Lloyd Benedict Nolan was an American film and television actor. Among his many roles, Nolan is remembered for originating the role of private investigator Michael Shayne in a series of 1940s B movies. Nolan was born in San Francisco, the youngest of three children of Margaret, of Irish descent, James Nolan, an Irish immigrant, a shoe manufacturer, he attended Santa Clara Preparatory School and Stanford University, flunking out of Stanford as a freshman "because I never got around to attending any other class but dramatics." His parents disapproved of his choice of a career in acting, preferring that he join his father's shoe business, "one of the most solvent commercial firms in San Francisco."Nolan served in the United States Merchant Marine before joining the Dennis Players theatrical troupe in Cape Cod. He began his career on stage and was subsequently lured to Hollywood, where he played doctors, private detectives, policemen in many film roles. Nolan's obituary in the Los Angeles Times contained the evaluation, "Nolan was to both critics and audiences the veteran actor who works and well regardless of his material."
Although Nolan's acting was praised by critics, he was, for the most part, relegated to B pictures. Despite this, Nolan co-starred with a number of well-known actresses, among them Mae West, Dorothy McGuire, former Metropolitan Opera mezzo-soprano Gladys Swarthout. Under contract to Paramount and 20th Century Fox studios, he essayed starring roles in the late'30s and early-to-mid'40s and appeared as the title character in the Michael Shayne detective series. Raymond Chandler's novel The High Window was adapted from a Philip Marlowe adventure for the seventh film in the Michael Shayne series, Time to Kill. Most of Nolan's films were light entertainment with an emphasis on action, his most famous include Atlantic Adventure. He gave a strong performance in the 1957 film Peyton Place with Lana Turner. Nolan contributed solid and key character parts in numerous other films. One, The House on 92nd Street, was a startling revelation to audiences in 1945, it was a conflation of several true incidents of attempted sabotage by the Nazi regime, many scenes were filmed on location in New York City, unusual at the time.
Nolan portrayed FBI Agent Briggs, actual FBI employees interacted with Nolan throughout the film. One of the last of his many military roles was playing an admiral at the start of what proved to be Howard Hughes' favorite film, Ice Station Zebra. In Nolan's career, he returned to the stage and appeared on television to great acclaim in The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial, for which he received a 1955 Emmy award for portraying Captain Queeg, the role made famous by Humphrey Bogart. Nolan made guest appearances on television shows, including NBC's The Ford Show, Starring Tennessee Ernie Ford, The Bing Crosby Show, a sitcom on ABC and the Emmy-winning NBC anthology series The Barbara Stanwyck Show. Nolan appeared three times on NBC's Laramie Western series, as sheriff Tully Hatch in the episode "The Star Trail, as outlaw Matt Dyer in the episode "Deadly Is the Night" and as former Union Army General George Barton in the episode "War Hero". On December 8, 1960, Nolan was cast as Dr. Elisha Pittman, in "Knife of Hate" on Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre.
In the story line, Dr. Pittman removed one of the legs of Jack Hoyt after Hoyt sustained a gunshot wound from which infection was developing. Hoyt wants to marry Susan Pittman. Nolan starred in The Outer Limits episode "Soldier" written by Harlan Ellison, he appeared in the NBC Western Bonanza as a New Orleans detective. In 1967, Strother Martin and he guest-starred in the episode "A Mighty Hunter Before the Lord" of NBC's The Road West series, starring Barry Sullivan. In 1967, Nolan was a guest star in the popular Western TV series The Virginian, in the episode "The Masquerade" and in the first episode of Mannix. Nolan co-starred from 1968 to 1971 in the pioneering NBC series Julia, with Diahann Carroll, the first African American to star in her own television series. One of his last appearances was a guest spot as himself in the 1984 episode "Cast in Steele" on the TV detective series Remington Steele. On February 8, 1960, Nolan received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his work in the television industry, at 1752 Vine Street.
