Superman is a fictional character, a superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster, the character first appeared in Action Comics #1 on April 18, 1938 which marked the rise of the Golden Age of Comic Books. Since his inception, Superman has been depicted as an hero that that originated the planet Krypton and named Kal-El; as a baby, he was sent to Earth in a small spaceship by his biological family, Jor-El and Lara, moments before Krypton was destroyed in a natural cataclysm. His ship landed in the American countryside. Clark displayed various superhuman abilities from the start as a young boy, such as incredible strength and impervious skin, his foster parents advised him to use his abilities for the benefit of humanity, he decided to fight crime as a vigilante. To protect his privacy, he changes into a colorful costume and uses the alias "Superman" when fighting crime. Clark Kent resides in the fictional American city of Metropolis in his adult life, where he works as a journalist for the Daily Planet disguising himself among the people there.
Depicted supporting characters of Superman are depicted as residing in Metropolis such as prominent love interest of Superman, Lois Lane, good friend of Superman, Jimmy Olsen, Daily Planet chief editor Perry White. He has many foes such as the genius inventor Lex Luthor, he is a friend of many other superheroes such as Batman and Wonder Woman. Although Superman was not the first superhero character, he popularized the superhero genre and defined its conventions, he remains the best selling superhero in comic books of all time and endured as one of the most lucrative franchises outside of comic books. He is regarded as the greatest superhero / comic book character of all time. Superman was created by Joe Shuster. A duo who met met in 1932 in a high school in Cleveland and bonded over their mutual love of fiction. Siegel aspired to become a writer and Shuster aspired to become an illustrator. Siegel wrote amateur science fiction stories, which he self-published a magazine called Science Fiction: The Advance Guard of Future Civilization.
His friend Shuster provided illustrations for his work. In January 1933, Siegel published a short story in his magazine titled "The Reign of the Superman"; the titular character is a vagrant named Bill Dunn, tricked by an evil scientist into consuming an experimental drug. The drug gives Dunn the powers of mind-reading, mind-control, clairvoyance, he uses these powers maliciously for profit and amusement, but the drug wears off, leaving him a powerless vagrant again. Shuster provided illustrations. Siegel and Shuster shifted with a focus on adventure and comedy, they wanted to become syndicated newspaper strip authors, so they showed their ideas to various newspaper editors. However, the newspaper editors told them. If they wanted to make a successful comic strip, it had to be something more sensational than anything else on the market; this prompted Siegel to revisit Superman as a comic strip character. Siegel modified Superman's powers to make him more sensational: Like Bill Dunn, the second prototype of Superman is given powers against his will by an unscrupulous scientist, but instead of psychic abilities, he acquires superhuman strength and bullet-proof skin.
Additionally, this new Superman was a crime-fighting hero instead of a villain, because Siegel noted that comic strips with heroic protagonists tended to be more successful. In years, Siegel once recalled that this Superman wore a "bat-like" cape in some panels, but he and Shuster agreed there was no costume yet, there is none apparent in the surviving artwork. Siegel and Shuster showed this second concept of Superman to Consolidated Book Publishers, based in Chicago. In May 1933, Consolidated had published a comic book titled Detective Dan: Secret Operative 48, it contained all-original stories as opposed to reprints of newspaper strips, a novelty at the time. Siegel and Shuster put together a comic book in similar format called The Superman. A delegation from Consolidated visited Cleveland that summer on a business trip, Siegel and Shuster took the opportunity to present their work in person. Although Consolidated expressed interest, they pulled out of the comics business without offering a book deal because the sales of Detective Dan were disappointing.
Siegel believed publishers kept rejecting them because he and Shuster were young and unknown, so he looked for an established artist to replace Shuster. When Siegel told Shuster what he was doing, Shuster reacted by burning their rejected Superman comic, sparing only the cover, they continued collaborating on other projects, but for the time being Shuster was through with Superman. Siegel wrote to numerous artists; the first response came in July 1933 from Leo O'Mealia, who drew the Fu Manchu strip for the Bell Syndicate. In the script that Siegel sent O'Mealia, Superman's origin story changes: He is a "scientist-adventurer" from the far future, when humanity has evolved "super powers". Just before the Earth explodes, he escapes in a time-machine to the modern era, whereupon he begins using his super powers to fight crime. O'Mealia produced a few strips and showed them to his newspaper syndicate. Nothing of Siegel and O'Mealia's collaboration survives, except in Siegel's memoir. In June 1934, Siegel found another partner: an artist in Chicago named Russell Keaton.
