Alicia Christian "Jodie" Foster is an American actress and producer. She has received two Academy Awards, three British Academy Film Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, the Cecil B. DeMille Award. For her work as a director, she has been nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award. Foster began her professional career as a child model when she was three years old, she made her acting debut in 1968 in the television sitcom Mayberry R. F. D. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, she worked in several television series and made her film debut with Disney's Napoleon and Samantha. Following appearances in the musical Tom Sawyer and Martin Scorsese's comedy-drama Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore, Foster's breakthrough came with Scorsese's psychological thriller Taxi Driver, in which she played a child prostitute, her other roles as a teenager include the musical Bugsy Malone and the thriller The Little Girl Who Lives Down the Lane, she became a popular teen idol by starring in Disney's Freaky Friday and Candleshoe, as well as Carny and Foxes.
After attending college at Yale, Foster struggled to transition into adult roles until she gained critical acclaim for playing a rape survivor in the legal drama The Accused, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She won her second Academy Award three years for the psychological horror The Silence of the Lambs, in which she portrayed Clarice Starling. Foster made her debut as a film director the same year with Little Man Tate, founded her own production company, Egg Pictures, in 1992; the company's first production was Nell, in which she played the title role, garnering her fourth nomination for an Academy Award. Her other successful films in the 1990s were the romantic drama Sommersby, western comedy Maverick, science fiction Contact, period drama Anna and the King. Foster experienced career setbacks in the early 2000s, including the cancellation of a film project and the closing down of her production company, but she starred in four commercially successful thrillers: Panic Room, Inside Man, The Brave One.
She has focused on directing in the 2010s, directing the films The Beaver and Money Monster, as well as episodes for Netflix television series Orange Is the New Black, House of Cards, Black Mirror. She starred in the films Carnage and Hotel Artemis. Alicia Christian Foster was born on November 19, 1962, in Los Angeles, the youngest child of Evelyn Ella and Lucius Fisher Foster III, her father came from a wealthy Chicago family whose forebears included John Alden, who arrived in North America on the Mayflower in 1620. He was a Yale University graduate, a decorated U. S. Air Force lieutenant colonel, a real estate broker, he had three sons from an earlier marriage before marrying Brandy in Las Vegas in 1953. Brandy grew up in Rockford, Illinois. Foster has Irish roots, with ancestry that can be traced back to County Cork. Before her birth and Lucius had three other children: daughters Lucinda "Cindy" Foster and Constance "Connie" Foster, son Lucius Fisher "Buddy" Foster IV, their marriage ended before Foster was born, she never established a relationship with her father.
Following the divorce, Brandy raised the children with her partner in Los Angeles. She worked as a publicist for film producer Arthur P. Jacobs, until focusing on managing the acting careers of Buddy and Jodie. Although Foster was named Alicia, her siblings began calling her "Jodie", the name stuck. Foster was a gifted child, she attended the Lycée Français de Los Angeles. Her fluency in French has enabled her to act in French films, she dubs herself in French-language versions of most of her English-language films, she understands Italian, although she does not speak it, as well as some German and Spanish. At her graduation in 1980, she delivered the valedictory address for the school's French division. A successful actor, Foster attended Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, she majored in literature, writing her thesis on Toni Morrison under the guidance of Henry Louis Gates, Jr. and graduated magna cum laude in 1985. She returned to Yale in 1993 to address the graduating class, was awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree in 1997.
Foster's career began with an appearance as the Coppertone girl in a television advertisement in 1965, when she was three years old. Her mother had intended only for Jodie's older brother Buddy to audition, but had taken Jodie with them to the casting call, where she was noticed by the casting agents; the television spot led to more advertising work, in 1968 to a minor appearance in the sitcom Mayberry R. F. D. in which her brother starred. In the following years Foster continued working in advertising and appeared in over 50 television shows, she had recurring roles in The Courtship of Eddie's Father and Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, starred opposite Christopher Connelly in the short-lived Paper Moon, adapted from the hit film. Foster appeared in films for Disney. After a role in the television film Menace on the Mountain, she made her feature film debut in Napoleon and Samantha, playing a girl who befriends a boy, played by Johnny Whitaker, his pet lion, she was accidentally grabbed by the lion on set, which left her
Molerov Spur is the ridge extending 4.5 km in the south foothills of Herbert Plateau on Nordenskjöld Coast in Graham Land. It descends southwards into Drygalski Glacier, with ice-covered upper part rising to 1600 m and rocky lower part rising to 1400 m; the feature is named after the Bulgarian artist Dimitar Molerov. Molerov Spur is located at 64°33′19″S 60°59′31″W, 8.5 km northwest of Stoykite Buttress, 3.5 km northeast of Fender Buttress, 6 km southwest of The Catwalk. British mapping in 1978. British Antarctic Territory. Scale 1:200000 topographic map. DOS 610 Series, Sheet W 64 60. Directorate of Overseas Surveys, Tolworth, UK, 1978. Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. Since 1993 upgraded and updated. Molerov Spur. SCAR Composite Antarctic Gazetteer. Bulgarian Antarctic Gazetteer. Antarctic Place-names Commission. Molerov Spur. Adjusted Copernix satellite imageThis article includes information from the Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, used with permission
The Latin Grammy Award for Best Pop/Rock Album is an honor presented annually at the Latin Grammy Awards, a ceremony that recognizes excellence and creates a wider awareness of cultural diversity and contributions of Latin recording artists in the United States and internationally. It is one of the new categories added for the Latin Grammy Awards of 2012 In 2014, Somos by Jarabe de Palo was the first album to be nominated for this award and for Album of the Year. In 2016, Algo Sucede by Julieta Venegas won this award and it was nominated for Album of the Year. In 2017, Mis Planes Son Amarte by Juanes won this award and it was nominated for Album of the Year. ^ Each year is linked to the article about the Latin Grammy Awards held that year