In his years, Nolan appeared in commercials for Polident. Nolan married his first wife Mell Efrid in 1933, they had a daughter, a son, who died in an accident in 1969, aged 25. The couple remained married until Mell's death in 1981. In 1983, Nolan married his second wife Virginia Dabney. Nolan was a lifelong Republican. In 1964, Nolan spoke at the "Project Prayer" rally attended by 2,500 at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles; the gathering, hosted by Anthony Eisley, a star of ABC's Hawaiian Eye series, sought to flood the United States Congress with letters in support of mandatory school prayer, following two decisions in 1962 and 1963 of the United States Supreme Court which struck down mandatory school prayer as conflicting with the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. Joining Nolan and Eisley
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, was an English actor and director who, along with his contemporaries Ralph Richardson, Peggy Ashcroft and John Gielgud, dominated the British stage of the mid-20th century. He worked in films throughout his career, playing more than fifty cinema roles. Late in his career, he had considerable success in television roles, his family had no theatrical connections, but Olivier's father, a clergyman, decided that his son should become an actor. After attending a drama school in London, Olivier learned his craft in a succession of acting jobs during the late 1920s. In 1930 he had his first important West End success in Noël Coward's Private Lives, he appeared in his first film. In 1935 he played in a celebrated production of Romeo and Juliet alongside Gielgud and Ashcroft, by the end of the decade he was an established star. In the 1940s, together with Richardson and John Burrell, Olivier was the co-director of the Old Vic, building it into a respected company.
There his most celebrated roles included Sophocles's Oedipus. In the 1950s Olivier was an independent actor-manager, but his stage career was in the doldrums until he joined the avant garde English Stage Company in 1957 to play the title role in The Entertainer, a part he played on film. From 1963 to 1973 he was the founding director of Britain's National Theatre, running a resident company that fostered many future stars, his own parts there included the title role in Shylock in The Merchant of Venice. Among Olivier's films are Wuthering Heights, a trilogy of Shakespeare films as actor-director: Henry V, Richard III, his films included The Shoes of the Fisherman, Marathon Man, The Boys from Brazil. His television appearances included an adaptation of The Moon and Sixpence, Long Day's Journey into Night, Love Among the Ruins, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, Brideshead Revisited and King Lear. Olivier's honours included a life peerage and the Order of Merit. For his on-screen work he received four Academy Awards, two British Academy Film Awards, five Emmy Awards and three Golden Globe Awards.
The National Theatre's largest auditorium is named in his honour, he is commemorated in the Laurence Olivier Awards, given annually by the Society of London Theatre. He was married three times, to the actresses Jill Esmond from 1930 to 1940, Vivien Leigh from 1940 to 1960, Joan Plowright from 1961 until his death. Olivier was born in Dorking, the youngest of the three children of the Reverend Gerard Kerr Olivier and his wife Agnes Louise, née Crookenden, their elder children were Sybille and Gerard Dacres "Dickie". His great-great-grandfather was of French Huguenot descent, Olivier came from a long line of Protestant clergymen. Gerard Olivier had begun a career as a schoolmaster, but in his thirties he discovered a strong religious vocation and was ordained as a priest of the Church of England, he practised high church, ritualist Anglicanism and liked to be addressed as "Father Olivier". This made him unacceptable to most Anglican congregations, the only church posts he was offered were temporary deputising for regular incumbents in their absence.
This meant a nomadic existence, for Laurence's first few years, he never lived in one place long enough to make friends. In 1912, when Olivier was five, his father secured a permanent appointment as assistant rector at St Saviour's, Pimlico, he held the post for six years, a stable family life was at last possible. Olivier was devoted to his mother, but not to his father, whom he found a remote parent, he learned a great deal of the art of performing from him. As a young man Gerard Olivier had considered a stage career and was a dramatic and effective preacher. Olivier wrote that his father knew "when to drop the voice, when to bellow about the perils of hellfire, when to slip in a gag, when to wax sentimental... The quick changes of mood and manner absorbed me, I have never forgotten them." In 1916, after attending a series of preparatory schools, Olivier passed the singing examination for admission to the choir school of All Saints, Margaret Street, in central London. His elder brother was a pupil, Olivier settled in, though he felt himself to be something of an outsider.
