Brtnice is a town in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. It has around 3,700 inhabitants; the town consists of the main centre, 9 town districts named: Dolní Smrčné, Jestřebí, Komárovice, Malé, Panská Lhota, Přímělkov, Příseka, Střížov, Uhřínovice. The large ancestral and childhood house of the architect Josef Hoffmann is in the centre of the town; the architect's great-grandfather Franz Hoffmann moved into it in the 1780s. From a young age, Hoffmann spent most of the year away from the house but would return, spending his summers there, his parents having died, he made subtle alterations to it in 1910–11, redecorating its interior and keeping much of the furnishings but adding some of his own work. He and his sisters returned to it every summer until 1945, when it was seized by the Red Army and subsequently confiscated by the state and used as a "Workers' House". However, a plaque commemorating Hoffmann was placed on the house as early as 1970, extensive work to strengthen the foundations and reinforce the vaults was done from 1974 to 1980.
Following a 1992 exhibition in Brtnice on Hoffmann's work mounted by the town and MAK, the house was turned into a permanent exhibition space. From on, an ambitious programme of refurbishing the building to Josef Hoffmann's design was carried out. From 2006, the building has been administered by the Moravian Gallery in Brno, with the assistance of MAK. Gustav Haloun Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect Hermann of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich House of Waldstein Brtnice is twinned with: Orpund, Switzerland Municipal website
Dolní Vilímeč is a village and municipality in Jihlava District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. The municipality covers an area of 5.46 square kilometres, has a population of 101. Dolní Vilímeč lies 30 kilometres south of Jihlava and 132 km south-east of Prague. Czech Statistical Office: Municipalities of Jihlava District
Hybrálec is a village and municipality in Jihlava District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. The municipality covers an area of 10.49 square kilometres, has a population of 412. Hybrálec lies 6 kilometres north-west of Jihlava and 109 km south-east of Prague. Czech Statistical Office: Municipalities of Jihlava District
Kalhov is a village and municipality in Jihlava District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. Kalhov lies 15 kilometres north-west of Jihlava and 100 km south-east of Prague. Czech Statistical Office: Municipalities of Jihlava District
Dvorce (Jihlava District)
Dvorce is a village and municipality in Jihlava District in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic. The municipality covers an area of 3.5 square kilometres, has a population of 177. Dvorce lies on the Jihlava River 8 kilometres west of Jihlava and 110 km south-east of Prague. Czech Statistical Office: Municipalities of Jihlava District
Jezdovice is a village in the Czech Republic's region Vysočina. Jezdovice if first documented in a 1358 census. By the year 1422 was mine silver near by Jezdovice In years 1490–1493 Václav Vencelík z Vrchovišť bought from Zdeněk Šternberk townlet Trest with village Jezdovice and Buková. Two calvaries Two stone bridges Three-span bridge, 14 m long and 5 m wide, one of oldest bridges in Moravia Single-span bridge is 8 m long and 4.5 m wide Chapel St. Martin from year 1870 Media related to Jezdovice at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Jihlava is a city in the Czech Republic. Jihlava is the capital of the Vysočina Region, situated on the Jihlava river on the historical border between Moravia and Bohemia, is the oldest mining town in the Czech Republic 50 years older than Kutná Hora. Among the principal buildings are the early Gothic churches of St. Jacob, Friars Minor church of Our Lady and Dominican church of the Holy Cross, the Baroque church of St. Ignatius of Loyola, the Municipal Hall and a number of municipal houses containing Gothic and Renaissance details. There is a Jewish cemetery, containing some remarkable monuments including the tombstone of the parents of Gustav Mahler; the city's German name, Iglau, is derived from the German word for hedgehog, hence the hedgehog on the coat of arms. According to legend in the year 799 silver was mined in Iglau. King Ottokar I established a mint, Iglau was granted extensive privileges during these early times. An old Slavic settlement upon a ford was moved to a nearby hill where the mining town was founded by king Wenceslaus I.
