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Jim Wells County, Texas

Jim Wells County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 40,838, its county seat is Alice. The county was founded in 1911 and is named for James B. Wells, Jr. for three decades a judge and Democratic Party political boss in South Texas. Jim Wells County comprises the Alice, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Corpus Christi-Kingsville-Alice, TX Combined Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 868 square miles, of which 865 square miles is land and 3.4 square miles is water. Live Oak County San Patricio County Nueces County Kleberg County Brooks County Duval County At the 2000 census, there were 39,326 people, 12,961 households and 10,096 families residing in the county; the population density was 46 per square mile. There were 14,819 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 77.90% White, 0.60% Black or African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 17.93% from other races, 2.43% from two or more races.

75.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 12,961 households of which 40.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 15.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.10% were non-families. 19.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.45. Age distribution was 31.40% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males. The median household income was $28,843, the median family income was $32,616. Males had a median income of $30,266 versus $17,190 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,252. About 20.10% of families and 24.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.80% of those under age 18 and 21.30% of those age 65 or over.

Being in South Texas, Jim Wells County is part of the oldest Democratic stronghold in the entire United States – a region that has voted for Democrats since the days of Woodrow Wilson. The Jim Wells County Democratic Party has maintained control of the county despite massive demographic changes due to Civil Rights, the collapse of Jim Crow and poll taxes, mass immigration from Mexico; the only Republicans to win the county since it was created have been Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1956 and Richard Nixon in his 1972 landslide. Since 2004 Jim Wells County has become somewhat less Democratic the during the late twentieth century, but nonetheless the Democratic candidate has won at least 53.77 percent of the county’s vote in every election since 1976. In the 2016 election, Hillary Clinton won 54.08 percent of Jim Wells County’s vote to Donald Trump’s 43.78 percent. In the 2018 gubernatorial election, Republican Greg Abbott won 52.04% of the vote in Jim Wells County, becoming the first member of his party to win the county in a statewide race.

During the same election, Democrat Beto O'Rourke won the county in the Senate contest with 53.85% of the vote. Jim Wells County is known as the home of “Box 13”, the infamous ballot box which gave Lyndon Baines Johnson an 86-vote edge over popular former governor Coke Stevenson in the Democratic primary election, it was demonstrated that these 200 votes were "stuffed" into the ballot box after the polls had closed. Johnson went on to win the election. Alice Orange Grove Premont San Diego Pernitas Point List of museums in South Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Jim Wells County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Jim Wells County Jim Wells County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas

Quatremère de Quincy

Antoine-Chrysostome Quatremère de Quincy was a French armchair archaeologist and architectural theorist, a Freemason, an effective arts administrator and influential writer on art. Born in Paris, he trained for the law followed courses in art and history at the Collège Louis-le-Grand and apprenticed for a time in the atelier of Guillaume Coustou the Younger and Pierre Julien, getting some practical experience in the art of sculpture. A trip to Naples in the company of Jacques-Louis David sparked his interest in Greek and Roman architecture, he was involved in the troubles of the French Revolution. He was a royalist in the Legislative Assembly of 1791-2, his politics were monarchist and Catholic; as a member of the Revolutionary Committee of Public Instruction his set of three Considerations on the arts of design in France was offered before the Assemblée Nationale at a time when the continuation of the former academies was under question. In part by opening up the Paris salons. In 1791-92 he orchestrated the conversion of the Church of Ste-Geneviève in Paris into the Panthéon, infilling the windows to give it the character of a mausoleum.

In 1795 he was accused of taking part in the preparations for the royalist insurrection of 13 vendémiaire and condemned to death, but acquitted in time. In July 1796, Quatremere wrote a pseudo-epistolary treatise against the French plans to seize works of art from Rome, arguing that European powers should instead contribute a sum to the papacy for protecting art and knowledge. Shortly afterward, he was behind a petition signed by forty-seven Parisian artists including Jacques-Louis David which questioned the benefits of displacing art from Rome. In the same year he was elected to the Council of Five Hundred from the Seine department went into hiding after taking part in a royalist coup. In 1800, back in Paris, he was appointed secretary general of the Seine council. From 1816 until 1839 he was perpetual secretary to the Académie des Beaux-Arts, which gave him great influence upon official architecture, in 1818 he became a professor of archaeology at the Bibliothèque Nationale, he returned to politics in 1820.

