1999 Indianapolis 500
The 83rd Indianapolis 500 was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana, on Sunday, May 30, 1999. The race was sanctioned by the Indy Racing League, was part of the 1999 Pep Boys Indy Racing League season. In the closing laps, race leader Robby Gordon ran out of fuel within sight of the white flag. Kenny Bräck took the lead with just over one won for car owner A. J. Foyt; the race victory represented the long-awaited "fifth" Indy 500 win for A. J. Foyt, who had won a record four times as a driver, it was one of the most-successful races for A. J. Foyt Enterprises, with Bräck the winner, team cars Billy Boat third, Robbie Buhl sixth. Popular veteran and two-time winner Arie Luyendyk entered the race planning to retire at the end of the event, he was a factor most of the first half. After leading 63 laps, however, he crashed. Luyendyk returned to Indy in 2001; as of 2018, this stands as the final Indy victory for Goodyear tires. The ongoing IRL/CART split continued into its fourth year.
For the third year in a row, no major teams from the CART ranks entered at Indianapolis. CART teams raced on Saturday of Memorial Day weekend at the Motorola 300 at Gateway near St. Louis. Two regular CART drivers attempted to race at both Indy in the same weekend. Robby Gordon, running his own team full-time in CART, entered in both the Saturday CART event at Gateway and at Sunday's Indianapolis 500. Gordon's association to full-time IRL team John Menard was a critical piece in having a competitive Indy 500 attempt. Attempting the open wheel "double duty" was veteran Roberto Moreno. Moreno had been racing in CART since 1996, had competed at Indy in 1986. After missing the IRL opener at Walt Disney World, Moreno ran IRL races in 1999 at Phoenix and the Indy 500 with Truscelli Racing. At the same time, Moreno was picked up in early May by PacWest Racing in CART to fill in for the injured Mark Blundell and raced for them for eight rounds; as such, Moreno became slated for an unexpected double duty weekend.
Moreno was hired for the next six CART races at Newman-Haas racing to fill in for the injured Christian Fittipaldi. Neither driver raced again in the IRL during the 1999 season. For the third time, a driver attempted the Indy/Charlotte "Double Duty". Tony Stewart, who switched full-time to NASCAR for 1999 entered a car at Indy. With backing from his regular sponsor The Home Depot and support from his car owner Joe Gibbs, Stewart was attempting to become the first driver to complete the entire 1,100 in one day. Previous attempts by John Andretti and Robby Gordon did not see either driver complete the full distance, he fourth at Charlotte. Team Menard saw the biggest offseason changes, with 1997 season champion Tony Stewart departing for NASCAR. Greg Ray was hired to fill the vacancy. Robbie Buhl left Menard and joined Foyt Racing for Indy. At Treadway Racing, Arie Luyendyk returned for. Chassis and engine rules remained the same from 1998. All entries utilized 4.0 L aspirated engines, with a rev limit of 10,300 rpm.
This was the last year for use of the first generation IRL chassis, which were introduced in 1997. For 1999, the pit road speed limit was reduced to 80 mph. From 1992-1998, the speed limit had been 100 mph. Wheel tethers were required in time for the race to prevent tires from flying off cars during crashes and injuring spectators and drivers; this came in direct response to the tragic crash on May 1 at Charlotte where a wheel assembly was punted into the grandstands, killing three spectators and injuring eight. For the second year in a row and qualifying during the month of May was trimmed down to a compressed "two week" schedule. In addition, for the second time, an open test was conducted in early April, which included the annual rookie orientation program. Rookie orientation was scheduled for April 8–9, while open testing was scheduled for April 10–13. Ten drivers took laps with nine passing all four phases. Jeret Schroeder turned the fastest lap of the session on Saturday April 10. All track activity on Thursday April 9 was rained out.
