Mario Fortino Alfonso Moreno Reyes, known casually as Mario Moreno and known professionally as Cantinflas, was a Mexican actor and screenwriter and an iconic figure in Mexico, although he is recognized in Latin America and Spain and is considered the best Mexican comedian. The humor of Cantinflas so loaded with linguistic aspects of the Mexican speech, as much in the intonation, as in the lexicon or the syntax, was so celebrated by all the Spanish-speaking countries in Latin America and Spain that a whole lexical range of new words arose: to be a cantinflas, cantinflada, cantinflesco or cantinflero. Although some of his films were translated into English and French, the word games so particular in Mexican Spanish were difficult to translate, he portrayed impoverished farmers or a peasant of pelado origin. The character allowed Cantinflas to establish a long, successful film career that included a foray into Hollywood. Charlie Chaplin once commented that he was the best comedian alive, Moreno has been referred to as the "Charlie Chaplin of Mexico".
To audiences in the United States, he is best remembered as co-starring with David Niven in the Academy Award winner for Best Picture film Around the World in 80 Days, for which Moreno won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. As a pioneer of the cinema of Mexico, Moreno helped usher in its golden era. In addition to being a business leader, he became involved in Mexico's tangled and dangerous labor politics, his reputation as a spokesperson for the downtrodden gave his actions authenticity and became important in the early struggle against charrismo, the one-party government's practice of co-opting and controlling unions. Moreover, his character Cantinflas, whose identity became enmeshed with his own, was examined by media critics and linguists, who saw him variously as a danger to Mexican society, a bourgeois puppet, a verbal innovator, a picaresque underdog. Mario Fortino Alfonso Moreno Reyes was born in the Santa María la Redonda neighbourhood of Mexico City, grew up in the tough neighbourhood of Tepito.
He was one of eight children born to Pedro Moreno Esquivel, an impoverished mail carrier, María de la Soledad Reyes Guízar. The others were Pedro, José, Esperanza, Catalina and Roberto, he made it through difficult situations with the quick wit and street smarts that he would apply in his films. His comic personality led him to a circus tent show, from there to legitimate theatre and film, he married Valentina Ivanova Zubareff, of Russian ethnicity, on 27 October 1936 and remained with her until her death in January 1966. A son was born to Moreno in 1961 by another woman. Moreno Ivanova died on 15 May 2017, of a presumed heart attack, he served as president of one of the Mexican actors' guilds known as Asociación Nacional de Actores and as first secretary general of the independent filmworkers' union Sindicato de Trabajadores de la Producción Cinematográfica. Following his retirement, Moreno devoted his life to helping others through charity and humanitarian organizations those dedicated to helping children.
His contributions to the Roman Catholic Church and orphanages made him a folk hero in Mexico. He was a Freemason, initiated at Chilam Balam Lodge. In 1961, Cantinflas appeared with Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson at shopping centers and supermarkets in San Antonio, Texas, to support the successful Democratic nominee to the United States House of Representatives for Texas' 20th congressional district, Henry B. Gonzalez, who defeated his Republican challenger, John W. Goode. Gonzalez was the first Hispanic elected to the Texas State Senate and as a U. S. congressman from Texas. A lifelong smoker, Cantinflas died of lung cancer on 20 April 1993 in Mexico City. Thousands appeared on a rainy day for his funeral; the ceremony was a national event. His body lay in state in the Rotonda de Las Personas Ilustres and he was honored by many heads of state and the United States Senate, which held a moment of silence for him. A 20-year legal battle followed between Mario Moreno Ivanova, Cantinflas' son and heir to his estate, the actor's blood nephew Eduardo Moreno Laparade over the control of 34 films made by Cantinflas.
