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Joe Theismann

Joseph Robert Theismann is an American former professional gridiron football player, sports commentator, corporate speaker and restaurateur. He played quarterback in Canadian Football League. Theismann spent 12 seasons with the Washington Redskins, where he was a two-time Pro Bowler and helped the team to consecutive Super Bowl appearances, winning Super Bowl XVII over the Miami Dolphins and losing Super Bowl XVIII, he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 2003. Following his retirement from football in 1985 after a career-ending injury, Theismann worked as a sportscaster and an analyst on pro football broadcasts with ESPN for nearly 20 years, he partnered with Mike Patrick, for the network's Sunday Night Football package and for one season of Monday Night Football with Mike Tirico and Tony Kornheiser. Theismann worked as a color analyst on NFL Network's Thursday Night Football package with play-by-play voice Bob Papa and Matt Millen. Theismann co-hosts the network's weekly show Playbook.

Since 2011, he has worked on the Redskins preseason television broadcast team. Additionally, he works on the NFL Network on a variety of programs as an analyst. Theismann is the owner of Theismann's Restaurant and Bar in Alexandria, founded in 1975, he performs as a speaker for corporate events, speaking on topics such as leadership and self-motivation. Theismann was born to Austrian Joseph John Theismann who "ran a gas station and worked in his brother's liquor store." His Hungarian mother, Olga Tóbiás worked for Johnson & Johnson until her retirement. Theismann was raised in South River, New Jersey, attended South River High School, where he lettered in baseball and football, he was a high school teammate of Drew Pearson. Theismann accepted a college football scholarship to attend the University of Notre Dame. At Notre Dame, Theismann became the starting quarterback in his sophomore year, after Terry Hanratty was injured late in the season. In the three remaining games in the regular season, he led the Irish to a tie.

In 1969, Theismann led the Irish to a number five ranking, but lost to the University of Texas in the 1970 Cotton Bowl Classic, 21–17. The next year, the Irish had a 10–1 record, a number two ranking, won against Texas in the 1971 Cotton Bowl Classic, 24–11; that year, Theismann was an All-American and an Academic All-American, was in contention for the Heisman Trophy. Theismann, whose last name was pronounced THEES-man, recounted in 2007 that it was Notre Dame publicity man Roger Valdiserri who insisted that he change the pronunciation of his name to rhyme with "Heisman", but he finished second to Jim Plunkett of Stanford University. Theismann set school records for passing yards in a season and touchdowns in a season, he set a school record for passing yards in a game and completions in a game while playing against the University of Southern California in a torrential downpour in 1970, which they lost 38–28. As a starting quarterback, Theismann compiled a 20–3–2 record while throwing for 4,411 yards and 31 touchdowns.

His 4,411 passing yards rank fifth on Notre Dame's career passing list. Theismann was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 2003, he was the eighth Notre Dame quarterback enshrined into the hall, joining former Heisman Trophy winners Angelo Bertelli, John Lujack, Paul Hornung. Theismann was selected in the fourth round of the 1971 NFL Draft by the Miami Dolphins and in the 39th round of the 1971 Major League Baseball Draft by the Minnesota Twins. After prolonged negotiations with the Dolphins failed, Theismann elected to sign with the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League for $50,000 per season. In his rookie year, Theismann quarterbacked the Argonauts to a 10–4 record, led the league's Eastern Conference in passing statistics and won a berth in the Grey Cup championship game in Vancouver, British Columbia versus the Calgary Stampeders. A fumble late in the fourth quarter by Argonaut running back Leon McQuay close to the goal line cost the Argonauts what would have been their first Grey Cup victory since 1952.

