Auto racing is a sport involving the racing of automobiles for competition. Almost as soon as automobiles had been invented, races of various sorts were organised, by the 1930s specialist racing cars had developed. There are now numerous different categories, each with different rules and it was won by the carriage of Isaac Watt Boulton. Internal combustion auto racing events began soon after the construction of the first successful gasoline-fueled automobiles, the first organized contest was on April 28,1887, by the chief editor of Paris publication Le Vélocipède, Monsieur Fossier. It ran 2 kilometres from Neuilly Bridge to the Bois de Boulogne, on July 22,1894, the Parisian magazine Le Petit Journal organized what is considered to be the worlds first motoring competition, from Paris to Rouen. One hundred and two competitors paid a 10-franc entrance fee, the first American automobile race is generally held to be the Thanksgiving Day Chicago Times-Herald race of November 28,1895. Press coverage of the event first aroused significant American interest in the automobile, brooklands, in Surrey, was the first purpose-built motor racing venue, opening in June 1907.
It featured a 4.43 km concrete track with high-speed banked corners, One of the oldest existing purpose-built automobile racing circuits in the United States, still in use, is the 2. 5-mile -long Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana. It is the largest capacity venue of any variety worldwide, with a top capacity of some 257. NASCAR was founded by Bill France, Sr. on February 21,1948, the first NASCAR Strictly Stock race ever was held on June 19,1949, at Daytona Beach, Florida. From 1962, sports cars temporarily took a seat to GT cars. From 1972 through 2003, NASCARs premier series was called the Winston Cup Series, the changes that resulted from RJRs involvement, as well as the reduction of the schedule from 48 to 31 races a year, established 1972 as the beginning of NASCARs modern era. The IMSA GT Series evolved into the American Le Mans Series, the European races eventually became the closely related Le Mans Series, both of which mix prototypes and GTs. The best-known variety of racing, Formula One, which hosts the famous Monaco Grand Prix.
In single-seater, the wheels are not covered, and the cars often have aerofoil wings front, in Europe and Asia, open-wheeled racing is commonly referred to as Formula, with appropriate hierarchical suffixes. In North America, the Formula terminology is not followed, the sport is usually arranged to follow an international format, a regional format, and/or a domestic, or country-specific, format. In North America, the used in the National Championship have traditionally been similar though less sophisticated than F1 cars. The series most famous race is the Indianapolis 500, the other major international single-seater racing series is GP2
1974 British Grand Prix
The 1974 British Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Brands Hatch on 20 July 1974. It was the race of the 1974 Formula One season. Lauda completed just 73 laps but was allowed a lap after the team protested his exit from the pit lane was blocked after a late wheel change. He initially classified ninth, but was awarded fifth place after appeal Lombardi used number 208 because her car was sponsored by Radio Luxembourg, Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings. Only the best 7 results from the first 8 races and the best 6 results from the last 7 races counted towards the Championship, numbers without parentheses are Championship points, numbers in parentheses are total points scored
Brands Hatch is a motor racing circuit near Swanley in Kent, England. First used as a dirt track circuit on farmland, it hosted 12 runnings of the British Grand Prix between 1964 and 1986 and currently hosts many British and International racing events. Gerhard Berger once said that Brands Hatch is the best circuit in the world, Paddock Hill Bend is a renowned corner. The longer Grand Prix layout played host to Formula One racing, including such as Jo Sifferts duel with Chris Amon in 1968. Noise restrictions and the proximity of residents to the Grand Prix loop mean that the number of race meetings held on the extended circuit are limited to just a few per year. The full Grand Prix Circuit begins on the Brabham Straight, an off-camber, slightly curved stretch, despite the difficulty of the curve, due to the straight that precedes it, it is one of the tracks few overtaking spots. The next corner, Druids, is a bend, negotiated after an uphill braking zone at Hailwood Hill. After the straight, the circuit climbs uphill though the decreasing-radius Surtees turn, the most significant elevation changes on the circuit occur here at Pilgrims Drop and Hawthorn Hill, which leads into Hawthorn Bend.