The church's style of worship was Anglo-Catholic, with emphasis on ritual and incense. The theatricality of the services appealed to Olivier, the vicar encouraged the students to develop a taste for secular as well as religious drama. In a school production of Julius Caesar in 1917, the ten-year-old Olivier's performance as Brutus impressed an audience that included Lady Tree, the young Sybil Thorndike, Ellen Terry, who wrote in her diary, "The small boy who played Brutus is a great actor." He won praise in other schoolboy productions, as Maria in Twelfth Night and Katherine in The Taming of the Shrew. From All Saints, Olivier went on to St Edward's School, from 1920 to 1924, he made little mark until his final year, when he played Puck in the school's production of A Midsummer Night's Dream. In January 1924, his brother left England to work in India as a rubber planter. Olivier missed him and asked his father how soon he could follow, he recalled in his memoirs that his father replied, "Don't be such a fool, you're not going to India, you're going on the stage."
In 1924 Gerard Olivier, a habitually fru
Melvyn Douglas was an American actor. Douglas came to prominence in the 1930s as a suave leading man best typified by his performance in the 1939 romantic comedy Ninotchka with Greta Garbo. Douglas played mature and fatherly characters, as in his Academy Award–winning performances in Hud and Being There and his Academy Award–nominated performance in I Never Sang for My Father. In the last few years of his life Douglas appeared in films with supernatural stories involving ghosts. Douglas appeared as "Senator Joseph Carmichael" in The Changeling in 1980 and Ghost Story in 1981 in his final completed film role. Douglas was born in Macon, the son of Lena Priscilla and Edouard Gregory Hesselberg, a concert pianist and composer, his father was a Jewish emigrant from Riga, Latvia part of Russia. His mother, a native of Tennessee, was a Mayflower descendant. Douglas, in his autobiography, See You at the Movies, wrote that he was unaware of his Jewish background until in his youth: "I did not learn about the non-Christian part of my heritage until my early teens," as his parents preferred to hide his Jewish heritage.
It was his aunts, on his father's side, who told him "the truth" when he was 14. He writes that he "admired them unstintingly". Though his father taught music at a succession of colleges in the U. S. and Canada, Douglas never graduated from high school. He became known as Melvyn Douglas. Douglas developed his acting skills in Shakespearean repertory while in his teens and with stock companies in Sioux City, Evansville, Madison and Detroit, Michigan, he served in the United States Army in World War I. He established an outdoor theatre in Chicago, he had a long theatre and television career as a lead player, stretching from his 1930 Broadway role in Tonight or Never until just before his death. Douglas shared top billing with Boris Karloff and Charles Laughton in James Whale's sardonic horror classic The Old Dark House in 1932, he was the hero in the 1932 horror film The Vampire Bat and the sophisticated leading man in 1935's She Married Her Boss. He played opposite Joan Crawford in several films, most notably A Woman's Face, with Greta Garbo in three films: As You Desire Me, Ninotchka and Garbo's final film Two-Faced Woman.
One of his most sympathetic roles was as the belatedly attentive father in Captains Courageous. During World War II, Douglas served first as a director of the Arts Council in the Office of Civilian Defense, he again served in the United States Army rising to the rank of Major. According to his granddaughter Illeana Douglas, it was in Burma when he first met his future Being There co-star Peter Sellers, in the Royal Air Force during the war, he returned to play more mature roles in Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House. In 1959 he made his musical debut playing Captain Boyle in the ill-fated Marc Blitzstein musical Juno, based on Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock. From November 1952 to January 1953, Douglas starred in the DuMont detective show Steve Randall which moved to CBS. In the summer of 1953, he hosted the DuMont game show Blind Date. In the summer of 1959, Douglas hosted eleven original episodes of a CBS Western anthology television series called Frontier Justice, a production of Dick Powell's Four Star Television.
