Thomas Jeffrey Hanks is an American actor and filmmaker. Hanks is known for his comedic and dramatic roles in such films as Splash, Turner & Hooch, A League of Their Own, Sleepless in Seattle, Apollo 13, You've Got Mail, The Green Mile, Cast Away, Road to Perdition, Cloud Atlas, Captain Phillips, Saving Mr. Banks, Sully, he has starred in the Robert Langdon film series, voices Sheriff Woody in the Toy Story film series. He is one of the most popular and recognizable film stars worldwide, is regarded as an American cultural icon. Hanks has collaborated with film director Steven Spielberg on five films to date: Saving Private Ryan, Catch Me If You Can, The Terminal, Bridge of Spies, The Post, as well as the 2001 miniseries Band of Brothers, which launched Hanks as a successful director and screenwriter. In 2010, Spielberg and Hanks were executive producers on the HBO miniseries The Pacific. Hanks' films have grossed more than $4.6 billion at U. S. and Canadian box offices and more than $9.2 billion worldwide, making him the fourth highest-grossing actor in North America.
Hanks has been nominated for numerous awards during his career. He won a Golden Globe Award and an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in Philadelphia, as well as a Golden Globe, an Academy Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, a People's Choice Award for Best Actor for Forrest Gump. In 1995, Hanks became one of only two actors who won the Academy Award for Best Actor in consecutive years, with Spencer Tracy being the other. In 2004, he received the Stanley Kubrick Britannia Award for Excellence in Film from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. In 2014, he received a Kennedy Center Honor, in 2016, he received a Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama, as well as the French Legion of Honor. Thomas Jeffrey Hanks was born in Concord, California on July 9, 1956, to hospital worker Janet Marylyn and itinerant cook Amos Mefford Hanks, his mother was of Portuguese descent. His parents divorced in 1960, their three oldest children, Sandra and Tom, went with their father, while the youngest, remained with their mother in Red Bluff, California.
In his childhood, Hanks' family moved often. While Hanks' family religious history was Catholic and Mormon, he has characterized his teenage self as being a "Bible-toting evangelical" for several years. In school, he was unpopular with students and teachers alike telling Rolling Stone magazine, "I was a geek, a spaz. I was horribly, painfully shy. At the same time, I was the guy, but I didn't get into trouble. I was always a real good kid and pretty responsible." In 1965, his father married a San Francisco native of Chinese descent. Frances had three children. Hanks acted in school plays, including South Pacific, while attending Skyline High School in Oakland, California. Hanks studied theater at Chabot College in Hayward and transferred to California State University, two years later. During a 2001 interview with Bob Costas, Hanks was asked whether he would rather have an Oscar or a Heisman Trophy, he replied. He told New York magazine in 1986, "Acting classes looked like the best place for a guy who liked to make a lot of noise and be rather flamboyant.
I spent a lot of time going to plays. I wouldn't take dates with me. I'd just drive to a theater, buy myself a ticket, sit in the seat and read the program, get into the play completely. I spent a lot of time like that, seeing Brecht, Tennessee Williams and all that."During his years studying theater, Hanks met Vincent Dowling, head of the Great Lakes Theater Festival in Cleveland, Ohio. At Dowling's suggestion, Hanks became an intern at the festival, his internship stretched into a three-year experience that covered most aspects of theater production, including lighting, set design, stage management, prompting Hanks to drop out of college. During the same time, Hanks won the Cleveland Critics Circle Award for Best Actor for his 1978 performance as Proteus in Shakespeare's The Two Gentlemen of Verona, one of the few times he played a villain. Time magazine named Hanks one of the "Top 10 College Dropouts." In 1979, Hanks moved to New York City, where he made his film debut in the low-budget slasher film He Knows You're Alone and landed a starring role in the television movie Mazes and Monsters.
