Cradle Will Rock
Cradle Will Rock is a 1999 American historical drama film written and directed by Tim Robbins. The story fictionalizes the true events that surrounded the development of the 1937 musical The Cradle Will Rock by Marc Blitzstein; the film is not based on Orson Welles's script The Cradle Will Rock, to be an autobiographical account of the play's production. It went into pre-production in 1983 with Rupert Everett on board to play Welles before the backers pulled out and the production collapsed. At the height of the Great Depression, aspiring singer Olive Stanton dreams of getting a job as an actress with the Federal Theatre Project. Playwright Marc Blitzstein is working on his new musical, The Cradle Will Rock, but lacks the inspiration to finish it. While attending a public protest, he is visited by two imaginary figures representing his late wife and the famed German playwright Bertolt Brecht, they encourage him to make the play more relevant to the times rather than an abstract concept. At the same time, the FTP faces increasing pressure from the federal government, which has begun investigating alleged leftist infiltration of American society through the House Committee on Un-American Activities.
The WPA, faced with the threat of losing its budget, cuts funding for all FTP productions, lays off thousands of workers, orders all ongoing projects, including The Cradle Will Rock, to cease their activities. The local unions for the musicians and actors refuse to let them perform without federal approval, forcing the show to close. Rather than give in, the show's director, Orson Welles, producer, John Houseman, set up an improvised performance in a shuttered theater, with Blitzstein as both the cast and the orchestra; as he begins the first song, the other actors appear in the audience and perform the entire play without setting foot on the stage. A group of workers destroy the mural Man at the Crossroads, following a dispute between Nelson Rockefeller and Diego Rivera over the latter's explicit support for communism; as the cast and audience break into celebration, a group of former FTP performers stage a mock funeral down the street outside. The procession walks into present-day Times Square, lined with billboards advertising Broadway plays.
This film takes place in the 1930s during the Great Depression. The film takes some narrative license and presents certain events as simultaneous, when they occurred at different times; some examples of this are the addition and subsequent destruction of Rivera's Man at the Crossroads in the RCA Building, the Italian invasion of Ethiopia, labor strikes against Little Steel and the Dies Committee’s assault on the Federal Theatre Project. In telling the story of The Cradle Will Rock—a leftist labor musical, sponsored by the Federal Theatre Project only to be banned after the WPA cut the project and diverted its funds elsewhere—Robbins is able to tie in issues such as labor unrest, repression by the House Committee on Un-American Activities, the role and value of art in such a tumultuous time; the film was released in conjunction with a book that Robbins put together to provide a deeper look into the film's time period. The book includes the film’s script, accompanied by essays and pictures describing the people and themes that are the basis for the film.
The children's play Revolt of the Beavers by playwright/screenwriter Oscar Saul was featured in this film. It, was under scrutiny from the HUAC for promoting a communistic ideal of equal work and equal rewards. In the film it was valiantly defended by the head of the FTP, Hallie Flanagan, the play ran for one month at the Adelphi theater in New York; the film was met with positive reviews. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 64%, based on 72 reviews, an average rating of 6.3/10. On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 64 out of 100, based on 31 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". While the original production of The Cradle Will Rock was stated to be "The most exciting evening of theater this New York generation has seen", some critics did not feel the same about Robbins' reproduction of the event for film. Although it was nominated for the Palme d'Or at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival, among other festivals, some have praised the film as an astute commentary on censorship and the lines between art and life, others have criticized the piece for attempting to bring too many themes together into one story, thus losing the power of the original context altogether.
Cradle Will Rock on IMDb Cradle Will Rock at Rotten Tomatoes Cradle Will Rock at Box Office Mojo
Logan Wade Lerman is an American actor, known for playing the title role in the fantasy-adventure Percy Jackson films. He appeared in commercials in the mid-1990s, before starring in the series Jack & Bobby and the movies The Butterfly Effect and Hoot. Lerman gained further recognition for his roles in the western 3:10 to Yuma, the thriller The Number 23, the comedy Meet Bill, 2009's Gamer and My One and Only, he subsequently played d'Artagnan in 2011's The Three Musketeers, starred in the coming-of-age dramas The Perks of Being a Wallflower and The Vanishing of Sidney Hall, had major roles in the 2014 films Noah and Fury. Lerman was born in California, his mother, works as his manager, his father, Larry Lerman, is a businessman and orthotist. He has two elder siblings named Lucas. Lerman is Jewish, had a Bar Mitzvah ceremony, his grandparents were born in four different countries. Logan's paternal grandfather, Max Lerman, was born in Berlin, Germany, in 1927, to a Polish Jewish family. Logan's paternal grandmother, was born in Mexico City, Mexico, to Russian Jewish parents.