Douglas aged during the late 1950s and as he grew older, he took on older-man and fatherly roles, in such movies as Hud, for which he won his first Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, The Americanization of Emily, an episode of The Fugitive, I Never Sang for My Father, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor, The Candidate. He won his second Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the comedy-drama Being There. However, Douglas confirmed in one of his final interviews that he refused to attend the 52nd Academy Awards because he could not bear competing against child actor Justin Henry for Kramer vs. Kramer. In addition to his Academy Awards, Douglas won a Tony Award for his Broadway lead role in the 1960 The Best Man by Gore Vidal, an Emmy for his 1967 role in Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night. Douglas' final screen appearance was in Ghost Story, he did not complete shooting all of his scenes for the film The Hot Touch before his death. Douglas has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one for movies at 6423 Hollywood Blvd. and one for television at 6601 Hollywood Blvd.
Douglas was married to artist Rosalind Hightower, they had one child, Gregory Hesselberg, in 1926. Hesselberg, an artist, is the father of actress Illeana Douglas. In 1931, Douglas married actress-turned-politician Helen Gahagan, they traveled to Europe that same year, "were horrified by French and German anti-Semitism". As a result, they became outspoken anti-fascists, supporting the Democratic Party and Roosevelt's re-election. Gahagan, as a three-term Congresswoman, was Richard Nixon's opponent for the United States Senate seat from California in 1950. Nixon accused Gahagan of being soft on Communism because of her opposition to the House Un-American Activities Committee. Nixon went so far as to call her "pink right down to her underwear", it was Gahagan who popularized Nixon's epithet "Tricky Dick". Douglas and Gahagan had two children: Mary Helen Douglas; the couple remained married until Helen Gahagan Douglas' death in 1980 from cancer. Melvyn Douglas died a year
Sir Peter Alexander Ustinov, was a British actor, voice actor, dramatist, filmmaker and opera director, stage designer, comedian, humourist and magazine columnist, radio broadcaster and television presenter. He was a fixture on television talk shows and lecture circuits for much of his career. An intellectual and diplomat, he held various academic posts and served as a Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF and President of the World Federalist Movement. Ustinov was the winner of numerous awards over his life, including two Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor, Emmy Awards, Golden Globes and BAFTA Awards for acting and a Grammy Award for best recording for children, as well as the recipient of governmental honours from, amongst others, the United Kingdom and Germany, he displayed a unique cultural versatility that has earned him the accolade of a Renaissance man. Miklós Rózsa, composer of the music for Quo Vadis and of numerous concert works, dedicated his String Quartet No. 1, Op. 22 to Ustinov.
In 2003, Durham University changed the name of its Graduate Society to Ustinov College in honour of the significant contributions Ustinov had made as chancellor of the university from 1992 until his death. Peter Alexander Freiherr von Ustinov was born in England, his father, Jona Freiherr von Ustinov, was of Russian, Polish Jewish and Ethiopian descent. Peter's paternal grandfather was Baron Plato von Ustinov, a Russian noble, his grandmother was Magdalena Hall, of mixed German-Ethiopian-Jewish origin. Ustinov's great-grandfather Moritz Hall, a Jewish refugee from Kraków and a Christian convert and collaborator of Swiss and German missionaries in Ethiopia, married into a German-Ethiopian family. Peter's paternal great-great-grandparents were the German painter Eduard Zander and the Ethiopian aristocrat Court-Lady Isette-Werq in Gondar. Ustinov's mother, Nadezhda Leontievna Benois, known as Nadia, was a painter and ballet designer of French, German and Russian descent, her father, Leon Benois, was an Imperial Russian architect and owner of Leonardo da Vinci's painting Madonna Benois.