Early that year, he was cast in the lead, Callimaco, in the Riverside Shakespeare Company's production of Niccolò Machiavelli's The Mandrake, directed by Daniel Southern. The following year, Hanks landed one of the lead roles, that of character Kip Wilson, on the ABC television pilot of Bosom Buddies, he and Peter Scolari played a pair of young advertising men forced to dress as women so they could live in an inexpensive all-female hotel. Hanks had partnered with Scolari on the 1970s game show Make Me Laugh. After landing the role, Hanks moved to Los Angeles. Bosom Buddies ran for two seasons, although the ratings were never strong, television critics gave the program high marks. "The first day I saw him on the set," co-producer Ian Praiser told Rolling Stone, "I thought,'Too bad he won't be in tel
Masters of Horror
Masters of Horror is an American anthology television series created by director Mick Garris for the Showtime cable network. In 2002, director Mick Garris invited some director friends to an informal dinner at a restaurant in Sherman Oaks, California; the original ten "masters" attending were John Carpenter, Larry Cohen, Don Coscarelli, Joe Dante, Guillermo Del Toro, Stuart Gordon, Tobe Hooper, John Landis, Bill Malone, Garris himself. The dinner was an satisfying experience for the directors: a welcome night of camaraderie and mutual admiration of one another's work. Del Toro coined the name of the group in jest when he told a nearby diner celebrating her birthday that the "Masters of Horror" wished her a happy birthday. Subsequently, Garris organized regular dinners with the group and invited other horror and genre directors to attend, including Dario Argento, Eli Roth, David Cronenberg, Tim Sullivan, Rob Zombie, Bryan Singer, Fred Dekker, William Lustig, Lucky McKee, Ernest Dickerson, Katt Shea, Quentin Tarantino, Robert Rodriguez, James Gunn, Mary Lambert, Tom Holland, Peter Medak, Ti West, Lloyd Kaufman, others.
In 2005, Garris created and produced an original anthology television series of one-hour movies and directed by many of the "masters,", broadcast in the U. S. on the Showtime cable network. In several international territories, the films were released theatrically; the series debuted to excellent reviews in the U. S. on October 28, 2005 with the premiere episode "Incident On and Off a Mountain Road," co-written and directed by Don Coscarelli, based on the short story by Joe R. Lansdale. New episodes premiered every Friday at 10 p.m. EST throughout the series' two seasons; the show followed an anthology series format, with each episode featuring a one-hour film directed by a well-known horror film director. In 2009, Chiller began airing the show on their Sunday evening line-up of shows, in 2010, Reelz Channel began airing episodes of Masters of Horror edited and with commercials. Episode 4, "Jenifer", was accidentally made available on-demand to a select audience at the same time as Episode 2, "H. P. Lovecraft's Dreams in the Witch-House".
The episode was cut for graphic violence during its initial television broadcast, the cut scenes can only be viewed in a featurette separate from the film on the R1 DVD release. Episode 13, "Imprint" scheduled to premiere on January 27, 2006, was shelved by Showtime due to concerns over its content. Mick Garris and executive producer of the series, characterized the episode as "the most disturbing film I've seen", it is available only on DVD and Blu-ray by Anchor Bay Entertainment, along with the rest of the episodes in the first season. "Imprint" was shown in the UK on Bravo. Series creator Mick Garris stated that Showtime opted not to show the third season and that film studio Lionsgate had begun funding the series; the Hollywood Reporter reported on September 25, 2007 that Mick Garris and Lionsgate signed a 13-episode deal with NBC. Instead of a third season of the show, a new show, Fear Itself, was created with the same premise as Masters of Horror, it premiered on NBC in Summer 2008. A two-disc soundtrack was released for the series in October 2005 on Immortal Records.
