira" and mixed for the first time the live recording of "Mommy Can I Go Out & Kill Tonight?", recorded at the same time as the Evilive release. The majority of the songs were recorded in a variety of sessions throughout early 1981 at the Mix-O-Lydian Studio in Boonton, New Jersey; the dates of these sessions are unknown. "Vampira", "Devils Whorehouse", "Astro Zombies" were recorded and mixed separately at Mix-O-Lydian in August 1981.
"Hatebreeders" was recorded in June 1981 at Newsoundland in New Jersey. "Mommy Can I Go Out & Kill Tonight?", the only live track on the album, was recorded on December 17, 1981, at The Ritz in New York, New York. The song "Astro Zombies" was inspired by the 1968 horror film The Astro-Zombies; the cover for Walk Among Us features the famous "Rat-Bat-Spider" that menaces the intrepid astronauts in 1959's The Angry Red Planet. The flying saucers were obtained from 1956's Earth Versus The Flying Saucers; the first LP pressing has a pink cover with a red logo, while the second pressing's cover is purple with a green logo. Reissues since 1988 in all formats have varied in usage of either the pink covers. AllMusic rated the album 4.5/5. All tracks written by Glenn Danzig. All tracks written by Glenn Danzig. Glenn Danzig – lead vocals, rhythm guitar on "Vampira", "Devil's Whorehouse", "Astro Zombies", overdubbed guitar on all tracks except "Mommy Can I Go Out & Kill Tonight?", drums on "Braineaters" Jerry Only – bass, backing vocals Doyle – lead guitar, backing vocals on "Hatebreeders", "Vampira", "Devil's Whorehouse", "20 Eyes", "I Turned Into a Martian" and "Night of the Living Dead" Arthur Googy – drums Mike Taylor – engineer on all tracks except "Hatebreeders" Pat Burnette – engineer on "Hatebreeders"
Misfits (Misfits album)
Misfits is a compilation album of early songs from the American punk rock band the Misfits. The compilation is titled Misfits, but is referred to as Collection I and was made up as the first half of a pair with the release of the compilation album Collection II, it includes several versions of songs. "She" is the version. "Hollywood Babylon" and "Bullet", from the Bullet EP, vary only from the Static Age LP. The most noticeable difference is the "1,2,3,4" intro to "Bullet." "Horror Business" and "Teenagers From Mars" are from the Horror Business EP. This "Teenagers from Mars" is unique in that it retains the engineer's introduction from the original 7" that would be edited out of the version on the Box Set; the one on the Box Set fades out at the end. "Where Eagles Dare" is from the Horror Business sessions and is a mix, prepared for a proposed "Who Killed Marilyn?" 12" that never came out. A similar mix, but without the "backwards feedback" intro and using heavy reverb, was included on Legacy of Brutality.
"Night of the Living Dead", "Vampira", "Skulls", "Astro Zombies" are alternate mixes of the tracks recorded during the 3 Hits from Hell/12 Hits From Hell sessions. "London Dungeon" and "Ghouls Night Out" are from the 3 Hits from Hell EP. "I Turned Into a Martian" is a different mix of the Walk Among Us track. The remaining tracks are from the Earth A. D./Wolfs Blood and Die, Die My Darling releases. The compilation was well received, with Allmusic saying that for the "benighted," the album is the best place to start. "Everything that made the Misfits great is here... The band is loud and defiant, as is Glenn Danzig, whose considerable vocal chops are well displayed here." All songs written by Glenn Danzig Side one "She" – 1:22 "Hollywood Babylon" – 2:20 "Bullet" – 1:38 "Horror Business" – 2:45 "Teenagers from Mars" – 2:43 "Night of the Living Dead"- 1:57 "Where Eagles Dare" – 2:08 "Vampira" – 1:21 "I Turned into a Martian" – 1:43 "Skulls" – 1:58Side two "London Dungeon" – 2:34 "Ghouls Night Out" – 1:57 "Astro Zombies" – 2:11 "Mommy, Can I Go Out and Kill Tonight?"
