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Jim Cummings

James Jonah Cummings is an American voice actor and singer, who has appeared in 400 roles, including Winnie the Pooh and the Tasmanian Devil. Born in Youngstown, Cummings relocated to New Orleans, where he designed and painted Mardi Gras floats, worked as a river boat deck hand and sang and played drums in the regionally-successful rock band Fusion, he attended Immaculate Conception and St. Columba grade schools as well as Ursuline High School and graduated from there in 1970, he married and moved to Anaheim, where he managed a video store in the early 1980s, before launching his voice-acting career in late 1984. Cummings's first voice role was as Lionel the Lion and Aunt Fira in Dumbo's Circus; some of Cummings' earliest vocal work was at Disney, where he replaced Hal Smith as the voice of Winnie the Pooh in 1988. He began replacing Paul Winchell as Tigger, before replacing him as the character in 2000's The Tigger Movie. In 1991, he ventured to Warner Bros. Animation and began voicing Tasmanian Devil on the animated series Taz-Mania.

When actor Jeremy Irons, the voice of Scar in The Lion King, developed vocal problems during recording of the song "Be Prepared", Cummings replaced him on the remainder of the track. He provided Scar's voice in a brief dream sequence in The Lion King II: Simba's Pride. Cummings would be hired as the singing double for Russell Means in Pocahontas and Christopher Lloyd in Anastasia. In 2018, he became the first voice performer of animation to reprise his role for a live-action Disney film, reprising the roles of Winnie the Pooh and Tigger for the film Christopher Robin, his performance as Pooh was praised by Richard Lawson of Vanity Fair, who felt it was "Oscar-worthy" and said that "s Winnie the Pooh … the veteran voice actor gives such sweet, affable life to the wistful bear of literary renown that it breaks the heart." Cummings has two daughters with Stephanie Cummings, as well as two older children from a previous marriage. Cummings and Stephanie divorced in 2011, after ten years of marriage.

Terminator 2: 3-D Battle Across Time in Universal Studios Theme Parks: Opening Sequence Narrator IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth at EPCOT in Walt Disney World: Narrator Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin at Mickey's Toontown in Disneyland: Baby Herman, Stupid Smugglers Run at Star Wars: Galaxy's Edge in Disneyland: Hondo Ohnaka Jim Cummings on IMDb Jim Cummings at Voice Chasers Jim Cummings Interview at Toon Zone Jim Cummings at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Jim Cummings feature article and photos at Voice Actors in the News Jim Cummings' Imaginography at Imagine Casting Jim Cummings on Wowpedia, a Warcraft wiki

Medical tourism in India

Medical tourism is a growing sector in India. In October 2015, India's medical tourism sector was estimated to be worth US$3 billion, it is projected to grow at a CAGR of 200% by 2020, hitting $9 billion by 2020. In 2017, 495,056 patients visited India to seek medical care; the top 10 source countries for patients have been Bangladesh, Iraq, Oman, Uzbekistan, Kenya and Tanzania, with significant number of patients coming from Australia, Russia, the UK, the United States. To encourage applications and ease the travel process for medical tourists, the government has expanded its e-tourism VISA regime on February 2019, to include medical visas; the maximum duration of stay under this visa is 6 months.. India has another special type of VISA for nurses or attendants of Medical Visitors called India Medical Attendant Visa with a view to promote medical tourism. Advantages of medical treatment in India include reduced costs, the availability of latest medical technologies, a growing compliance on international quality standards, doctors trained in western countries including the United States and the United Kingdom, as well as English-speaking personnel, due to which foreigners are less to face language barrier in India.

Most estimates found that treatment costs in India start at around one-tenth of the price of comparable treatment in the United States or the United Kingdom. The most popular treatments sought in India by medical tourists are alternative medicine, bone-marrow transplant, cardiac bypass, eye surgery, hip replacement. India has 39 JCI accredited hospitals. However, for a patient traveling to India, it is important to find the optimal doctor-hospital combination. After the patient has been treated, the patient has the option of either recuperating in the hospital or at a paid accommodation nearby. Many hospitals give the option of continuing the treatment through telemedicine; the city of Chennai has been termed "India's health capital". Multi- and super-specialty hospitals across the city bring in an estimated 150 international patients every day. Chennai attracts about 45 percent of health tourists from abroad arriving in the country and 30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists. Factors behind the tourists inflow in the city include low costs, little to no waiting period, facilities offered at the specialty hospitals in the city.

The city has an estimated 12,500 hospital beds, of which only half is used by the city's population with the rest being shared by patients from other states of the country and foreigners. Dental clinics have attracted dental care tourism to Chennai. Private institutions and organisations such as Max Healthcare have consulted and treated up to 50,000 foreign patients in hospitals across the country; the promotion of medical tourism in India has helped private players capitalize on this market opportunity. The government has removed visa restrictions on tourist visas that required a two-month gap between consecutive visits for people from Gulf countries, to boost medical tourism. A visa-on-arrival scheme for tourists from select countries has been instituted which allows foreign nationals to stay in India for 30 days for medical reasons. In 2016, citizens of Bangladesh, Maldives, Republic of Korea and Nigeria availed the most medical visas. Despite India's diversity of languages, English is an official language and is spoken by most people and universally by medical professionals.