The album features heavy rock acts with a few acoustic pieces. A second volume was released a year later. IDW Publishing is producing a series of comic book adaptations of several episodes from the series; the first four issues are two-parters, adapting "Incident On and Off a Mountain Road", based on the short story by Joe R. Lansdale, "Dreams in the Witch-House"; the first two comic covers were painted by the award-winning artist Jeremy Caniglia. Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond Hammer House of Horror Hammer House of Mystery and Suspense The Hunger Masters of Science Fiction Night Gallery Night Visions Nightmares & Dreamscapes: From the Stories of Stephen King The Outer Limits Tales from the Crypt Tales from the Darkside Twin Peaks The X-Files Masters of Horror on IMDb Masters of Horror at TV.com Official website archived at the Wayback Machine
66th Venice International Film Festival
The 66th annual Venice International Film Festival, held in Venice, was held from 2 to 12 September 2009, with Maria Grazia Cucinotta serving as the festival's hostess. The opening film of the festival was Baarìa by Giuseppe Tornatore and the closing film was Chengdu, I Love You by Fruit Chan and Cui Jian; the international competition jury, chaired by Ang Lee, awarded the Golden Lion to Lebanon by Samuel Maoz. The international juries of the 66th Venice International Film Festival were composed as follows:Main competition Ang Lee, Taiwanese director and producer Sergei Bodrov, Russian director and producer Sandrine Bonnaire, French actress and screenwriter Liliana Cavani, Italian director and screenwriter Joe Dante, American director, producer and actor Anurag Kashyap, Indian director, writer and actor Luciano Ligabue, Italian director and singer-songwriterHorizons Pere Portabella, Spanish politician and producer Bady Minck, Luxembourger filmmaker and artist Gina Kim, South Korean filmmaker and academic Garin Nugroho, Indonesian director Gianfranco Rosi, Italian director, cinematographer and screenwriterOpera Prima Haile Gerima, Ethiopian filmmaker Ramin Bahrani, American director and screenwriter Gianni Di Gregorio, Italian director and actor Antoine Fuqua, American director and producer Sam Taylor-Wood, English filmmaker and photographerCorto-Cortissimo Stuart Gordon American filmmaker, theatre director and playwright Steve Ricci, Italian cinematographer and editor Sitora Alieva, Russian artistic director of the International Film Festival KinotavControcampo Italiano Carlo Lizzani, Italian director and critic Giulio Questi, Italian director and screenwriter Marina Sanna, Italian chief editor of cinema magazine The following films competed for the Golden Lion: Highlighted title indicates Golden Lion for Best Short winner.
The following films were screened as Out of competition: The following films were selected for the Short film competition section: Highlighted title indicates Corto Cortissimo Lion winner. The following films were selected for the Horizons section: Highlighted title indicates the Lion of the Future winner As part of the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement 2009, conferred to John Lasseter and the Directors of Disney-Pixar, the following American animation films were presented: The Incredibles by Brad Bird Up by Pete Docter & Bob Peterson Toy Story 3-D by John Lasseter Toy Story 2 3-D by John Lasseter, Lee Unkrich, Ash Brannon Finding Nemo by Andrew Stanton & Lee Unkrich The following films, representing "new trends in Italian cinema", were screened in this section: For this retrospective section on Italian cinema, 39 feature and 26 short films were screened, including documentaries; the films were from the period 1946 - 1971, with a few only films going back to the 1930s and reaching up to 2009.
