Jiang Qing known as Madame Mao, was a Chinese Communist Revolutionary and major political figure during the Cultural Revolution. She was the fourth wife of Mao Zedong, the Chairman of the Communist Party and Paramount leader of China, she used the stage name Lan Ping during her acting career, was known by many other names. She married Mao in Yan'an in November 1938 and served as the inaugural "First Lady" of the People's Republic of China. Jiang Qing was best known for playing a major role in the Cultural Revolution and for forming the radical political alliance known as the "Gang of Four". Jiang Qing served as Mao's personal secretary in the 1940s and was head of the Film Section of the Communist Party's Propaganda Department in the 1950s, she served as an important emissary for Mao in the early stages of the Cultural Revolution. In 1966 she was appointed deputy director of the Central Cultural Revolution Group, she collaborated with Lin Biao to advance Mao's unique brand of Communist ideology as well as Mao's cult of personality.
At the height of the Cultural Revolution, Jiang Qing held significant influence in the affairs of state in the realm of culture and the arts, was idolized in propaganda posters as the "Great Flagbearer of the Proletarian Revolution". In 1969, Jiang gained a seat on the Politburo. Before Mao's death, the Gang of Four controlled many of China's political institutions, including the media and propaganda. However, Jiang Qing, deriving most of her political legitimacy from Mao found herself at odds with other top leaders. Mao's death in 1976 dealt a significant blow to Jiang Qing's political fortunes, she was arrested in October 1976 by Hua Guofeng and his allies, was subsequently condemned by party authorities. Since Jiang Qing has been branded as having been part of the "Lin Biao and Jiang Qing Counter-Revolutionary Cliques", to which most of the blame for the damage and devastation caused by the Cultural Revolution was assigned. Though she was sentenced to death, her sentence was commuted to life imprisonment in 1983.
After being released for medical treatment, Jiang Qing committed suicide in May 1991. Jiang Qing was born in Zhucheng, Shandong province on 19 March 1914, her birth name was Lǐ Shūméng. Her father was Li Dewen, a carpenter, her mother, whose name is unknown, was Li's subsidiary wife, or concubine, her father had his own cabinet making workshop. After Jiang's parents had a violent argument, her mother found work as a domestic servant and separated from her husband; when Jiang enrolled in elementary school, she took the name Lǐ Yúnhè, meaning "Crane in the Clouds", by which she was known for much of her early life. Due to her socioeconomic status and the fact that she was an illegitimate child, she was looked down upon by her schoolmates and she and her mother moved in with her maternal grandparents when she started middle school. In 1926, when she was 12 years old, her father died, her mother relocated them to Tianjin where Jiang worked as a child laborer in a cigarette factory for several months.
Two years Jiang and her mother settled in Jinan. The following summer, she entered an experimental drama school, her talent brought her to the attention of administrators who selected her to join a drama club in Beijing where she advanced her acting skills. She married Pei Minglun, the wealthy son of a businessman; the marriage was an unhappy one and they soon divorced. From July 1931 to April 1933, Jiang attended National Qingdao University in Qingdao, she met Yu Qiwei, a physics student three years her senior, an underground member of the Communist Party Propaganda Department. By 1932, they were living together, she joined the "Communist Cultural Front," a circle of artists and actors, performed in Put Down Your Whip, a renowned popular play about a woman who escapes from Japanese-occupied north-eastern China and performs in the streets to survive. In February 1933, Jiang took the oath of the Chinese Communist Party with Yu at her side, she was appointed member of the Chinese Communist Party youth wing.
Yu was arrested in April the same year and Jiang was subsequently shunned by his family. She returned to the drama school in Jinan. Through friendships she had established, she received an introduction to attend Shanghai University for the summer where she taught some general literacy classes. In October, she rejoined the Communist Youth League and, at the same time, began participating in an amateur drama troupe. In September 1934, Jiang Qing was arrested and jailed for her political activities in Shanghai, but was released three months in December of the same year, she traveled to Beijing where she reunited with Yu Qiwei who had just been released following his prison sentence, the two began living together again. Jiang Qing returned to Shanghai in March 1935, became a professional actress, adopting the stage name "Lán Píng", she appeared in numerous films and plays, including Goddess of Freedom, Scenes of City Life, Blood on Wolf Mountain and Wang Laowu. In Ibsen's play A Doll's House, Jiang Qing played the role of Nora.
