This is a list of people executed in the Papal States under the government of the Popes or during the 1810–1819 decade of French rule. Although capital punishment in Vatican City was legal from 1929 to 1969, no executions took place in that time; this list does not include people executed by other authorities of the Roman Catholic Church or those executed by Inquisitions other than the Roman Inquisition, or those killed in wars involving the Papal States, or those killed extrajudicially. Most executions were related to the punishment of civil crimes committed within the Papal States, with the condemned convicted within the civil courts of the Papal States; the best records are from the tenure of Giovanni Battista Bugatti, the executioner of the Papal States between March 22, 1796 and August 17, 1861, who recorded the name of the condemned, the crime, the location of the execution for each of the 516 "justices" he performed for the governments, papal or French. Bugatti's list ends: "So ends the long list of Bugatti.
May that of his successor be shorter". Before 1816, the most common methods of execution were the noose. However, after 1816, two other methods—the mazzatello and drawing and quartering —continued to be used for crimes that were considered "especially loathsome"; the execution sites of choice were the Ponte Sant'Angelo, the bridge in front of the Castel Sant'Angelo, the Piazza del Popolo, Via dei Cerchi near the Piazza della Bocca della Verita. Papal law prescribed a payment of only three cents of the Roman lira per execution for the executioner to "mark the vileness of his work" but did not prohibit the free lodging, tax concessions, large pension awarded to Bugatti; the date in parentheses is the date of the execution. Arnold of Brescia and participant in the Commune of Rome Gerard Segarelli, founder of the Apostolic Brethren Fra Dolcino, Italian preacher of the Dulcinian movement Astorre I Manfredi, Italian condottiero Matteuccia de Francesco, Italian nun and alleged "Witch of Ripabianca" Antongaleazzo Bentivoglio, Italian condottiero Eighteen thieves who robbed and killed Holy Year pilgrims Note: Girolamo Savonarola, Domenico da Pescia and Fra Silvestro executed in Florence were condemned by a Florentine court.
Pietro Bernardino, a follower of Savonarola, was condemned and executed at Mirandola. Cardinal Alfonso Petrucci, convicted of plotting against Pope Leo X Gian Paolo Baglioni, Italian condottiero Cardinal Carlo Carafa and Giovanni Carafa, Duke of Paliano, nephews of Paul IV, sentenced to strangulation in prison and beheading by Pius IV, as his first public act Pomponio Algerio, civil law student at the University of Padua Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist Aonio Paleario, Italian Protestant Menocchio, Friulian miller and philosopher Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman convicted of murder Giordano Bruno, Italian priest, philosopher and occultist Ferrante Pallavicino, Italian satirist Giulia Tofana, namesake of the Aqua Tofana poison Girolama Spera and accomplice of Giulia Tofana Assistants and clients of the poison-maker Giulia Tofana Nicola Gentilucci and quartered in Foligno, convicted of strangling and killing a Priest, a coachman and of robbing two friars Sabatino Caramina, hanged in Amelia, convicted of murder Marco Rossi, bludgeoned to death and quartered in Valentano, convicted of the murders of his uncle and of his cousin.
Giacomo dell'Ascensione, hanged at Piazza del Popolo, convicted of smashing many shops. Pacifico Sentinelli, hanged in Jesi, convicted of his wife. Note: Executions between 1798 and 1815, executions in papal Rome were to some degree controlled by the French authorities. Gregorio Silvestri, hanged at Piazza del Popolo, self-confessed conspirator. Antonio Felici, Gio. Antonio Marinucci and Antonio Russo, hanged at the Ponte Sant'Angelo, convicted of robbery. Pietro Zanelli, hanged at the Ponte Sant'Angelo, convicted of forgery of money. Francesco Gropaldi, hanged at the Ponte Sant'Angelo, convicted of robbery. Ottavio Cappello, hanged at the Ponte Sant'Angelo, convicted of attempted armed revolution. Alessandro d'Andrea, hanged at the Ponte Sant'Angelo, convicted of the theft of a watch. Gio. Batta Genovesi, hanged and his corpse burnt at the Ponte Sant'Angelo, convicted of stealing two ciboria. Gioacchino Lucarelli, Luigi de Angelis, Lorenzo Robotti, Giovanni Rocchi and Antonio Mauro, convicted of strangling and killing a Priest, were hanged and their heads and arms were cut off and displayed at Porta Angelica, two were burnt at the Ponte Sant'Angelo.