Keaton drew the Buck R
X-Factor is an American comic book series published by Marvel Comics. It is a spin-off from the popular X-Men franchise; the series has been relaunched several times with different team rosters, most as All-New X-Factor. X-Factor launched in 1986. In 1991, the founding members were incorporated back into the regular X-Men series, X-Factor relaunched as a U. S. government-sponsored team incorporating many secondary characters from the X-Men mythos. The series was canceled in 1998 after 149 issues; the 2005 X-Factor series followed the mutant detective agency X-Factor Investigations. Written by Peter David, the series drew acclaim from Ain't It Cool News, as well as controversy for establishing a homosexual romantic relationship between Rictor and Shatterstar, a move criticized by Shatterstar's co-creator, Rob Liefeld; the series won a 2011 GLAAD Media Award for Outstanding Comic Book. The series ended in 2013 after 114 issues; the following year a new series, All-New X-Factor, was launched featuring a new corporate-sponsored X-Factor team.
It was drawn by Carmine Di Giandomenico. It was cancelled after 20 issues due to low sales. X-Factor launched in 1986 featuring an eponymous team composed of the five original X-Men that debuted in X-Men #1: Angel – A millionaire heir, capable of flight by means of two feathery wings extending from his back. Beast – A brilliant scientist possessing bestial strength and agility. Cyclops – Former X-Men team leader, with the ability to emit powerful "optic blasts" from his eyes. Jean Grey – The long-time love of Cyclops, possessing telekinetic abilities. Iceman – A brash jokester, gifted with cryokinetic abilities. Original writer Bob Layton wanted X-Factor to be a reunion of the original X-Men, an event complicated by the extensive histories of the characters following the initiation of a new team of X-Men in 1975. In the 1970s and early 1980s, Angel and Iceman wandered through various superhero teams. By 1985, all three were members of the Defenders. With the monthly Defenders series due to be cancelled, Marvel's editorial staff elected to have the other members of the group killed off in the final issue in order to free up Angel and Iceman for X-Factor.
A more difficult task was the return of Jean Grey. In 1980, Jean Grey was killed during the seminal Dark Phoenix Saga, since it was considered vital that the team have a female member, Layton opted to use fellow mutant Dazzler. Publicity material for the series began to appear at this time, with images of the team using a blank space or silhouette in place of the female member as a teaser mystery. However, writer Kurt Busiek suggested a way to add Jean Grey to the roster that became one of the most significant cases of retroactive continuity in comic book history: Jean Grey had never been the Phoenix. Instead, the Phoenix entity copied Grey's identity and form, keeping her safe in a cocoon-like structure beneath Jamaica Bay. Busiek related the idea to Roger Stern. Byrne illustrated Fantastic Four # 286, incorporating Busiek's idea. Several panels of this comic were rewritten and redrawn to depict the Phoenix entity as less malevolent than Byrne intended. In order to join the team, Cyclops walked out on his new wife Madelyne Pryor, an Alaskan pilot who bore a strange resemblance to Grey, their infant son, Nathan Christopher.
These events, along with the resurrection of Grey in general, were controversial with fans. The original X-Men disassociate with the current team because Professor X had placed their old nemesis, Magneto, as its leader; the five original members set up a business advertised as mutant-hunters for hire, headquartered in the TriBeCa neighborhood of downtown New York City, posing as "normal" humans to their clients. The mutants that X-Factor capture are secretly trained to control their powers and reintegrated into society. Through their "mutant hunting" they recruit a group of young wards: Artie Maddicks – A pink-skinned, mute child who could project hologram-like images of his thoughts. Tabitha Smith – A young woman who ran away from her abusive father, who can create handheld energy spheres that she can explode at will, which she calls "time bombs". Rusty Collins – A former member of the U. S. Navy whose pyrokinesis first manifested uncontrollably injuring a woman. Leech – A green-skinned young boy, who can dampen the mutant powers of those around him.