Quatremère de Quincy was the author of numerous books. From 1788 to 1825, he wrote the three Architecture volumes of the Encyclopédie Méthodique, his Dictionnaire historique de l'Architecture was published in 1832-33. He wrote biographies of several artists: Antonio Canova and Michelangelo. Quatremère de Quincy transformed the simple metaphor of architecture as language into a framework for reconceptualizing the structure of architecture, he was among the first to point out the use of polychromy in Greek architecture. Though he insisted that landscape gardening could not be admitted among the fine arts, he was a key figure in the establishment of the first landscaped cemeteries, his essay, translated into English as The Nature, the End and the Means of Imitation in the Fine Arts influenced J. C. Loudon

Charles Ellery

Charles George Ellery was Toodyay’s bootmaker and was assisted for a time by his brother James, his daughter Constance who continued the family business after his death in 1937. His name is associated with his home Shoemaker's House, shop Ellery’s Arcade, he was one of the Toodyay's civic leaders sitting on a number of committees. Charles George Ellery was born in Perth on 6 June 1854 to William Charles and Sophia, reputed to be the first female baby to be born to a settler in the Swan River Colony. Charles' father William Charles Ellery was an American sailor, he married Sophia in 1847 and the couple had five boys, James, Charles George and Andrew, a girl Amy Ann. The father obtained work as an engineer working on steamboats on the Swan River, but died in February 1860 after being scalded when the Lady Stirling exploded; the public raised funds for the family through a subscription. The following year Sophia married William Mitchell and soon after this the family moved to Toodyay where Sophia gave birth to three more children.

Charles George Emery was eight years of age. As a youth Charles worked as a sawyer in 1872 when he was about 18 years of age he started his own business as a bootmaker, a profession he followed for the rest of his life, his brother Frederick worked for Mr J Monger before heading north to establish himself in the Irwin district. In 1878 Charles entered into local politics, on 8 June 1880 he married Louisa Boyer at the church in Culham; the couple had seven children including Constance. During this time Charles joined the town’s brass band, which performed under the guidance of local miller Charles Marris, a staunch supporter of the temperance movement; the band performed at functions and fund-raisers, led the temperance processions through town. Charles may have rented the premises, known today as Shoemaker House, from Daniel Connor, before buying the building. Connor, an expiree who came to Toodyay as a peddler, had a sharp nose for business and acquired a number of lots when the town of Newcastle was established in 1860.

He was the first to build cottages and shops along the main street, which he rented out and sold when his interests turned to the better investment possibilities of Perth. Around 1887-88 Charles and his brother James started investing in land around the new recreation grounds in North Newcastle, it had been anticipated that once the Clackline to Newcastle railway line was completed it would continue across the river and make its way up the Toodyay Valley. Barnard Drummond Clarkson who owned the land had one acre lots surveyed. James Ellery in 1888 built the first three cottages in North Newcastle. Charles bought one lot, in partnership with Daniel Connor and William George Leeder another 11 lots. While Charles may have run a successful business as a bootmaker, it could be surmised that James, a bachelor, was a contributor to the family’s fortunes. Apart from working with Charles for a while, as a cabinetmaker in Newcastle in 1886, during the 1880s most of his time was spent in Cossack where he had a schooner and was involved in the pearling industry.

After the turn of the century Charles became involved with the town. In 1901 he was a member of the inaugural Newcastle Board of Health, served on the Toodyay Road Board from 1903-05, was a member of the Toodyay Municipal Council for 25 years. In 1906 he became a member of the Newcastle Vigilance Group that sought to promote improvements to Toodyay, he was part of the campaign to extend the railway, improve health services and the town’s water supply. In 1902 Charles began investing in property next to the Freemason’s Hotel; the stretch of shops along this section from the hotel became known as Ellery’s Arcade, although not all the shops were owned by Ellery. When Charles died on 5 June 1937, his daughter Constance, a spinster, continued the family business until her death in 1968. Many locals have fond memories of Aunty Connie who repaired their school shoes and she was well regarded for the quality of her work, she was a skilled cake decorator. She made all the special cakes for the town from a room at the back of Shoemaker House.

In 1933 she made a magnificent triple-decked cake for Toodyay’s centenary celebrations, put on display in the front window of the Wendouree Tearooms. The cake was decorated with black swans, fruit, Union Jacks and 100 candles. In 1955 she made a cake for Shirley Patten's wedding. Shirley recalls Connie as a small, quiet lady with a sense of purpose about her and always wearing an apron when she was working; this article incorporates text by Robyn Taylor available under the CC BY SA 2.5 AU licence. Bicentennial Dictionary of Western Australians - online. Erickson, Old Toodyay and Newcastle, Toodyay Shire Council, 1974. Twentieth Century Impressions of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Thiel, P. W. H. & Co. 1901. Facsimile edition produced by Hesperian Press, 2000. Obituary, Toodyay Herald, 25 June 1937, p.1

Geothermal energy in the United States

Geothermal energy in the United States was first used for electric power production in 1960. The Geysers in Sonoma and Lake counties, California was developed into what is now the largest geothermal steam electrical plant in the world, at 1,517 megawatts. Other geothermal steam fields are known in Alaska. Geothermally generated. Environmental impact of this energy source includes hydrogen sulfide emissions, corrosive or saline chemicals discharged in waste water, possible seismic effects from water injection into rock formations, waste heat and noise. According to archaeological evidence, geothermal resources have been in use on the current territory of the United States for more than 10,000 years; the Paleo-Indians first used geothermal hot springs for warmth and minerals. The first commercial geothermal power plant producing power to the U. S. utility grid opened at The Geysers in California in September 1960, producing eleven megawatts of net power. The Geysers system continues to operate today, the complex has grown into the largest geothermal development in the world, with an output of 750 MW.