Bernardino Bernardi, convicted of the same offence, was hanged and had his head and arms cut off which were displayed at Porta S. Se
Legia Warszawa is a professional football club based in Warsaw, Poland. See also: 2014–15 Ekstraklasa The numbers are established according to the official website: legia.com Last updated on 16 August 2014 Legia Warszawa Reserve Team *Celtic to play at Murrayfield Stadium due to Commonwealth Games Opening Ceremony at Celtic Park**Celtic was awarded a 3-0 walkover due to Legia fielding an ineligible player Numbers in parentheses denote appearances as substitute. Players with no appearances not included in the list; as of match played 2 October 2014 Includes all competitive matches. The list is sorted by shirt number; as of match played 2 October 2014 Includes all competitive matches. The list is sorted by shirt number; as of match played 2 October 2014
Badlands Dinosaur Museum in Dickinson, North Dakota, United States, reopened on May 17, 2016, after over twenty years operating as Dakota Dinosaur Museum. It is part of the museum complex at Dickinson Museum Center; the 13,400-square-foot museum includes dinosaur skeletons and reconstructions, with dozens of displays featuring other fine fossils and minerals. Notable exhibits include international award-winning feathered dinosaur models, a complete Triceratops skull, an articulated hadrosaur arm with mummified skin, full standing mounts of Allosaurus and Albertosaurus. "Dakota Dinosaur Museum" was the original name for the museum, first proposed in 1987, opened in 1994. The original exhibit included skeletons and models made by companies and artists from Utah and North Dakota. Most of the artifacts in the museum were donated by Alice League. In 2015, ownership of the museum's fossil collection and related exhibits was transferred to the City of Dickinson. Under this new management, the museum reopened on May 17, 2016 as the Dinosaur Museum at Dickinson Museum Center.
In 2017 the museum was renamed "Badlands Dinosaur Museum", as one of the first steps in a complete overhaul of the exhibits and museum infrastructure. The museum is open 9am-5pm year-round. In summer the museum is open on Sundays 12pm-5pm. Badlands Dinosaur Museum official website
Elias Florence was a U. S. Representative from Ohio. Born in Fauquier County, Florence attended the public schools and studied agriculture, he moved to Ohio and settled in Circleville, Pickaway County. He served as member of the Ohio House of Representatives in 1829, 1830, 1834, 1840, served in the Ohio Senate in 1835. Florence was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-eighth Congress. In 1850, he served as member of the State constitutional convention. Thereafter he resumed agricultural pursuits. Florence died in Muhlenberg Township, November 21, 1880, he was interred in Circleville. United States Congress. "Elias Florence". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; this article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
The Abagusii is an ethnic group that traditionally inhabit Kisii county and Nyamira county of Western Kenya. The Abagusii are found in other regions of geographical Western Kenya; the Abagusii speak Ekegusii language, classified together with the Great Lakes Bantu languages. Mogusii is culturally identified as their patriarch; the Abagusii are however, unrelated to the Kisi people of Malawi and the Kissi people of West Africa, other than the three distinct communities having similar sounding tribal names. Kisii town - known as Bosongo or Getembe by the locals - is located in Nyanza Province to the southwest of Kenya and is home to the Abagusii people. However, the term Kisii refers to the town and not to the people; the name Bosongo is believed to have originated from Abasongo who lived in the town during the colonial times. According to the 1979 census, Kisii District had a population of 588,000; the AbaGusii increased to 2.2 million in the latest Kenya Census 2009. The term Kisii is a Swahili name, used by Swahili speakers to refer to the Abagusii people.