– 2:01 "Die, Die My Darling" – 3:09 "Earth A. D." – 2:09 "Devilock" – 1:26 "Death Comes Ripping" – 1:53 "Green Hell" – 1:53 "Wolfs Blood" – 1:11 Glenn Danzig - vocals, overdubbed guitar Franché Coma - guitar on tracks 1-3 Bobby Steele - guitar on tracks 4-13 Doyle Wolfgang von Frankenstein - guitar, background vocals on tracks 6, 8-10, 12-20 Jerry Only - bass, background vocals Mr. Jim - drums on tracks 1-3 Joey Image - drums on tracks 4, 5, 7 Arthur Googy - drums on tracks 6, 8-13, 15 ROBO - drums on tracks 14, 16-20
Static Age is the third studio album by American horror punk band the Misfits, recorded in 1978. Though technically the band's debut album, it was not released in its full entirety until 1997. In August 1977 The Misfits released their debut single "Cough/Cool" on Blank Records, a label operated by the band's lead vocalist Glenn Danzig. Several months Mercury Records issued a Pere Ubu record on their own Blank Records imprint, unaware that Danzig held a trademark on the name; the parties came to a settlement, with Danzig accepting thirty hours of studio time for his band in exchange for the rights to the Blank Records name. In January and February 1978 the Misfits consisting of Danzig, guitarist Franché Coma, bassist Jerry Only, drummer Mr. Jim, recorded seventeen songs at C. I. Recordings in New York City with engineer and producer Dave Achelis. Due to time constraints, the band recorded the songs live in the studio with only a few takes and few overdubs. Fourteen of the seventeen tracks produced during the sessions were assembled for the Misfits' anticipated debut album, to be titled Static Age.
However, the band were unable to find a record label interested in releasing the album. Instead, the Misfits released four of the new tracks as the "Bullet" single in June 1978 on Danzig's newly created label Plan 9 Records. While on tour in Canada that October, guitarist Franché Coma abruptly quit the band, followed by drummer Mr. Jim at the tour's conclusion. With the band's future far from certain, the Static Age recordings were shelved indefinitely. Danzig recruited new members Bobby Steele and Joey Image and the Misfits shifted their style away from the traditional punk rock of the Static Age sessions to a more horror film-inspired direction. None of the remaining Static Age tracks were released during the early era of the band, though a re-recorded version of "Teenagers from Mars" appeared on the "Horror Business" single in 1979, a live version of "We Are 138" appeared on the Evilive EP in 1982. After the band's breakup in 1983, Danzig overdubbed guitar and bass tracks on nine of the unreleased Static Age tracks, releasing these new versions on the 1985 Legacy of Brutality compilation album.
Misfits followed in 1986, reissuing the tracks "Bullet" and "Hollywood Babylon" as well as the overdubbed version of "She". Collection II reissued "We Are 138" and "Attitude", the remixed version of "Last Caress", the unreleased "Return of the Fly". With the release of The Misfits box set in 1996, the original Static Age album saw the light of day for the second time, eighteen years after the songs were recorded; the box set included all three compilation albums as well as a disc with all fourteen Static Age tracks, mixed in 1978. The remaining three tracks, "She", "Spinal Remains", "In the Doorway", were mixed by Alan Douches and Tom Bejgrowicz on February 24, 1997 at West West Side Music and included when Static Age was released as a standalone album that July. "In the Doorway" had never before been released, as it had remained unmixed on the master tapes for nineteen years. The compact disc version of the album included an unlisted eighteenth track consisting of a collage of studio banter and outtakes.
Several of the songs on Static Age were based on horror films and American historical events from the 1960s and 1970s. "Return of the Fly" borrows its title from the 1959 film Return of the Fly, most of the song's lyrics consist of repetition of the film's title and characters: "Return of the Fly, Return of the Fly/With Vincent Price/Helen Delambre, Helen Delambre/François, François/Cecile, Cecile". "Bullet" references the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy, with sexually explicit lyrics directed at his wife Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis: "Texas is an outrage when your husband is dead/Texas is an outrage when they pick up his head/Texas is the reason that the President's dead/You gotta suck, Jackie, suck". Although the subject of "She" is not mentioned in the lyrics, Misfits associate Eerie Von noted in The Misfits box set that the song was about Patty Hearst; the lyrics reference Hearst's participation in a San Francisco bank robbery in 1974: "She walked out with empty arms, machine gun in her hand/She is good and she is bad, no one understands/She walked in in silence, never spoke a word/She's got a rich daddy, she's her daddy's girl".