Leon's brother Alexandre Benois was a stage designer who worked with Diaghilev. Their paternal ancestor Jules-César Benois was a chef who had left France for St. Petersburg during the French Revolution and became a chef to Emperor Paul I of Russia. Jona worked as a press officer at the German Embassy in London in the 1930s and was a reporter for a German news agency. In 1935, two years after Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany, Jona von Ustinov began working for the British intelligence service MI5 and became a British citizen, thus avoiding internment during the war, he was the controller of Wolfgang Gans zu Putlitz, an MI5 spy in the German embassy in London who furnished information on Hitler's intentions before the Second World War. Ustinov was educated at Westminster School and had a difficult childhood because of his parents' constant fighting. One of his schoolmates was Rudolf von Ribbentrop, the eldest son of the Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop. While at school, Ustinov considered anglicising his name to "Peter Austin" but was counselled against it by a fellow pupil who said that he should "Drop the'von' but keep the'Ustinov'".
After training as an actor in his late teens, along with early attempts at playwriting, he made his stage début in 1938 at the Players' Theatre, becoming established. He wrote, "I was not irresistibly drawn to the drama, it was an escape road from the dismal rat race of school". In 1939, he appeared in White Cargo at the Aylesbury Rep, where he performed in a different accent every night. Ustinov served as a private in the British Army during the Second World War, including time spent as batman to David Niven while writing the Niven film The Way Ahead; the difference in their ranks—Niven was a lieutenant-colonel and Ustinov a private—made their regular association militarily impossible. He appeared in propaganda films, debuting in One of Our Aircraft Is Missing, in which he was required to deliver lines in English and Dutch. In 1944, under the auspices of ENSA, he presented and performed the role of Sir Anthony Absolute, in Sheridan's The Rivals, with Dame Edith Evans, at the Larkhill Camp theater.
After the war, he began writing. He starred with Aldo Ray in We're No Angels, his career as a dramatist continued, his best-known play being Juliet. His film roles include Roman emperor Nero in Quo Vadis, Lentulus Batiatus in Spartacus, Captain Vere in Billy Budd and an old man surviving a totalitarian future in Logan's Run. Ustinov voiced the anthropomorphic lions Prince John and King Richard in the 1973 Disney animated film Robin Hood, he worked on several films as writer and director, including The Way Ahead, School for Secrets, Hot Millions and Memed, My Hawk. In half a dozen films, he played Agatha Christie's detective Hercule Poirot, first in Death on the Nile and in 1982's Evil Under the Sun, 1985's Thirteen at Dinner, 1986's Dead Man's Folly, 1986's Murder in Three Acts and 1988's Appointment with Death. Ustinov won Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor for his roles in Topkapi, he w
Clifford Parker Robertson III was an American actor with a film and television career that spanned half a century. Robertson portrayed a young John F. Kennedy in the 1963 film PT 109, won the 1968 Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in the movie Charly. On television, he portrayed retired astronaut Buzz Aldrin in the 1976 adaptation of Aldrin's autobiographic Return to Earth, played a fictional character based on Director of Central Intelligence Richard Helms in the 1977 miniseries Washington: Behind Closed Doors, portrayed Henry Ford in the 1987 Ford: The Man and the Machine, his last well-known film appearances were from 2002–2007 as Uncle Ben in the Spider-Man film trilogy. Robertson was born in La Jolla, the son of Clifford Parker Robertson Jr. and his first wife, Audrey Olga Robertson. His Texas-born father was described as "the idle heir to a tidy sum of ranching money". Robertson once said, " was a romantic figure – tall, handsome, he married four or five times, between marriages he'd pop in to see me.
He was a great raconteur, he was always surrounded by psychopaths who let him pick up the tab. During the Great Depression, he tapped the trust for $500,000, six months he was back for more."Robertson's parents divorced when he was one, his mother died of peritonitis a year in El Paso, Texas, at the age of 21. He was raised by his maternal grandmother, Mary Eleanor "Eleanora" Willingham, in California, saw his father, he graduated in 1941 from La Jolla High School, where he was known as "The Walking Phoenix". He served in the U. S. Merchant Marine in World War II, before attending Antioch College in Yellow Springs and dropping out to work as a journalist for a short time. Robertson studied at the Actors Studio. In the early 1950s he worked on television, including a stint in the lead of Rod Brown of the Rocket Rangers, he appeared in Broadway in Late Love and The Wisteria Tree, the latter written by Joshua Logan. Robertson made his film debut in Picnic, directed by Logan. Robertson played the role of William Holden's best friend - a part originated on stage by Paul Newman.
