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Jim Steranko

James F. Steranko is an American graphic artist, comic book writer/artist, comics historian, magician and film production illustrator, his most famous comic book work was with the 1960s superspy feature "Nick Fury, Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D." in Marvel Comics' Strange Tales and in the subsequent eponymous series. Steranko earned lasting acclaim for his innovations in sequential art during the Silver Age of Comic Books his infusion of surrealism, pop art, graphic design into the medium, his work has been published in many countries and his influence on the field has remained strong since his comics heyday. He went on to create book covers, become a comics historian who published a pioneering two-volume history of the birth and early years of comic books, to create conceptual art and character designs for films including Raiders of the Lost Ark and Bram Stoker's Dracula, he was inducted into the comic-book industry's Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2006. Steranko was born in Pennsylvania. According to Steranko's authorized biography, his grandparents emigrated from Ukraine to settle in the anthracite coal-mining region of eastern Pennsylvania.

Steranko's father, one of nine siblings, began working in the mines at age 10, as an adult became a tinsmith. Steranko said his father and uncles "would bootleg coal – they would go up into a mountain and open up a shaft." One of three children, all boys, Steranko spent his early childhood during the American Great Depression living in a three-room house with a tar-paper roof and outhouse toilet facilities. He slept on a couch in the nominal living room. Steranko's father and five uncles showed musical inclination, performing in a band that played on Reading radio in the 1930s, Steranko has said. Steranko recalled beginning school at age 4. "Because my father had tuberculosis, I began third grade at what was called an'open-window' school, a facility across the city that had a healthy program for kids with special problems. I was bused to school for four years dropped into standard junior high." There, being smaller and younger than his classmates, he found himself a target for bullies and young gang-members until he studied boxing and self-defense at the local YMCA and began to fight back.

His youngest brother was born when Steranko was 14, "severing the minimal interaction between me and my parents."Steranko had begun drawing while young and flattening envelopes from the mail to use as sketch paper. Despite his father's denigration of Steranko's artistic talent, the boy's ambition to become an architect, Steranko paid for his art supplies by collecting discarded soda bottles for the bottle deposit and bundled old newspapers to sell to scrap-paper dealers, he studied the Sunday comic strip art of Milton Caniff, Alex Raymond, Hal Foster, Chester Gould, as well as the characters of Walt Disney and Superman, provided in "boxes of comics" brought to him by an uncle. Radio programs, Saturday movie matinées and serials, other popular culture influenced him. Steranko in 1978 described some influences and their impact on his creative philosophy: Early influences were Chester Gould's Dick Tracy, Hal Foster, Frank Robbins' Johnny Hazard. I still think. Fans seem to have a lot less opinion of Robbins for some reason, just because they're more enamored of lines.

Fans seem to think the better it is. The opposite is true; the fewer lines you can put into a drawing the quicker it reads, the simpler it is. Toth is one of the few guys who can simplify an illustration to a minimum of lines with a maximum of impact. By his account, Steranko learned stage magic using paraphernalia from his father's stage magician act, in his teens spent several summers working with circuses and carnivals, working his way up to sideshow performer as a fire-eater and in acts involving a bed of nails and sleight-of-hand. At school, he competed on the gymnastics team, on the rings and parallel bars, took up boxing and, under swordmaster Dan Phillips in New York City, fencing. At 17, Steranko and another teenage boy were arrested for a string of burglaries and car thefts in Pennsylvania. Up through his early 20s, Steranko performed as an illusionist, escape artist, close-up magician in nightclubs, musician, having played in drum and bugle corps in his teens before forming his own bands during the early days of rock and roll.

Steranko, whose first band, in 1956, was called The Lancers, did not perform under his own name, claiming he used pseudonyms to help protect himself from enemies. He claims to have put the first go-go girls onstage; the seminal rock and roll group Bill Haley and his Comets was based in nearby Philadelphia and Steranko, who played a Jazzmaster guitar performed in the same local venues, sometimes on the same bill, became friendly with Haley guitarist Frank Beecher, who became a musical influence. By the late 1960s, Steranko was a member of a New York City magicians' group, the Witchdoctor's Club. Comics historian Mark Evanier notes that the influential comic-book creator Jack Kirby, who "based some of his characters... on people in his life or in the news", was "inspired" to create the escape artist character Mister Miracle "by an earlier career of writer-artist Jim Steranko". During the day, Steranko made his living as an artist for a printing company in his hometown of Reading and drawing pamphlets and flyers for local dance clubs and the like.

He moved on after five years to jo

Nottinghamshire (UK Parliament constituency)

Nottinghamshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament, traditionally known as Knights of the Shire; the constituency was split into two two-member divisions, for Parliamentary purposes, by the Reform Act 1832. The county was represented by the North Nottinghamshire and South Nottinghamshire constituencies; the county of Nottinghamshire is located in the East Midlands of England. The county is known to have been represented in Parliament from 1290, although it sent knights of the shire to earlier meetings. From 1295 the county and the town of Nottingham each returned two members to parliament. In 1572 East Retford was represented by two members, in 1672 Newark-upon-Trent also. Under the Reform Act of 1832 the county returned four members in two divisions. By the act of 1885 it returned four members in four divisions.