"Hollywood Babylon" borrows its title from Kenneth Anger's 1959 book Hollywood Babylon. Early in his amateur career, Mike Diana, who would become the first American artist to be convicted of obscenity in the United States, produced a 1988 comics magazine called Angelfuck, named after the song on this album; the indie rock band Texas Is the Reason derived their name from the lyrics of Bullet. All tracks written by Glenn Danzig. Glenn Danzig – lead vocals Jerry Only – bass, backing vocals Franché Coma – guitars, backing vocals Mr. Jim – drums Dave Achelis – producer and mixer Alan Douches – mixing of tracks 15-17, mastering Tom Bejgrowicz – mixing of tracks 15-17, production and coordination of reissue Pete Ciccone – art and design
Las Vegas the City of Las Vegas and known as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, the county seat of Clark County. The city anchors the Las Vegas Valley metropolitan area and is the largest city within the greater Mojave Desert. Las Vegas is an internationally renowned major resort city, known for its gambling, fine dining and nightlife; the Las Vegas Valley as a whole serves as the leading financial and cultural center for Nevada. The city bills itself as The Entertainment Capital of the World, is famous for its mega casino–hotels and associated activities, it is a top three destination in the United States for business conventions and a global leader in the hospitality industry, claiming more AAA Five Diamond hotels than any other city in the world. Today, Las Vegas annually ranks as one of the world's most visited tourist destinations; the city's tolerance for numerous forms of adult entertainment earned it the title of Sin City, has made Las Vegas a popular setting for literature, television programs, music videos.
Las Vegas was settled in 1905 and incorporated in 1911. At the close of the 20th century, it was the most populated American city founded within that century. Population growth has accelerated since the 1960s, between 1990 and 2000 the population nearly doubled, increasing by 85.2%. Rapid growth has continued into the 21st century, according to a 2018 estimate, the population is 648,224 with a regional population of 2,227,053; as with most major metropolitan areas, the name of the primary city is used to describe areas beyond official city limits. In the case of Las Vegas, this applies to the areas on and near the Las Vegas Strip, located within the unincorporated communities of Paradise and Winchester; the earliest visitors to the Las Vegas area were nomadic Paleo-Indians, who traveled there 10,000 years ago, leaving behind petroglyphs. Anasazi and Paiute tribes followed at least 2,000 years ago. A young Mexican scout named Rafael Rivera is credited as the first non-Native American to encounter the valley, in 1829.
Trader Antonio Armijo led a 60-man party along the Spanish Trail to Los Angeles, California in 1829. The area was named Las Vegas, Spanish for "the meadows," as it featured abundant wild grasses, as well as the desert spring waters needed by westward travelers; the year 1844 marked the arrival of John C. Frémont, whose writings helped lure pioneers to the area. Downtown Las Vegas's Fremont Street is named after him. Eleven years members of the LDS Church chose Las Vegas as the site to build a fort halfway between Salt Lake City and Los Angeles, where they would travel to gather supplies; the fort was abandoned several years afterward. The remainder of this Old Mormon Fort can still be seen at the intersection of Las Vegas Boulevard and Washington Avenue. Las Vegas was founded as a city in 1905, when 110 acres of land adjacent to the Union Pacific Railroad tracks were auctioned in what would become the downtown area. In 1911, Las Vegas was incorporated as a city. 1931 was a pivotal year for Las Vegas.
At that time, Nevada legalized casino gambling and reduced residency requirements for divorce to six weeks. This year witnessed the beginning of construction on nearby Hoover Dam; the influx of construction workers and their families helped Las Vegas avoid economic calamity during the Great Depression. The construction work was completed in 1935. In 1941, the Las Vegas Army Air Corps Gunnery School was established. Known as Nellis Air Force Base, it is home to the aerobatic team called the Thunderbirds. Following World War II, lavishly decorated hotels, gambling casinos, big-name entertainment became synonymous with Las Vegas. In the 1950s the Moulin Rouge opened and became the first racially integrated casino-hotel in Las Vegas. In 1951, nuclear weapons testing began at the Nevada Test Site, 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas. During this time the city was nicknamed the "Atomic City". Residents and visitors were able to witness the mushroom clouds until 1963, when the limited Test Ban Treaty required that nuclear tests be moved underground.
The iconic "Welcome to Las Vegas" sign, never located within municipal limits, was created in 1959 by Betty Willis. During the 1960s, corporations and business powerhouses such as Howard Hughes were building and buying hotel-casino properties. Gambling was referred to as "gaming"; the year 1995 marked the opening of the Fremont Street Experience in Las Vegas's downtown area. This canopied five-block area features 12.5 million LED lights and 550,000 watts of sound from dusk until midnight during shows held on the top of each hour. Due to the realization of many revitalization efforts, 2012 was dubbed "The Year of Downtown." Hundreds of millions of dollars' worth of projects made their debut at this time. They included The Smith Center for the Performing Arts and DISCOVERY Children's Museum, Mob Museum, Neon Museum, a new City Hall complex and renovations for a new Zappos.com corporate headquarters in the old City Hall building. Las Vegas is situated within Clark County in a basin on the floor of the Mojave Desert and is surrounded by mountain ranges on all sides.
Much of the landscape is arid with desert vegetation and wildlife. It can be subjected to torrential flash floods, although much has been done to mitigate the effects of flash floods through improved drainage systems; the peaks surrounding Las Vegas reach elevations of o