Logan's maternal grandfather was a Polish Jewish immigrant, Logan's maternal grandmother was born in Los Angeles to a Jewish immigrant family. On his mother's side, he is a relative, by marriage, of twin singers Jaron Lowenstein. Lerman has stated that he is a "black sheep" in his household because he is an actor, while most of his relatives work in the medical profession, his family owns and operates the orthotics and prosthetics company Lerman & Son, founded by his great-grandfather, Jacob Lerman, in 1915. Lerman is a self-described "film geek", has said that he is "shaped by movies", that he is a "creative person", he has expressed an interest in being involved in "everything that goes into making a film", including wanting to write and direct. His favorite directors include Paul Thomas Anderson, Stanley Kubrick, David Fincher and Peter Bogdanovich, he has cited American Beauty, Defending Your Life and Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind as being among his favorite films. Lerman has described himself as "reserved and quiet", "a homebody", "not a big fan of sports".
He attended Beverly Hills High School. In 2010, he applied to study creative writing at New York University, but has postponed his attendance. Lerman had a passion for movies from a young age, though he started acting "just for fun" and "to do something to get out of school", he began auditioning for roles in the late 1990s, first appeared in commercials. He made his film debut in 2000's The Patriot, playing William Martin, one of the children of Mel Gibson's character; the same year, he appeared in another Mel Gibson film, What Women Want, playing Gibson's character as a child. In 2001's Riding in Cars with Boys, he played the son of Drew Barrymore's character. Lerman has stated that while appearing in his earliest roles as a child, he did not have "any conscious awareness of what I was doing or what was going on" and "didn't have a good experience". In 2003, Lerman played nine-year-old Luke Chandler in the CBS made-for-television film A Painted House, based on the early life of author John Grisham and set in Black Oak, Arkansas in the early 1950s.
A Painted House was filmed in Lepanto and Clarksdale, Mississippi, in 2002. A review in the Boston Globe described Lerman as a "promising newcomer", with the Telegraph-Herald commenting on the character having been "quietly and played". For the role, he was nominated for the Young Artist Award for Best Performance by a Leading Young Actor in a television production, tied with Calum Worthy for the win, he next appeared in the 2004 thriller film The Butterfly Effect, portraying a seven-year-old version of Ashton Kutcher's character, Evan Treborn. DigitallyOBSESSED's reviewer described Lerman as "definitely a child actor to watch". Lerman so" in the early 2000s, when he was ten, he made a "conscious decision" to embrace acting as a profession when he was twelve, having developed an interest in the film making process. In 2004, he was cast in the television series Jack & Bobby, playing one of the title roles, Robert "Bobby" McCallister, a 12-year-old "extremely bright social misfit" in Missouri, destined to become President of the United States as an adult.