Rictor – A Mexican teenager who can produce powerful seismic waves. Skids – A runaway who could project a protective force field around her body; the team decides that the "mutant hunter" ruse did more harm than good by inflaming hatred, blames it on X-Factor's original business manager, Cameron Hodge, revealed as a mutant-hating mastermind. Bob Layton and Jackson Guice wrote and illustrated the first few issues of X-Factor, they soon turned over creative duties to Walt Simonson. Despite their relationship as husband-and-wife, both the Simonsons have said they did not approach work with each other any differently than any other collaboration. In X-Factor #6, Louise introduced Apocalypse, who would appear in multiple issues and become X-Factor's nemesis. Louise Simonson placed the series in line with the darker tone of most of the X-Men franchise.
Brian Michael Bendis
Brian Michael Bendis is an American comic book writer and artist. He has won five Eisner Awards for both his creator-owned work and his work on various Marvel Comics books. Starting with crime and noir comics, Bendis moved to mainstream superhero work. With Bill Jemas and Mark Millar, Bendis was the primary architect of the Ultimate Marvel Universe, launching Ultimate Spider-Man in 2000, he relaunched the Avengers franchise with New Avengers in 2004, has written the Marvel "event" storylines "Secret War", "House of M", "Secret Invasion", "Siege" and "Age of Ultron". Though Bendis has cited comic book writers such as Frank Miller and Alan Moore, his own writing influences are less rooted in comics, drawing on the work of David Mamet, Richard Price, Aaron Sorkin, whose dialogue Bendis feels are "the best in any medium."In addition to writing comics he has worked in television, video games and film, began teaching writing at University of Oregon in fall 2013. He has occasionally taught at Portland State University.
In 2014, Bendis wrote Words for a book about comics published by Random House. Brian Michael Bendis was born on August 1967 in Cleveland, Ohio to a Jewish-American family. Bendis grew up in University Heights where, despite rebelling against a religious upbringing, he attended the Hebrew Academy of Cleveland, a private, modern Orthodox religious school for boys, he decided he wanted to be a comic book industry professional when he was 13, working on his own comics, including a Punisher versus Captain America story that he revised several times. A fan of Marvel Comics in particular, he emulated idols such as George Pérez, John Romita, Sr. John Romita, Jr. Jack Kirby and Klaus Janson, he discovered crime comics by Jim Steranko and José Munoz, which he traced back via Jim Thompson's work to the source novels of both Thompson and Dashiell Hammett, which helped cement his love for crime stories. These in turn led him to discover the documentary Visions of Light, which taught him the explicit visual rules of film noir, an important influence on him creatively.
While in high school, he submitted for a "Creative Writing assignment" a novelization of Chris Claremont's X-Men and the Starjammers story, which gained him an A+ grade for imagination and inventiveness. At 19, Bendis began attending the Cleveland Institute of Art, while working at a downtown comic book store where he sold some of his early work. Between the ages of 20 and 25, he sent in a large number of submissions to comics companies, although he stopped his attempts to break into the industry this way, considering it too much of a "lottery." Best known as a writer, Bendis started out as an artist, doing work for local magazines and newspapers, including caricature work. He worked at The Plain Dealer as an illustrator. Although he did not enjoy caricature work, it paid well and funded his interest in writing crime fiction for graphic novels, he moved into both writing and illustrating his work, before he began producing work for Caliber Comics, including Spunky Todd. Through Caliber, he met many of his longtime friends and collaborators within the comics industry, including Mike Oeming, Dave Mack and Marc Andreyko, began the first in a series of independent noir fiction crime comics when he published two issues of Fire in 1993 and five issues of A.
K. A. Goldfish in 1994 with Caliber. In 1995 he illustrated Flaxen, from a script by James Hudnall, with David Mack providing inks to the story featuring former Playboy Playmate Susie Owens as mascot of the Golden Apple Comics chain in Los Angeles. Bendis' best-known early work, starring the titular bounty hunter in a crime noir version of the Sergio Leone film The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, began publication in 1996, ran seven issues from Caliber. Most of these early works share a common universe, with Goldfish, Jinx and Total Sell Out sharing characters and settings as well as tone, he characterizes much of this period of his professional life in terms of working as "a graphic artist for twelve years" undergoing a period within that of "nine years" living as a stereotypical'starving artist'. In 1996/1997, Bendis moved from Caliber to Image Comics, where Jinx and his other previous crime comics were published by Image's Shadowline arm in trade paperback. At Image, he produced five more issues of Jinx.