In Noida, a number of hospitals have hired language translators to make patients from Balkan and African countries feel more comfortable while at the same time helping in the facilitation of their treatment. A large number of medical tourism companies are facilitating foreigners patients from Arabic-, Russian-, English-, Bangla-speaking countries. Bangla speaking Bangladesh citizens accounted for highest number of Tourists in India in 2019 at 2,256 million. Russia Beyond notes that of the estimated 300,000 Russian medical tourists who travel worldwide every year for healthcare, India receives over 70,000 of them. Healthcare in Chennai Medical tourism provider The role of the Russian language in India's Healthcare Sector – Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow

LSWR L12 class

The London and South Western Railway L12 class was a class of 20 4-4-0 steam locomotives designed for express passenger work by Dugald Drummond. They were introduced to the London and South Western Railway network in 1904. Despite the class being an unremarkable continuation of the Drummond lineage, one member was involved in the infamous Salisbury rail crash in June 1906. None of the class survived into preservation after their brief career in British Railways ownership. In 1904, the LSWR Locomotive Superintendent, Dugald Drummond, was tasked by his superiors to analyse the possibility of an updated version of his successful T9 class 4-4-0. With open competition against the Great Western Railway in earning revenue from ocean-going traffic in the south-west of England at Plymouth, there was a need for a new design of powerful locomotive capable of hauling heavy loads at high speeds; this furthermore provided Drummond with the chance to take advantage of various advances in locomotive technology that had accumulated in the five years since the release of the T9.

The last in an unbroken lineage of Drummond 4-4-0s stretching back to his unsuccessful C8 Class of 1898, the L12 continued the tradition of solid construction and robust operation. Drummond took the decision to construct a further new class of 20 4-4-0s as part of the competition between the LSWR and GWR regarding boat trains to Plymouth harbour. Once again, the L12 followed the example of the Class S11 in incorporating the same frames as the T9; the major design difference between this and the Class S11 was the fact that the 6-foot-7-inch driving wheels seen on the T9 were reinstated for fast running on the LSWR main line. The boiler was similar to that of the T9s, capped off with a dome and stovepipe chimney, though the smokebox was of a smaller design in comparison due to the initial lack of superheating; the locomotive was fitted with cross-water tubes fitted into the firebox, as featured on the T9 Class. This was an attempt to increase the heat surface area of the water, achieved, though at a cost in boiler complexity.

The new locomotive had a higher centre of gravity than the earlier T9 class, which would cause the locomotive to become unbalanced on curves at speed, this would have fatal consequences on. One major modification was made by Robert Urie, who exchanged the saturated steam boilers for the superheated variety, resulting in an enlarged smokebox when compared to that fitted on the S11 Class. At the same time, the addition of the superheater header and associated tubes meant that the overall weight was increased by one long ton from 86 to 87 long tons. Production of the class began at Nine Elms in 1904, with all members of the class were fitted with the Drummond "watercart" eight-wheel tender for longer running on the LSWR network; the class gained the nickname "Bulldogs" from their crews due to their'butch' appearance. The L12s were rostered to Nine Elms and Salisbury, where they worked the LSWR system on express passenger trains, it was at Salisbury that the class gained an infamous reputation, as number 421 was involved in the Salisbury high speed derailment of 10 June 1906, resulting in 28 fatalities.

The express was heading to London Waterloo from Plymouth, failed to round a curve at the eastern end of Salisbury station, subsequently derailed. The resultant inquiry into the incident ended the ruthless competition between the LSWR and GWR for Plymouth boat traffic; the class was also shedded at Exmouth Junction where they shared the Ocean Liner special expresses to and from Plymouth with the S11 class. Although the class was well received by locomotive crews, there was no discernible improvement over the T9s it was supposed to develop from, as such, led uneventful careers after the accident of 1906, they began to be withdrawn soon after Nationalisation in 1948, by which time the class were used for local freight working on rural lines. The last of the class was struck off in 1951, ending its life on pick-up/set down goods trains on the Meon Valley Railway. None survived for preservation. On 1 July 1906, locomotive No. 421 was one of two locomotives hauling a mail train, derailed at Salisbury, Wiltshire due to excessive speed on a curve.

Twenty-eight people were killed and eleven were injured. Under the LSWR, the locomotives were outshopped in the LSWR Passenger Sage Green livery with purple-brown edging, creating panels of green; this was further lined in black with ` LSWR' in gilt on the tender tank sides. When transferred to Southern Railway ownership after 1923, the locomotives were outshopped in Richard Maunsell's darker version of the LSWR livery; the LSWR standard gilt lettering was changed to yellow with'Southern' on the water tank sides. The locomotives featured black and white lining. However, despite Bulleid's experimentation with Malachite Green livery on express passenger locomotive, the Maunsell livery was continued with the S11s, though the'Southern' lettering on the tender was changed to the'Sunshine Yellow' style. During the Second World War, members of the class outshopped form overhaul were turned out in wartime black, some of the class retained this livery to Nationalisation. Livery after Nationalisation was Southern Wartime Black livery with'British Railways' on the tender, an'S' prefix on the number, until superseded by the Standard BR 30xxx series.

Latterly, the class was outshopped with red and white lining. The BR crest was placed on the tender tank sides. SEMG gallery