The show ran on The WB Television Network during the 2004–2005 season, receiving some positive reviews but low ratings, was subsequently canceled. Lerman was nominated for another Young Artist Award for his performance, tying with Jack DeSena for the win. Lerman has stated that he "started taking things seriously" about his career after appearing on the show; the Boston Herald's reviewer mentioned that Lerman's performance had a "blend of vulnerability and strength," while Entertainment Weekly's reviewer had noted that "Lerman lends Bobby a bedraggled optimism". Continuing his film work, Lerman had his first starring role in a motion picture, playing Roy Eberhardt in the children's adventure Hoot. Lerman stated that the film's message is "that you can be any age and make a difference". Hoot began filming in July 2005 in South Florida, opened on May 5, 2006, won him a third Young Artist Award, this time for Best Performance in a Feature Film - Leading Young Actor; the Washington Post's reviewer commented that "Lerman shows some life as Roy", though his role was "an anomaly in a sea of insipidity", while the San Francisco Chronicle's reviewer disliked Lerman's performan
Evanston is a city in Cook County, United States, 12 miles north of downtown Chicago, bordered by Chicago to the south, Skokie to the west, Wilmette to the north. It had a population of 74,486 as of 2010, it is one of the North Shore communities that adjoin Lake Michigan and is the home of Northwestern University. The boundaries of the city of Evanston are coterminous with those of the former Evanston Township, dissolved in 2014 by voters with its functions being absorbed by the city of Evanston. Prior to the 1830s, the area now occupied by Evanston was uninhabited, consisting of wetlands and swampy forest. However, Potawatomi Indians used trails along higher lying ridges that ran in a general north-south direction through the area, had at least some semi-permanent settlements along the trails. French explorers referred to the general area as "Grosse Pointe" after a point of land jutting into Lake Michigan about 13 miles north of the mouth of the Chicago River. After the first non-Native Americans settled in the area in 1836, the names "Grosse Point Territory" and "Gross Point voting district" were used through the 1830s and 1840s, although the territory had no defined boundaries.
The area remained only sparsely settled, supporting some farming and lumber activity on some of the higher ground, as well as a number of taverns or "hotels" along the ridge roads. Grosse Pointe itself eroded into the lake during this period. In 1850, a township called Ridgeville was organized, extending from Graceland Cemetery in Chicago to the southern edge of the Ouilmette Reservation, along what is now Central Street, from Lake Michigan to Western Avenue in Chicago; the 1850 census shows a few hundred settlers in this township, a post office with the name of Ridgeville was established at one of the taverns. However, no municipality yet existed. In 1851, a group of Methodist business leaders founded Northwestern University and Garrett Biblical Institute, they chose a bluffed and wooded site along the lake as Northwestern's home, purchasing several hundred acres of land from Dr. John Foster, a Chicago farm owner. In 1854, the founders of Northwestern submitted to the county judge their plans for a city to be named Evanston after John Evans, one of their leaders.
In 1857, the request was granted. The township of Evanston was split off from Ridgeville Township; the nine founders, including John Evans, Orrington Lunt, Andrew Brown, hoped their university would attain high standards of intellectual excellence. Today these hopes have been fulfilled, as Northwestern ranks with the best of the nation's universities. Evanston was formally incorporated as a town on December 29, 1863, but declined in 1869 to become a city despite the Illinois legislature passing a bill for that purpose. Evanston expanded after the Civil War with the annexation of the village of North Evanston. In early 1892, following the annexation of the village of South Evanston, voters elected to organize as a city; the 1892 boundaries are those that exist today. During the 1960s, Northwestern University changed the city's shoreline by adding a 74-acre lakefill. In 1939, Evanston hosted the first NCAA basketball championship final at Northwestern University's Patten Gymnasium. In August 1954, Evanston hosted the second assembly of the World Council of Churches, still the only WCC assembly to have been held in the United States.
President Dwight Eisenhower welcomed the delegates, Dag Hammarskjöld, secretary-general of the United Nations, delivered an important address entitled "An instrument of faith". Evanston first received power in April 1893. Many people lined the streets on Emerson St. where the first appearance of street lights were lined and turned on. Today, the city is home to Northwestern University, Music Institute of Chicago, other educational institutions, as well as headquarters of Alpha Phi International women's fraternity, Rotary International, the National Merit Scholarship Corporation, the National Lekotek Center, the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, the Sigma Chi Fraternity and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Evanston is the birthplace of Tinkertoys, is the one of the locations having originated the ice cream sundae. Evanston was Company, which for many years supplied the most jobs. Evanston was a dry community from 1858 until 1972, when the City Council voted to allow restaurants and hotels to serve liquor on their premises.
