Nea Salamis Famagusta FC
Nea Salamis Famagusta FC or Nea Salamina Famagusta FC is a professional football club based in Ammochostos, Cyprus. It has been a refugee club since the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus, when Turkey occupied the northern part of the island; the club is temporarily based in Larnaca. Nea Salamina's most notable achievements were its victories in the Cypriot Cup and the Cypriot Super Cup in 1990, its highest finish in the Cypriot First Division is third place. During its first five years, the team participated in the Cyprus Amateur Football Federation championships. In 1953 the club joined the Cyprus Football Association, participating in association championships and cup competitions, it has played in more than 50 Cypriot First Division seasons, ranking seventh in that category. The team participated for the first time in European competition in 1990 at the European Cup Winners' Cup, played in the 1995, 1997 and 2000 UEFA Intertoto Cups; the team is part of the Nea Salamina Famagusta sports club, founded in 1948.
The club is named after the ancient city of Cyprus, Salamis or Salamina, located nearby modern Famagusta. When Nea Salamina Famagusta was founded, Greece was entering a period of civil war between leftists and rightists; the situation in Greece affected Cyprus, both socially. At this time, Famagusta had two sports clubs: the Evagoras Gymnastic Association, or GSE and the Anorthosis Famagusta FC; the GSE had many talented leftist athletes on its rosters. At Anorthosis, many players were leftists. Under the influence of the contemporary right-wing political climate, the GSE and Anorthosis began to restrict leftist athletes. Additionally, Anorthosis was hosting at their clubhouse the right-wing Cypriot National Party. In early 1947 a group from Famagusta concluded. Due to the existing restrictions, they envisioned a club which would appeal to everyone in Famagusta regardless of political affiliation. On 14 February 1948 the decision was made to establish the club, the Nea Salamina sports club was formed on 7 March 1948 as the first leftist athletic club in Cyprus.
After the club's founding, many citizens expressed a desire to join. Before the Pancyprian Games in May 1948, the Hellenic Amateur Athletic Association asked all gymnastics associations in Cyprus, their members and athletes, to sign a public declaration that would express their support to the rightists in Greek Civil War, to declare that they espoused "nationalist beliefs" and to repudiate the leftists; the right-wing athletic clubs and athletes signed the statements. The left-wing athletes were opposed to the declaration, refused to sign the statement. Among the first athletes who refused were GSE champions Antonis Totsis and Nikis Georgiou; the GSE invited both athletes to apologize, but they insisted on their position that sports should be separate from politics. The left-wing athletes decided to support the Kinyras Paphos association if the decision to exclude it from the Pancyprian Games stood; the GSE finished third. As a reaction to the fact that athletes of Nea Salamina were not involved in the Pancyprian Games, the GSE president informed the club it was not welcome at the GSE Stadium.
Persecution of GSE and Anorthosis athletes who supported their teammates followed. The stadium-use prohibition meant. Negative attitudes toward left-wing athletes prevailed in other Cypriot cities. In Larnaca, the Alki Larnaca F. C. was founded in April 1948. A month the Gymnastics Club Zeno banned Alki from using its GSZ Stadium; the GSZ amended its constitution, prohibiting enrollment of new members unless they signed a declaration that "they espouse the Hellenic nationalistic ideals". This excluded left-wing athletes from using its stadium. In May, Orfeas Nicosia was founded in Nicosia. C. sent a greeting by telegram to SEGAS, on the occasion of national games, wished for the cessation of inner-nation mutiny. APOEL asked all members and athletes of the club to sign a declaration, supporting the content of the telegram. Leftist members and athletes of APOEL considered "inner-nation mutiny" as a challenge and political statement of the club, thus they distanced themselves from that statement; the Cypriot press encouraged a hostile climate with articles and commentary.
