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Ferruccio Pagni

Ferrucio Pagni was a French-Italian painter active painting sacred subjects in a late-Mannerist style in Siena, Italy. He was born in Livorno, studied from 1879 to 1886 at the Scuola Comunale di Disegno Figurativo of that city under di Natale Betti. Among his fellow students were Angiolo Tommasi, he acquired a stipend to study at the Academy of Fine Arts of Florence. In 1892, he enrolled in the Scuola Libera del Nudo taught by Giovanni Fattori, he begins to meet with other artists, including Francesco Fanelli, Giorgio Kienerk, the brothers Tommasi, Nomellini at the Trattoria del Volturno. He participates at the Promotrice fiorentina in 1887, 1888, 1889, 1890–91. Like his colleagues, he graduated from a Macchiaioli style to a Divisionist style. In 1892, he moves to Torre del Lago. Along with Nomellini, Tommasi and Raffaello Gambogi they founded the Club of the Bohemian Circle. THis group would be joined by Amedeo Lori, Lorenzo Viani, Galileo Chini, he exhibited in the 1890s, in Viareggio, Brera, at the I Esposizione Triennale d’Arte of Turin, at the 1896-97 alla Festa dell’Arte e dei Fiori in Florence, in the 1897 III Triennial of Milan, in the 1897-98 and 1899-1900 exhibitions of the Società di Belle Arti fiorentina, in 1898 at Turin.

He painted along with Nomellini and Luigi De Servi, frescoes for the piano salon of the villa di Puccini at Torre del Lago, now sold away. In 1901 and 1902 he was elected consigliere comunale for Viareggio. In 1904, he travels to Rosario di Santa Fe in Argentina, he travels to Buenos Santiago in Chile to paint. At the end of World War I, he returns to Torre del Lago. In 1919, he was a cofounder of the Club Gianni Schicchi di Viareggio, instituted in honor of Puccini, becomes a member of the Academy degli Zeteti, started by the writer Enrico Pea and including the painter Moses Levy. In 1925, he has a personal exhibit along with Giovanni Lomi at the Bottega d’Arte di Livorno. In 1932 he exhibited at the Casa d’arte of La Spezia, he died in Torre del Lago. Some of his works are visible at the Villa Museo Giacomo Puccini of Torre del Lago and the Museo Civico Giovanni Fattori of Livorno

NZASM 10 Tonner 0-4-0T

The NZASM 10 Tonner 0-4-0T of 1889 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in Transvaal. In 1889 and 1890, the Nederlandsche-Zuid-Afrikaansche Spoorweg-Maatschappij obtained three tramway steam locomotives with an 0-4-0T wheel arrangement for use on the new line from Johannesburg to Boksburg which became known as the Randtram line. Since the railway classified its locomotives according to their weight, these tank locomotives were known as the 10 Tonners; as a result of the rapid development of the goldfields on the Witwatersrand in the 1880s and the demand for coal by the growing industry, a concession was granted by the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek government to the Nederlandsche-Zuid-Afrikaansche Spoorweg-Maatschappij on 20 July 1888 to construct a 16-mile long railway from Johannesburg to Boksburg. The railway, opened on 17 March 1890 with the first train being hauled by a 14 Tonner locomotive, became known as the Randtram though it was a railway in every aspect and not singularly dedicated to tram traffic.

This was the first working railway line in Transvaal. The concession was extended the following year to continue the line eastwards to Springs, where coal was known to exist, westwards via Roodepoort to Krugersdorp; the entire 49-mile long railway was opened to traffic on 10 February 1891. In 1889 and 1890, motive power for the tramway service on the Randtram line was obtained from the Machinefabriek Breda voorheen Backer & Rueb, it consisted of three 0-4-0T tramway steam locomotives, which were built by Louis Smulders & Co. in Utrecht in the Netherlands. Since the NZASM classified its locomotives according to their weight, these tramway locomotives were known as 10 Tonners; the locomotive was a smaller and less ornate version of the range of rectangular steam tram locomotives which were produced by Machine­fabriek Breda from the 1800s into the first decades of the 20th century. They were nicknamed Backertjes in the Netherlands; the compact little locomotive was enclosed and the chimney extended through the roof.

The inclined cylinders were arranged between the plate frames, while the slide valves above the cylinders were arranged horizontally and actuated by Joy valve gear. The regulator handle was fitted to the side of the steam dome and controlled from that position, while the firebox door was arranged on the side of the firebox. Instead of the NZASM 10 Tonner engine numbers in the range from 6 to 8, the Machinefabriek Breda works list recorded them as Delagoa Bay Railway numbers 50 to 52. While one source described these locomotives as having begun their service life on the Randtram line and having been transferred to the Delagoa Bay Railway in Mozambique, the manufacturer's works list suggests that it was the other way around; this seems to be borne out by another source, according to which the engines only entered service on the Randtram line in 1891. A similar anomaly exists in respect of the six NZASM 18 Tonner locomotives which were acquired from Manning Wardle and Company in 1890, they were rostered on the NZASM in the number range from 9 to 14, following on from the 10 Tonner engine numbers.

However, the Manning Wardle works records list the 18 Tonners as being numbered in the Delagoa Bay Railway number range from 53 to 58, following on from the Delagoa engine numbers for the 10 Tonners. Furthermore, a Manning Wardle builder's picture of an 18 Tonner shows it bearing the Delagoa Bay Railway engine number 57. At the time the first 10 Tonners and 18 Tonners entered service in March and April 1890, the Randtram line where the 10 Tonners were to be placed in service, had just been opened, with the first train being hauled by a 14 Tonner locomotive; the extensions of the Randtram line towards the east to Springs and towards the west via Roodepoort to Krugersdorp were still in progress. It appears, that the 10 Tonners and 18 Tonners entered service on, or were at least delivered to, the Delagoa Bay Railway and were only rostered on the NZASM at a stage. All railway operations in the two Boer Republics, the ZAR and the Orange Free State, were taken over by the Imperial Military Railways during the Second Boer War.

The 10 Tonners do not appear in the renumbering lists of the IMR or its successor, the Central South African Railways. The NZASM 10 Tonner works numbers and renumbering are shown in the table