During the veteran's open test, Greg Ray turned the fastest lap of the week at 227.072 mph. Tyce Carlson was second at 225.683 mph. Opening day for the month of May was held Saturday May 15 under sunny skies and temperatures in the high 70s. Stéphan Grégoire, in a car owned by Dick Simon was the first car out of the garage, the first car on the track, continuing a tradition held by Simon-owned entries. Greg Ray ran the fastest lap of the day. No serious incidents were reported, but Ray, Mike Groff, Robby Unser, Donnie Beechler, Scott Harrington all brought out yellow flags for blown engines or mechanical failures. About a half-hour into the session, Billy Boat spun and crashed in turn 1, he was uninjured, returned to the track in a back-up car in the afternoon. After racing at Richmond the previous night, Tony Stewart arrived at the Speedway and took his first laps of the month on Sunday, he was 7th-best lap of the day at 222.091 mph. Greg Ray once again led the speed chart at 225.124 mph. The day started with Robby Gordon on the track for the first time during the month.
A few minutes Mike Borkowski crashed in turn 2 at 11:57 a.m. He climbed from the car uninjured. Scott Harrington crashed in turn three, Billy Boat had his second crash in two days. Both drivers were cleared to drive. At 3:46 p.m. rain began to fall, closing the track early for th
The IndyCar Series known as the NTT IndyCar Series under sponsorship, is the premier level of open-wheel racing in North America. Its parent company began in 1996 as the Indy Racing League, created by Indianapolis Motor Speedway owner Tony George as a competitor to CART. In 2008, the IndyCar Series merged with the Champ Car World Series; the series is self-sanctioned by IndyCar. The series' premier event is the Indianapolis 500. Due to the legal settlement with CART, the Indy Racing League was unable to utilize the name IndyCar until the beginning of the 2003 season. For 1996–1997, the series was referred to as the Indy Racing League, with no genre designation. For 1998–1999, the series garnered its first title sponsor, was advertised as the Pep Boys Indy Racing League; the contract was not renewed after the second year. In 2000, the series sold its naming rights to Internet search engine Northern Light for five seasons, the series was named the Indy Racing Northern Light Series. After only two seasons, the sponsorship agreement ended when Northern Light reevaluated its business plan and ended all sponsorships.
The league reverted with no title sponsor. The IndyCar Series name was adopted beginning in 2003, as the series was now entitled to use it. In 2006, IndyCar forged an alliance with Simmons-Abramson Marketing, promising to be "actively engaged in the league's marketing, public relations, sponsorship and branding efforts—from its IndyCar Series to the venerable Indianapolis 500". Simmons co-authored the new IndyCar theme song, "I Am Indy". For the 2008 season, DirecTV served as a presenting sponsor, although this deal only lasted one year due to objections by the series' new cable broadcaster Versus, as it was owned by competitor Comcast. Izod was announced as the series title sponsor beginning on November 5, 2009. Exact financial terms were not disclosed but the deal was reported to be worth at least $10 million per year for 5 years, but ran only 4 of the announced 5 seasons, as Izod ended its sponsorship after the 2013 season. In 2014, Verizon Communications became title sponsor of the series through 2018.
Verizon declined to renew the deal. In January 2019, it was announced that Japanese communications company NTT would become title sponsor and official technology partner of the IndyCar Series, its U. S. subsidiary NTT Data has been a sponsor of Chip Ganassi Racing since 2013. Since the series inception, IndyCar Series events have been broadcast in the United States on several networks, including ABC, CBS, ESPN, Fox Sports Networks, TNN. Beginning in 2009, Versus began a 10-year deal to broadcast 13 IndyCar races per season, whereas the remaining races, including the Indianapolis 500, would remain on ABC through 2018; as of the 2018 season, ABC aired 5 races per-season, with NBCSN or other NBCUniversal networks airing the remainder of the schedule. On March 21, 2018, it was announced that NBC Sports would become the sole U. S. rightsholder under a new three-year contract. NBCSN will continue as the primary broadcast outlet for most races, overflow content will be available through its subscription service NBC Sports Gold.