The term was popularly used during the colonial period in reference to Abagusii as it was much easier to pronounce. The term Kisii however has no meaning in Ekegusii language. In the Swahili language the singular form of the word is Mkisii and the plural form is Wakisii which only make sense in the Swahili language and related coastal and Central Bantu languages of Kenya; the term is now popularly used in Kenya to refer to Abagusii people though, not what they are called. Among Abagusii the name Kisii is used to only mean Kisii town and not to the people; the proper and correct name for the people is Abagusii in plural. According to the oral literature of Abagusii, the Abamaragoli, they migrated to present day Kenya from areas further North of Mt. Elgon region of Kenya; the Misiri homeland of Abagusii is a general area to the North of Mt. Elgon and does not state that Misiri is Egypt; the Misiri homeland of Abagusii is unconnected to the so called popular Hamitic hypothesis by C. G. Seligman on the migration of hamites from North Africa that introduced advanced civilizations to Sub-Saharan Africa.
As these Bantu speakers migrated from their semi-mythical homeland,they first settled at the Mt. Elgon region of Kenya for several years before migrating to current homelands. From Mt. Elgon, these Bantu speakers split up into different groups with the Abagusii ending up in Nyanza Province near Lake Victoria; the Abamaragoli settled in Western Kenya and the Ameru migrated to the former upper Eastern province of Kenya. The other related Lacustrine Bantu speaking groups settled in modern day Uganda and Northwest Tanzania. In Kenya the Abagusii, are most related with the Abamaragoli and the Ameru of the former Upper Eastern Province; the immediate neighbours of Abagusii include the Luhya people, Kipsigis and Maasai. A number of clans of these neighbouring communities the Kipsigis have Abagusii origins. During the pre-colonial period the Abagusii and the neighbouring communities engaged in Barter trade some of which led to the formation of modern day Kisumu city of Nyanza Province; the Abagusii are very industrious and resilient despite engaging in some minimal cattle rustling activities with their neighbours.
There's strong evidence, the good relationships with neighbouring communities have led to intermarriages. This is evident in the varied complexion and physique between Abagusii from different subregions of Gusii; some clans of the Suba are said to have been absorbed by the Luos. The Bantu community with a great many similarities with the Abagusii is the Meru from the windward slopes of Mount Kenya, although the Kuria share a great deal in common with the Abagusii in language and culture as well, a history of intermarriage has led to prohibition of marriage alliances for specific clans of the Abagusii with some Kuria clans. Additionally, intermarriages between members of the same clans are prohibited; the Kipsigis, the highland nilotes bordering the Abagusii on the northern and northeastern frontier affectionately refer to the Abagusii as kamama. Indeed, many Kipsigis can point to someone in their lineage from Abagusii. According to the oral literature of Abagusii, the original progenitors of Abagusii migrated to their current homeland in Nyanza from areas further North of the Mt. Elgon region of Kenya.
This pre-Mt. Elgon homeland of Abagusii is referenced as Misiri according to their oral literature. After migrating from Misiri, the Abagusii passed through the present day Rift Valley province of Kenya and first settled at the Mt. Elgon region of present day Kenya where they stayed for several years before migrating to present day Nyanza province; the Mt. Elgon region of Kenya is the original point of dispersal of Abagusii to other regions of Kenya where they settled during the pre-colonial period as well as their current homeland in Nyanza Province of Kenya. At the Mt. Elgon region of Kenya, the Abagusii came into contact with Luhya tribes most of whom had migrated from Uganda as well as Ogiek people; the Abagusii migrated together with some Kalenjin groups as well as most other related tribes such as Abamaragoli, Ameru, Abasoga and Abakiga who are similar to Abagusii in some aspects