This is a list of the fiction feature films screened: The following films were selected for the 24th International Film Critics' Week: * Special Event in collaboration with Venice Days The following films were selected for the 6th edition of Venice Days autonomous section: The following Official Awards were conferred at the 66th edition of the festival:In competition Golden Lion: Lebanon by Samuel Maoz Silver Lion for Best Director: Shirin Neshat for Women Without Men Special Jury Prize: Soul Kitchen by Fatih Akın Volpi Cup for Best Actor: Colin Firth, for A Single Man Volpi Cup for Best Actress: Kseniya Rappoport, for The Double Hour Marcello Mastroianni Award, for the best emerging actor or actress: Jasmine Trinca for The Big Dream Osella for Outstanding Technical Contribution: Sylvie Olivé for Mr. Nobody Osella for Best Screenplay: Todd Solondz for Life During WartimeHorizons awards Best Film: Engkwentro by Pepe Diokno Best Documentary: 1428 by Haibin DuSpecial mention: The Man's Woman and Other Stories by Amit DuttaLion of the Future Luigi De Laurentiis Award for a Debut Film: Engkwentro by Pepe Diokno Short Film awards Best Short Film: Firstborn by Etienne Kallos Venice Nomination to the European Film Awards 2009: Sinner by Meni PhilipSpecial mention: Felicità by Salomé AleksiControcampo Italiano Best feature Film: Cosmonaut by Susanna NicchiarelliSpecial mention: In the Eyes by Francesco Del Grosso, Daniele AnzellottiSpecial awards Special Lion for Overall Work: John Lasseter and the Directors of Disney-Pixar Jaeger-Le Coultre Glory to the Filmmaker Award: Sylvester Stallone Persol 3-D Award for Best Stereoscopic Film: The Hole by Joe Dante The following collateral awards were conferred to films of the autonomous sections:Venice International Film Critics' Week "Region of Veneto for quality cinema" Award: Tehroun by Takmil Homayoun Nader Future Film Festival Digital Award: Metropia by Tarik Saleh & Special mention for Up by Pete DocterVenice Days Label Europa Cinemas Award: The Last Days of Emma Blank by Alex van WarmerdamFEDIC Award - Special mention: What Do You Know About Me by Valerio Jalongo The following collateral awards were conferred to films of the official selection: FIPRESCI Award:Best Film: Lourdes by Jessica Hausner Best Film: Adrift by Bui Thac Chuyen SIGNIS Award: Lourdes by Jessica HausnerSpecial mention: Lebanon by Samuel MaozFrancesco Pasinetti Award: Best Director: Giuseppe Tornatore for Baarìa Best Film: The White Space by Francesca Comencini Best A
Gremlins 2: The New Batch
Gremlins 2: The New Batch is a 1990 American comedy horror film, the sequel to the 1984 film Gremlins. It was written by Charles S. Haas, with creature designs by Rick Baker, it stars Zach Galligan, Phoebe Cates, John Glover, Robert Prosky, Haviland Morris, Dick Miller, Jackie Joseph, Robert Picardo and Christopher Lee. The story continues the adventures of the creature Gizmo, who spawns numerous small monsters when wet. In the first film, Gizmo's offspring rampaged through a small fictional town. In Gremlins 2: The New Batch, Gizmo multiplies within a skyscraper in New York City; the new creatures thus pose a serious threat to the city should they be able to leave the building, much of the story involves the human characters' efforts to prevent this disaster. As with the first film, Gremlins 2: The New Batch is a live action horror comedy film; the film is meant to be more cartoon-like and less dark than the original, the violence is slapstick. There are a number of parodies of other films and stories, most notably Gremlins itself, as well as the Rambo films, The Wizard of Oz, Marathon Man and The Phantom of the Opera.
As with the first film, critical response varied. Some critics who thought the first film was too dark gave Gremlins 2: The New Batch better reviews, but it received a colder reception from fans who thought otherwise. After the death of his owner Mr. Wing, the mogwai Gizmo becomes the guinea pig of scientists at a lab in the Clamp Center, a state-of-the-art highrise building in Manhattan, owned by eccentric billionaire Daniel Clamp. At the mercy of the chief researcher Dr. Catheter, Gizmo is rescued by his friend Billy Peltzer and his fiancée Kate, both of whom work elsewhere in the building. Clamp befriends Billy upon being impressed by his skills in concept design sparking the interest of Billy's superior Marla Bloodstone. Gizmo is left in the office, where water spills on his head from a broken drinking fountain and spawns four new mogwai who lock Gizmo in the vents, they eat at the building's food court after midnight. After Gizmo finds a way out of the vent, Mohawk tortures him by beating him, shocking him with an electrical wire, putting him in the photocopier, putting Velcro strips on him and ripping them off, ramming him with a toy train.