In 1984, the Council voted to allow retail liquor outlets within the city limits. According to the 2010 census, Evanston has a total area of 7.802 square miles, of which 7.78 square miles is land and 0.022 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 74,486 people, 30,047 households, 15,621 families residing in the city; the population density was 9,574.0 people per square mile. There were 33,181 housing units at an average density of 4,264.9 per square mile. The 2010 census showed that Evanston is ethnically mixed with the following breakdown in population: 65.6% White, 18.1% Black or African American, 0.2% American Indian or Alaska Native, 8.6% Asian, 0.02% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 3.6% some other race, 3.8% from two or more races. 9.0 % were Latino of any race. There were 30,047 households, out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were headed by married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 48.0% were non-families.
37.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 10
Chicago the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450, it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area referred to as Chicagoland, the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States; the metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew in the mid-nineteenth century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild; the construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, by 1900 Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world.
Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, the steel-framed skyscraper. Chicago is an international hub for finance, commerce, technology, telecommunications, transportation, it is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts at the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is the largest and most diverse derivatives market gobally, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures. O'Hare International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in the world, the region has the largest number of U. S. highways and greatest amount of railroad freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it ranked seventh in the entire world in the 2017 Global Cities Index; the Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products in the world, generating $680 billion in 2017. In addition, the city has one of the world's most diversified and balanced economies, not being dependent on any one industry, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018, made it the second most visited city in the nation, behind New York City's approximate 65 million visitors. The city ranked first place in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, film, comedy and music jazz, soul, hip-hop and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams; the name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and known more as ramps.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the eponymous wild "garlic" grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:...when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. The city has had several nicknames throughout its history such as the Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, the City of the Big Shoulders, which refers to the city's numerous skyscrapers and high-rises. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples; the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable arrived in the 1780s, he is known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area, to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and rebuilt; the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis; the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S. Receiver of Public Monies; the City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, the Illi
In & Out (film)
In & Out is a 1997 American romantic comedy film directed by Frank Oz and starring Kevin Kline, Tom Selleck, Joan Cusack, Matt Dillon, Debbie Reynolds, Bob Newhart, Shalom Harlow, Wilford Brimley. It is an original story by screenwriter Paul Rudnick. Joan Cusack was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance; the film was inspired by Tom Hanks's tearful speech when he accepted his 1994 Oscar, in which he mentioned his high-school drama coach Rawley Farnsworth, his former classmate John Gilkerson, "two of the finest gay Americans, two wonderful men that I had the good fortune to be associated with." The film became one of mainstream Hollywood's few attempts at a comedic "gay movie" of its era, was noted at the time for a 12-second kiss between Kevin Kline and Tom Selleck. Howard Brackett is a well-liked English literature teacher, living a quiet life in the fictional town of Greenleaf, with his fiancée and fellow teacher Emily Montgomery, who lost 75 pounds.
The town is filled with anticipation over the nomination of Howard's former student Cameron Drake in the Best Actor category at the Academy Awards for his portrayal of a gay soldier in To Serve and Protect. Cameron does indeed win the award and, in his acceptance speech, thanks Howard, adding, "... and he's gay." Howard's family, students, co-workers and Emily are shocked. He angrily reassures those. Reporters invade his hometown, following the awards night telecast. Howard is placed under the scrutiny of his boss, Principal Tom Halliwell, uncomfortable with the attention being brought to the school. Although the other reporters leave after getting their story, one stays behind: on-camera entertainment reporter Peter Malloy, who wants to wait the week out so he can cover Howard's wedding to Emily. Howard continues to be harassed and dismayed by the changed attitudes of everyone around him, decides that he must sleep with Emily in order to prove his heterosexuality. Howard finds he cannot go through with it due to his conflicting emotions and Emily's concern for his well-being.
Howard crosses paths with Peter, who reveals he is gay and, trying to provide a helpful ear, narrates his own experience in coming out to his family. Howard insists. Although shocked, Howard reacts somewhat positively to the kiss. Howard's final measure to restore his heterosexuality is the use of a self-help audio cassette, although that fails as well. During the wedding ceremony, Emily recites her vow without hesitation, but when Howard is prompted by the minister, he instead says, "I'm gay." The wedding is called off, although Peter is proud of Howard, Howard is angry with himself for hurting Emily. Howard is fired from the school because of his outing. Despite no longer being on the faculty, Howard attends the graduation ceremony to support his students; when one student who got into college—thanks to Howard's hard work—learns that he was dismissed for being gay, he and his classmates proclaim themselves to be gay as well, showing their support. Howard's family follows suit, as do his friends, all the townsfolk assembled.