Impressed with A. K. A. Goldfish, Image founder Todd McFarlane sought out Bendis, which led to Twitch. Although set in the Spawn universe, Bendis approached Sam and Twitch as a crime comic, he wrote Sam and Twitch for twenty issues, as well as most of the first ten issues of Hellspawn, another Spawn spin-off title. This non-creator-owned work allowed him to, in the words of Rich Kriener in The Comics Journal, " the responsibility of caretaker to his resume, in that he would answer to a vested owner about developing a property as a tangible asset with the future in mind," rather than only working on his own characters under his own terms. In 1998, Bendis co-wrote and illustrated the Eliot Ness-starring Torso with Marc Andreyko, again for Image, in 2000 he produced three issues of the autobiographical Fortune and Glory for Oni Comics; that same year saw the debut of the superhero police/noir detective series Powers, co-created with and drawn by Michael Avon Oeming and published by Image. Powers won major comics industry awards, including Harvey and Eagle Awards.
Around the time Bendis began Sam and Twitch, his friend David Mack began working for Joe Quesada's Marvel Knights imprint, of which Bendis was a fan. Based on Bendis' work on Jinx, Quesada invited him to pitch ideas for Marvel Knights, which included a planned, but ultim
Ninjak is a fictional superhero appearing in comic books published by Valiant Comics. Created by Bob Layton, Mark Moretti and Joe Quesada, the character first appeared in Bloodshot #6 as Colin King and in Bloodshot #7 as Ninjak, gained his own series; the Ninjak series was popular, the first issue sold close to 1 million copies and was placed number one on Wizard magazine's Top Ten Hottest Comics of the month article in February 1994. The lead character is ninja spy Ninjak. Ninjak has become one of the most popular Valiant characters, continuing a long run and selling millions more copies to date. Ninjak comics have been translated into a number of languages, including German, Spanish, Norwegian and Chinese. Among others. A second series was produced after Valiant Comics was purchased by video game company Acclaim Entertainment in 1996; the second series was written by Kurt Busiek. In the series, a teenager is endowed with ancient ninja powers from a video game, he is able to become the game's hero, but finds that the twelve villains from the game have started appearing in the real world.
In the 2012 relaunch of the Valiant Universe, Ninjak first appeared in the second arc of X-O Manowar as an enemy, but an ally of the title character. Since November 2013, Ninjak has appeared in the series Unity, written by Matt Kindt. On October 6, 2014, it was announced that Ninjak would once again have his own series in 2015 written by Kindt; the series' first issue was released in March of that year. Ninjak #1 was the American best-selling comic of November 1993 according to Capital City Distribution, Diamond Comic Distributors, Heroes World Distribution, making it the first Valiant publication to hit number one in sales. Valiant vice president Jon Hartz cited the comic's wraparound chromium cover as the chief reason for its strong sales; when Aric of Dacia returned to Earth with the X-O Manowar armor, the alien Vine dispatched their earthly agents in human form-called "plantings"- to recover the armor from their former Visigoth slave. After a failed assault by their own special team, the Vine's agents inside the British intelligence agency MI-6 hired the weapons specialist known as Ninjak to finish the job.
Ninjak tracked Aric to Peruvian rainforest where Aric managed to capture Alexander Dorian, the Vine planting that lead the initial assault to reclaim the armor. Ninjak outsmarted Aric, drugging him and stripping him of the armor. Ninjak took Aric and Alexander captive aboard his jet, planning to turn them over to the MI-6. But, learning the Vine's plans to eradicate all life on Earth, Alexander betrayed his people and freed Aric convincing Ninjak to aid them in their fight and stop the incoming Vine invasion. Together, they executed a full frontal assault on the Vine-controlled headquarters of MI-6 in London. Ninjak and Aric parted as uneasy allies with Ninjak agreeing to pursue the remaining Vine sleeper agents with help from MI-6's Neville Alcott-one of the agency's few remaining uncompromised agents. Ninjak and Aric met once again soon after when X-O Manowar returned to Earth-this time as the leader of a Visigoth horde newly freed from bondage on the Vine homeworld of Loam; when Aric and his people claimed a portion of Romania as their ancestral homeland and began inching the world toward the brink of disaster, Ninjak - under assignment by the secret leader of the Harbinger Foundation, Toyo Harada - infiltrated Aric's command canter during an assume and disarmed the X-O Manowar armor.