The other gremlins set off the fire sprinklers and spawn a gremlin army that throws the building into chaos. Billy attempts to lure the gremlins into the lobby; the gremlins guzzle genetic serums in the lab. One gremlin turns into a female, while a third becomes pure electricity and kills Dr. Catheter before Billy traps it in Clamp's answering machine. All the while television host "Grandpa Fred" films the chaos with help from a Japanese tourist named Mr. Katsuji. Murray Futterman, Billy's neighbor from Kingston Falls, visiting New York City, encounters a bat-hybrid gremlin and covers it with cement turning it into a gargoyle. Murray realizes that he has to help. Billy and chief of security Forster team up, but Forster is stalked and chased off by the female gremlin. Mohawk finishes torturing Gizmo and devours a spider serum, transforming into a monstrous half-gremlin, half-spider hybrid, he attacks Kate and Marla, but Gizmo confronts Mohawk and kills him with an ignited bottle of white-out. Outside, a rainstorm frustrates Clamp's plan as the gremlins gather in the building's foyer, singing "New York, New York".
Billy formulates a plan to kill the Gremlin army: Mr. Futterman sprays the army with water while Billy releases the electric gremlin, electrocuting them all. Clamp sees the battle is over. Billy and Kate return home with Gizmo. Forster notifies Clamp; the female gremlin entices him to marry her. The film has various crew and guest cameos: Jerry Goldsmith as a yogurt customer, John Astin as a janitor, Henry Gibson as an employee fired for smoking. Rick Ducommun cameos as a security guard, Joe Dante as the director of Grandpa Fred's show. Dick Butkus and Bubba Smith cameo as themselves getting attacked at the salad bar; the cast of the PBS children's show Square One TV appear as themselves filming an episode in the lobby of the Clamp building. Along with the main plot, there is animation by Chuck Jones in the film featuring the Looney Tunes characters Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck and Porky Pig. Jones had quit animation before returning to work on Gremlins 2: The New Batch. Dante explained the animation at the beginning of the film was meant to "set the anarchic tone."The first scene appears at the beginning of the movie, features the classic "Looney Tunes" opening card, causing people to assume it is the short cartoon that plays before a movie begins.
Morristown, New Jersey
Morristown is a town and the county seat of Morris County, New Jersey, United States. Morristown has been called "the military capital of the American Revolution" because of its strategic role in the war for independence from Great Britain. Today this history is visible in a variety of locations throughout the town that collectively make up Morristown National Historical Park. According to British colonial records, the first permanent European settlement at Morristown occurred in 1715, when a settlement was founded as New Hanover by migrants from New York and Connecticut. Morris County was created on March 1739, from portions of Hunterdon County; the county, Morristown itself, was named for the popular Governor of the Province, Lewis Morris, who championed benefits for the colonists. Morristown was incorporated as a town by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 6, 1865, within Morris Township, it was formally set off from the township in 1895; as of the 2010 United States Census, the town's population was 18,411, reflecting a decline of 133 from the 18,544 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,355 from the 16,189 counted in the 1990 Census.
The area was inhabited by the Lenni Lenape Native Americans for up to 6,000 years prior to exploration of Europeans. The first European settlements in this portion of New Jersey were established by the Swedes and Dutch in the early 17th century, when a significant trade in furs existed between the natives and the Europeans at temporary posts, it became part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland, but the English seized control of the region in 1664, granted to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, as the Province of New Jersey. Morristown was settled around 1715 by English Presbyterians from Southold, New York on Long Island and New Haven, Connecticut as the village of New Hanover; the town's central location and road connections led to its selection as the seat of the new Morris County shortly after its separation from Hunterdon County on March 15, 1739. The village and county were named for Lewis Morris, the first and sitting royal governor of a united colony of New Jersey.