This was followed by the indefinite suspension of five APOEL athletes, who founded AC Omonia in June 1948 with former members of the APOEL. AS Kyrenia was founded. Due to their left-wing political beliefs, members of the new clubs were not accepted into the Cyprus Football Association and they established a new football federation in December 1948; the new federation organized cups, which attracted thousands of fans. The CAFF matches became more popular than those of the CFA. Six teams belonged to the CAFF: Nea Salamina in Famagusta and Orfeas in Nicosia, Alki at Larnaca, AMOL at Limassol (renamed Antaeus in
Włocławek is a city located in central Poland along the Vistula River and is bordered by the Gostynińsko-Włocławski Park Krajobrazowy. The population, as of December 2014, is 113,939. Located in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, it was the capital of Włocławek Voivodeship until 1999. Włocławek's history dates back to the late Bronze Age – early Iron Age. Archeological excavations conducted on the current city site uncovered the remains of a settlement belonging to the Lausitz culture, as well as evidence of a settlement of early Pomeranian culture, established. Traces of additional settlements dating to the Roman period and the early Middle Ages have been excavated in the area. Precise dating of the city's founding has proven difficult. Since the 16th century there is conflicting data in relation to the establishment of the town; the confusion lies with varying attributions of its subsequent rulers. His grandfather Władysław I Vladislav II of Bohemia. Civil war between these generations, due to a royal title granted as a lifetime honorific from Holy Roman Emperor, but did not provide for a hereditary monarchy.
This resulted in a lack of documentation for the area. One of the earliest references to the town came from an assistant to the Archbishop of Gniezno, noted as residing in the town in 1123; the Diocese of Włocławek of Kuyavia in 1148, notates its existence in a bull issued by Pope Eugene III, while mentioning the first bishop of Włocławek as Warner. Warner was followed by an Italian, Onoldius. Włocławek received its town rights in 1255. During the 14th and 15th centuries the city was destroyed and captured several times by the Teutonic Knights and renamed it Leslau; the Treaty of Thorn, signed in 1411, resulted in short lived peace for the city however, it prospered from its involvement in the ransoming of the captured Teutonic Knights, payable in three installments and proved to be a hardship on the Prussian faction. During the Swedish invasion of 1657, Second Northern War, the city was destroyed. After the Second Partition of Poland of 1793, Włocławek became part of Prussia; the Congress of Vienna restored it to Congress Poland, but the city was occupied by the Russian Empire in 1831.
The city was again destroyed during the battles of German offensive during the First World War. During World War II, Włocławek was occupied by German troops, which entered the city on 14 September 1939. Under the Nazi occupation Włocławek was again renamed Leslau, annexed by decree to the German Reich on 8 October 1939 and administered from 26 October as a part of Reichsgau Posen. One third of the city was destroyed, but its factories and workshops were rebuilt by the Polish government in the following decades; the most important industries in Włocławek today are chemical industry, production of furniture, food processing. The dam, constructed in 1969 regulates the water level of the Vistula river, forming Włocławek Reservoir; the Catholic priest Fr. Jerzy Popiełuszko, associated with the workers' and trade union movement Solidarity, and, a member of opposition to the Communist regime in Poland, was tortured and murdered by three Security Police officers, was thrown into the Włocławek Reservoir, close to the city.
His body was recovered from the reservoir on 30 October 1984. From 2012 the city is part of the Special Economic Zone - Włocławek Economic Development Area – Industrial and Technological Park with tax-free areas and incentives for investors; the Jewish population increased from 218 in 1820 to 6,919 in 1910 and 13,500 in 1939. One of the founders of the Mizracḥi movement, rabbi Leib Kowalski and worked in Włocławek. During the interbellum period, the town had several Jewish schools, two yeshivas, three Jewish sports clubs. With the beginning of the German occupation of Poland, Włocławek became the first town in Europe in which Jews were required to wear distinctive yellow badges. Włocławek ghetto was created in November 1940; the Nazis deported 3,000 of Włocławek's Jews to various places between December 1939 and June 1941. Some 2,000 Jews were deported to Łódź and to Chełmno extermination camp between 26 and 30 September 1941; the ghetto was burnt in late April 1942. Many of Włocławek's Jews died of starvation or illness, or were shot or beaten to death by the Nazis after being confined in the Łódź Ghetto.
