The Jewry Wall is a substantial ruined wall of 2nd-century Roman masonry, with two large archways, in Leicester, England. It stands alongside St Nicholas' Church, it formed the west wall of a public building in Ratae Corieltauvorum, alongside public baths, the foundations of which were excavated in the 1930s and are open to view. The wall gives its name to the adjacent Jewry Wall Museum; the origin of the name of the wall is debated. It is unlikely to relate to Leicester's medieval Jewish community, never large and was expelled from the town by Simon de Montfort in 1231. One theory that has achieved widespread currency is that the name bears some relation to the 24 "jurats" of early medieval Leicester, the senior members of the Corporation, who were said to have met, as a "jury", in the town churchyard—possibly that of St Nicholas, but it seems more that the name derives from a broader folk belief attributing mysterious ruins of unknown origin to Jews. Such attributions are found at a number of other sites elsewhere in England and other parts of Europe.
The wall is an impressive example of standing Roman masonry. It dates to 125–30 AD, it measures 8 metres high and 2.5 metres thick. It is among the largest pieces of surviving civil Roman architecture in Britain, is comparable to the "Old Work" at Wroxeter; the structure comprises alternate bands of Roman brick and coursed masonry, of local granite and sandstone. In the centre of the wall are two large arched openings about 3 metres wide and 4 metres high, there are further arched alcoves on the eastern side; the wall lies to the west of St Nicholas' Church, which includes in its late Saxon and early medieval fabric much reused Roman brick and masonry. The remains of the Roman town's public baths west of the wall, were excavated in four seasons from 1936 to 1939 by Kathleen Kenyon; the wall and some of the foundations of the baths are now laid out to public view. They are adjoined by a 1960s building housing the Jewry Wall Museum, which stands on the remainder of the baths site; the museum contains excellent examples of Roman mosaics, painted wall plaster and other Roman and Iron Age artefacts from sites around Leicester.
The wall was taken into state care in 1920, is now the responsibility of English Heritage. The wall itself is a Grade I listed building; the wall appears to have formed the long western side of a large rectangular basilica-like structure. The precise character and function of this building has been a matter of much debate. 18th- and early 19th-century antiquaries tended to identify it as a Roman or British temple, sometimes said to have been dedicated to the god Janus. The ruin was occasionally identified as "part of a bath". For much of the 19th century it was believed to have been a town gate, though this was suggested by neither its structure nor its location; this interpretation still appeared as fact in the authoritative Victoria County History as late as 1907. The prevailing view in the early 20th century was; when she began her excavations in the late 1930s, Kenyon thought the overall site was that of the town forum. Although she modified her views when she uncovered the remains of the baths, she continued to believe that the area had been laid out as the forum, with the Jewry Wall the west wall of the basilica, but argued that in a second phase of building, only about 20 years the site had been converted to public baths.
This interpretation was abandoned when, in a series of excavations undertaken between 1961 and 1972, the true remains of the forum were identified a block further east. The Jewry Wall was identified as the wall of the palaestra of the baths complex, this continues to be the most accepted view, given in the official scheduled monument descriptions and in the interpretive material on site. There are still a number of unanswered questions and the issue remains open; the Jewry Wall Museum faces the Jewry Wall ruins, houses artefacts from Iron Age and medieval Leicester. The building is Grade II listed and below Vaughan College, home to Leicester University's Institute for Lifelong-Learning; the museum is free to enter. In 2004, as part of a scheme of cost-cutting by Leicester City Council, it was proposed that the Jewry Wall Museum's hours be reduced. An interest group was created in response, the'Friends of Jewry Wall Museum' have been promoting the museum since. Leicester City Council reduced the museum's hours to save money, it is closed for several months over the winter.
Councillor John Mugglestone rationalised the decision at the time, saying: "At Jewry Wall, we have more curators than visitors". The museum was threatened again in 2011, when Leicester City Council announced plans to close the museum to save money; this decision was overturned following a motion by the City Council's backbench Labour councillors, led by former Labour Council leader Ross Willmott. Anon; the Jewry Wall and Bath Complex, Leicester City Council: pdf available at "Jewry Wall: Description of the Monuments". Leicester City Council. Archived from the original on 14 January 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2013. Harris, Oliver. "Jews and the Jewry Wall: a na
The Military Police Corps is the corps of the Irish Army, a branch of the Irish Defence Forces, responsible for the provision of policing service personnel and providing a military police presence to forces while on exercise and deployment. Its tasks increase during wartime to include traffic control organisation and POW and refugee control; the Military Police are distinguished from other units by their wearing of a red beret. The Military Police enjoy a close working relationship with the Garda Síochána at both national and local levels with the Gardaí by providing training in criminal investigation; the MPC was first established in 1922 during the Irish Civil War when they took over military police duties from British troops before the corps was established in 1923. Controversy erupted with the MPC Reserves in 2011 when 20 reservists refused to accept the order to have their berets modified to have a green patch placed behind their beret badge in order for the public to tell them apart between regular and reservists.
In 2011, the MPC reported that a Corporal on guard duty in Dublin in the Government Buildings committed suicide on December 27, 2010. The Corps has three regular army companies and one special-purpose company: 1st Brigade Military Police Company 2nd Brigade Military Police Company Defence Forces Training Centre Military Police Company Military Police Government Buildings CompanyThe two brigade companies provide general policing support to each of the army's territorial brigades; the DFTC company provides similar support to the Defence Forces Training Centre. The Air Corps and Naval Service now have Military Police Sections dressed in their own distinctive uniforms; the Irish Army reduced to a two brigade structure in 2012, the Military Police have been reduced, based in the 1st Southern and 2nd Northern Brigades. Units disbanded in the Defense Forces Re-organisation of 2012: 4th Brigade Military Police Company Military Police Section, Air Corps. Attached to the Irish Air Corps Military Police Section, Naval Service.
Attached to the Irish Naval Service 31st Reserve Military Police Company 54th Reserve Military Police Company 62nd Reserve Military Police Company MPC soldiers wear the red beret as standard, regardless if they are regulars or with the reserves. The Military Police Corps
Oregon Route 36 is an Oregon state highway that runs between the city of Mapleton in the Oregon Coast Range, the city of Junction City in the Willamette Valley. OR 36 traverses the Mapleton–Junction City Highway No. 229 of the Oregon state highway system. The entire route of the highway is located within Lane County; the western terminus of Oregon Route 36 is a junction with Oregon Route 126 in Mapleton. From Mapleton, the route heads due north through the Coast Range heads due east, following the course of the Siuslaw River. At the community of Swisshome it departs from the river, passing through the communities of Deadwood and Greenleaf, Triangle Lake and Low Pass; as it emerges from the mountains, it passes through the Alderwood State Wayside, descends into the Willamette Valley. It passes through the communities of Goldson and Cheshire before ending just south of Junction City at an intersection with Oregon Route 99; the highway was part of U. S. Route was the primary route between the Oregon Coast and the Eugene area.
The commercial importance of the highway diminished when a more direct route between Mapleton and Eugene—the present day alignment of Oregon Route 126—was constructed. Milepoints are as reported by ODOT and do not reflect current mileage. Z indicates overlapping mileage due to construction longer than established route, – indicates negative mileage behind established beginning point. Segments that are locally maintained may be omitted. For routes traversing multiple named state highways, each milepoint is preceded by the corresponding state highway number; the entire route is in Lane County. Transportation: Lane County Oregon