By the middle of the 18th century, Morristown had 250 residents, with two churches, a courthouse, two taverns, two schools, several stores, numerous mills and farms nearby. George Washington first came to Morristown in May 1773, two years before the Revolutionary War broke out, traveled from there to New York City together with John Parke Custis and Lord Stirling. In 1777, General George Washington and the Continental Army marched from the victories at Trenton and Princeton to encamp near Morristown from January to May. Washington had his headquarters during that first encampment at Jacob Arnold's Tavern located at the Morristown Green in the center of the town. Morristown was selected for its strategic location, it was between Philadelphia and New York and near New England while being protected from British forces behind the Watchung Mountains. It was chosen for the skills and trades of the residents, local industries and natural resources to provide arms, what was thought to be the ability of the community to provide enough food to support the army.
The churches were used for inoculations for smallpox. That first headquarters, Arnold's Tavern, was moved.5 miles south of the green onto Mount Kemble Avenue to become All Souls Hospital in the late 19th century. It suffered a fire in 1918, the original structure was demolished, but new buildings for the hospital were built directly across the street. From December 1779 to June 1780 the Continental Army's second encampment at Morristown was at Jockey Hollow. Washington's headquarters in Morristown was located at the Ford Mansion, a large mansion near what was the'edge of town.' Ford's widow and children shared the house with Martha Washington and officers of the Continental Army. The winter of 1780 was the worst winter of the Revolutionary War; the starvation was complicated by extreme inflation of lack of pay for the army. The entire Pennsylvania contingent mutinied and 200 New Jersey soldiers attempted to emulate them. During Washington's second stay, in March 1780, he declared St. Patrick's Day a holiday to honor his many Irish troops.
Martha Washington traveled from Virginia and remained with her husband each winter throughout the war. The Marquis de Lafayette came to Washington in Morristown to inform him that France would be sending ships and trained soldiers to aid the Continental Army; the Ford Mansion, Jockey Hollow, Fort Nonsense are all preserved as part of Morristown National Historical Park managed by the National Park Service, which has the distinction among historic preservationists of being the first National Historical Park established in the United States. During Washington's stay, Benedict Arnold was court-martialed at Dickerson's Tavern, on Spring Street, for charges related to profiteering from military supplies at Philadelphia, his admonishment was made public, but Washington promised the hero, Arnold, to make it up to him. Alexander Hamilton courted and wed Elizabeth Schuyler at a residence where Washington's personal physician was billeted. Locally known as the Schuyler-Hamilton House, the Dr. Jabez Campfield House is listed on both the New Jersey and National Register of Historic Places.
The Morristown Green has a statue commemorating the meeting of George Washington, the young Marquis de LaFayette, young Alexander Hamilton depicting them discussing forthcoming aid of French tall ships and troops being sent by King Louis XVI of France to aid the Continental Army. Morristown's Burnham Park has a statue of the "Father of the American Revolution", Thomas Paine, who wr
The Second Civil War
The Second Civil War is a satirical comedy film made for the HBO cable television network and first shown on March 15, 1997. Directed by Joe Dante, the film is a satire about anti-immigrant sentiment in the United States; the film stars James Earl Jones, Elizabeth Peña, Denis Leary as reporters for a CNN-like cable network. S. President. Brian Keith portrayed a general in one of his final movie roles; the film is set in a United States in which foreign immigration has skyrocketed: The mayor of Los Angeles speaks only in Spanish, Rhode Island is populated by Chinese-Americans, Alabama has a congressman from India. Politics is reduced to a matter of catering to various ethnic groups for their votes - the Alabama congressman will only support the U. S. President if his state receives more money for Hindu temples; when an atomic weapon is used in Pakistan, an international organization makes plans to bring orphans to Idaho. Idaho Governor Jim Farley orders the state's National Guard to close its borders, as Idaho has received more than a million refugees.
