Jethou is a small island, part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey in the Channel Islands. It is leased, not open to the public. Resembling the top of a wooded knoll it is south of Herm and covers 44 acres. There is evidence of flint manufacturing in an area exposed only at low water between the island and Crevichon which shows occupation around 10,000 BC, it is said that in AD 709 a storm washed away the strip of land that connected the island with Herm. The Vikings called the island Keitholm; the island's current name contains related the Norman -hou suffix, meaning small island or small hill. In 1416, it became part of Henry V's estate and still remains Crown property, now leased to the States of Guernsey. On the top is a marker, it is said that in earlier times, pirates were hanged on it with chains, as on nearby Crevichon. In 1867 Lt Colonel Montague Fielden became tenant; however he was discovered using the island as a storehouse for smuggling brandy from France. From 1920 to 1923 it was leased by the Scottish novelist Compton MacKenzie along with Herm and remained part of that estate for years, although it is part of a different one.

The British 1957 musical Free as Air by Dorothy Reynolds and Julian Slade was set on the fictitious island of'Terhou', based on Jethou. From September 1964 until December 1971 the island was occupied by the Faed family consisting of Mr Angus Faed, his wife Susan Faed and their four children, Erik and Amanda. Mrs. Susan Faed was the 22nd tenant of Jethou. In the 1950s and 60s the island was open to the public. During that period stamps were issued. Local stamps on the Bailiwick of Guernsey were banned on 1 October 1969, the Isle of Jethou was closed to the public since 1970. In 1972, Charles Hayward, founder of the Firth Cleveland Group of Companies, purchased the Crown Tenancy of the island and lived there with his wife Elsie Darnell George until Sir Charles's death in 1983, it is flanked by two islets, Crevichon to the north and Fauconniere to the south. There is one house on the island and two cottages as well as a large garage where vehicles such as quad bikes and tractors are stored. In 1996 the island was leased by Sir Peter Ogden of IT company Computacenter.

It was recognised in 2016 as an area of international environmental importance under the Ramsar Convention. Unlike the autonomous islands of Sark and Alderney within the Bailiwick, Jethou is administered by the States of Guernsey, elects members to the States of Deliberation as part of the St. Peter Port South electoral district. At the back of Jethou, puffins can be seen swimming off the rocks. Mary Gentle's novel Ilario: The Stone Golem has a villainous noblewoman exiled to a convent in Jethou. List of tenants of Jethou BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names ISBN 978-0194311250 Jethou homepage Free Gutenberg Project book, Jethou.

Stunting (broadcasting)

Stunting is a practice in radio broadcasting, which occurs when a station begins and without advance announcement, to air content, uncharacteristic compared to what they play. The tactic is most used when a station is about to undergo a major change, such as a change in format, frequency, ownership or management, or as a simple prank on listeners and rival broadcasters. Either way, stunting is intended as a publicity stunt to generate a greater amount of media publicity and audience attention, by virtue of its shock value, than a straightforward format change could provide. Depending on the station's situation and its management's preference, stunt formats can last anywhere from a few minutes to several weeks before the permanent change is launched. To a lesser extent, stunting has been seen on television, most in conjunction with April Fool's Day. A station may stunt by repeating the same song or songs over and over on a continuous loop: The song in question are in relation to the coming format or branding.

The stunt notably attracted mainstream media attention, with the hashtag "#nelly1057" being used to discuss the event on Twitter. Oftentimes the song chosen for the loop does not pertain to either the new format. A prime example is XEAK, San Diego/Tijuana, which in one of the earliest radio stunts recorded played "Mope-itty Mope" by The Bosstones for 72 hours straight in 1961 before unveiling an all-news format, one of the first such radio formats in North America. In a reference to the Rickroll meme, the new Toronto radio station CIND-FM played a loop of Rick Astley's "Never Gonna Give You Up" prior to its official launch as Indie 88. For four days before the July 8, 2012, relaunch of KOKE-FM, a radio station in Austin, that popularized progressive country in the early 1970s, a live recording of Dale Watson's "Country My A**" played in a continuous loop; this example of stunting is notable for the station-specific nature of the song's lyrics. Watson re-recorded the song for the occasion, adding a new coda in which he sings, "Now Austin's on track,'cause KOKE-FM's back."

In May 1990, the staff of Australian Broadcasting Corporation radio station Triple J engaged in an industrial action, protesting the suspension of its news director for playing a clip of the N. W. A. Song "Fuck tha Police" in a segment discussing its subject matter. During the action, Triple J played another N. W. A. Song, "Express Yourself", 82 times in a row. On April 28, 2014, in an homage to the event, ABC Dig Music began stunting with a loop of "Express Yourself" to lead into its flip to Triple J's new sister station Double J on April 30. WJMP/Kent, OH, in a protest over the Major League Baseball players' strike, played 2 versions of "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" continuously, sunrise-to-sunset, for 2 months from August to October 1994; the stunt merited WJMP an entry in the Guinness Book of Sports Records. On December 21, 2012, modern rock station CFEX-FM/Calgary stunted with a loop of R. E. M.'s song "It's The End Of The World As We Know It", along with "Apocalypse Survival Tips" and "Get to Know a Mayan" segments, in honor of the alleged Mayan apocalypse.

A station dropping an old format will stunt with a transitional format, either containing clues and previews relating to the new format, or having little to do with it. This can include songs based on specific themes, or novelties that would not be viable as a permanent format. In 2006, after its sale to new owners, KFYE in Kingsburg, dropped its contemporary Christian music programming for a stunt format it dubbed "Porn Radio", featuring songs with sexually-suggestive lyrics, songs overlaid with moaning sound effects; the station launched a rhythmic adult contemporary format branded as Sexy 106.3. In 2011, WWWN/Chicago and WEMP/New York—which had been sold to Merlin Media—transitioned from alternative rock to all-news radio as FM News; as a transitional format, both stations aired a format branded as FM New, which featured adult contemporary music interspersed with news and weather updates from personalities who would serve under the new FM News formats. Over Memorial Day weekend in 2010, WJZX-FM/Milwaukee, stunted as Tiger 106.9, featuring songs about cheating.

The station was expected to change to a top 40 format with the new call letters WNQW—with the new calls implying use of the brand Now. However, competing station WQBW abruptly flipped to the same format as 97.3 Now, preventing WJZX from using the name. The station continued airing temporary formats, such as patriotic music and The Beatles' discography in alphabetical order, before settling on a permanent format in June 2010, as classic country station WZBK-FM). Multiple stations have stunted with Chinese music under the branding Kung Pao, such as KDOG and WVHT. In May 2009, WSKS/Utica, NY, announced that, due to "financial constraints," its CHR format would be replaced by the beautiful music format similar to what was broadcast on sister station WUT


Netlib is a repository of software for scientific computing maintained by AT&T, Bell Laboratories, the University of Tennessee and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Netlib comprises many separate libraries. Most of the code is written with some programs in other languages; the project began with email distribution on ARPANET and CSNET in the 1980s. The code base of Netlib was written at a time when computer software was not yet considered merchandise. Therefore, no license terms or terms of use are stated for many programs. Before the Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988 works without an explicit copyright notice were public domain software. Most of the Netlib code is work of US government employees and therefore in the public domain. While several packages therefore don't have explicit waiver/anti-copyright statements, for instance the SLATEC package has an explicit statement; some well-known packages maintained in Netlib are: AMPL Solver Library Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms EISPACK LAPACK LINPACK MINPACK QUADPACKThe SLATEC package is special in that it comprises a number of other packages like BLAS and LINPACK.

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