But when the strike team sent by Harada to retrieve it was slaughtered by Aric, Ninjak was taken captive by his one-time ally. Ninjak managed to escape and join Harada, the Eternal Warrior, Livewire in defeating X-O Manowar. Ninjak and the newly formed Unity team realized the Harada represented an greater danger, forcing them to retrieve the armor once again and form a strategic allegiance with Aric against Harada. Now with the support of the Unity team under his leadership, Ninjak turns to face Dr. Silk, a mysterious figure from his past whose high-tech terror cell Webnet plans to unleash a viral epidemic of untold proportions. Colin King is the wealthy son of a master spy, employed by the British Government. King was an outcast in that society; when his father was killed by rival agent Iwatsu, King decided to go into training, determined to continue his father’s tradition and bring his killers to justice. Now a master of the secret arts of the ninja, he served the world as Ninjak. Ninjak is the enforcer of the mysterious Weaponeer organization and the world’d foremost espionage expert.
Ninjak uses his expertise in martial arts, information acquisition and other skills, a keen intellect and an ability to prepare people for any outcome in a given situation. He wears a kevlar-armored bodysuit. Weaponeer is a worldwide network of operatives through which Ninjak distributes all types of weapons, from swords and handguns to nuclear warheads, he has the facilities and expertise to create customized weapons to the buyers specifications. These skills generate a large demand for the Weaponeer's services around the world. Doctor Silk, a crippled and disfigured recluse, begins to kill Weaponeer operatives, believing the Weaponeer organization is too dangerous. Through his own international terrorist organization called WEBNET, Silk wipes out the Weaponeer organization – only Ninjak survives. Ninjak joins the British Intelligence organization under Neville Alcott, who works with Bloodshot and Eternal Warrior. Alcott has known Colin since he was a boy, Colin's father wo
Valiant Comics is an American publisher of comic books and related media. The company was founded in 1989 by former Marvel Comics editor-in-chief Jim Shooter and lawyer and businessman Steven Massarsky. In 1994, the company was sold to Acclaim Entertainment. After Acclaim declared bankruptcy in 2004, the company was restarted as part of Valiant Entertainment by entrepreneurs Dinesh Shamdasani and Jason Kothari in 2005. Valiant Entertainment launched its publishing division in 2012 as part of an initiative dubbed the "Summer of Valiant", winning Publisher of the Year and being nominated for Book of the Year at the Diamond Gem Awards. Valiant has set sales records, was the most nominated publisher in comics at the 2014, 2015 and 2016 Harvey Awards, releasing the biggest-selling independent crossover event of the decade with "Book of Death" in 2015. Valiant was acquired by DMG Entertainment in 2018. In 2015, Valiant announced that they had partnered with Sony Pictures to produce five films based on the Bloodshot and Harbinger comic books.
In 1988, former editor-in-chief of Marvel Comics Jim Shooter, Steven J. Massarsky and a group of investors attempted to purchase Marvel Entertainment, they submitted the second-highest bid, with financier Ronald Perelman submitting the highest bid and acquiring Marvel. Shooter and Massarsky instead formed Voyager Communications in 1989 with significant venture capital financing from Triumph Capital. Valiant recruited numerous writers and artists from Marvel, including Barry Windsor-Smith and Bob Layton, launched an interconnected line of superhero comics featuring a mixture of characters licensed from Western Publishing and original creations. In 1991, Valiant released its first title, Robot Fighter, cover-dated May 1991. Solar, Man of the Atom, cover-dated September 1991 followed as the next release. Rai became the third title published by Valiant and was distributed as a special insert in Magnus, Robot Fighter beginning with issue #5. Harbinger #1 was listed on the top ten list of Wizard Magazine for a record eight consecutive months and was named "Collectible of the Decade" while Rai #0 appeared on Wizard's top ten list for a new record nine consecutive months.