The nephew claimed. Moreno Ivanova argued that the rights belonged to him. Moreno Laparade won the lawsuit twice, but Moreno Ivanova triumphed after two appeals. In 2005, Mario Moreno Ivanova, Jr. won the rights to the name. At the same time, there was another legal battle between Columbia Pictures and Moreno Ivanova over control of these films. Columbia claimed that it had bought the rights to the 34 films four decades earlier, although the court noted several discrepancies in the papers. Moreno Ivanova wanted the rights to the films to remain his, more Mexico's, as a national treasure. On 2 June 2001 the eight-year battle was resolved with Columbia retaining ownership over the 34 disputed films; as a young man, Cantinflas performed a variety of acts in travelling tents, it was here that he acquired the nickname "Cantinflas". According to one obituary, "Cantinflas" is a meaningless name invented to prevent his parents from knowing he was in the entertainment business, which they considered a shameful occupation.
Cantinflas confirmed it in 1992, in hi
Reportaje is a 1953 Mexican film. The film brought together an extraordinary ensemble cast of the most important stars of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema and was held for charitable purposes for the A. N. D. A of México; the film is divided in 6 chapters around a principal storyline. It was released in a special presentation in the 1954 Cannes Film Festival; the owner of a daily paper wants to find the most important news on New Year's Eve. Therefore, he decides to send his top reporters to strategic points in Mexico City. One of the reporters finds his wife about to give birth. Upon entering the hospital, he witnesses a number of peculiar cases. Roberto Cañedo María Elena Marqués Columba Domínguez Carmen Montejo Esther Fernández Ernesto Alonso Miroslava Miguel Torrúco Julio Villarreal Amanda del Llano Ramón Gay The Head of a police station is forced to deal with several comedic cases which involve rather peculiar characters. Carlos López Moctezuma "Clavillazo" Tin Tan Marcelo Chávez Meche Barba Irma Torres Wolf Rubinskis The reporter shows up at a party hosted by one of the city's richest men, about to propose to his fiancee.
However, a sudden malaise makes evident. Pedro Infante Carmen Sevilla Domingo Soler Carmelita González Armando Silvestre Manolo Fábregas Several stars trying to get ahead in a Show Center. In the middle of the performance, a rich man is blackmailed by two peculiar thieves. Libertad Lamarque Pedro Vargas Lola Flores Andres Soler Fernando Soler Pedro Lopez Lagar Joaquín Pardavé Luis Aldás The owner of the Daily returns home, where his beautiful wife asks for a divorce; the couple begins to remember details of their happy years. Dolores del Río Arturo de Córdova In a hotel room, a couple of young stars are having a fight: the man is unwilling to get up the bed. To his surprise, a beautiful woman shows up. María Félix Jorge Negrete Renowned Mexican comedian, refused to act in the film without salary -apparently the other stars did perform without pay. Mexican actor, Pedro Armendáriz, was announced as a cast member in several magazines at the time. Reportaje on IMDb Reportaje at the Cinema of Mexico site of ITESM
Guanajuato the Free and Sovereign State of Guanajuato, is one of the 31 states which, with Mexico City, are the 32 federal entities of Mexico. It is divided into 46 municipalities and its capital city is Guanajuato; the largest city in the state is León. Guanajuato is in central Mexico, it is bordered by the states of Jalisco to the west, Zacatecas to the northwest, San Luis Potosí to the north, Querétaro to the east, Michoacán to the south. It covers an area of 30,608 km2. Guanajuato is between the arid north of the country and the lusher south, it is geographically part of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, the Mexican Plateau, it was settled by the Spanish in the 1520s due to mineral deposits found around the now capital city of Guanajuato, but areas such as the Bajío region became important for agriculture and livestock. Mining and agriculture were the mainstays of the state's economy, but have since been eclipsed by the secondary sector. Guanajuato has seen growth in the automotive industry.
