James Earl Carter Jr. is an American politician and former farmer who served as the 39th president of the United States from 1977 to 1981. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as a Georgia State Senator from 1963 to 1967 and as the 76th governor of Georgia from 1971 to 1975. Since leaving the presidency, Carter has remained active in the private sector. Raised in Plains, Carter graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1946 with a Bachelor of Science degree and joined the United States Navy, where he served on submarines. After the death of his father in 1953, Carter left his naval career and returned home to Georgia to take up the reins of his family's peanut-growing business. Carter inherited comparatively little due to his father's forgiveness of debts and the division of the estate among the children, his ambition to expand and grow the Carters' peanut business was fulfilled. During this period, Carter was motivated to oppose the political climate of racial segregation and support the growing civil rights movement.
He became an activist within the Democratic Party. From 1963 to 1967, Carter served in the Georgia State Senate, in 1970, he was elected as Governor of Georgia, defeating former Governor Carl Sanders in the Democratic primary on an anti-segregation platform advocating affirmative action for ethnic minorities. Carter remained as governor until 1975. Despite being a dark-horse candidate, little known outside of Georgia at the start of the campaign, Carter won the 1976 Democratic presidential nomination. In the general election, Carter ran as an outsider and narrowly defeated incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford. An evangelical Christian, Carter is credited with moving the faith closer to the American mainstream. On his second day in office, Carter pardoned all the Vietnam War draft evaders. During Carter's term as president, two new cabinet-level departments, the Department of Energy and the Department of Education, were established, he established a national energy policy that included conservation, price control, new technology.
In foreign affairs, Carter pursued the Camp David Accords, the Panama Canal Treaties, the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, the return of the Panama Canal Zone to Panama. On the economic front, he confronted persistent stagflation, a combination of high inflation, high unemployment and slow growth; the end of his presidential tenure was marked by the 1979–1981 Iran hostage crisis, the 1979 energy crisis, the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. In response to the invasion, Carter escalated the Cold War when he ended détente, imposed a grain embargo against the Soviets, enunciated the Carter Doctrine, led a 1980 Summer Olympics boycott in Moscow. In 1980, Carter faced a challenge from Senator Ted Kennedy in the primaries, but he won re-nomination at the 1980 Democratic National Convention. Carter lost the general election to Republican nominee Ronald Reagan in an electoral landslide. Polls of historians and political scientists rank Carter as an average president.
In 1982, Carter established the Carter Center to expand human rights. He has traveled extensively to conduct peace negotiations, monitor elections, advance disease prevention and eradication in developing nations. Carter is considered a key figure in the Habitat for Humanity charity, he has written over 30 books ranging from political memoirs to poetry while continuing to comment on ongoing American and global affairs, such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The earliest-serving of the five living U. S. presidents, Carter is the longest-lived president, the longest-retired president, the first to live forty years after their inauguration, the first to reach the age of 95. James Earl Carter Jr. was born on October 1, 1924, at the Wise Sanitarium in Plains, Georgia, a hospital where his mother was employed as a registered nurse. Carter was the first U. S. president to be born in a hospital. He was the eldest son of Bessie Lillian and James Earl Carter Sr. Carter is a descendant of English immigrant Thomas Carter, who settled in Virginia in 1635.
Numerous generations of Carters lived as cotton farmers in Georgia. Carter is a descendant of Thomas Cornell, an ancestor of Cornell University's founder, is distantly related to Richard Nixon and Bill Gates. Plains was a boomtown of 600 people at the time of Carter's birth. Carter's father was a successful local businessman, who ran a general store, was an investor in farmland, he served as a reserve second lieutenant in the U. S. Army's Quartermaster Corps during World War I; the family moved several times during Carter Jr.'s infancy. The Carters settled on a dirt road in nearby Archery, entirely populated by impoverished African American families, they had three more children: Gloria and Billy. Carter got along well with his parents, although his mother worked long hours and was absent in his childhood. Although Earl was staunchly pro-segregation, he allowed his son to befriend the black farmhands' children. Carter was an enterprising teenager, given his own acre of Earl's farmland where he grew and sold peanuts.
He rented out a section of tenant housing that he had pur
The Anglican Diocese of the South is a diocese of the Anglican Church in North America, encompassing 58 parishes, including 8 partner congregations, in the American states of Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina and West Virginia. The state with most parishes is Georgia, with 23; the diocesan headquarters are located in Georgia. The Holy Cross Cathedral, in Loganville, serves as the cathedral; the Anglican Diocese of the South was created on June 9, 2010 as a new diocese of the Anglican Church in North America. Its first bishop is Foley Beach, consecrated on October 9, 2010, at the Church of the Apostles, in Atlanta, Georgia, by Archbishop Robert Duncan. Beach has been Rector and Pastor of the Holy Cross Anglican Church, in Loganville, since 2004. On April 18, 2012, the Anglican Diocese of the South announced the temporary affiliation of T. J. Johnston, of the Anglican Mission in the Americas, as Assisting Bishop, a measure to "provide a temporary jurisdictional connection" at least for 180 days until the future of the AMiA clergy and parishes is clarified.