In 1992, Valiant won the Best Publisher under 5% Market Share from comic distributor Diamond. The next year, Valiant won Best Publisher over 5% Market Share, becoming the only publisher outside of Marvel and DC to do so. In 1992, Valiant's Editor-In-Chief Jim Shooter was given the Lifetime Achievement Award for co-creating the Valiant Universe in a ceremony that honored Stan Lee for co-creating the Marvel Universe. However, Shooter left Valiant by the end of 1992. According to Massarsky, "Jim had a different idea as to the direction of the company, he was asked to leave."Valiant engaged in several comic book-marketing innovations common in the 1990s, such as issue zero "origin" issues, the gold logo program, coupons redeemable for original comic books, chromium covers. Following the conclusion of the "Unity" crossover in September 1992, Valiant released Bloodshot, Ninjak, H. A. R. D. Corps, The Second Life of Dr. Mirage, Timewalker, among other titles. In 1994, Voyager Communications was purchased by video game developer and publisher Acclaim Entertainment.
Acclaim created a number of video games based on Valiant properties, such as Shadow Man, Turok: Dinosaur Hunter, Armorines: Project S. W. A. R. M. and Iron Man and X-O Manowar in Heavy Metal, which featured Valiant's X-O Manowar alongside Marvel's Iron Man. In 2004, after losing a major sports video game license, Acclaim became financially insolvent and filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. In 2005, the rights to Valiant/Acclaim's original characters such as Archer and Armstrong and Quantum and Woody were auctioned off and bought by Valiant Entertainment, while the rights to the three licensed characters reverted to Classic Media, acquired by DreamWorks Animation SKG in July 2012. In 2005, a group of entrepreneurs led by Dinesh Shamdasani and Jason Kothari raised financing and acquired the rights to the Valiant Comics library from Acclaim Entertainment's estate, forming Valiant Entertainment. In 2007, Valiant hired former Valiant Editor-In-Chief Jim Shooter to write new short stories that would accompany hardcover reprints of classic Valiant Universe stories.
Two of the three collections were named among "The Ten Best Collected Editions" of their respective years of publications. In August 2011, after hiring several executives from Marvel Comics and Wizard Entertainment, including Valiant publisher Fred Pierce and Valiant editor-in-chief Warren Simons, former Marvel Comics CEO and vice chairman Peter Cuneo was brought on board as Valiant's chairman and an investor in Valiant Entertainment, with Gavin Cuneo serving as CFO and COO. In May 2012, Valiant Entertainment began publishing new monthly comic books based on the Valiant Comics universe of characters. In an event dubbed "The Summer of Valiant" in March 2012, Valiant Entertainment launched the Valiant Comics universe with four ongoing titles, X-O Manowar, Harbinger and Archer & Armstrong, one launching each month for four months. X-O Manowar premiered May 2, 2012, with the creative team of writer Robert Venditti and artist Cary Nord; the first issue of X-O Manowar received over 42,000 preorders, making Valiant the largest new publisher launch in over a decade, sold through 4 full-priced printings and 3 additional reduced-priced printings.
The release of X-O Manowar was followed by Harbinger, launched in June 2012 by writer Joshua Dysart and artist Khari Evans.
Shea Stadium was a stadium in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park, New York City. Built as a multi-purpose stadium, it was the home park of Major League Baseball's New York Mets for 45 seasons, as well as the New York Jets football team from 1964 to 1983; the venue was named in honor of William A. Shea, the man, most responsible for bringing National League baseball back to New York after the Dodgers and Giants left for California in 1957, it was demolished in 2009 to create additional parking for the adjacent Citi Field, the current home of the Mets. The origins of Shea Stadium go way back to the Brooklyn Dodgers' and the New York Giants' relocations to the U. S. west coast. Prior to the Dodgers' departure, New York City official Robert Moses tried to interest owner Walter O'Malley in the site as the location for a new stadium, but O'Malley refused, unable to agree on location and lease terms. O'Malley preferred to pay construction costs himself, he wanted total control over revenue from parking and other events.