Others perished in the gas chambers upon their arrival at the Chełmno extermination camp. Today there is only little, if any trace at all, of their once rich and lively community. We can find a Table for victims of Jewish ghetto in Włocławek's Rakutówek neighborhood and Jewish Cemetery at Municipal / Communal Cemetery. Copernicus SquareCopernicus Square – in the cathedral school by Basilica Cathedral of St. Mary Assumption in Włocławek studies Nicolaus Copernicus in 1488-91. Together with his teacher, Mikołaj Wódka, he built a sun watch that we can see on Cathedral Basilica. All history we can read in The Solar Mystery of Prof. Jeremi Wasiutynski. Here is the monument of Nicolaus Copernicus, the main office of the Higher Seminary, founded in 1569 (first seminary in Poland, one
Cyprus the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt, southeast of Greece. The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world. Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC; as a strategic location in the Middle East, it was subsequently occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Assyrians and Persians, from whom the island was seized in 333 BC by Alexander the Great. Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Classical and Eastern Roman Empire, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians, was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman rule between 1571 and 1878.
Cyprus was placed under the UK's administration based on the Cyprus Convention in 1878 and was formally annexed by Britain in 1914. While Turkish Cypriots made up 18% of the population, the partition of Cyprus and creation of a Turkish state in the north became a policy of Turkish Cypriot leaders and Turkey in the 1950s. Turkish leaders for a period advocated the annexation of Cyprus to Turkey as Cyprus was considered an "extension of Anatolia" by them. Following nationalist violence in the 1950s, Cyprus was granted independence in 1960; the crisis of 1963–64 brought further intercommunal violence between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, which displaced more than 25,000 Turkish Cypriots into enclaves and brought the end of Turkish Cypriot representation in the republic. On 15 July 1974, a coup d'état was staged by Greek Cypriot nationalists and elements of the Greek military junta in an attempt at enosis, the incorporation of Cyprus into Greece; this action precipitated the Turkish invasion of Cyprus on 20 July, which led to the capture of the present-day territory of Northern Cyprus in the following month, after a ceasefire collapsed, the displacement of over 150,000 Greek Cypriots and 50,000 Turkish Cypriots.
A separate Turkish Cypriot state in the north was established by unilateral declaration in 1983. These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute; the Republic of Cyprus has de jure sovereignty over the entire island, including its territorial waters and exclusive economic zone, with the exception of the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, which remain under the UK's control according to the London and Zürich Agreements. However, the Republic of Cyprus is de facto partitioned into two main parts: the area under the effective control of the Republic, located in the south and west, comprising about 59% of the island's area. Another nearly 4% of the island's area is covered by the UN buffer zone; the international community considers the northern part of the island as territory of the Republic of Cyprus occupied by Turkish forces. The occupation is viewed as illegal under international law, amounting to illegal occupation of EU territory since Cyprus became a member of the European Union.
Cyprus is a major tourist destination in the Mediterranean. With an advanced, high-income economy and a high Human Development Index, the Republic of Cyprus has been a member of the Commonwealth since 1961 and was a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement until it joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. On 1 January 2008, the Republic of Cyprus joined the eurozone; the earliest attested reference to Cyprus is the 15th century BC Mycenaean Greek, ku-pi-ri-jo, meaning "Cypriot", written in Linear B syllabic script. The classical Greek form of the name is Κύπρος; the etymology of the name is unknown. Suggestions include: the Greek word for the Mediterranean cypress tree, κυπάρισσος the Greek name of the henna tree, κύπρος an Eteocypriot word for copper, it has been suggested, for example, that it has roots in the Sumerian word for copper or for bronze, from the large deposits of copper ore found on the island. Through overseas trade, the island has given its name to the Classical Latin word for copper through the phrase aes Cyprium, "metal of Cyprus" shortened to Cuprum.