With her career established, she became involved with actor/director Tang Na, with whom she appeared in Scenes of City Life and Goddess of Freedom. They were married in Hangzhou in March 1936; the scandal became public knowledge and he made two suicide
Go Soo known as Ko Soo, is a South Korean actor. He has appeared in television series such as Piano, Green Rose and Will It Snow for Christmas?, as well as the films White Night and The Front Line. Go was raised in Nonsan, South Chungcheong Province, South Korea as the youngest of 2 sons, he attended college in Cheonan campus, where he majored in Cinema degree. When Go Soo first came to Seoul, he acted on stage. Since he lacked money, he decided to put his stage acting on hold for and stopped. From on, he began presenting his profile photo to numerous agencies. Go first appeared in a soft drink TV commercial, followed by a role as an extra in the 1998 music video "Last Promise" by the band Position, he made his television debut in 1999 through the MBC sitcoms My Funky Family and Jump and KBS2 drama series Ad Madness. Go drew critical praise for his performance in the television drama Piano in 2001, with one review describing him as an "actor with precision". Go made his big screen debut as a drug crime officer in 2004's Some, in which he performed his own stunts and was recognized as Best New Actor at the Grand Bell Awards.
Go reunited with Ad Madness co-star Park Ye-jin in TV series When A Man Loves A Woman in the same year. In 2005, he starred in the revenge drama Green Rose, shot on location in China and Korea, he played a simple man who falls in love with a rich woman and gets accused of a crime he did not commit. In the romantic comedy Marrying a Millionaire, Go played a delivery man, asked by a TV producer to act like a rich bachelor to attract several women on a televised reality dating show. Go began his two-year mandatory military service on March 2, 2006 and he was assigned as a Civil Service Personnel in Gangnam District, Seoul, he was discharged on April 25, 2008, received recognition for being an outstanding Public Interest Service Personnel. For his first post-army project, Go surprised fans by choosing a stage play. Invited to join the "Best Play Series" by veteran actor Cho Jae-hyun, Go made his theater debut as the lead actor in The Return of President Eom, which ran from May 23 to August 3, 2008.
In 2009, he starred in the dark mystery film White Night, based on the Japanese novel Byakuyakō by Keigo Higashino. Go said he was "completely absorbed by the intriguing storyline." Go made his television comeback in the melodrama Will It Snow for Christmas?, a tale of rekindled childhood love penned by renowned TV writer Lee Kyung-hee. He described his character as "hurt by love and tries to overcome that pain."His next film Haunters, in which he played the only man immune to a psychic's supernatural powers, was a box office hit in 2010. In May 13, 2011, he signed under the management of Lee Byung-hun known as BH Entertainment, he next played a soldier in the Korean War-set The Front Line a grieving firefighter in the 2012 romance drama Love 911. Afterwards, he collaborated with the makers of The Chaser for Empire of Gold, a TV series about the power struggle within a rich family living through Korea's turbulent economy of the 1990s, produced by SBS; that year, he starred in melodrama film Way Back Home, playing the devastated husband of a woman wrongfully accused of drug smuggling.
Go said the reason he chose the film was because he wanted to work with acclaimed actress Jeon Do-yeon, that through his character he "was able to tackle the challenge of internal and external change". In 2014, Go appeared in two short films. Directed by Kang Je-gyu, Awaiting is about a married couple separated for sixty years by the division of North and South Korea. Awaiting was one of the four short films comprising Beautiful 2014, an omnibus project that premiered at the 38th Hong Kong International Film Festival. Meanwhile, which depicted the rendezvous of a South Korean painter and a North Korean waitress in a North Korean restaurant, is a collaboration by contemporary artists Moon Kyung-won and Jeon Joon-ho, combined a theatrical plot, experimental imagery and performance art, he starred in the period film The Royal Tailor, in the role of an upstart new designer whose talent and instincts challenges the traditional master artisan of royal attire. In June 2015, Go Soo has amicably parted ways with BH Entertainment, joined a new agency founded by his previous manager at BH Entertainment.
Go made his small screen comeback after three years in MBC's 55th-founding anniversary historical drama directed by a famed director Lee Byung-hoon, The Flower in Prison. In 2017, Go starred in Lucid Dream, a psychological thriller in which Go played a former journalist who attempts to find his kidnapped son using lucid dreaming; the same year, Go starred in The Tooth and the Nail, a film based on the 1955 mystery novel by Bill S. Ballinger in which a magician discovers the incinerated teeth and fingernails of his missing butler, he next starred in period epic film The Fortress. In 2018, Go was cast in the medical drama Heart Surgeons as a cardiothoracic surgery resident trying to save his mother in need of a heart transplant. Go began dating Kim Hye-yeon, an art student eleven years his junior, shortly after meeting her in 2008; the couple married on February 2012 at the Shilla Hotel in Seoul. Their son was born on January 28, 2013, their daughter was born on April 17, 2015. On September 13, 2017, his wife gave birth to their 3rd child, their 2nd son.