The largest dry steam field in the world is the Geysers, 116 km north of San Francisco. It was here that Pacific Gas and Electric began operation of the first successful geothermal electric power plant in the United States in 1960; the original turbine produced 11 MW net power. The Geysers has 1517 megawatt of active installed capacity with an average capacity factor of 63%. Calpine Corporation owns 15 of the 18 active plants in the Geysers and is the United States' largest producer of geothermal energy. Two other plants are owned jointly by the Northern California Power Agency and the City of Santa Clara's municipal Electric Utility; the remaining Bottle Rock Power plant owned by the US Renewables Group has only been reopened. A nineteenth plant is now under development by Ram Power Western Geopower. Since the activities of one geothermal plant affects those nearby, the consolidation plant ownership at The Geysers has been beneficial because the plants operate cooperatively instead of in their own short-term interest.

The Geysers is now recharged by injecting treated sewage effluent from the City of Santa Rosa and the Lake County sewage treatment plant. This sewage effluent used to be dumped into rivers and streams and is now piped to the geothermal field where it replenishes the steam produced for power generation. Another major geothermal area is located in south central California, on the southeast side of the Salton Sea, near the cities of Niland and Calipatria, California. In 2001, there were 15 geothermal plants producing electricity in the area. CalEnergy owns about half of them and the rest are owned by various companies. Combined the plants have a capacity of about 570 MW. Hudson Ranch I geothermal plant, a 50 MW plant opened in May 2012, the first in the area in 20 years. A second similar plant is to open in 2013; the Basin and Range geologic province in Nevada, southeastern Oregon, southwestern Idaho and western Utah is now an area of rapid geothermal development. Several small power plants were built during the late 1980s during times of high power prices.

Rising energy costs have spurred new development. Plants in Nevada at Steamboat Springs, Brady/Desert Peak, Dixie Valley, Soda Lake and Beowawe now produce about 235 MW. With 3,591 MW of installed geothermal capacity, the United States remains the world leader with 25% of the online capacity total; the future outlook for expanded production from conventional and enhanced geothermal systems is positive as new technologies promise increased growth in locations not considered. Installed geothermal capacity in megawatts by state as of February 2012: As of August 2008, 103 new projects are under way in 13 U. S. states. When developed, these projects could supply up to 3,979 MW of power, meeting the needs of about 4 million homes. At this rate of development, geothermal production in the United States could exceed 15,000 MW by 2025; the most significant catalyst behind new industry activity is the Energy Policy Act of 2005. This Act made new geothermal plants eligible for the full federal production tax credit available only to wind power projects and certain kinds of biomass.

It authorized and directed increased funding for research by the Department of Energy, enabled the Bureau of Land Management to address its backlog of geothermal leases and permits. In April 2008, exploratory drilling began at Newberry Volcano in Oregon. In 2009, investment bank Credit Suisse calculated that geothermal power costs 3.6 cents per kilowatt-hour, versus 5.5 cents per kilowatt-hour for coal, if geothermal receives loans with lower rates than offered by the market."A report released in late May 2019 by the Department of Energy suggests that U. S. geothermal power capacity could increase by more than twenty-six times by 2050, reaching a total installed capacity of 60 GW, thanks to accelerated technological development and adoption. The report demonstrates the benefits of geothermal power for residential and industrial heating. Energy Secretary Rick Perry announced his Department had provided funding for a $140-million research facility at the University of Utah on man-made geothermal energy.