New York City, in contrast, wanted to build the stadium, rent it, retain the ancillary revenue rights to pay off its construction bonds. Additionally, O'Malley wanted to build his new stadium in Brooklyn, while Moses insisted on Flushing Meadows; when Los Angeles offered O'Malley what the City of New York wouldn't—complete ownership of the facility—he left for southern California in a preemptive bid to install the Dodgers there before a new or existing major league franchise could beat him to it. At the same time, Horace Stoneham moved his New York Giants to San Francisco, ensuring that there would be two National League teams in California, preserving the longstanding rivalry with the Dodgers that continues to this day. In 1960, the National League agreed to grant an expansion franchise to the owners of the New York franchise in the abortive Continental League, provided that a new stadium be built. Mayor Robert Wagner, Jr. had to wire all National League owners and assure them that the city would build a stadium.
On October 6, 1961, the Mets signed a 30-year stadium lease, with an option for a 10-year renewal. Rent for what was budgeted as a $9 million facility was set at $450,000 annually, with a reduction of $20,000 each year until it reached $300,000 annually. In their inaugural season in 1962, the expansion Mets played in the Polo Grounds, with original plans to move to a new stadium in 1963. In October 1962, Mets official Tom Meany said, "Only a series of blizzards or some other unforeseen trouble might hamper construction." That unforeseen trouble surfaced in a number of ways: the severe winter of 1962–1963, along with the bankruptcies of two subcontractors and labor issues. The end result was that both the Jets played at the Polo Grounds for one more year, it was to be called "Flushing Meadow Park Municipal Stadium" – the name of the public park within which it was built – but a movement was launched to name it in honor of William A. Shea, the New York attorney who brought National League baseball back to New York.
After 29 months and $28.5 million, Shea Stadium opened in 1964 on April 17, with the Pittsburgh Pirates beating the Mets 4–3 before a crowd of 50,312. There were no prior exhibition games or events, the stadium was finished in time for the home opener; because of a jurisdictional dispute between Local 3 of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and Local 1106 of the Communications Workers of America, the telephone and telegraph wiring was not finished in time for opening day. The stadium opened five days across Roosevelt Avenue. Although not part of the fair grounds, the stadium sported steel panels on its exterior in the blue-and-orange colors of the Fair; the panels were removed in 1980. In accordance with New York City law, in 2009 Shea Stadium was dismantled, rather than imploded; the company with the rights to sell memorabilia was given two weeks after the final game to remove seats and other saleable and collectable items before demolition was to begin. The seats were the first, followed by other memorabilia such as the foul poles, stadium signage, the giant letters that spelled out "SHEA" at the front of the building.
After salvaging operations concluded, demolition of the ballpark began on October 14, 2008. On October 18, the scoreboard in right field was demolished, with the bleachers, batter's eye and bullpens shortly thereafter. By November 10, the field and the rest of the field level seats had been demolished. On January 31, Mets fans all over New York came to Shea Stadium for one final farewell. Fans took a tour of the site, told stories, sang songs; the last remaining section of seats was demolished on February 18. Fans stood in awe; the locations of Shea's home plate, pitcher's mound, bases are marked in Citi Field's parking lot. The plaques feature engravings of the neon baseball players that once graced the exterior of the stadium. On October 9, 2013, the New York City Council approved a plan to build a mall and entertainment center called Willets West in the Citi Field parking lot where Shea Stadium stood, as part of an effort by the city to redevelop the nearby neighborhood of Willets Point. However, in 2015, the Appellate Division of the New York State Supreme Court ruled that the si
James Palmiotti is an American writer and inker of comic books, who does writing for games and film. Palmiotti attended the High School of Design in New York City. Palmiotti started at Marvel Comics in 1991, inking titles such as the Punisher, Ghost Rider, The Nam and the Marvel 2099 line, Palmiotti has accumulated extensive inking and writing credits and has inked the work of his friend and collaborator Joe Quesada, notably on Ash and Daredevil, he worked for Dark Horse Comics, as the inker during the Doug Mahnke run on X. He inked Paul Gulacy on Shang-Chi: Master of Kung Punisher and Catwoman, he inked Steve Dillon on Punisher, as well as Brad Walker's pencil's on the DC Comics miniseries Secret Six - Six Degrees of Separation. In 1994, he and Quesada formed a publishing company, Event Comics, co-created Ash, a firefighter with superpowers, Painkiller Jane, a female cop with healing powers, Kid Death and Fluffy, about a boy and his pet robot dog and 22 Brides, about a group of girls that run the New York underworld..