Having learned of the ensuing media blitz while in Los Angeles, Cameron flies to his hometown with his supermodel girlfriend to support his former teacher. Although Howard does not win "Teacher of the Year", Cameron presents him with his Oscar. Howard's wedding-crazy mother gets a wedding—her own, when she and her husband renew their vows. Howard and the rest of the townsfolk attend the reception. Among the crowd are Emily and Cameron, who appear to have begun a relationship. Everyone dances to the Village People's song "Macho Man". According to Frank Oz, production had to be stopped temporarily because "we all got sick...because we all got the flu." Oz and Wilford Brimley did not get along during production, however neither of them have elaborated on what caused the friction between the two. Selected for its "beautiful auditorium, a great gymnasium" and other aesthetic qualities, the Pompton Lakes High School in Pompton Lakes, New Jersey was used extensively as a filming location for In & Out.
At first, Frank Oz asked Miles Goodman to do the music for Out. Goodman, who composed several of Oz's previous films, died. A soundtrack was released on Tuesday, September 23, 1997, featuring recorded songs as well as Marc Shaiman's instrumental music composed for the film. "I Will Survive" - Diana Ross "Wedding Preparations" "Everything's Coming up Roses" - Ethel Merman "'To Serve and Protect'" "Howard Is Outed" "The Morning After" "The Bachelor Party" "Interviews with Townsfolk" "Homosection" "I Don't" "Mom & Dad" "Cameron & Emily" "Crazy" - Patsy Cline "Teacher of the Year/People/The Wedding" "Macho Man" - Village People The film was well received by critics. The performances were praised those of Cusack, who earned an Oscar nod, Kline; the film gained attention for depicting homosexuality in a "mainstream" comedy about "Middle America" which, Rita Kempley Howe wrote in The Washington Post, "manages to flaunt and flout gay stereotypes." Critics noted its asexual treatment of homosexuality: Janet Maslin commented in The New York Times that the film is not one "to associate gayness with actual sex," while T
Martian Child is a 2007 American comedy-drama film directed by Menno Meyjes and written by David Gerrold based on his 1994 novelette of the same name. The film stars John Cusack as a writer who adopts a strange young boy who believes himself to be from Mars; the film was theatrically released on November 2007 by New Line Cinema. David Gordon, a popular science fiction author, widowed two years prior as they were trying to adopt a child, is matched with a young boy, Dennis. Hesitant to adopt alone, he is drawn to Dennis because he sees aspects of himself and his own awkward childhood in the boy. Dennis suffers from the delusion, he protects himself from the sun's harmful rays, wears weights to counter earth's weak gravity, eats only Lucky Charms, hangs upside down to facilitate his circulation. He refers to his mission to understand earth and its people, taking pictures, stealing things to catalog, spending time consulting an ambiguous toy-like device with flashing lights that produces unintelligible words.
Once David decides to adopt Dennis, he spends time getting to know the boy, patiently coaxing him out of the large cardboard box he hides in, which becomes a metaphor for coaxing him out of his shyness and into new situations. We wonder. Soon, David is cleared to take Dennis home and they meet David's dog, "Somewhere." In Dennis's bedroom is a projector of the solar system that he pronounces inaccurate. With the help of David's friend Harlee and sister Liz, David tries to help Dennis overcome his delusion by both indulging it and encouraging him to act like everyone else. Dennis attends school but is expelled for stealing items for his collection. David tells Liz, though it's not clear if he's being genuine or sarcastic, that Dennis is from Mars. Meanwhile, David's literary agent, encourages David to finish writing his sequel book commissioned, due soon. David struggles to make time for writing but is pulled into dealing with Dennis's issues. David hunkers down to write when a flash from Dennis's Polaroid camera catches him off-guard and he accidentally breaks some glass.