Hollywood Hills West is a neighborhood within Central Los Angeles, California. There are one elementary school. Hollywood Hills West touches Studio City on the north, Hollywood Hills on the east and West Hollywood on the south and Beverly Hills and Coldwater Canyon on the west; the neighborhood is bisected by Laurel Canyon Boulevard and is bordered on the east by Outpost Drive and on the south by an irregular line that includes Franklin Avenue, Fairfax Avenue and Sunset Boulevard, or the West Hollywood city limits. On the west the neighborhood ends at the Beverly Hills city line (Trousdale Estates, on the north it stops at Mulholland Drive; the area includes the neighborhoods of Crescent Heights, Laurel Canyon, Lookout Mountain, Mount Olympus, Sunset Plaza, Nichols Canyon. A total of 14,860 people lived in the neighborhood's 4.87 square miles, according to the 2000 U. S. census—averaging 3,048 people per square mile, among the lowest population densities in the city. The population was estimated at 16,003 in 2008.
The median age for residents was 41, considered old for the county as a whole. The percentages of residents aged 35 and above are among the county's highest; the neighborhood is "not diverse," the diversity index being 0.273, the percentage of white people is considered high, at 84.9%. Latinos make up 5.8%, Asians are at 3.9%, blacks at 2.7% and others at 2.7%. In 2000 the United Kingdom and Ukraine were the most common places of birth for the 25.4% of the residents who were born abroad, considered an average percentage of foreign-born when compared with the city or county as a whole. The median household income in 2008 dollars was $108,199, considered high for both the city and county; the percentage of households earning $125,000 or more was high, compared to the city and the county at large. The average household size of 1.9 people was low. Homeowners occupied 63.6% of the housing units, renters occupied the rest. In 2000 there were 178 families headed by single parents, or 5.8%, a rate, low in both the county and the city.
The percentages of never-married men and divorced men were among the county's highest. A high number of the residents were military veterans—8.4% of the population, the percentage who served during World War II or the Korean War being among the county's highest. Hollywood Hills West residents aged 25 and older holding a four-year degree amounted to 58.8% of the population in 2000, considered high when compared with the city and the county as a whole, as were the percentages of residents with a bachelor's or a postgraduate degreeThere is just one school within the neighborhood's boundaries: Wonderland Avenue Elementary School, operated by the Los Angeles Unified School District at 8510 Wonderland Avenue. The neighborhood is home to three City of Los Angeles recreation facilities—Laurel Canyon Park, Wattles Garden Park and Runyon Canyon Park. Hollywood Hills West Neighborhood Council Comments about living in Hollywood Hills West Hollywood Hills West crime map and statistics
Coahuilaceratops is a genus of herbivorous ceratopsian dinosaur. It is a chasmosaurine ceratopsian which lived during the Late Cretaceous period in what is now southern Coahuila in northern Mexico, it is known from the holotype CPC 276, a partial skeleton of an adult individual which includes several skull elements. Another specimen, CPS 277, may represent a juvenile Coahuilaceratops. All specimens of Coahuilaceratops were collected from a single location in the middle strata of the Cerro del Pueblo Formation, which dates to between 72.5 and 71.4 million years ago. It was formally described in 2010, though it appeared as an informal designation as early as 2008. Coahuilaceratops was named by Mark A. Loewen, Scott D. Sampson, Eric K. Lund, Andrew A. Farke, Martha C. Aguillón-Martínez, C. A. de Leon, R. A. Rodríguez-de la Rosa, Michael A. Getty and David A. Eberth in 2010 and the type species is Coahuilaceratops magnacuerna. Although based on incomplete remains, Coahuilaceratops is thought to possess among the largest horns of any dinosaur known, rivaling in absolute size those of larger chasmosaurines like Triceratops and Torosaurus.