Eight races per-season will be televised by NBC—including the Indianapolis 500, marking the first time in 54 years that the race will not be televised by ABC. In the United Kingdom, since the launch of BT Sport in August 2013 races are shown on one of the BT branded channels or ESPN. Previous to August 2013, the IndyCar Series races were broadcasts on the Sky Sports family of networks, with the viewing figures of the IndyCar races in the UK outnumbering those of NASCAR races; the IndyCar Series had highlights of all the races on the channel Five British terrestrial channel and Five USA, but has since been discontinued since the 2009 season. In Portugal, all of the IndyCar Series are broadcast on Sport TV. In February 2013, Sportsnet announced that it would become the official Canadian broadcaster of the IndyCar Series beginning in the 2013 season in a five-year deal with the series; the new contract will include broadcasts on the Sportsnet regional networks, Sportsnet One, City, along with mobile coverage and French rights sub-licensed to TVA Sports.
Additionally, Sportsnet would originate coverage from the Firestone Grand Prix of St. Petersburg, Indianapolis 500, Honda Indy Toronto with Bill Adam, Todd Lewis, Rob Faulds. Canadian driver Paul Tracy joined Sportsnet as an analyst. Rede Bandeirantes and DAZN serve as the Brazilian broadcast partners in that country since 1986 and 2019, respectively. Grupo Bandeirantes sports channel BandSports show live races and race highlights. ESPN has been the international broadcast partner of IndyCar Series in Latin America. Eurosport has been the international broadcast partner of IndyCar in most of Europe. In the late 2000s, the official website streamed online all races and practice sessions unrestricted; that service is now limited in the United States to television subscribers of the respective television network broadcasters. The IndyCar Series is not an open formula motor sport archetype. A spec-series, the league mandates chassis and engine manufacturers which teams must use each season; the league mandates horsepower level, aerodynamic configuration, maximum engine speed to which all entrants must adhere.
The league mandates direct control over all drivers, with an designated race boss in race con
PDM Racing was a racing team in the NTT Indycar Series and USAC Silver Crown series owned by Paul Diatlovich. Always a low budget team and affectionately dubbed "Poor Dumb Mechanics" by one of its former owners, it is known to make the most out of mediocre equipment; the team was founded in 1996 with the inception of the Indy Racing League and ran full seasons until 2002 when rising costs forced the team to scale back to a part-time venture. The team is most known for bringing three-time champion Sam Hornish, Jr. into the league in 2000. Hornish earned the team's best finish that season, a 3rd at Las Vegas Motor Speedway; the team fielded a USAC Silver Crown team with its car driven by Thiago Medeiros whom they fielded a car for in the 2006 Indianapolis 500. The team entered the 2007 Indianapolis 500 with driver Jimmy Kite returning to the team, but they were unable to come within 3 mph of the speed necessary to make the field and failed to qualify. During the 2008 season the team partnered with American Spirit Racing to field Cyndie Allemann in the Firestone Indy Lights Series providing technical support and a base of operations.
PDM Racing did not make an appearance. PDM Racing continued working with ASR to field the Indy Lights car driven by Junior Strous until the Freedom 100 when the program folded; the team has returned to Indy Lights in 2010 under its own banner with driver Rodrigo Barbosa. Billy Boat Mike Borkowski Tyce Carlson Ed Carpenter John de Vries Mark Dismore Jack Hewitt Sam Hornish, Jr. Jimmy Kite Steve Knapp Cory Kruseman Scott Mayer Robby McGehee Thiago Medeiros John Paul, Jr. Eliseo Salazar Jeret Schroeder Cyndie Allemann Rodrigo Barbosa Junior Strous Official PDM Racing website
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
2003 IndyCar Series
The 2003 IRL IndyCar Series brought some of the biggest changes in its history. The league adopted the name IndyCar Series, after a settlement with CART prohibiting its use had expired. Several former CART teams brought their full operations to the IRL, most notably major squads Chip Ganassi Racing and Andretti Green Racing, as well as former CART engine manufacturers Toyota and Honda, replacing Infiniti who shifted its efforts to the new feeder series Infiniti Pro Series. Many of the IRL's old guard including Robbie Buhl, Greg Ray, Buddy Lazier had difficulty competing in this new manufacturer-driven landscape; the league added its first international race this year, taking over the CART date at Twin Ring Motegi. The season's most successful entrants were Ganassi and Team Penske that had made the switch the year before. New Zealander Scott Dixon won the opening race of the season at Homestead and ran consistently all year long to win his first title at the age of 23. Gil de Ferran won Penske's third consecutive Indianapolis 500 in May and finished second to Dixon in the title race.