David carries him across the room. Dennis, upset by David's abrupt action, fears. David explains that he was just worried he'd get cut by the glass and that he loves Dennis more than his stuff. Assuring him that he will never send him away, he encourages Dennis to break more things, they move to the kitchen and break dishes and spray ketchup and dish detergent at each other. Lefkowitz, the decision-maker from Social Services, discovers the mayhem, he sets up a review of the case. David encourages Dennis to be from Mars only at home. Dennis continues in David's care. David, now Dennis's adopted father, tries to insist that Dennis acknowledge being from Earth, to which Dennis responds with hurt and anger. David leaves Dennis with Liz to attend the reveal of his new book, supposed to be the sequel to his first book. David confesses to Tina, the publisher, that he has not written a sequel, but rather a new book titled, Martian Child, about Dennis. In her fury, Tina makes a scene at the party, but takes the manuscript as David leaves to be with Dennis.
Meanwhile, Dennis has walked away from the house, together with his suitcase of earthly artifacts. When David arrives and finds the police at the house and learns the boy is gone, he remembers the place Dennis had identified as where he was found. David asks Harlee to drive him to the location, where they spot Dennis high up on the outside ledge of the museum's domed roof. David climbs up to where Dennis is as Liz arrive. Dennis identifies a bright searchlight in a nearby cloud as someone coming to take him home, but David tries to assure him that it's just a helicopter. David pledges his love for Dennis and assures him that he will never leave him. Dennis gives in to trusting David and the two embrace. David's voiceover tells about the parallel of children who come into our world, struggling to understand it, being like little aliens; as we zoom in on Tina reading the manuscript aboard an airplane, we realize these are words from the book. Tina is crying. John Cusack as David Gordon - Author and Dad Zak Ludwig as young David Bobby Coleman as Dennis - "Martian" and Son Amanda Peet as Harlee - Friend Sophie Okonedo as Sophie - Foster Mom Oliver Platt as Jeff - Agent Joan Cusack as Liz Gordon - Sister and Aunt Anjelica Huston as Tina - Publisher Richard Schiff as Lefkowitz - Child Services Authority Howard Hesseman as Dr. Berg David Kaye as Andy Despite persistent misperceptions, this film is not based on David Gerrold's semi-autobiographical novelette The Martian Child, but rather is based on his fictional Hugo and Nebula Award-winning short story of the same name, which has caused much confusion about the source material for Gerrold's fans in segments of the gay community.
The short story does not reveal the fictionalized protagonist's homosexuality. Only when, years Gerrold rewrote and expanded his story to novella length did he choose to reveal his sexuality. While Gerrold had, in real life, adopted a son as an gay man, in the film the protagonist is straight and has a female love interest. Though Gerrold has acknowledged that his short story is a work of fiction, despite the fact that the short story won numerous awards as a work of fiction, some members of gay community persisted in perpetuating the misperception that the short story was "true" and criticized the lead role
Toy Story 2
Toy Story 2 is a 1999 American computer-animated comedy film directed by John Lasseter and produced by Pixar Animation Studios for Walt Disney Pictures. It is the second film in the Toy Story franchise. In the film, Woody is stolen by a toy collector, prompting Buzz Lightyear and his friends to vow to rescue him, but Woody is tempted by the idea of immortality in a museum. Tom Hanks, Tim Allen, Don Rickles, Wallace Shawn, John Ratzenberger, Jim Varney, Annie Potts, R. Lee Ermey, John Morris and Laurie Metcalf all reprise their character roles from the original film, they are joined by Joan Cusack, Jodi Benson, Kelsey Grammer, Estelle Harris, Wayne Knight, who voice some of the new characters introduced. Disney envisioned Toy Story 2 as a direct-to-video sequel; the film began production in a building separated from Pixar, on a small scale, as most of the main Pixar staff were busy working on A Bug's Life. When story reels proved promising, Disney upgraded the film to theatrical release, but Pixar was unhappy with the film's quality.