The film was a box office success and Robertson was promoted to Joan Crawford's co star in Autumn Leaves at Columbia, playing her mentally unstable younger lover. This meant; however he did return to Broadway to appear in Orpheus Descending by Tennessee Williams, which only had a short run. Robertson went to RKO to make two movies: The Naked and the Dead, an adaptation of the famous novel, co-starring Aldo Ray. Robertson received superb reviews for Days of Roses on TV with Piper Laurie, he was in Columbia's Gidget appearing opposite Sandra Dee as the Big Kahuna. It was popular and led to two sequels. Less successful was a war film at Columbia, Battle of the Coral Sea. Robertson had better luck on TV, appearing in the excellent "A Hundred Yards Over the Rim" for The Twilight Zone, he was third lead in Paramount's All in a Night's Work and starred in Samuel Fuller's Underworld U. S. A. at Columbia. Robertson supported Esther Williams in The Big Show, he had his first film hit since Gidget with Columbia's The Interns.
After supporting Debbie Reynolds in My Six Loves, Robertson was President John F. Kennedy's personal choice to play him in 1963's PT 109; the film was not a success at the box office. More popular was Sunday in New York, where Robertson supported Rod Taylor and Jane Fonda, The Best Man where he was a ruthless presidential candidate. Robertson appeared in a popular war film 633 Squadron supported Lana Turner in a melodrama, Love Has Many Faces. In 1965 he said. Frustrated at the progress of his career, Robertson optioned the rights to a TV play he had appeared in, Flowers for Algernon, he hired William Goldman to write a script. Before Goldman completed his work, Robertson arranged for Goldman to be hired to Americanize the dialogue for Masquerade, a spy spoof which Robertson starred in, replacing Rex Harrison. Robertson made a war film, Up from the Beach for Fox and guest starred on that studio's TV show, Batman, he co-starred with Harrison in The Honey Pot for Joseph Manckiewicz was in another war movie, The Devil's Brigade with William Holden.
Robertson disliked Goldman's Algernon script and replaced the writer with Stirling Silliphant for what became Charly. The film was another box office success and Robertson won the 1968 Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of a mentally disabled man. Charly was made by ABC Pictures who insisted Robert Aldrich use him in Too Late the Hero, a war film with Michael Caine that disappointed at the box office, he turned down roles in Straw Dogs and Dirty Harry. Instead Robertson co-wrote, starred in and directed J. W. Coop, another commercial disappointment despite excellent reviews. Looking back on his career he said "nobody made more mediocre movies. Nobody did such a wide variety of mediocrity." In 1969 after winning the Academy Award for Charly, Robertson, a lifelong aviation enthusiast, attempted to produce and direct an aviation film, “I Shot Down the Red Baron,” that featured World War one aerial combat, using Lynn Garrison’s Irish aviation facility. The comedic story-line portrayed th
Trevor Wallace Howard-Smith, known as Trevor Howard, was an English actor. After varied stage work, he achieved star status with his role in the film Brief Encounter, followed by The Third Man; this led to many popular appearances on film and TV. Howard was born in Cliftonville, England the son of Mabel Grey and Arthur John Howard-Smith. Although Howard claimed to have been born in 1916- the year quoted by most reference sources- he was born in 1913, his father was an insurance underwriter for Lloyd's of London, serving as representative in Colombo, Sri Lanka and elsewhere. He was educated at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. In 1933, at the end of his first year, he was chosen as best actor in his class for his performance as Benedict in a school production of Much Ado About Nothing. While Howard was still studying, he made his professional debut at the Gate Theatre in Revolt in a Reformatory; when he left school he worked on stage, including in Sheridan's The Rivals, several performances at Stratford-upon-Avon, in a two-year run in the original production of French Without Tears.