Unlike some other renewable power sources such as wind and solar, geothermal energy is dispatchable, meaning that it is both available whenever needed, can adjust output to match demand. According to the US Energy Information Administration, of all types of new electrical generation plants, geothermal generat

2002–03 England Hockey League season

The 2002–03 English Hockey League season took place from September 2002 until May 2003. The men's title was won by Cannock with the women's title going to Slough. There were no play offs to determine champions after the regular season but there was a competition for the top four clubs called the Premiership tournament which culminated with men's & women's finals on 5 May; the Men's Cup was won by Reading and the Women's Cup was won by Canterbury. ReadingSimon Mason, Rob Todd, Jon Wyatt, Ben Barnes, Rhys Joyce, Simon Towns, Manpreet Kochar, Richard Mantell, Mark Pearn, Ken Robinson, Jonty Clarke. Subs: Adam Mulholland, Howard Hoskin, Andy Watts, Scott Ashdown, Dave CooperCannockJames Fair, Andrew Humphrey, Simon Ramsden, Andrew West, Craig Parnham, Matthew Taylor, Michael Johnson, Ben Sharpe, Andrew Brogdon, Scott Cordon, Martin Jones. Subs: Barry Middleton, Chris Mayer, James Tweddle, Richard Lane, Andrew GooderhamScorersMantell, Ashdown, Hoskin / Lane Canterbury Natalie Westcar, Frances Houslop, Susan Webber, Mel Clewlow, Lucy Burr, Nicky Litchfield, Jackie Laslett, S Sutton, Anna Bennett, Vanessa Lines, Jenny Wilson.

Subs: Tasha Brennan, Alice Dunn, Juliet Chapman, Christina Houslop, Hayley BrownSlough Beth Storry, Lisa Scarborough, Kate Walsh, Fiona Greenham, Lucy Newcombe, Sue Chandler, A Brown, Carol Voss, Lucy Bevan, Vicky Goodacre, Alex Scott. Subs: Sarah Kelleher, L Walton, Lesley Hobley, L SmithScorers Webber, Clewlow

2012 StarCraft II World Championship Series

The 2012 StarCraft II World Championship Series is part of the Battle.net World Championship Series, a series of video game tournaments held by Blizzard Entertainment, the creators of the video game StarCraft II. Tournaments were held in more than 28 countries to find top StarCraft II competitors; the top-ranked players from each continent were invited to compete in the Global Finals in Shanghai, China. Korean player Won "PartinG" Lee-Sak emerged victorious in the final match against Jang "Creator" Hyun Woo, with third place going to Jung "Rain" Yoon Jong. Blizzard Entertainment partnered with Turtle Entertainment, the company behind the Electronic Sports League; the Electronic Sports League helped run national level tournaments for the series in eleven countries: Naples, Italy. In addition, ESL hosted an event for citizens of other European countries which did not have a national level tournament. ESL helped operate the South American Continental Finals which took place in São Paulo, Brazil.

Blizzard partnered with DreamHack for the European Continental Finals and the Nordic Nationals, with MLG for the North American Continental Finals and respective nationals, GOM TV for the South Korean Nationals, NetEase for the Chinese Nationals, the Asian Continental Finals and the Global Finals, the Taiwan eSports League for the Taiwanese nationals, eSports Tournaments NZ for the New Zealand Nationals and the Australian Cyber League for the Australian Nationals and Oceania Finals. The WCS began in April 2012, with qualifiers held in 28 countries. Players that win a seed at the local level advance to the national level championships. From there, the top seeds are invited to one of several continental championship events, with the winners of those events advancing to the final stage of the series: the WCS Global Finals; the season included more than 30 electronic sports events. The United Kingdom national finals were held in London at the British Academy of Film and Television Arts on June 30 and July 1, 2012.

The top three players from the event were invited to the next stage in the series: the European continental finals. 1000 spectators were estimated to attend the event in person, with others watching it online through live broadcasts hosted by Paul "ReDeYe" Chaloner and casting by Nick "Tasteless" Plott and GomTV's Dan "Artosis" Stemkoski. The France national finals were held in Paris at The 13th Impact Japan Expo in Paris-Nord Villepinte from July 5 to 8, 2012. With a prize pool of $15,000 Also The top three players from the event qualified for the European continental finals; the United States national finals were held in Anaheim, California at The Anaheim Convention Center from June 8 to 10, 2012. With a prize pool of $30,000 Also The top sixteen players from the event qualified for the North America continental finals; the 2012 WCS European finals took place in the Ericsson Globe in Sweden on September 15–16 with a prize pool of $60,000 Also The top six players from the event qualified for the World Championship finals.

The 2012 WCS North America finals took place in Anaheim at The 2012 MLG Pro Circuit/Spring in Anaheim Convention Center from August 24 to 26, 2012 with a prize pool of $60,000 Also The top seven players from the event qualified for the World Championship finals. The WCS Global Finals were held at the Shanghai Expo Mart in Shanghai, China as part of the Battle.net World Championship event. The event included both the StarCraft II WCS Global Finals as well as the World of Warcraft Arena Global Finals; the event sold out, the coordinators expected over 10,000 attendees. Korean player Won "PartinG" Lee-Sak took first place in the StarCraft II WCS, with Creator and Rain following for second and third, respectively. Official website Video archive 2012 StarCraft II World Championship Series at the Team Liquid wiki