The track loops around the woodland with a series of mid-speed corners, most notably the dip at Westfield and Dingle Dell, the British Rallycross Circuit at Brands Hatch was designed and constructed by four-times British Rallycross Champion Trevor Hopkins. 0.9 miles long and completed around 1981, unlike earlier rallycross courses at Brands Hatch, cars start on the startline veer right and downhill on the loose at Paddock Hill Bend. From Cooper Straight, the cars swoop up the old link road, Brands Hatch was originally the name of a natural grassy hollow that was shaped like a amphitheatre. Using the natural contours of the land, many cyclists from around London practised, the first actual race on the circuit was held in 1926, over 4 miles between cyclists and cross-country runners. Within a few years, motorcyclists were using the circuit, laying out a three-quarter-mile anti-clockwise track in the valley. They saw the advantage of competing in a natural arena just a few hundred yards from the A20, and with the passage of time, the first motorcycle races were very informal with much of the organisation being done on the spot.
Initially the racing was on a strip approximately where Cooper Straight came to be when the track was tarmacked. In 1932, four local motorcycling clubs joined forces and staged their first meeting that March, motorcycle racing quickly resumed after World War II and in 1947, Joe Francis persuaded the BBC to televise a grass track meeting, the first motorcycle event to be televised on British TV. Following World War II, cinders were laid on the track of what was by known as Brands Hatch Stadium and that was until 1950 when the 500 Club managed to persuade Joe Francis, that the future for his stadium lay in car and motorcycle road racing. The group behind 500 c. c. single-seater racing cars was the 500 Club and it, together with the owners, amongst those giving the demonstration was a very young Stirling Moss
CBS Sports is the sports division of the American television network CBS. Its headquarters are in the CBS Building on West 52nd Street in midtown Manhattan, New York City and its premier sports properties are the NFL, Southeastern Conference football, NCAA basketball, and PGA golf, including The Masters, and the PGA Championship. The online arm of CBS Sports is CBSSports. com, CBS purchased SportsLine. com in 2004, and today CBSSports. com is part of CBS Interactive. On August 31,2013, CBS Sports rolled out its previous graphics, on November 30,2015, CBS Sports released a new logo in order to coincide with the networks coverage of Super Bowl 50. The network created a new graphics package that debuted as part of the networks Super Bowl week programming. Following the game, the package began to be utilized across all of their programming events. The Masters, which retains heavy production control over their event, the networks Thursday Night Football game broadcasts will continue to use the graphical style originally used since its debut in 2014.
CBS Sports Radio is a radio network that launched on September 4,2012 with hourly sports news updates. It began offering a full 24-hour schedule of talk programming on January 2,2013. CBS Sports Radio is owned and operated by CBS Radio, a division of CBS Corporation, with Cumulus Media Networks handling distribution and marketing of the network. Sports radio stations that are owned by CBS and Cumulus Media carry part of the schedule of programming. In addition to carriage on stations, CBS Sports Radio streams its programming on the internet. ESPN ESPN2 ESPN on ABC Fox Sports Fox Sports 1 Fox Sports 2 NBC Sports NBCSN CBSSports. com CBS Sports Network CBS Sports Radio CBS Corporation CBS Sports CBS Corporation CBS Interactive
Wide World of Sports (U.S. TV series)
ABCs Wide World of Sports is an American sports anthology television program that aired on the American Broadcasting Company from April 29,1961 to January 3,1998, primarily on Saturday afternoons. Hosted by Jim McKay, with a succession of co-hosts beginning in 1987, in 2007, Wide World of Sports was named by Time Magazine on its list of the 100 best television programs of all-time. Weekend sports news updates on radio network ABC Sports Radio, operated by Cumulus Media Networks. Wide World of Sports was the creation of Edgar Scherick through his company, Sports Programs, after selling his company to ABC, he hired a young Roone Arledge to produce the show. The series April 29,1961 debut telecast featured both the Penn and Drake Relays, Jim McKay and Jesse Abramson, the track and field writer for the New York Herald Tribune, broadcast from Franklin Field with Bob Richards as the field reporter. Jim Simpson called the action from Drake Stadium with Bill Flemming working the field. During its initial season in the spring and summer of 1961, Wide World of Sports was initially broadcast from 5,00 p. m. to 7,00 p. m.