1305 Sir Hugh de Hercy and Thomas Malet 1316 Sir Hugh de Hercy and Lawrence Chaworth The use of the term'Non Partisan' in the list does not mean that the MP was not associated with a particular party or faction in Parliament. Stooks Smith only gives Nottinghamshire candidates party labels for the contested 1722 election and not again until well into the 19th century; the county franchise, from 1430, was held by the adult male owners of freehold land valued at 40 shillings or more. Each elector had as many votes. Votes had to be cast by a spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings, which took place in Nottingham; the expense and difficulty of voting at only one location in the county, together with the lack of a secret ballot contributed to the corruption and intimidation of electors, widespread in the unreformed British political system. The expense, to candidates and their supporters, of contested elections encouraged the leading families of the county to agree on the candidates to be returned unopposed whenever possible.

Contested county elections were therefore unusual. Three families; the bloc vote electoral system was used in two seat elections and first past the post for single member by-elections. Each voter had up to as many votes. Votes had to be cast in public, at the hustings. Note on percentage change calculations: Where there was only one candidate of a party in successive elections, for the same number of seats, change is calculated on the party percentage vote. Where there was more than one candidate, in one or both successive elections for the same number of seats change is calculated on the individual percentage vote. Note on sources: The information for the election results given below is taken from Stooks Smith 1715–1754, Namier and Brooke 1754–1790 and Stooks Smith 1790–1832. Howe was a Peer of Ireland Seats vacated on Howe being appointed Governor of Barbados and Sutton being expelled from the House. Death of Bennet Sutton adopted the new surname of Manners-Sutton John Thornhagh adopted the new surname of Hewett Death of Manners-Sutton Succession of Willoughby as the 4th Baron MiddletonDeath of Lincoln Charles Medows adopted the surname of Pierrepont in 1788 Note: Stooks Smith incorrectly has Lord Edward Bentinck returned at this election rather than Lord William Bentinck Death of PierrepontResignation of BentinckPierrepont became known by the courtesy title of Viscount Newark, when his father was advanced in the peerage by being created Earl Manvers in 1806.

Resignation of BentinckSuccession of Newark as 2nd Earl ManversFrank adopted the new surname of Sotheron Constituency divided in List of former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituencies Unreformed House of Commons British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885, compiled and edited by F. W. S. Craig The House of Commons 1754–1790, by Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith, second edition edited by F. W. S. Craig ) out of copyright Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N"

Kutchi language

Kutchi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Kutch region of India. The name of the language is transliterated as Kutchhi, Kachchhi, Kachhi or Cutchi. Kutchi is considered by some to be a dialect of Sindhi. Over time, it has borrowed vocabulary from Gujarati. Most Kutchis living in India are bilingual or trilingual, due to exposure to related neighbouring languages such as Gujarati. Many Pakistanis are bilingual or trilingual, it is a unique language in itself in the way it is spoken and has many common words from Marwari as well. It is spoken by the Kutchi people these are the Rajputs Jadeja, Lohanas, Meghwals, Visa Oswal and Dasa Osval Jains, followers of Satpanth, Bhatias and various Muslim communities in the region, including the Muslim Kutchi Khatris, the Muslim Khojas,the Muslim Rajput-Rayma and Kutchi Memons. By way of emigration during the British reign many members of Kutchi communities left India / Pakistan and settled in regions of East Africa such as Kenya, Zaire/Congo and far south as South Africa.

The landing point of entry into Africa was in Zanzibar, a trading post of goods between Indian and East Africa in the early 1900s. There are distinct regional variations in grammar; as in many languages spoken along Asian trade routes, there is substantial borrowing from Persian and Arabic—words like "duniya", "nasib", are used by many speakers of Kutchi. Many Kutchi speakers speak Gujarati as a separate language as it is the language in which Kutchi speakers customarily write. Kutchi speakers' Gujarati accent and usage tends towards standard forms that any Gujarati speaker would be able to understand; the following words are used by Hindu individuals descending from the Kutch rural area of Gujarat, who if in east Africa, reject Kutchi. These are colloquial forms of general Gujarati phrases that are used in daily conversation in villages of Kutchi predominance, are Gujaratisized versions of Kutchi words. Kutchi is very close to Sindhi due to historical and geographic influences; these relationships are evident in the following examples: Kutchi is written using a modified version of the Gujarati script.

Many books and magazines are published in the language using the modified Gujarati script, including Vadhod. Kutchi is written in the Devanagari script by some speakers. In earlier times it was written in Khojki script, now extinct. Dr Rajul Shah, an ayurvedic doctor, psychologist and a graphologist has created a script to use for the language. There are examples of the Kutchi script in the Kutch Museum, though the script is believed to be now extinct. Kutchi cinema Kutchi Memon Memoni language Oswal Bhatia Lohana Lohani Khojki Bhanushali Kutchi Language Online