The standard demonym relating to Cyprus or its people or culture is Cypriot. The terms Cypriote and Cyprian are used, though less frequently; the earliest confirmed site of human activity on Cyprus is Aetokremnos, situated on the south coast, indicating that hunter-gatherers were active on the island from around 10,000 BC, with settled village communities dating from 8200 BC. The arrival of the first humans correlates with the extinction of the dwarf hippos and dwarf elephants. Water wells discovered by archaeologists in western Cyprus are believed to be among the oldest in the world, dated at 9,000 to 10,500 years old. Remains of an 8-month-old cat were discovered buried with a human body at a separate Neolithic site in Cyprus; the grave is estimated to be 9,500 years old, predating ancient Egyptian civilisation and pushing back the ear
1982 FIFA World Cup
The 1982 FIFA World Cup was the 12th FIFA World Cup, played in Spain between 13 June and 11 July 1982. The tournament was won by Italy, who defeated West Germany 3–1 in the final match, held in the Spanish capital of Madrid, it was Italy's third World Cup win, but their first since 1938. The defending champions, were eliminated in the second group round. Algeria, Honduras and New Zealand made their first appearances in the finals; the tournament featured the first penalty shoot-out in World Cup competition. This was the last World Cup to feature two round of group stages, it was the third time that all four semifinalists were European. In the first round of Group 3, Hungary defeated El Salvador 10–1, equalling the largest margin of victory recorded in the finals. Spain was chosen as the host nation by FIFA in London, England on 6 July 1966. Hosting rights for the 1974 and 1978 tournaments were awarded at the same time. West Germany agreed a deal with Spain by which Spain would support West Germany for the 1974 tournament, in return West Germany would allow Spain to bid for the 1982 World Cup unopposed.
For the first time, the World Cup finals expanded from 16 to 24 teams. This allowed more teams to participate from Africa and Asia. Teams absent from the finals were 1974 and 1978 runners-up Netherlands and the three times 1970s participants Sweden. Northern Ireland qualified for the first time since 1958. Belgium, Czechoslovakia, El Salvador and the Soviet Union were back in the Finals after a 12-year absence. England had its first successful World Cup qualifying campaign in 20 years – the English team had qualified automatically as hosts in 1966 and as defending champions in 1970 had missed the 1974 and 1978 tournaments. Yugoslavia and Chile were back after having missed the 1978 tournament. Algeria, Honduras and New Zealand all participated in the World Cup for the first time; as of 2018, this was the last time that El Salvador and Kuwait qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, as well as the last time that Mexico and South Korea failed to qualify. There was some consideration given as to whether England, Northern Ireland, Scotland should withdraw from the tournament because of the Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom.
A directive issued by the British sports minister Neil Macfarlane in April, at the start of the conflict, suggested that there should be no contact between British representative teams and Argentina. This directive was not rescinded following the end of hostilities. Macfarlane reported to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher that some players and officials were uneasy about participating because of the casualties suffered by British forces. FIFA advised the British Government that there was no prospect that Argentina would be asked to withdraw, it became apparent that no other countries would withdraw from the tournament. It was decided to allow the British national teams to participate so that Argentina could not use their absence for propaganda purposes, reversing the intended effect of applying political pressure onto Argentina; the following 24 teams qualified for the final tournament. The first round was a round-robin group stage containing six groups of four teams each. Two points were awarded for a win and one for a draw, with goal difference used to separate teams equal on points.