Eastern Time on Saturdays. Beginning in 1962, it was pushed to 5,00 to 6,30 p. m. and to 4,30 to 6,00 p. m. Eastern Time to allow ABC affiliates in the Eastern and Central Time Zones to carry local early-evening newscasts. In 1961, Wide World of Sports covered a bowling event in which Roy Lown beat Pat Patterson, the broadcast was so successful that in 1962, ABC Sports began covering the Professional Bowlers Tour. In 1973, the Superstars was first televised as a segment on Wide World of Sports, the following year, in 1963, ABC Sports producers began selecting the Athlete of the Year. Its first winner was track and field star Jim Beatty for being the first to run a sub-4-minute mile indoors. Through the years, this award was won by such now legendary athletes of Muhammad Ali, Jim Ryun, Lance Armstrong, Mario Andretti, Dennis Conner, Wayne Gretzky, Carl Lewis, the award was discontinued in 2001. In years, with the rise of cable television offering more outlets for sports programming, ultimately, on January 3,1998, Jim McKay announced that Wide World of Sports, in its traditional anthology series, had been cancelled after a 37-year run.
The Wide World of Sports name remained in use afterward as a title for ABCs weekend sports programming. In August 2006, ABC Sports came under the oversight of ESPN, Wide World of Sports was intended to be a fill-in show for a single summer season, until the start of fall sports seasons, but became unexpectedly popular. The goal of the program was to showcase sports from around the globe that were seldom, if ever and it originally ran for two hours on Saturday afternoons, but was reduced to 90 minutes. Usually, Wide World featured two or three events per show, NASCAR Grand National/Winston Cup racing was a Wide World of Sports staple until the late 1980s, when it became a regularly scheduled sporting event on the network. Traditional Olympic sports such as skating, skiing and track
The Ferrari 312T was a Ferrari Formula One car design, based on the 312B3 from 1974. In various versions, it was used from 1975 until 1980 and it was designed by Mauro Forghieri for the 1975 season and was an uncomplicated and clean design that responded to mechanical upgrades. The 312T series won 27 races, four Constructors and three Drivers Championships, and was replaced for the 1981 season by the 126 C, Ferraris first turbocharged F1 car, the car was powered by the powerful and ultra reliable flat-12 engine which gave around 510 bhp. The T in the name stood for transverse, as the gearbox was mounted in this way, improving the handling characteristics. The development of the 312T began in 1974, as it became apparent that problems with the handling of the current 312B3 chassis could not be solved, as with all Ferrari F1 cars of this era, the design of the new model was led by Mauro Forghieri. The gearbox design allowed it to be positioned ahead of the rear axle, the suspension was significantly different from that of the 312B3, and the front of the chassis was much narrower.
The handling of the car was found to be inherently neutral, Niki Lauda tested the car extensively during the off season, ready for a full-on championship challenge. The first 312T was completed in the autumn of 1974, the team used the old 312B3 at the first two races of the 1975 season, and it was not until the South African Grand Prix the 312T received its race debut. The cars performance at its debut race was disappointing, with Clay Regazzonis car being set up incorrectly, a subsequent test of Laudas engine proved that there was a technical problem. Lauda went on to win the US Grand Prix at seasons end, the Formula 1 technical regulations were changed for the 1976 season – from the Spanish Grand Prix in May, the tall air boxes which had become popular would be banned. The rules therefore allowed Ferrari to continue to use the 312T for the opening 3 races of the 1976 season, before the introduction of its successor, a total of five 312T chassis were used in races. The cars final world championship race was at the 1976 United States Grand Prix West, the 312T2 was launched at Fiorano and featured a number of modifications over the 312T.