Despite the best efforts of his press secretary Jimmy Cannon, Farley remains oblivious to the national crisis he's the center of, since Farley is more concerned with rekindling his romance with his mistress rather than dealing with national matters. Meanwhile, the President of the United States turns out to be an ineffectual leader, ruthlessly exploiting immigration to fill districts and states with those most to vote for his own party, he will move more Koreans to New York. Reputed as indecisive, the President delegates his decision-making to his advisors, most notably his unofficial chief advisor, lobbyist Jack B. Buchan. Buchan, however, is less concerned with the good of the nation, more concerned with politics how the President's actions will play on television. Buchan influences the President's decisions by manipulating his desire to emulate previous U. S. presidents going so far as to pepper presidential statements with fictitious "quotes" from President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Meanwhile, the NN cable network is influencing them at the same time.
News director Mel attempts to time events to maximize ratings, while his staff becomes polarized over the political issues involved in the conflict between the Governor and the President. Standard fare for the cable network is to show footage of crying immigrant children, done with the Pakistani orphans waiting to move to Idaho; as the deadline approaches, the Governor and the President call in the Idaho National Guard and the United States Army. Tensions rise. Meanwhile, governors from other states send in their own National Guard units to aid one side or the other, causing the conflict to escalate into the national arena. Mexican-American pro-immigrant rioters bomb the Alamo, while anti-immigrants retaliate by bombing the Statue of Liberty because of its plaque, stating that "We no longer want your tired, your poor or your huddled masses." The Governor's girlfriend convinces him to back down from the conflict and resign, but a series of misunderstandings and mutinies leads to a major battle between anti- and pro-immigrant armed forces at the Idaho border, culminating with the president's decision to invade Idaho in what becomes the Second American Civil War.
At the movie's close, news reports indicate that hostilities have ceased, but the immigration issue is unresolved. Beau Bridges as Gov. Jim Farley Joanna Cassidy as Helena Newman Phil Hartman as The President James Earl Jones as Jim Kalla James Coburn as Jack Buchan Dan Hedaya as Mel Burgess Elizabeth Peña as Christina Denis Leary as Vinnie Franko Ron Perlman as Alan Manieski William Schallert as Secretary of Defense Kevin McCarthy as Chief of Staff Catherine Lloyd Burns as Amelia Sims Kevin Dunn as Jimmy Cannon Shelley Malil as Congressman Singh Larry Flash Jenkins as Kenya Nkomo Dick Miller as Eddie O'Neill Brian Keith as Maj. Gen. Charles Buford Richard Gross as Militia Leader Roger Corman as Sandy Collins Hank Stratton as Blaine Gorman Alexandra Wilson as Caroline Dawes Johnny Luckett as Captain Jerry Hardin as Col. McNally Dave Georgi as Major Dana Lee as Chinese Colonel Stogie Kenyatta Firing Squad Officer Sean Lawlor as Brendan Leah Gale as White House Reporter Dwight D. Eisenhower as Himself Ronald Reagan as Himself - At Statue of Liberty Re-dedication Nancy Reagan as Herself - At Statue of Liberty Re-dedication John Wesley as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs Ben Masters as Matthew Langford Rance Howard as Arnold Tooney Jr Robert Picardo as Godfrey Jim Lau as Chinese Congressman Nathaniel Goodman as Christina's Cameraman Jodi Verdu as NewsNet Technician #1 Jamison Yang as NewsNet Technician #2 Paul Guyot as NewsNet Technician #3 Terry Knight as Boise Reporter Anthony Lee as Steven Kingsley Eve Brenner as Elderly Militia Woman Christine Jane Newman as Militia Child Sonny Skyhawk as Indian Darryl Van Leer as Mohammed Amin The film was shown in theaters in Italy, the Netherlands and France in 1997 and 1998, before being released to h
James Francis Cameron is a Canadian filmmaker, environmentalist and philanthropist who lives in the United States. After working in special effects, he found major success after directing and writing the science fiction action film The Terminator, he became a popular Hollywood director and was hired to write and direct Aliens. He found further critical acclaim for his use of special effects in Terminator 2: Judgment Day. After his film True Lies, Cameron took on his biggest film at the time, which earned him Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best Director and Best Film Editing. After Titanic, Cameron began a project that took 10 years to make: his science-fiction epic Avatar, in particular a landmark for 3D technology, for which he received nominations for the same three Academy Awards. Despite Avatar being his only movie made to date in 3D, Cameron is the most successful 3D film-maker in terms of box-office revenue. In the time between making Titanic and Avatar, Cameron spent several years creating many documentary films and co-developed the digital 3D Fusion Camera System.