In the Middle Ages the town was inhabited by Germans. Medieval mines surrounded by mining settlements were localized outside the walls of the medieval town. In the era of the Hussite Wars, Jihlava remained a Catholic stronghold and managed to resist a number of sieges. At Jihlava, on 5 July 1436, a treaty was made with the Hussites, whereby the emperor Sigismund was acknowledged king of Bohemia. A marble relief near the town marks the spot where Ferdinand I, in 1527, swore fidelity to the Bohemian estates. During the Thirty Years' War Jihlava was twice captured by the Swedes. In 1742, it fell into the hands of the Prussians, in December 1805 the Bavarians under Wrede were defeated near the town. In 1860, it became the childhood home of Bohemian-Austrian composer Gustav Mahler, who retained his ties to the town until the death of both of his parents in 1889; until World War I the town was an important Austro-Hungarian Army military centre. In 1914, the First and Third Battalions of the Moravian Infantry Regiment No. 81 and the Second Battalion of the Landwehr infantry regiment number 14 were the garrison troops.
After World War I the town constituted a German language island within Slavic speaking Moravia. This affected local politics as it remained the centre of the second largest German-speaking enclave in the republic of Czechoslovakia. After the Czechoslovak Republic was proclaimed on 28 October 1918, the indigenous Germans of Bohemia and Moravia, claiming the right to self-determination according to the 10th of President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points, demanded that their homeland areas remain with the new Austrian State; the Volksdeutsche of Iglau relied on peaceful opposition to the Czech military occupation of their region, a process that started on 31 October 1918 and was completed on 28 January 1919. Unsuccessful in getting their right to self-determination recognized and incorporated into the new Czechoslovakian state, many of the indigenous Germans instead took to more nationalistic politics. Thereafter extremist political figures like Hans Krebs, editor of the Iglauer Volkswehr newspaper, became prominent with the rise of Nazism and the Nazi occupation.
The area remained, until the end of World War II, the centre of a distinctive regional folk culture reflecting hundreds of years of local customs. The local dialect of German was a unique branch of Mitteldeutsch. Musicians used homemade instruments and original groups of four fiddles and Ploschperment. Typical folk dances were the Hatschou and Radln. Peasant women wore old "pairische" Scharkaröckchen costumes with shiny dark skirts and big red cloths. After the end of World War II, following the Beneš decrees, the German speakers were evicted; the town was repopulated with Moravian settlers favoured by the new Communist regime. After 1951, the town was the site of several Communist show trials, which were directed against the influence of the Roman Catholic Church on the rural population. In the processes eleven death sentences were passed and 111 years of prison sentences imposed. All the convicted persons were rehabilitated after the Velvet Revolution. In protest against the Soviet occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1969 Evžen Plocek set himself on fire in the town marketplace in emulation of others in Prague.
Today there is a memorial plaque to him. Since the collapse of Communism in the 1990s the share of employment in agriculture has declined; the industrial sector of the town now employs 65 percent of all workers. In 2004, the Jihlava Polytechnic now has about 2,600 students. Jihlava is twinned with: Purmerend, Netherlands. Heidenheim an der Brenz, Germany. Eilenburg, Germany. Sisak, Croatia. Patrik Augusta – Czech ice hockey player Bobby Holík - ice hockey player Hans Krebs - Moravian-born Nazi SS Brigadeführer executed for war crimes Lukáš Krpálek – Czech judoka Gustav Mahler – Austrian/German composer and conductor David Rittich - NHL goaltender for the Calgary Flames Julius Tandler – physician and politician Peter von Chlumecký: Die Regesten oder die chronologischen Verzeichnisse der Urkunden in den Archiven zu Iglau. Nitsch & Grosse, Brünn 1856 Martin Leupold von Löwenthal: Chronik der Königlichen Stadt Iglau. Hrsg