On June 21, 2014, Beach was elected the second Archbishop of the Anglican Church in North America, with his enthronement taking place on 9 October 2014. He remains as bishop of the Anglican Diocese of the South. Anglican Diocese of the South Official Website
Unearthed Arcana is the title shared by two hardback books published for different editions of the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game. Both were designed as supplements to the core rulebooks, containing material that expanded upon other rules; the original Unearthed Arcana was written by Gary Gygax, published by game publisher TSR in 1985 for use with the Advanced Dungeons & Dragons first edition rules. The book consisted of material published in magazines, included new races and other material to expand the rules in the Dungeon Masters Guide and Players Handbook; the book was notorious for its considerable number of errors, was received negatively by the gaming press whose criticisms targeted the over-powered races and classes, among other issues. Gygax intended to use the book's content for a planned second edition of Advanced Dungeons & Dragons. A second book titled Unearthed Arcana was produced by Wizards of the Coast for Dungeons & Dragons third edition in 2004; the designers did not reproduce material from the original book, but instead attempted to emulate its purpose by providing variant rules and options to change the game itself.
The title Unearthed Arcana is used for a regular column on the official Dungeons & Dragons website that presents new content for playtesting for Dungeons & Dragons fifth edition. The original Unearthed Arcana was written by Gary Gygax with design and editing contributions by Jeff Grubb and Kim Mohan and published by TSR in 1985. Gygax produced the book to raise money as TSR was in debt at the time, he announced in the March 1985 issue of Dragon magazine that Unearthed Arcana would be released in the summer of that year. He proposed the book as "an interim volume to expand the Dungeon Masters Guide and Players Handbook", as the information was spread out in several places and difficult to keep track of. Unearthed Arcana was to include material published in Dragon, written by Gygax and updated and revised for the book; the book would contain unpublished material, some of it written by other contributors to Dragon. According to British writer Paul Cockburn, some of the material in Unearthed Arcana had been published in Imagine magazine.
The original Unearthed Arcana contains errors in its text, which readers discovered and reported to Dragon magazine. Some positive reviews of the book pointed out the considerable number of mistakes. Dragon editor Kim Mohan, with ideas from Gygax, Frank Mentzer, Jeff Grubb, addressed the many errors found in the book. In the November 1985 issue of Dragon magazine, Mohan printed four pages of rules corrections as well as new supplementary material intended to be inserted into the book, some explanations and justifications for items which were not errors, compiled a two-page list of type corrections meant to be pasted into further revisions of Unearthed Arcana. Dragon devoted the entirety of its "Sage Advice" column in the January 1987 issue to answering readers' questions about Unearthed Arcana, as a follow-up to Mohan's prior column. However, the errata were not incorporated into printings of the manual; the original Unearthed Arcana was reproduced in a premium edition with gilded pages, released on February 19, 2013, after the premium reprints of the 1st Edition Player's Handbook, Dungeon Masters Guide, Monster Manual.
This reprint is the first printing of the book to be modified with the errata published in Dragon magazine incorporated into the corrected text. The 128-page Unearthed Arcana was written for use with the Advanced Dungeons & Dragons first edition rules and was divided into two sections: one for players and one for the Dungeon Master; the book provided new races and other expansion material. The book gives details on using "subraces" of the standard races, such as dark elves, deep gnomes, for use as player characters and non-player characters. Unearthed Arcana includes the barbarian and thief-acrobat character classes, includes expansions and revisions of the druid and ranger classes; the book presents a large addition to the range of character races, including the drow and svirfneblin. The book includes new weapons, revised information on character level maximums for non-human player characters. Unearthed Arcana details the weapon specialization rules, in which a fighter or ranger "can adopt a weapon as a special arm, receive bonuses in its use".
The book describes the comeliness attribute, contains new spells. The DM's section covers suggestions for handling player characters, social class and rank tables, many new magic items, weaponless combat rules, nonhuman deities. By 1985 Gygax was planning a second edition for the Advanced Dungeons & Dragons rules, intended beginning work on this in 1986, he intended to incorporate material from Unearthed Arcana, Oriental Adventures, the original Players Handbook into the new edition's Players Handbook. Gygax used the book to explore some ideas he had for the new edition, such as changing the mechanics for hit dice, altering the game's mechanics to allow the game system to work other genres, to allow characters to have skills that complement the character classes. Shortly after announcing his intentions for second edition, Gygax was removed as TSR's President and Chairman of the Board. In 1986 he resigned all positions with TSR, leaving the shape and direction of the Dungeons & D