In order to comply with the revised rules, the car no longer featured an airbox behind the cockpit. Instead NACA shaped air intakes were incorporated into the cockpit sides, at 2560mm, the wheelbase was 42mm longer than that of the 312T. The 312T2 was given its debut at the non-championship Brands Hatch Race of Champions in March 1976 and was first used in a world championship race in May at the Spanish Grand Prix. The 312T2 was, if anything, more successful than the 312T, Lauda was comfortably leading the world championship after another 3 wins, when at the 1976 German Grand Prix at Nürburgring he had a massive accident caused by a suspected rear suspension failure. In the aftermath he nearly burned to death, but was back to racing just 6 weeks later. Lauda conceded the title by just a point to James Hunt
James Simon Wallis Hunt was a British racing driver who won the Formula One World Championship in 1976. After retiring from racing in 1979, Hunt became a media commentator, beginning his racing career in touring car racing, Hunt progressed into Formula Three, where he attracted the attention of the Hesketh Racing team and soon came under their wing. Hunts often reckless and action-packed exploits on track earned him the nickname Hunt the Shunt, Hunt entered Formula One in 1973, driving a March 731 entered by the Hesketh Racing team. He went on to win for Hesketh, driving their own Hesketh 308 car, following a string of races in which he failed to finish, Hunt retired from driving halfway through the 1979 season. After retiring from racing, he established a career commenting on Grands Prix for the BBC. Hunt died from a heart attack aged 45. He was inducted into the Motor Sport Hall of Fame on 29 January 2014, James Hunt was born in Belmont, the second child of Wallis, a stockbroker, and Sue Hunt.
He had a sister, three younger brothers, Peter and David, and one younger sister, Georgina. Hunts family lived in a flat in Cheam, moved to Sutton when he was 11, before his 5th birthday, Hunt was enrolled at a nursery class at Ambleside. He was educated at Westerleigh School in Hastings, Sussex from 1955, as a youngster, Hunt became a proficient sportsman. He played for the Westerleigh School cricket team, and played in goal at football for two years, at the age of 12 he entered an under-17s tennis tournament, and lost to a 16-year-old in the final. Rather than congratulate himself, he cried for hours. He competed at Junior Wimbledon, and became a keen squash player and golfer, as a child, Hunt was fascinated with animals and birds, and professed an intention of becoming a doctor, which his family supported. He was prone to violent tantrums, as an adult, he acknowledged that he was quick tempered, Hunt passed his driving test one week after his 17th birthday, at which point he said his life really began.
Hunt took up skiing in 1965 in Scotland and made plans for further ski trips, before his 18th birthday, he went to the home of Chris Ridge, his tennis doubles partner. Ridges brother Simon, who raced Minis, was preparing his car for a race at Silverstone that weekend, the Ridges took Hunt to see the race, which began his obsession with motor racing. Hunts racing career started off in a racing Mini and he graduated to Formula Ford in 1968. He drove a Russell-Alexis Mk 14 car which was bought through a hire purchase scheme, in his first race at Snetterton, Hunt had lost 15 hp from an incorrect engine ignition setting but managed to finish 5th. Hunt took his first win at Lydden Hill and set the lap record on the Brands Hatch short circuit, Hunt raced in Formula Three in 1969 with a budget provided by Gowrings of Reading which bought a Meryln Mk11A
1979 Italian Grand Prix
The 1979 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 9 September 1979 at Monza. The 50-lap race was the round of the 1979 Formula One season and was won by South African Jody Scheckter driving a Ferrari. Scheckter claimed the Drivers Championship in the process, while Ferrari clinched the Constructors Championship, Monza was revamped for 1979, with the track re-surfaced and run-off areas added to the Curva Grande and the Lesmo curves. The entry list was enlarged by the return of the Alfa Romeo team, the turbo-powered Renaults were quick in qualifying and filled the front row of the grid, with Jean-Pierre Jabouille ahead of René Arnoux. It was Jabouilles fourth pole position of the season, and Renaults sixth and Alan Jones in the Williams made up the second row, while on the third were their respective team-mates, Gilles Villeneuve and Clay Regazzoni. The top ten was completed by Jacques Laffite in the Ligier, the Brabhams of Nelson Piquet and Niki Lauda, the Renaults were slow off the start line and so Scheckter took the lead, with Arnoux holding on to second.