The top two teams in each group advanced. In the second round, the twelve remaining teams were split into four groups of three teams each, with the winner of each group progressing to the knockout semi-final stage; the composition of the groups in the second round was predetermined before the start of the tournament. In the aggregate, Groups A and B were to include one team from each of Groups 1 through 6, Groups C and D included the remaining six teams; the winners of Groups 1 and 3 were in Group A whilst the runners-up were in Group C. The winners of Groups 2 and 4 were in Group B whilst the runners-up were in Group D; the winner of Group 5 was in Group D whilst the runner-up was in Group B. The winner of Group 6 was in Group C whilst the runner-up was in Group A. Thus, Group A mirrored Group C, Group B mirrored Group D with the winners and runners-up from the first round being placed into opposite groups in the second round; the second-round groups that mirrored each other faced off against each other in the semifinals.
Thus, the Group A winner played the Group C winner, the Group B winner player the Group D winner. This meant that if two teams which played in the same first-round group both emerged from the second round, they would meet for the second time of the tournament in a semifinal match, it guaranteed that the final match would feature two teams that had not played each other in the tournament. As it turned out and Poland who were both in Group 1 in the first round, each won their second-round groups and played each other in a semifinal match. In Group 1, newcomers Cameroon held both Poland and Italy to draws, were denied a place in the next round on the basis of having scored fewer goals than Italy. Poland and Italy qualified over Peru. Italian journalists and tifosi criticised their team for their uninspired performances that managed three draws. Group 2 saw one of the great World Cup upsets on the first day with the 2–1 victory of Algeria over reig
United States men's national soccer team
The United States Men's National Soccer Team is controlled by the United States Soccer Federation and competes in the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football. The team has appeared in ten FIFA World Cups, including the first in 1930, where they reached the semi-finals; the U. S. participated in the 1950 World Cups, winning 1 -- 0 against England in the latter. After 1950, the U. S. did not qualify for the World Cup until 1990. The U. S. hosted the 1994 World Cup. They qualified for five more consecutive World Cups after 1994, becoming one of the tournament's regular competitors and advancing to the knockout stage; the U. S. reached the quarter-finals of the 2002 World Cup. In the 2009 Confederations Cup, they eliminated top-ranked Spain in the semi-finals before losing to Brazil in the final, their only appearance in the final of a major intercontinental tournament; the team failed to qualify for the 2018 World Cup, having been eliminated in continental qualifying, ending the streak of consecutive World Cups at seven.
United States will co-host the 2026 FIFA World Cup along with Canada and Mexico, the automatic qualification of all three teams is as co-hosts. The U. S. competes in continental tournaments, including the CONCACAF Gold Cup and Copa América. The U. S. won six Gold Cups, has achieved a fourth-place finish in two Copa Américas, including the 2016 edition. The team's head coach is Gregg Berhalter, since November 29, 2018. Earnie Stewart is the team's General Manager since August 1, 2018; the first U. S. national soccer team was constituted in 1885, when it played Canada in the first international match held outside the United Kingdom. Canada defeated the U. S. 1–0 in Newark, New Jersey. The U. S. had its revenge the following year when it beat Canada 1–0 in Newark, although neither match was recognized. The U. S. earned both silver and bronze medals in men's soccer at the 1904 St. Louis Summer Olympics through Christian Brothers College and St. Rose Parish, though the tournament is declared official only by the IOC.
The U. S. played its first official international match under the auspices of U. S. Soccer on August 20, 1916, against Sweden in Stockholm, where the U. S. won 3–2. The U. S. fielded a team in the 1930 World Cup in Uruguay, the first World Cup to be played. The U. S. began group play by beating Belgium 3–0. The U. S. earned a 3–0 victory over Paraguay, with FIFA crediting Bert Patenaude with two of the goals. In November 2006, FIFA announced that it had accepted evidence that Patenaude scored all three goals against Paraguay, was thus the first person to score a hat trick in a World Cup. In the semifinals, the U. S. lost to Argentina 6–1. There was no third place game. However, using the overall tournament records in 1986, FIFA credited the U. S. with a third-place finish ahead of fellow semi-finalist Yugoslavia. This remains the U. S. team's best World Cup result, is the highest finish of any team from outside of South America and Europe. The U. S. qualified for the 1934 World Cup by defeating Mexico 4–2 in Italy a few days before the finals started.