Its horns are estimated to have been up to 1.2 m long. Coahuilaceratops is a member of the Chasmosaurinae. Below is a cladogram that represents the findings of Donald Henderson. Coahuilaceratops and Bravoceratops were resolved as sister taxa yet in a recent analysis by Mallon et al. Bravoceratops was removed from the Chasmosaurinae because it decreased resolution in the authors' analysis. Timeline of ceratopsian research
Orabazes II was a king of Characene a kingdom located at the head of the Persian Gulf. His reign was from 150/51 to 165, he was a relative of the Parthian king Vologases IV. Like most Characene rulers he is known from his coins; as his rule was in the latter part of Characene history, at a time when the state was weak, we find that the spelling of his name varies between coins and that legends on his coins are partially corrupt. Furthermore, so far only two coins are known that carry a readable date, he is the first Characene ruler to use Aramaic text although the images on the coin are still Hellenistic. Gregoratti, Leonardo. "The Arsacid Empire". In Daryaee, Touraj. King of the Seven Climes: A History of the Ancient Iranian World. UCI Jordan Center for Persian Studies. Pp. 1–236. ISBN 9780692864401
The Rio Negro Left Bank Environmental Protection Area is an environmental protection area in the state of Amazonas, Brazil. It protects an area of Amazon rainforest on the left bank of the Rio Negro near Manaus. There is a small human population, sustainable use of forest resources is allowed; the southern section, near to Manaus, is subject to pressure from poor residents of an official settlement project who clear forest to make charcoal for sale in the city. The Rio Negro Left Bank Environmental Protection Area is divided between the Amazonas municipalities of Manaus, Novo Airão and Presidente Figueiredo, it has an area of 611,008 hectares. The APA is divided into two unconnected sections; the larger Aturiá–Apuauzinho section covers land to the north and east of the Anavilhanas National Park, which protects the Rio Negro's Anavilhanas archipelago in this region, surrounds the Rio Negro State Park South Section on the west and east. It adjoins the Puranga Conquista Sustainable Development Reserve to the south.
To the east it is bounded by the BR-174 highway. The smaller Tarumã Açu – Tarumã Mirim section lies between the Puranga Conquista reserve to the west and the city of Manaus to the east, is bounded by part of the left bank of the Rio Negro in the south; the southern section contains two small segments of the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project Area of Relevant Ecological Interest, created in 1985. The Rio Negro Left Bank Environmental Protection Area was created by Amazonas state governor decree 16.498 of 2 April 1995 for the purpose of protecting and conserving the quality the environment, natural systems and regional ecosystems while improving the lives of the local people. Law 2646 of 22 May 2001 altered the boundaries of the Rio Negro State Park North Section and South Section, the Rio Negro Left Bank and Right Bank environmental protection areas; the Aturiá–Apuauzinho section of the Left Bank APA now had an area of 586,422 hectares and the Tarumã Açu – Tarumã Mirim section now had an area of 56,793 hectares.
It became part of the Central Amazon Ecological Corridor, established in 2002. Law 4015 of 24 March 2014 altered the boundaries of the Rio Negro State Park South Section and the Aturiá-Apuauzinho section of the Left Bank APA, created the Puranga Conquista Sustainable Development Reserve; the Left Bank APA was reduced to a total area of 611,008 hectares. The Aturiá–Apuauzinho section of the APA is in the Uatumã–Trombetas interfluvial region. Vegetation includes rainforests and areas of campinarana and sub-montane forest in the Presidente Figueiredo region, it is part of the Lower Rio Negro Mosaic of the Amazon Central Corridor. It is drained by the Cuieiras River, it serves as a buffer zone for the protected national and state parks. It is a habitat for the Guianan pied tamarin and harpy eagle; the Tarumã Açu – Tarumã Mirim section is covered by dense rainforest but has areas of open tropical forest and campinarana. It is drained by the Tarumã Tarumã Mirim rivers, it contains a plateau area with human presence and livestock.
The plateau areas have high species diversity. Law 2646 of 22 May 2001 prohibits activities in APAs that may damage the environment or biota including earth moving and dredging. Existing agriculture and livestock activities may continue, but not in ways that may damage the environment such as use of pesticides or overgrazing; the Tarumã-Açu and Tarumã-Mirim are blackwater rivers and low in minerals. Water levels vary with highest levels in June. There are human communities along the edge of the state park and along BR-174 in Presidente Figueiredo in the Aturiá–Apuauzinho section of the APA. More than 100 families live in this section engaged in hunting and subsistence fishing. There is little non-timber extraction from the forest other than fiber for crafts and straw for homes. There is intense logging; the Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária created the Tarumã-Mirim Settlement Project on 10 August 1992, located parallel to the BR-174 Manaus-Boa Vista highway between the Tarumã-Açu and Tarumã-Mirim rivers.
The settlement project is all in the Tarumã Açu – Tarumã Mirim section of the APA. It covers 42,910.76 hectares with 1,042 lots, averaging 25 hectares for family farming and 7,088.62 hectares of collective forest reserves. There is conflict between conservation goals and activities of the settlers such as burning wood for charcoal; the settlers engage in intensive deforestation in hillside and riparian areas, do not use the cleared land for farming. At least two tons of charcoal are sold weekly informally, at a price up to 400% lower than the price in Manaus; the poor families in the settlement depend on poached game from the forest for nutrition. These families have low income, little education, poor sanitation, lack of access to medical services, insecure land titles and lack of assistance in controlled plant extraction. Most do not know about the APA requirements. There is a lack of dialog between the government and the communities, lack of understanding of how the families survive, they need the income from charcoal.