The state is home to several important cities those along the "Bicentennial Route", which retraces the path of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla's insurgent army at the beginning of the Mexican War of Independence. This route begins at Dolores Hidalgo, passes though the Sanctuary of Atotonilco, San Miguel de Allende and the capital of Guanajuato. Other important cities in the state include León, the most populous, Irapuato. Guanajuato is located in the center of Mexico, northwest of Mexico City, bordering the states of Zacatecas, San Luis Potosí, Michoacán, Querétaro, Jalisco, it is ranked 20th out of 31 states. It has an average altitude of 2,015 meters above sea level, with its territory divided among three of Mexico's physical regions, the Sierra Madre Oriental, the Mexican Plateau and the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt; the Sierra Madre Oriental in Guanajuato consists of the Sierra Gorda and the Sierra del Azafrán in the northeast. The Mexican Plateau extends through the center of the state. Within, it subdivides into various regions parted by low-lying mountain chains such as the Sierra de la Cuatralba and the Sierra de Cubo.
The Trans Mexican Volcanic Belt crosses the state in the south and includes the Bajío area, the Altos de Jalisco and the valleys area in the far south. The state is crossed by several mountain ranges which have mountains between 2,300 and 3,000 meters high. Mountain ranges; the other important mountain ranges include the Sierra Gorda to the north, the Sierra de Guanjuato in the southeast, the Comanja in the northwest and the Codorniz in the east. The state is divided into five regions, taking into consideration climate; these are called Altos de Guanajuato, La Sierra Central, Bajío, La Sierra Gorda, Los Valles del Sur. The Altos de Guanajuato, located in the north of the state, are a chain of forested mountains interspersed with pastures, small fields and areas with cacti and other desert plants, they begin near the border with San Luis Potosí, extend south to Dolores Hidalgo and to San Miguel de Allende to the Querétaro border. The altitude of this area varies from 1,800 to peaks over 2,900 meters such as the La Giganta and La Sierra del Cubo mountains.
The climate is semiarid with a rainy season in the summer, with average temperatures between 15 and 20 °C. However, lows in the winter reach 0 °C or lower with frosts. Wildlife is found in the most rugged and inaccessible areas and includes deer, coyotes and rattlesnakes. La Sierra Gorda is shared between Guanajuato and Querétaro and is considered to be an important biosphere; this area is the most rugged in the state where most of the natural areas and small villages are remain intact due to their inaccessibility. The Sierra Gorda is part of the Sierra Madre Occidental, with extreme variations in its geography and climate; the rugged terrain means that there are a wide number and variety of micro-climates, although average temperatures vary only between 16 and 19 °C. It lowest point is a canyon called Paso de Hormigas in Xichú at 650 meters above sea level with a warm climate suitable for tropical fruit; the highest point is Pinal de Zamorano at 3,300 meters, followed by El Picacho de Pueblo Nuevo, El Zorillo and El Cuervo all above 2,700 meters.
The largest changes are seen in arid versus wetter zones, which can be nearby, with foliage changing from rainforest to pine forest to desert landscapes. In 1997, the Sierra Gorda region in Querétaro was declared a Biosphere Reserve by the federal government, with the Guanajuato portion added in 2007. On the Guanajuato side, it covers 236,882 hectares over the municipalities of Xichú, San Luis de la Paz, Atarjea and Santa Catarina. Culturally, the Sierra Gorda region is the far western part of La Huasteca, which extends over parts of the states of Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo and Veracruz; the Sierra Central is a series of low, gentle mountains in the center of the state which are part of the Sierra Madre Occidental. They cover twelve municipalities: Ocampo, San Felipe, León, Guanajuato, Dolores Hidalgo, San Miguel de Allende, Salamanca, Santa Cruz de Juventino Rosas and Apaseo el Grande. Wild vegetation runs from tropical rainforest to arid grasslands with cactus, with cypress trees along rivers and other surface water.