In a straight knock-out format, the team first played host Italy and lost 7–1, eliminating the U. S. from the tournament. At the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin, the U. S. again lost to Italy in the first round and were eliminated, although this time with a score of 1-0. The 1950 World Cup in Brazil was the next World Cup appearance for the U. S. as it withdrew in 1938 and the tournament wasn't held again until 1950. The U. S. lost its first match 3–1 against Spain, but won 1–0 against England at Independência Stadium in Belo Horizonte. Striker Joe Gaetjens was the goal scorer. Called "The Miracle on Grass", the result is considered one of the greatest upsets in the history of the World Cup. Months before the World Cup, England had beaten an all-star "rest of Europe" side 6–1 in an exhibition match. In their third game of the tournament, a 5-2 defeat by Chile saw the U. S. eliminated from the tournament. It would be four decades before the U. S. would make another appearance in the World Cup finals. The national team spent the mid-to-late 20th century in near complete irrelevance in both the international game and the domestic sporting scene.
There was only one World Cup berth for CONCACAF during this period until 1982. The emergence of the North American Soccer League in the 1960s and 1970s raised hopes that the U. S. national team would soon become a global force. However such hopes were not realized and by the 1980s the U. S. Soccer Federation found itself in serious financial struggles, with the national team playing only two matches from 1981 to 1983. U. S. Soccer targeted the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles and the 1986 World Cup as means of rebuilding the national team and its fan base; the International Olympic Committee declared that teams from outside Europe and South America could field full senior teams, including professionals. The U. S. had a strong showing at the tournament, beating Costa Rica, tying Egypt, losing only to favorite Italy and finishing 1–1–1 but didn't make the second round, losing to Egypt on a tiebreaker. To provide a more stable national team program and renew interest in the NASL, U. S. Soccer entered the national team into the NASL league schedule for the 1983 season as Team America.
This team lacked the continuity and regularity of training that conventional clubs enjoy, many players were unwilling to
Legia Warszawa, known in English as Legia Warsaw, is a professional football club based in Warsaw, Poland. The current Polish champions, Legia is one of the most successful Polish football clubs in history winning 13* Ekstraklasa Champions titles, a record 19 Polish Cup trophies and four Polish SuperCup matches; the club's home venue is the Polish Army Stadium. Legia was formed between 5 and 15 March 1916 during military operations in World War I on the Eastern Front in the neighborhood of Maniewicze in Volhynia, as the main football club of the Polish Legions. After the war, the club was reactivated 14 March 1920 in an officer casino in Warsaw as Wojskowy Klub Sportowy Warszawa, renamed Legia in 1923 after merger with another local club, Korona, it became the main official football club of the Polish Army – Wojskowy Klub Sportowy Legia Warszawa. From 1949 to 1957, Legia was known as CWKS Warszawa. Before 8 April 2004 it was owned by Pol-Mot and from 8 April 2004 until 9 January 2014, it was owned by media conglomerate ITI Group Currently the club is owned by Dariusz Mioduski, Bogusław Leśnodorski and Maciej Wandzel – who serves as the club's chairman.
The first two acquired the club for an undisclosed sum, which included paying off debts made by previous ownership, Wandzel joined them in September 2014. Legia was formed between 5 and 15 March 1916 during military operations in World War I on the Eastern Front in the neighborhood of Maniewicze in Wołyń, as the main football club of the Polish Legions; the formation of the club in 1916 was influenced by the outbreak of the First World War, because many Polish soldiers were involved in the formation of the Polish Legions before the war. Soldiers young men from the south of Poland played football before the war, therefore, after the formation of the team, they soon became successful. Football was a good way of spending free time, in the calm moments at the front, football matches were organized, which required the ball, making provisional goals, finding a dozen or so players; the first team training began in the spring of 1915 in Piotrków, between 5 and 15 March 1916 – at the request of Master Sergeant Zygmunt Wasserab –, a part of the Polish Legion's Commanding Staff in Kostiukhnivka to create a football club.