Lasseter and the story team redeveloped the entire plot in one weekend. Although most Pixar features take years to develop, the established release date could not be moved and the production schedule for Toy Story 2 was compressed into nine months. Despite production struggles, Toy Story 2 opened on November 24, 1999 to wildly successful box office numbers grossing over $497 million, it received critical acclaim, with a rare 100% rating on the website Rotten Tomatoes. It is considered by critics to be one of few sequel films superior to the original and is featured on lists of the greatest animated films made; the film has seen multiple home media releases and a theatrical 3-D re-release in 2009, 10 years after its initial release. Toy Story 3 was released in 2010 a critical and commercial success. Toy Story 4 is scheduled to be released on June 2019, directed by Josh Cooley. Andy prepares to go to cowboy camp with Woody, but while playing with Woody and Buzz, he accidentally tears Woody's arm.
Andy's mom puts Woody on a shelf, Andy leaves without Woody. The next day, after having a nightmare of being thrown away, Woody finds Wheezy, a squeeze toy, shelved for months due to a broken squeaker; when Andy's mother puts Wheezy in a yard sale, Woody rescues him, but is stolen by a greedy toy collector. From a commercial, Andy's toys identify the thief as owner of Al's Toy Barn. Buzz, Hamm, Mr. Potato Head, Slinky Dog, Rex set out to rescue Woody. At Al's apartment, Woody learns that he is based on a 1950s black-and-white television puppet show called Woody's Roundup, that along with Jessie and Stinky Pete the Prospector, he is set to be sold to a toy museum in Tokyo. While the others are excited about going, Woody intends upsetting Jessie. Stinky Pete explains that the museum is only interested in the collection if it is complete, without Woody, they will be returned to storage. After Woody's arm is torn off his attempt to retrieve it is foiled when Al's television set turns on, he blames Jessie when he finds the TV remote in front of her.
The next morning, Woody's arm is fixed by a toy repair specialist. He learns that Jessie once belonged to a girl named Emily, who outgrew and donated her. Stinky Pete warns Woody that the same fate awaits him when Andy grows up, whereas he will last forever in the museum. Hearing this, Woody decides to go to Japan. Meanwhile and the other toys reach Al's Toy Barn. While searching for Woody, Buzz is imprisoned by a Utility Belt Buzz, who believes that Buzz is a rogue space ranger. After discovering Al's plan, they go to his apartment, while Andy's Buzz escapes and pursues them, accidentally freeing an Emperor Zurg toy, who follows him with the intent of destroying him. After the toys find Woody, Buzz rejoins them and proves that he is Andy's Buzz, but Woody refuses to go home. Buzz reminds Woody that a toy's true purpose is to be played with, which he would never experience in a museum. After seeing a boy play with him on a Woody's Roundup episode, Woody changes his mind, asks the Roundup gang to come home with him and Andy's toys.
However, Stinky Pete, who has never been loved or played with and wants to go to Japan, stops them, revealing that he was responsible for foiling Woody's escape attempt, framed Jessie for it. Al returns, takes the gang in a suitcase, leaves for the airport. Andy's toys pursue Al, but are caught by Zurg, who battles Utility Belt Buzz and reveals himself as Buzz's father. After Rex inadvertently knocks Zurg off an elevator, Utility Belt Buzz chooses to remain behind with Zurg. Accompanied by three toy Aliens, Andy's toys steal a Pizza Planet delivery truck and follow Al to the airport, where they sneak into the baggage handling system and find Al's suitcase. Stinky Pete rips Woody's arm during a struggle, but Andy's toys stuff him into a little girl's backpack, they free Bullseye, only for Jessie to end up on the plane bound for Japan. Assisted by Buzz and Bullseye, Woody frees Jessie, the toys return home in a stolen baggage carrier; when Andy returns from camp, he accepts Jessie and the Aliens as his new toys repairs Woody's arm.
Al is upset in a new commercial after losing the Roundup Gang, while Wheezy's squeaker is fixed. Woody tells Buzz that he is no longer worried about Andy outgrowing him because, when he does, they will still have each other for company. Tom Hanks as Woody Tim Allen as Buzz Lightyear Joan Cusack as Jessie Kelsey Grammer as Stinky Pete Don Rickles as Mr. Potato Head Jim Varney as Slinky Dog Wallace Shawn as Rex John Ratzenberger as Hamm Annie Potts as Bo P