In 1998, Event Comics was contracted to do several books for Marvel Comics, dubbed Marvel Knights. As a writer, Palmiotti is known for Deadpool, Daughters of the Dragon, the Punisher, Heroes for Hire and Shanna the She-Devil for Marvel Comics, Hawkman and The Monolith for DC Comics, as well as 21 Down, The Resistance and The Twilight Experiment for their Wildstorm imprint. Palmiotti co-scripted, with Garth Ennis, a Ghost Rider video game that ties in with the movie, he has penned Supergirl #12, the two Uncle Sam and the Freedom Fighters miniseries and an arc for Superman Confidential. Palmiotti and Gray were part of the writing team for DC's Countdown. Along with Gray, Palmiotti is writing the monthly Jonah Hex and G. I. Combat for DC Comics, as well as the miniseries Time Bomb for Radical Publishing. Palmiotti has worked on Beautiful Killer, Tempest, Civil Warrior and has being shopped Death Troupe and Triggergirl 6. Palmiotti co-wrote with Justin Gray The Hills Have Eyes: The Beginning for Fox Atomic Comics.
He worked on the Painkiller Jane series for the Sci-Fi Channel starring Kristanna Loken. This was a one-hour, 22 episode show. There was a two-hour Painkiller Jane movie done for Sci-Fi as well. In the past he has storyboarded films for Hooptown for Nike, they featured Vince Carter. He is known as an editor for many projects and books with companies ranging from Marvel comics, Fox Atomic, Blackbull Comics and Kickstart Comics, he is a partner in two comic book companies. Blackbull Press, Event Comics and founding partner of Paperfilms. In July 2010 he started recording Listen to Jimmy, a podcast with "Monster Mike" Campbell of the Canadian comic book and pop culture radio show Where Monsters Dwell. Listen to Jimmy follows an open format where Campbell and Palmiotti discuss any topics that they deem relevant that week. Campbell asks Palmiotti questions that are sent in by listeners through email and Facebook; the podcast is available for download at the Where Monsters Dwell through iTunes. In June 2013, Palmiotti was the keynote speaker for the 2013 Inkwell Awards Awards Ceremony at HeroesCon in Charlotte, North Carolina.
In 2013, DC Comics tapped Amanda Jimmy Palmiotti to relaunch the Harley Quinn series. The 30 issue series would be a top seller at DC creating a large fan base and sparking numerous cosplay variants of the character at conventions; this title ran for 3 years before being relaunched with the same creative team in 2016 with the Rebirth line. The first issue of the Rebirth line in August 2016 sold nearly 400,000 copies, representing the largest selling issue of all comics in that month; the title continues to be a consistent top seller at most retail stores. In 2015, DC Comics launched a new Starfire series with Amanda Conner; the series lasted 13 issues. In 2016, Palmiotti joined actress Kristanna Loken and Jonathan Bates in forming TRIOentertainment, a company designed to offer unique and exciting array of superior films, quality intellectual properties, original projects for theatrical and home entertainment; the team has several properties in various stages of development. In 2016, his character Monolith was optioned by Lionsgate for development.
In 2016, his character Painkiller Jane was optioned for movie development by Jessica Chastain and her production studio, Freckle Films and Lotus Entertainment and Solipsist Films. Chastain is set to star in the lead role of the film. In 2017, The Pro, which Palmiotti created with was optioned by Paramount Pictures where Erwin Stoff of 3 Arts is producing and Zoe McCarthy has been hired to write the screenplay. Palmiotti is married to frequent collaborator Amanda Conner. Painkiller Jane: 22 Brides #1-4 Painkiller Jane #0-5 Painkiller Jane vol. 2, #1-3 Painkiller Jane vol. 3, #0-5 Painkiller Jane: The Price of Freedom #1-4 Painkiller Jane: The 22 Brides #1-3 Venom: Sinner Takes All The Pro The Resistance 21 Down (with co-author Justin Gray and art by Jesus Saiz, 12-issue limited series, November 2002 - Novembe