Jones made a start and dropped to the back of the field, putting Villeneuve third. On lap 2, Arnoux passed Scheckter for the lead, while Piquet crashed out after tangling with Regazzoni, for the next eleven laps Arnoux, Villeneuve and Jabouille ran nose-to-tail, with Regazzoni a distant sixth. Then, on lap 13, Arnouxs engine began to misfire, Scheckter thus regained the lead, with Villeneuve dutifully following him. Later in the race and Jabouille suffered engine failures, Scheckter eventually took the chequered flag half a second ahead of Villeneuve and, with it, the Drivers Championship. This one-two finish for Ferrari in their home race secured them the Constructors Championship, Regazzoni finished four seconds behind Villeneuve and 50 ahead of Lauda, with the final points going to Andretti and Jean-Pierre Jarier in the Tyrrell. Lap leaders, Jody Scheckter 39 laps, René Arnoux 11 laps This race was Scheckters tenth, Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings. Only the best 4 results from the first 7 races and the best 4 results from the last 8 races counted towards the Drivers Championship, numbers without parentheses are Championship points, numbers in parentheses are total points scored
McLaren Racing Limited, competing as McLaren Honda, is a British Formula One team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Formula One constructor but has competed in and won the Indianapolis 500. The team is the second oldest active team after Ferrari and they are one of the most successful teams in Formula One history, having won 182 races,12 drivers championships and eight constructors championships. The team is an owned subsidiary of McLaren Technology Group. Further American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972, the combination of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant—together they won all but one race in 1988—but their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams offered the most consistent challenge during this period, however, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had moved to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing the role to longtime McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh.
At the end of 2013, after the teams worst season since 2004, McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz. The team raced as McLaren-Honda for the first time since 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix, Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a driver for the British Formula One team Cooper with whom he had won three Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 world championship. In 1964 and 1965, McLaren were based in New Malden, during this period, Bruce drove for his team in sports car races in the United Kingdom and North America and entered the 1965 Tasman Series with Phil Hill, but did not win it. He continued to drive in Grands Prix for Cooper, but judging that teams form to be waning, Bruce made the teams Grand Prix debut at the 1966 Monaco race. His race ended after nine laps due to an oil leak. Neither car brought great success, the best result being a fourth at Monaco, for 1968, after driving McLarens sole entry for the previous two years, Bruce was joined by 1967 champion and fellow New Zealander Denny Hulme, who was already racing for McLaren in Can-Am.
That years new M7A car, Herds final design for the team, was powered by Cosworths new and soon to be ubiquitous DFV engine, Hulme won the Italian and Canadian Grands Prix in the year, helping the team to second in the constructors championship. The year 1970 started with a place each for Hulme. After his death, Teddy Mayer took over control of the team, Hulme continued with Dan Gurney. Gurney won the first two Can-Am events at Mosport and St. Jovite and placed ninth in the third, but left the team mid-season, and Gethin took over from there
1979 Formula One season
The 1979 Formula One season was the 33rd season of FIA Formula One motor racing. The season included three non-championship Formula One races, Jody Scheckter of Scuderia Ferrari won the 1979 World Championship of F1 Drivers while Scuderia Ferrari won 1979 International Cup for F1 Constructors. Gilles Villeneuve made it a 1-2 for Ferrari in the championship, Alan Jones finished the season strongly for Williams, finishing third in the championship and with teammate Clay Regazzoni scoring Williams first ever Grand Prix win as a constructor. Scheckters title was Ferraris last drivers title for 21 years, before Michael Schumacher won five titles for the team between 2000 and 2004. The following drivers and constructors contested the 1979 World Championship of F1 Drivers, the dominant Lotus team signed Carlos Reutemann from Ferrari to replace Peterson. Ferrari took on Jody Scheckter to fill the gap, and the Wolf team hired James Hunt in his place, like in previous years, the opening race of the season was in Argentina at the Buenos Aires circuit located on the outskirts of the capital city.