The finale however was marred by a severe incident that nearly killed former series' champion and Indy 500 winner Kenny Bräck. De Ferran won the race with Dixon in second being well enough to seal the title. Bräck would recover. BOLD indicates Superspeedways; this race was held March 2 at Homestead-Miami Speedway. Tony Kanaan won the pole. Top ten results 9- Scott Dixon 6- Gil de Ferran 3- Hélio Castroneves 11- Tony Kanaan 8- Scott Sharp 7- Michael Andretti 27- Dario Franchitti 10- Tomas Scheckter 21- Felipe Giaffone 4- Sam Hornish, Jr; this race was held March 23 at Phoenix International Raceway. Tony Kanaan won the pole. Top ten results 11- Tony Kanaan 3- Hélio Castroneves 21- Felipe Giaffone 31- Al Unser, Jr. 15- Kenny Bräck 2- Jaques Lazier 8- Scott Sharp 23- Sarah Fisher 52- Buddy Rice 5- Shigeaki Hattori This race was held April 13 at Twin Ring Motegi. Scott Dixon won the pole. Top ten results 8- Scott Sharp 15- Kenny Bräck 21- Felipe Giaffone 7- Michael Andretti 31- Al Unser, Jr. 4- Sam Hornish, Jr. 27- Dan Wheldon 12- Toranosuke Takagi 13- Greg Ray 24- Robbie Buhl The 87th Indy 500 was held May 25 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
Hélio Castroneves sat on pole but came up just short of the three-peat in the 500. Top ten results 6- Gil de Ferran 3- Hélio Castroneves 11- Tony Kanaan 10- Tomas Scheckter 12- Toranosuke Takagi 20- Alex Barron 32- Tony Renna 13- Greg Ray 31- Al Unser, Jr. 55- Roger Yasukawa This race was held June 7 at Texas Motor Speedway. Tomas Scheckter won the pole. Top ten results 31- Al Unser, Jr. 11- Tony Kanaan 12- Toranosuke Takagi 15- Kenny Bräck 27- Bryan Herta 9- Scott Dixon 3- Hélio Castroneves 6- Gil de Ferran 12- Roger Yasukawa 4- Sam Hornish, Jr. This race was held June 15 at Pikes Peak International Raceway. Tony Kanaan won the pole. Top ten results 9- Scott Dixon 11- Tony Kanaan 6- Gil de Ferran 27- Dario Franchitti 4- Sam Hornish, Jr. 12- Toranosuke Takagi 15- Kenny Bräck 10- Tomas Scheckter 52- Buddy Rice 91- Buddy Lazier This race was held June 28 at Richmond International Raceway. Scott Dixon won the pole; the Race scheduled for 250 laps, but shortened to 206 laps due to rain. Top ten results 9- Scott Dixon 3- Hélio Castroneves 6- Gil de Ferran 4- Sam Hornish, Jr. 11- Tony Kanaan 21- Felipe Giaffone 15- Kenny Bräck 26- Dan Wheldon 52- Buddy Rice 31- Al Unser, Jr.