Although stories of his courageous wartime service in the British Army's Royal Corps of Signals earned him much respect among fellow actors and fans alike, files held in the Public Record Office reveal that he had been discharged from the British Army in 1943 for mental instability and having a "psychopathic personality". The story, which surfaced in Terence Pettigrew's biography of the actor, published by Peter Owen in 2001, was denied by Howard's widow, actress Helen Cherry. Confronted with official records, she told The Daily Telegraph that Howard's mother had claimed he was a holder of the Military Cross, she added" with an honourable military record. After a theatrical role in The Recruiting Officer, Howard began working in films with an uncredited part The Way Ahead, directed by Carol Reed, he was in a big stage hit, A Soldier for Christmas and a production of Eugene O'Neill's Anna Christie. Howard received his first credit for The Way to the Stars. Howard's performance in The Way Ahead came to the attention of David Lean, looking for someone to play the role of Alec in Brief Encounter.
Lean recommended him to Noël Coward, who agreed with the suggestion, the success of the film launched Howard's film career. He followed it with I See a Dark Stranger with Deborah Kerr, Green for Danger, starring Alastair Sim. Both films were successful; that year British exhibitors voted Howard the 10th most popular British star at the box office. So Well Remembered was made with American talent and money and was a hit in Britain but lost money overall. Howard was reunited with Lean for The Passionate Friends. However, The Third Man, which Howard starred in alongside Orson Welles and Joseph Cotten for Carol Reed from a story by Graham Greene, was a huge international success, became the film of which Howard was most proud. During filming in Vienna, Howard was keen to get to his favourite bar for a drink as soon as filming had finished for the evening. On one occasion Howard was in too much of a hurry to change out of his uniform as a British Army major. After a few drinks, he got into an argument and attracted the attention of a real major, who ordered the Military Police to arrest Howard as an impostor.
Howard was forced to apologise and was summoned to appear before the British commanding general, Sir Alexander Galloway. Howard was the lead in Golden Salamander and played Peter Churchill in Odette with Anna Neagle, a big hit in Britain, it was directed by Herbert Wilcox. He loaned Howard to Betty Box and Ralph Thomas to make The Clouded Yellow, a popular thriller with Jean Simmons; these films helped Howard be voted the 2nd biggest British star at the box office in 1951 and the 5th biggest in 1951. Howard was reunited with Carol Reed for Outcast of the Islands and he made a war film, Gift Horse; that year he made his final appearance in Britain's ten most popular actors, coming in at number nine. He was in another adaptation of The Heart of the Matter. Greene wrote and produced Howard's next film, the British-Italian The Stranger's Hand. Howard was in a French movie, The Lovers of Lisbon supported Jose Ferrer in a war film from Warwick Pictures, The Cockleshell Heroes, popular in Britain. Howard's first Hollywood film was Run for the Sun, where he played a villain to Richard Widmark's hero.
He made a cameo in Around the World in 80 Days and again played a villain to an American star, Victor Mature, in Warwick's Interpol. Howard starred in Manuela supported William Holden in Carol Reed's The Key, for which he received the Best Actor award from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts; when William Holden dropped out of the lead of The Roots of Heaven, Howard stepped in - the star part in a Hollywood film. After a thriller Moment of Danger he was in Sons and Lovers, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor, he was nominated for a BAFTA on four other occasions. And received two other Emmy nominations, one as a lead and the other as a supporting act
Central Park jogger case
The Central Park jogger case was a major news story that involved the assault and rape of Trisha Meili, a white female jogger, attacks on others in Manhattan's Central Park on the night of April 19, 1989. The attack on the jogger left her in a coma for 12 days. Meili was a 28-year-old investment banker at the time. According to The New York Times, the attack was "one of the most publicized crimes of the 1980s". On the night of the attack, five juvenile males – four African American and one Hispanic – were apprehended in connection with a number of attacks in Central Park committed by around 30 teenage perpetrators; the defendants were tried variously for assault, riot, sexual abuse, attempted murder relating to Meili's and other attacks in the park, based on confessions that they said were coerced and false. Before the trial, the FBI tested the DNA of the rape kit and found it did not match to any of the tested suspects; the office of District Attorney Robert Morgenthau presented these findings to the press as "inconclusive".