Described by a biographer as part scientist and part artist, Cameron has contributed to underwater filming and remote vehicle technologies. On March 26, 2012, Cameron reached the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest part of the ocean, in the Deepsea Challenger submersible, he is the first person to do this in a solo descent, is only the third person to do so ever. In 2010, Time magazine listed Cameron among the 100 most influential people in the world. In total, Cameron's directorial efforts have grossed US$2 billion in North America and US$6 billion worldwide. Not adjusted for inflation, Cameron's Titanic and Avatar are the two highest-grossing films of all time at $2.19 billion and $2.78 billion respectively. Cameron holds the distinction of having directed the first two of the four films in history to gross over $2 billion worldwide. In March 2011, he was named Hollywood's top earner by Vanity Fair, with estimated 2010 earnings of $257 million. In October 2013, a new species of frog Pristimantis jamescameroni from Venezuela was named after him in recognition of his efforts in environmental awareness, in addition to his public promotion of veganism.
Cameron was born in 1954 in Kapuskasing, Canada, the son of Shirley, an artist and nurse, Phillip Cameron, an electrical engineer. His paternal great-great-great-grandfather emigrated from Balquhidder, Scotland, in 1825. Cameron grew up in Chippawa and attended Stamford Collegiate School in Niagara Falls, Ontario, his family moved to California in 1971, when Cameron was 17 years old. He dropped out of Sonora High School attended Brea Olinda High School to further his secondary education. Cameron enrolled at a two-year community college, in 1973 to study physics, he switched to English dropped out before the start of the fall 1974 semester. Next, he worked several jobs, including as a truck driver, writing. During this period he taught himself about special effects: "I'd go down to the USC library and pull any thesis that graduate students had written about optical printing, or front screen projection, or dye transfers, anything that related to film technology; that way I could sit down and read it, if they'd let me photocopy it, I would.
If not, I'd make notes."Cameron quit his job as a truck driver to enter the film industry after seeing Star Wars in 1977. When Cameron read Syd Field's book Screenplay, it occurred to him that integrating science and art was possible, he wrote a 10-minute science-fiction script with two friends, titled Xenogenesis, they raised money, rented camera, film stock and studio shot it in 35 mm. They dismantled the camera to understand how to operate it and spent the first half-day of the shoot trying to figure out how to get it running, he was the director, writer and production designer for Xenogenesis. He became an uncredited production assistant on Rock and Roll High School in 1979. While continuing to educate himself in filmmaking techniques, Cameron started working as a miniature model maker at Roger Corman Studios. Making produced, low-budget productions taught Cameron to work efficiently, he soon found employment as an art director in the sci-fi movie Battle Beyond the Stars. He did special effects work design and direction on John Carpenter's Escape from New York, acted as production designer on Galaxy of Terror, consulted on the design of Android.
Cameron was hired as the special effects director for the sequel to Piranha, entitled Piranha II: The Spawning in 1982. The original director, Miller Drake, left the project due to creative differences with producer Ovidio Assonitis, who gave Cameron his first job as director; the interior scenes were filmed in Rome, while the underwater sequences were shot at Grand Cayman Island. The movie was to be produced in Jamaica. On location, production slowed due to adverse weather. James Cameron was fired after failing to get a close up of Carole Davis in her opening scene. Ovidio ordered Cameron to do the close-up the next day. Cameron spent the entire day sailing around the resort, reproducing the lighting but still failed to get the close-up. After he was fired, Ovidio invited Cameron to assist in the shooting. Once in Rome, Ovidio took over the editing. During his illness, Camer