Four other cars were collected and the race was red-flagged, and aside from Piquets injury, the race restarted after the mess was cleared, and this time Depailler set off into the lead with Jean-Pierre Jariers Tyrrell and Watson following him. But soon Laffite was up to second, and a few he took the lead from Depailler. The Ligiers drove away, whereas Jarier struggled and dropped down the order with engine troubles, Laffite went on and won comfortably, but teammate Depailler suffered a misfire and dropped to fourth, leaving Reutemann second and Watson third. The drivers stayed in South America for the round which was held in Brazil, returning to the 5-mile Interlagos circuit in São Paulo. The Ligiers were in top form again, Laffite taking pole comfortably with Depailler alongside, Andretti however soon retired with a misfire, and so Reutemann was back in third. There was a break between the Brazilian and South African GPs. Jabouille led at the start with Villeneuve and Scheckter following, when the race restarted, most drivers were on wets, but Scheckter and a few others opted for slicks.
Villeneuve led at the restart and built up a gap, but the track dried and it was Villeneuve who won the race with Scheckter close behind, and Jarier taking the final spot on the podium. Five weeks after the South African race, the field went to the United States to compete at the gruelling Long Beach street circuit near Los Angeles, qualifying saw Villeneuve taking his first career pole position with Reutemann alongside him on the front row ahead of Scheckter. Before the race started, Reutemann suffered a failure and had to start from the pits. After a string of failed attempts to start the race due to different reasons, the race started with Villeneuve leading Depailler and Scheckter. As Villeneuve set about building a gap and Depailler battled for second, towards the end, Jarier began to drop back rapidly with a vibration, so Depailler finally got third but not for long as Alan Joness Williams was past him
Damon Graham Devereux Hill, OBE is a British former racing driver. He is the son of Graham Hill, along with Nico Rosberg and he started racing on motorbikes in 1981, and after minor success moved on to single-seater racing cars. But although he progressed steadily up the ranks to the International Formula 3000 championship by 1989, Hill became a test driver for the Formula One title-winning Williams team in 1992. He was promoted to the Williams race team the year after Riccardo Patreses departure. During the mid-1990s, Hill was Michael Schumachers main rival for the Formula One Drivers Championship and their collision at the 1994 Australian Grand Prix gave Schumacher his first title by a single point. Hill became champion in 1996 with eight wins, but was dropped by Williams for the following season and he went on to drive for the less competitive Arrows and Jordan teams, and in 1998 gave Jordan their first win. Hill retired from racing after the 1999 season and he has since launched several businesses and has made appearances playing the guitar with celebrity bands.
In 2006, he became president of the British Racing Drivers Club, Hill stepped down from the position in 2011 and was succeeded by Derek Warwick. He presided over the securing of a 17-year contract for Silverstone to hold Formula One races, Hill currently works as part of the Sky Sports F1 broadcasting team. Hill was born in Hampstead, London, to Graham and Bette Hill, Graham Hill was a racing driver in the international Formula One series. He won the drivers championship in 1962 and 1968 and became a well-known personality in the United Kingdom. Graham Hills career provided a comfortable living, by 1975 the family lived in a 25-room country mansion in Hertfordshire and Damon attended the independent The Haberdashers Askes Boys School. The death of his father in a crash in 1975 left the 15-year-old Hill, his mother. Hill worked as a labourer and a courier to support his further education. Hill is married to Susan George and they have four children, Joshua, Oliver was born with Downs syndrome and Hill and Georgie are both patrons of the Downs Syndrome Association.
In 2008, Hill became the first patron of St. Josephs Specialist School and College, Joshua started racing in 2008, competing in the British Formula Renault Championship in 2011. On 9 July 2013 Joshua announced his retirement from motor racing, Hill started his motorsport career in motorcycle racing in 1981. He used the simple, easily identifiable helmet design as his father