They were convicted in 1990 by juries in two separate trials. Subsequently, known as the Central Park Five, they received sentences ranging from 5 to 15 years. Four of the convictions were appealed and the convictions were affirmed by appellate courts; the defendants spent between 13 years in prison. In 2002, Matias Reyes, a convicted murderer and serial rapist in prison, confessed to raping the jogger, DNA evidence confirmed his guilt, he knew facts about the crime that only the offender could have known, said he committed the rape alone. At the time of his confession, Reyes was serving a life sentence, he was not prosecuted for raping Meili, because the statute of limitations had passed by the time he confessed. Morgenthau suggested to the court that the five men's convictions related to the assault and rape of Meili and to attacks on others to which they had confessed be vacated and withdrew the charges, their convictions were vacated in 2002. The five convicted men sued New York City in 2003 for malicious prosecution, racial discrimination, emotional distress.
The city refused to settle the suits for a decade under then-Mayor Michael Bloomberg, because the city's lawyers felt they would win. However, after Bill de Blasio became mayor and supported the settlement, the city settled the case for $41 million in 2014; as of December 2014, the five men were pursuing an additional $52 million in damages from New York State in the New York Court of Claims. At 9 p.m. on the night of April 19, 1989, a group of over 30 teenagers who lived in East Harlem entered Manhattan's Central Park at an entrance in Harlem, near Central Park North. They committed several attacks and robberies in the northernmost part of Manhattan's Central Park. According to The New York Times, the attacks committed that night were "one of the most publicized crimes of the 1980s". According to a police investigation, the main suspects were gangs of teenagers who would assault strangers as part of an activity that became known as "wilding". New York City detectives said the term was used by the suspects themselves to describe their actions to police.
This account has been disputed by some journalists, who say that it originated in a police detective's misunderstanding of the suspects' use of the phrase "doing the wild thing", lyrics from rapper Tone Lōc's hit song "Wild Thing". The teenagers attacked and beat people as they moved south, on the park's East Drive and the 97th Street Transverse, between 9 pm and 10 pm. Between 102nd and 105th Streets they attacked several bicyclists, hurled rocks at a cab, attacked a man, walking, whom they knocked to the ground, assaulted and left unconscious. A schoolteacher out for a run was beaten and kicked between 9:40 and 9:50. At about 10 p.m. at the northwest end of the Central Park Reservoir running track, they attacked another jogger, hitting him in the back of the head with a pipe and stick. They pummeled two men into unconsciousness, hitting them with a metal pipe and punches, kicking them in the head. A police officer testified that one male jogger, who said he had been jumped by four or five youths, was bleeding so badly he "looked like he was dunked in a bucket of blood".
Trisha Meili was going for a run in Central Park shortly before 9 p.m. While jogging in the park, she was knocked down, dragged or chased nearly 300 feet, violently assaulted, she was raped and beaten to death. About four hours at 1:30 a.m. she was found naked, tied up, covered in mud and blood. Meili was discovered in a shallow ravine in a wooded area of the park about 300 feet north of the 102nd Street Transverse; the first policeman who saw her said: "She was beaten as badly as anybody I've seen beaten. She looked like she was tortured."She was comatose for 12 days. She suffered severe hypothermia, severe brain damage, Class 4 hemorrhagic shock, loss of 75–80 percent of her blood, internal bleeding, her skull had been fractured so badly that her left eye was dislodged from its socket, which in turn was fractured in 21 places, she suffered as well from facial fractures. The initial medical prognosis was that Meili would die, she was given last rites. The police listed the attack as a probable homicide.
At best, doctors thought. She came out of her coma 12 days after her attack, spent seven weeks in Metropolitan Hospital in East Harlem; when she emerged from her coma, she was unable to talk, read, or walk. In early June, she was transferred to Gaylord Hospital, a long-term acute care center in W