The president of the organization was Władysław Groele, corporal Stanislaw Mielech proposed the name "Sporting Team Legia", adopted. Other names were: "Legion Command Squad" and "Styr". White-black colors and arms were shown, showing the white letter "L" on the black dial; the players were dressed in white clothes with sloping black belts, a reference to Czarni Lwów. In the spring of 1916, the team played a number of matches with other teams, most of which ended with Legia victorious; the oldest recorded matches are: 7–0 with the Divisional Sanitary Division, 3–3 with the 6th Infantry Regiment and two victories with the 4th Infantry Regiment. In July 1916 – because of the Brusilov Offensive – the Legions began to retreat west and the club moved to Warsaw; the first match in which Polonia Warsaw was the rival was held on 29 April 1917 at Agrykola Park and ended with a 1–1 draw. Of the nine games played in Warsaw, Legia drew three. At the first away game the team won a 2–1 victory over the Polish champion KS Cracovia in Kraków, so Legia became an unofficial champion of the country.
In 1918 the war ended. The club was reactivated on 14 March 1920. In the officers' casinos in the Royal Castle, a group of former officers formed the Military Sports Club -Wojskowy Klub Sportowy- Warsaw, establishing the white and red colors of the statute. Among them was Zygmunt Wasserab, one of the founders of the club. Due to the Polish-Bolshevik war and the participation of many Warsaw players, WKS was not nominated for the premiership of the Polish championship league in 1920. In the 1921–1926 seasons, the team was not promoted beyond the A-class of the Warsaw district, but it was a important period for the club. In 1922, a statute was passed allowing the team to play in civilian teams. Zygmunt Wassarab and Jerzy Misiński worked together and the clubs name was changed to the Military Sports Club "Legia" Warsaw, it was modeled on the document of LKS Pogoń Lwów. At that time, a merger with the oldest Warsaw sports club, was created, which resulted in the acquisition of new, white-green club colors.
In the first international match played on 18 May 1922, Legia lost 2–9 at their own stadium with Czechoslovakian club Viktor Zichkov Prague. A year in the championship of Warsaw, the Army took 3rd place. After the first-ever promotion beyond Class A in 1927, Legia qualified for the newly formed Polish Football League. Roman Górecki, the president of the Warsaw team, became the first president of the Polish League, their debut was on 8 May in Łódź – Klub Turystów Łódź was the opponent and the match ended in a 6–1 result. At the same time, Legia player Marian Łańko scored his first league goal free kick and recorded his first hat-trick in club history. In the same year, in a match against Pogonia Lwów, the club suffered the highest league loss, losing 2–11. At the end of the season, Legia finished fifth, despite five defeats at the start of the season. Legia striker Marian Łańko finished second scoring 31 goals; the Warsaw club made their debut in the Polish Cup, winning the match with Pogoń Warsaw 7–0
South Korea national football team
The Korea Republic national football team represents South Korea in international association football and is organised by the Korea Football Association. Since the 1960s, South Korea has emerged as a major football power in Asia and is the most successful Asian football team, having participated in nine consecutive and ten overall FIFA World Cup tournaments, the most for any Asian country. Despite going through five World Cup tournaments without winning a match, South Korea became the first and only Asian team to reach the semi-final stages when they co-hosted the 2002 tournament with Japan. South Korea won the first two AFC Asian Cup tournaments, though they have been unable to win since, finishing as the runners-up in 1972, 1980, 1988, 2015, third in 1964, 2000, 2007, 2011, they took the gold medal at the 1970, 1978, 1986 Asian Games. They have qualified for every FIFA World Cup since 1986; the team is nicknamed "The Reds" by both fans and the media due to the color of their primary kit. The national team's supporting group is referred to as the Red Devils.