This race was held July 6 at Kansas Speedway. Scott Dixon won the pole. Top ten results 27- Bryan Herta 3- Hélio Castroneves 6- Gil de Ferran 11- Tony Kanaan 15- Kenny Bräck 9- Scott Dixon 55- Roger Yasukawa 13- Greg Ray 10- Tomas Scheckter 5- Jaques Lazier This race was held July 19 at Nashville Superspeedway. Scott Dixon won the pole. Top ten results 6- Gil de Ferran 9- Scott Dixon 3- Hélio Castroneves 26- Dan Wheldon 21- Alex Barron 15- Kenny Bräck 12- Toranosuke Takagi 31- Al Unser, Jr. 11- Tony Kanaan 10- Tomas Scheckter This race was held July 27 at Michigan International Speedway. Tomas Scheckter won the pole. Top ten results 21- Alex Barron 4- Sam Hornish, Jr. 10- Tomas Scheckter 8- Scott Sharp 9- Scott Dixon 12- Toranosuke Takagi 6- Gil de Ferran 12- Roger Yasukawa 31- Al Unser, Jr. 13- Greg Ray This race was held August 10 at Gateway International Raceway. Hélio Castroneves won the pole. Top ten results 3- Hélio Castroneves 11- Tony Kanaan 6- Gil de Ferran 10- Tomas Scheckter 26- Dan Wheldon 4- Sam Hornish, Jr. 12- Toranosuke Takagi 13- Greg Ray 2- Vitor Meira 8- Scott Sharp This race was held August 17 at Kentucky Speedway.
Sam Hornish, Jr. won the pole. Top ten results 4- Sam Hornish, Jr. 9- Scott Dixon 27- Bryan Herta 31- Al Unser, Jr. 3- Hélio Castroneves 11- Tony Kanaan 24- Robbie Buhl 26- Dan Wheldon 6- Gil de Ferran 10- Tomas Scheckter This race was held August 24 at Nazareth Speedway. Scott Dixon won the pole. Top ten results 3- Hélio Castroneves 4- Sam Hornish, Jr. 27- Bryan Herta 6- Gil de Ferran 15- Kenny Bräck 31- Al Unser, Jr. 26- Dan Wheldon 12- Roger Yasukawa 24- Robbie Buhl 91- Buddy Rice This race was held September 7 at Chicagoland Speedway. Richie Hearn won the pole. Top ten results 4- Sam Hornish, Jr. 9- Scott Dixon 27- Bryan Herta 26- Dan Wheldon 10- Tomas Scheckter 11- Tony Kanaan 52- Alex Barron 55- Roger Yasukawa 12- Toranosuke Takagi 24- Robbie Buhl This race was held September 21 at California Speedway. Hélio Castroneves won the pole, it was the fastest circuit race in motorsport history, with an average speed of 207.151 mph over 400 miles. Top ten results 4- Sam Hornish, Jr. 9- Scott Dixon 11- Tony Kanaan 26- Dan Wheldon 10- Tomas Scheckter 3- Hélio Castroneves 55- Roger Yasukawa 8- Scott Sharp 31- Al Unser, Jr. 52- Alex Barron This race was held October 12 at Texas Motor Speedway.
Panoz is an American manufacturer of sports automobiles founded in 1989 as Panoz Auto Development by Dan Panoz and owned by Don Panoz. Panoz products have included the Panoz Roadster and AIV Roadster, the Panoz Esperante, the Panoz Avezzano. Since 1997, Panoz cars have competed in racing series around the world. Team Panoz Racing race the Panoz Avezzano in the Pirelli GTS class, in 2018 won the Manufacturer's Championship. In addition to Le Mans series wins, an Esperante GTLM won the GT2 class at the 2006 24 Hours of Le Mans and in the same year, won the 12 Hours of Sebring and was on the podium at the endurance season finale, Petit Le Mans. For the 2007 American LeMans season, Panoz contracted longtime BMW Motorsport partner Prototype Technology Group to campaign the GTLM in the ALMS and Le Mans. Panoz has provided IndyCar with the G-Force GF05 and GF09. Panoz Roadster Panoz Esperante Panoz Esperante GT Panoz Esperante GTLM Panoz Esperante JRD Panoz Abruzzi Panoz Avezzano Panoz Esperante GTR-1 Panoz LMP-1 Roadster-S Panoz LMP07 Panoz LMP01 Evo Panoz Esperante GTS Panoz Esperante GTLM Panoz Abruzzi Panoz Avezzano GT4 Panoz Motor Sports Group was sold to NASCAR in 2012.