Wildlife includes raccoons, rabbits and migratory birds. The land is productive for fruit orchards producing guavas, apples, limes and more. Desert fruits such as cactus pears (tu
Dolores Camarillo was a Mexican character actress of film and theater. She was a makeup artist for films, was billed as "Fraustita"; the daughter of actors, Camarillo was a makeup artist for films in the 1930s. She was a makeup teacher in the Andrés Soler Institute, she was married to fellow film actor Antonio R. Frausto, to whom she owed her professional nickname of "Fraustita", or meaning "little woman Frausto". Camarillo debuted as an actress in 1915 in La cara de Dios, she appeared in 124 films from 1933 to 1986. One of her most prominent roles in her film career is that of "Paz" in the popular 1940 Cantinflas film Ahí está el detalle. In the film, she received the sixth billing, after her other co-stars, she appeared in supporting roles with actor Joaquín Pardavé in the Lebanese character comedies El baisano Jalil and El barchante Neguib. The Coward El indio... Panchita Here's the Point... Paz El baisano Jalil... Sofía My Memories of Mexico... Conchita, Portera Beautiful Michoacán El barchante Neguib...
Regina Midnight Philip of Jesus When Children Sin... Felipa Remember to Live... Margarita School for Tramps... Pancha, Servant My Mother Is Guilty The Paper Man Dolores Camarillo on IMDb
Sofía Álvarez (actress, born 1913)
Sofía Álvarez Caicedo was a Colombian-Mexican actress and singer. She is best remembered for her work in the Golden Age of Mexican cinema. Born and raised in Colombia, she moved with her family to Mexico in 1928, her film debut was a small part, in the role of a prostitute in Santa, the first talkie of Mexican cinema. Popularly known as the lady of the long braids, she enjoyed popularity during the 1930s and 1940s as an actress and singer. Subsequently she performed with Mario Moreno Cantinflas in the popular film Ahí está el detalle. In the 1940s, Álvarez is characterized by her interpretation of elegant ladies in films like El sombrero de tres picos and México de mis recuerdos, she performed with the popular Pedro Infante in three films: Si me han de matar mañana, La barca de oro and Soy charro de Rancho Grande. One of her most celebrated films was La Reina de la Opereta. In 1950 she left the cinema to continue as a radio singer, she returned to the cinema between 1966, when she retired from the scenes.
Her last film was El Gángster, with Arturo de Córdova. She was noted for her excellent voice that delicate features that printed her characters. Santa Martín Garatuza Here's the Point Flor de fango El sombrero de tres picos My Memories of Mexico Diario de una mujer La Reina de la Opereta Si me han de matar mañana La barca de oro Soy charro de Rancho Grande Angels of the Arrabal El Gángster Agrasánchez Jr. Rogelio. Bellezas del cine mexicano/Beauties of Mexican Cinema. Archivo Fílmico Agrasánchez. ISBN 968-5077-11-8. Sofía Álvarez on IMDb
El barchante Neguib
El barchante Neguib is a 1946 Mexican film. It stars Joaquín Pardavé as "Neguib" and Sara García as "Sara"; the film revolves around a Lebanese Mexican family that heads to Mexico City to visit their son, Alfredo. The son, shameful of their family's Arab origin, does not welcome them into his home. Therefore, the father Neguib sets up a clothing store in a market, competing with their neighbor Regina, whom he incidentally calls "Rajona"; the family consists of the wife Sara, daughters Natalia and Rebeca, the family's rural manservant Piloncillo known to the family as "Baloncillo". El barchante Neguib on IMDb Credits More Credits
The Lebanese people are the people inhabiting or originating from Lebanon. The term may include those who had inhabited Mount Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon mountains prior to the creation of the modern Lebanese state; the religious groups among the Lebanese people are Shias, Maronites, Greek Orthodox, Druze, Protestants. There is a large diaspora in North America, South America, Europe and Africa; as the relative proportion of the various sects is politically sensitive, Lebanon has not collected official census data on ethnic background since the 1932 under the French Mandate. It is therefore difficult to have an exact demographic analysis of Lebanese society; the largest concentration of people of Lebanese ancestry may be in Brazil having an estimated population of 5.8 to 7 million, but it may be an exaggeration, given that an official survey conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics showed that less than 1 million Brazilians claimed any Middle-Eastern origin. The Lebanese have always traveled the world, many of them settling permanently, most notably in the last two centuries.