Korea was not introduced to football until the late 1800s. Korea became a Japanese colony in 1905 and was annexed by force in 1910. In 1921, the first All Korea Football Tournament was held, in 1928, the Joseon Football Association was organized, which created a foundation to disseminate and develop football in Korea. Korean teams participated in competitions with Japanese teams from around 1926. Koreans played on the Japanese national team, most notably Kim Yong-sik who played for Japan at the 1936 Summer Olympics; the JFA was reorganized in 1945 as Japanese colonial rule ended with the close of World War II. Following the establishment of the South Korean state in the late 1940s, a new Korea Football Association was founded in 1948 and joined FIFA, the international football governing body; the same year, the South Korean national team made its international debut at the Olympic Games in London. The KFA joined the AFC in 1954. South Korea first entered the World Cup in 1954 as the second Asian team to compete in the World Cup after the Dutch East Indies.
South Korea played games against Turkey, losing 9 -- 0 and 7 -- 0 respectively. It would take thirty-two years before South Korea was able to participate in the World Cup finals again. South Korea would participate in the first Asian Cup in 1956, they defeated Israel and South Vietnam to take first place. They won the second Asian Cup in 1960, winning all of their games. However, they failed to repeat this success and lost all their games in the 1964 Asian Cup and failed to qualify in 1968, they took second place. They once again failed to qualify in 1976 but reached second place again in 1980. In 1986, South Korea was able to qualify for the 1986 FIFA World Cup, held in Mexico, for the first time since 1954. They, failed to win a game despite the presence of Cha Bum-kun, at the time one of the best Asian players, losing 3–1 to Argentina, drawing 1–1 with Bulgaria, losing 3–2 to Italy, their next major tournament was the 1988 AFC Asian Cup, in which they won all their games in the group stage and defeated China 2–1 in the semi-finals but lost on penalties 4–3 in the final against Saudi Arabia.
South Korea started the 1990s poorly. At the 1990 FIFA World Cup, they lost all their games against Spain 3–1, Uruguay 1–0, Belgium 2–0. South Korea failed to qualify for the 1992 Asian Cup as well. In the 1994 FIFA World Cup they managed to draw with Spain 2–2. Hong Myung-bo scored a goal and assisted teammate Seo Jung-won with the second, with both goals occurring in the last five minutes of the game. In their next game they earned another draw with Bolivia 0–0. In their last game against Germany they nearly managed another draw with Hwang Sun-hong and Hong Myung-bo each scoring a goal in the second half after being down 3–0 but they were unable to score thereafter and were defeated 3–2. In the 1996 Asian Cup they managed to make it out of the group stage as they ranked third on their group, losing to Kuwait on goal difference. A comparison made between all the third ranked teams in each group allowed South Korea to advance. However, they suffered a 2–6 loss to Iran in the quarter-finals, conceding five goals in the second half.
Afterwards, former South Korean legend Cha Bum-kun became the head coach going into the 1998 FIFA World Cup. Performing well in the qualification, the team played poorly in the tournament, losing to Mexico 3–1 and the Netherlands 5–0. Cha was sacked after the loss to the Netherlands; the team managed a 1–1 draw against Belgium. In the 2000 AFC Asian Cup, South Korea managed to advance out of the group stage and defeated Iran 2–1 in the quarter-finals but were beaten by Saudi Arabia 2–1 in the semi-finals, they defeated China 1–0 to gain third-place. South Korea co-hosted the 2002 FIFA World Cup tournament with Japan; as they had never won a game in the World Cup hopes were not high. In addition there was pre-tournament criticism concerning Dutch coach Guus Hiddink, who many felt did not take his job seriously; however once the tournament began the South Korean team achieved thei