The assets of the sale included the American Le Mans Series, Road Atlanta, Sebring International Raceway and Panoz Racing Schools. Mosport International Raceway was sold separately to a Canadian consortium led by Ron Fellows and Carlo Fidani. Panoz, LLC. is an automotive manufacturer that builds and designs street-cars and race-cars. Elan Motorsports is a company that designs race-cars too. Both these two companies are still owned by the Panoz family; the American Le Mans Series was created by the late Don Panoz in 1999. Panoz owned the International Motor Sports Association, the organization that sanctions the ALMS, it held its inaugural event, the 1998 Petit Le Mans as part of the Professional Sportscar Racing series. The ALMS has a partnership with the Automobile Club de l'Ouest, the organizers of the 24 Hours of Le Mans, to allow teams to compete to the same regulations. In 2012, the ALMS was sold to NASCAR and in 2014, the series merged with the Rolex Sports Car Series to form United SportsCar Racing.
The Panoz group owned Road Atlanta in Braselton, Georgia, as well as operated Sebring International Raceway in Sebring, Florida. They previously owned Mosport International Raceway in Bowmanville, Canada but was sold in 2011; the tracks hosted the American Le Mans Series, now the IMSA WeatherTech SportsCar Championship, in addition to other top-level auto and motorcycle racing series. Élan Motorsports is a company that designs and builds racecars from top-level professional racing cars, through to amateur race cars. The company is owned by the Panoz family. Élan acquired other manufacturers, including famous Formula Ford builders Van Diemen and Indy Racing League constructor G-Force Technologies. Élan-built cars now race in the Indy Racing League, Champ Car World Series, American Le Mans Series, Le Mans Series, other championships. The Panoz Racing School was a driver training school operated at Road Atlanta and Sebring International Raceway. Students learned racing techniques in purpose-built Panoz GT-RA cars.
Following completion of the course, students were eligible for a SCCA regional racing license. The school included programs where customers could receive instruction in their own road cars; the Panoz Racing Series was a one-make series made up of the Panoz school cars, as well as the more powerful Panoz GTS model. The series was designed for amateurs to learn racing in a low-cost environment. Panoz, LLC Panoz Racing School Panoz at the 24 hours of Le Mans In-depth article about one man's experience at the Panoz Racing School, driving the Panoz GT-RA
2007 Indianapolis 500
The 91st Indianapolis 500 was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana on Sunday May 27, 2007. It was the twelfth Indy 500 sanctioned by the Indy Racing League, marked the fifth race of the 2007 IndyCar Series season. Hélio Castroneves started the race on the pole position; the race began at 1:11 p.m. EDT, was televised in the United States on the ABC; the race was broadcast in high-definition for the first time. The race was carried live on the IMS Radio Network and XM Satellite Radio. On lap 113, the race underwent a lengthy rain delay, with Tony Kanaan tentatively sitting as the leader. After three hours, the rain ceased, the track was dried, the race restarted shortly before 6:15 p.m. EDT. A crash on lap 162 between Dan Wheldon and Marco Andretti brought out the yellow flag with Dario Franchitti leading. Under the caution, rain began falling again and officials halted the race on lap 166. Dario Franchitti was declared the winner after leading 34 laps during the race. All entries utilized ethanol, after 42 years of utilizing methanol.