Reduced in numbers and estimated to have lost their status as a majority in Lebanon itself as a result of their emigration, Christians still remain one of the principal religious groups in the country. Descendants of Lebanese Christians make up the majority of Lebanese people worldwide, appearing principally in the diaspora; the people residing in Lebanon—both those who would become Muslim and the vast majority who would remain Christian, along with the tiny Jewish minority—still spoke Aramaic, or more a Western Aramaic language. However, since at least the 15th century, the majority of people of all faiths living in what is now Lebanon have been Arabic-speaking, or more speakers of Lebanese Arabic, although up until the 17th century, travellers in the Lebanon still reported on several Aramaic-speaking villages. Among the Lebanese Maronites, Aramaic still remains the liturgical language of the Maronite Church, although in an Eastern Aramaic form, distinct from the spoken Aramaic of Lebanon, a Western Aramaic language.
As the second of two liturgical languages of Judaism, Aramaic was retained as a language in the sphere of religion among Lebanese Jews, although here too in an Eastern Aramaic form. Among Lebanese Muslims, Aramaic was lost twice, once in the shift to Arabic in the vernacular and again in the religious sphere, since Arabic is the liturgical language of Islam; some Lebanese Christians Maronites, identify themselves as Lebanese rather than Arab, seeking to draw "on the Phoenician past to try to forge an identity separate from the prevailing Arab culture". They argue that Arabization represented a shift to the Arabic language as the vernacular of the Lebanese people, that, according to them, no actual shift of ethnic identity, much less ancestral origins, occurred. With their own histories and lore, that therefore they do not belong to the one pan-Arab ethnicity, thus such categorisation is erred or inapplicable. Certain portions of Lebanon's Christian population in particular tend to stress aspects of Lebanon's non-Arab prior history to encompass all Lebanon's historical stages, instead of considering the beginning of Lebanese history being with the Arab conquests.
In light of this "old controversy about identity", some Lebanese prefer to see Lebanon, Lebanese culture and themselves as part of "Mediterranean" and "Levantine" civilization, in a concession to Lebanon's various layers of heritage, both indigenous, foreign non-Arab, Arab. The total population of Lebanese people is estimated at 13-18 million. Of these, the vast majority, or 8.6 - 14 million, are in the Lebanese diaspora, 4.7 million in Lebanon itself. There are 4.7 million Lebanese citizens in Lebanon. In addition to this figure, there are an additional 1 million foreign workers, about 470,000 Palestinian refugees in the nation. Lebanon is a home to various ethnic minorities found refuge in the country over the centuries. Prominent ethnic minorities in the country include the Armenians, the Kurds, the Turks, the Assyrians, the Iranians and many European ethnicities. There are a small number of nomadic Dom Gypsies The Lebanese diaspora consists of 8.6 - 14 million, both Lebanese-born living abroad and those born-abroad of Lebanese descent.
The majority of the Lebanese in the diaspora are Christians, disproportionately so in the Americas where the vast majority reside. An estimate figure show. Lebanese abroad are considered "rich and influential" and over the course of time immigration has yielded Lebanese "commercial networks" throughout the world; the largest number of Lebanese is to be found in Brazil, where according to the Brazilian and Lebanese governments claim, there are 7 million Brazilians of Lebanese descent. These figures, may be an exaggeration given that, according to a 2008 survey conducted by IBGE, in 2008, covering only the states of Amazonas, Paraíba, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso and Distrito Federal, 0.9% of white Brazilian respondents said they had family origins in the Middle EastLarge numbers reside elsewhere in North America, most notably