As part of a two-year roll-out, the cars used a 10% ethanol blend in 2006, for 2007, the cars utilized a full ethanol mixture. Although branded as "100% percent fuel-grade", the fuel was a denatured 98% ethanol/2% gasoline blend; the 2007 race was the final 500 to see the Panoz chassis in competition. The pace car for the 2007 Indy 500 was a Chevrolet Corvette. Patrick Dempsey was the driver. Kid Rock headlined the Miller Lite Carb Day concert. Other performers during the month included Daughtry, Augustana, Bräck. Indianapolis Colts quarterback and Super Bowl XLI MVP Peyton Manning served as the grand marshal of the IPL 500 Festival Parade on May 26, waved the green flag to start the 2007 Indy 500. No testing took place prior to the start of official May activities; the initial official entry list was released on April 10, 2007 featuring 69 cars, four former winners, one rookie. Davey Hamilton's 02 car marks the first time in which a car number beginning with the digit "0" has been entered in the 500.
Dreyer & Reinbold Racing was fined $25,000 for the use of an illegal fuel mixture, containing 27% methanol in one of its cars during Pole day. Team officials claimed this was due to an inexperienced crew member using an old container of fuel and was not intentional. Indy Racing League chief administrator Brian Barnhart called this "at least plausible," noting that the presence of water in the fuel mixture supports the claim that the fuel was old; the illegal mixture was used only during practice, not for a qualification attempt. It should be noted that from 1974–2005, only methanol fuel was used in the Indianapolis 500. In 2006, a 10% ethanol-90% methanol mixture had been used in the IRL in transition to the ethanol fuel used in the IRL for the 2007 season. Jim Nabors, who sang "Back Home Again in Indiana" during the pre-race festivities twenty-nine times from 1972 to 2006, missed the 2007 race due to an illness; the fans were asked to sing the song in his place. Weather: Sunny, 73 °F Practice summary: The first day of practice opened with a ceremonial lap celebrating A. J. Foyt's fiftieth year of participation at Indianapolis.
Practice focused on the rookie tests of Milka Duno and Phil Giebler, as well as refresher tests by five veterans. Duno completed all four phases of her rookie test, Giebler completed two. Michael Andretti posted the fastest speed of the day, while popular Davey Hamilton made his return to the cockpit, after a devastating 2001 crash at Texas. No incidents were reported. Weather: Sunny, 76 °F Practice summary: The second day of Rookie Orientation saw the same seven drivers from the previous day's practice without incident. Rookie Phil Giebler finished the final two phases of his rookie test. Rookie Milka Duno completed the most practice laps of the day, while Michael Andretti posted the fastest speed for the second day in a row. Weather: Sunny, 82 °F Practice summary: The first full day of practice featured veterans on the track for the first time. Dan Wheldon led the speed chart as the first driver over 225 mph. Jon Herb was involved in the first crash of the month, doing a half-spin at the exit of turn two and crashing into the outside wall.
Herb was not injured. Weather: Morning rain, afternoon clouds, 78 °F Practice summary: Rain in the morning and early afternoon delayed the start of practice until 4:00 p.m. The two-hours session saw heavy action, with Dan Wheldon leading the speed chart for the second day in a row. No incidents were reported. Weather: Partly cloudy, 86 °F Practice summary: The warmest day of the week thus far saw some of the fastest laps turned so far for the month. Scott Dixon set fast lap with two minutes remaining in the session. Danica Patrick was second fastest for the day. No incidents were reported Weather: Partly cloudy, 85 °F Practice summary: The final day of practice before pole qualifying saw Scott Dixon turn the fastest lap of the month. Rookie Milka Duno crashed in the exit of turn 1, she spun and hit the SAFER barrier hard with the rear of the car. Weather: Sunny, high 82 °F Qualifying summary: Pole day time trials were held under a new qualifying procedure, implemented in 2005, but not utilized in 2005 or 2006 due to rain delays.
Only the top 11 cars would qualify on pole day, the remaining would be "bumped" out. Each qualifying run consisted of four laps, each car was allowed three attempts per day. Buddy Rice was the first out to qualify, but his speed did not make the top 11. During the first trip though the qualifying order, Team Penske pulled both Hé