In 1971, Theismann completed 148 of 278 passes for 17 touchdowns. His 1972 season was shortened by injury, but he hit 77 of 127 passes for 1,157 yards and ten touchdowns. During his last CFL season, 1973, 157 of his 274 passes were complete, for 2,496 yards and both 13 touchdowns and interceptions, he was an all-star in both 1971 and 1973. In 1974, the Washington Redskins obtained Theismann's rights from the Dolphins in exchange for the team's first-round draft pick in 1976. Theismann left the CFL and joined the Redskins, where he served as the team's punt returner during his first season. In 1978, Theismann became the Redskins' starting quarterback. In 1982, Theismann led the Redskins to their first championship in 40 years against the Dolphins in Super Bowl XVII, he threw two touchdowns and, with the Redskins trailing 17–13 in the third quarter, made arguably the most important defensive play of the game—after his pass was deflected by Dolphins lineman Kim Bokamper, causing what appeared to be an interception and sure touchdown, Theismann himself was able to knock the ball out of Bokamper's hands, keeping the score close enough for Washington to stick to the run-heavy strategy that would lead to victory.

He led the team to an appearance in Super Bowl XVIII the following year, would go on to set several Redskins franchise records, including most career passing

United Party (South Africa)

The United Party was a political party in South Africa. It was the country's ruling political party between 1934 and 1948; the United Party was formed by a merger of most of Prime Minister Barry Hertzog's National Party with the rival South African Party of Jan Smuts, plus the remnants of the Unionist Party. Its full name was the United South African National Party, but it was called the "United Party"; the party drew support from several different parts of South African society, including English-speakers and Coloureds. Hertzog led the party until 1939. In that year, Hertzog refused to commit South Africa to Britain's war effort against Nazi Germany. Many Afrikaners who had fought in the Second Boer War were still alive, British war crimes during that conflict were still fresh in their memory. Hertzog felt. Furthermore, he could see little benefit for South Africa in taking part in a war that he saw as an European affair; the majority of the United Party caucus were of a different mind and Hertzog resigned.

Jan Smuts succeeded him and led the party and the country throughout World War II and the immediate post-war years. Smuts and the United Party lost the 1948 election to the National Party, it never held power again. J. G. N. Strauss succeeded Smuts in 1950, was in turn replaced by Sir de Villiers Graaff in 1956 until 1977. Attrition characterised his leadership years, as the party declined because of electoral gerrymandering, changes to South Africa's voting laws, including the removal of the'Coloureds' – South Africans of mixed ancestry, staunch United Party supporters – from the electoral rolls, defections to other parties such as the Progressive Party, formed in 1959 by liberal former UP members that sought a stronger opposition to apartheid. Despite this, the party remained stable until the 1970s. There was much division in the party, between conservatives. Divisions came to a head in 1972 when Harry Schwarz, leader of the liberal "Young Turks" within the party, wrestled the leadership of the party in the Transvaal from Marais Steyn.

His victory was a visible sign of strength from the liberals within the party. On 4 January 1974, he met with Mangosuthu Buthelezi and signed a five-point plan for racial peace in South Africa, which came to be known as the Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith, it was the first occasion in apartheid South Africa's history where the principles of peaceful transition and equality had been enshrined in a document, jointly signed by acknowledged black and white political leaders in South Africa. The declaration, however provoked an angry response from the conservative "Old Guard" in the party, including the party's leader. In 1975 Harry Schwarz and three other Members of Parliament were expelled from the United Party. Further resignations followed, which included two Senators, ten members of the Transvaal Provincial Council, 14 out of the 36 Johannesburg City Councillors and four Randburg City Councillors; this made it the official opposition in the Transvaal Provincial Council. They formed the Reform Party.

Schwarz's breakaway led to the demise of the United Party and realigned opposition politics in South Africa. The Reform Party soon merged with the Progressive Party to form the Progressive Reform Party. In 1977, after merging with the Democratic Party, formed by moderate NP dissidents, the United Party was renamed the New Republic Party. A significant number of its parliamentarians refused to remain with the renamed party; some joined the anti-apartheid PRP. Six MPs were expelled from the United Party for refusing to accept the plan to form the NRP and formed the South African Party which joined the ruling National Party three years later. Elections in late 1977 left the New Republic Party gutted, with only 10 parliamentary seats, down from the 41 held by the United Party; the UP's position on race relations in South Africa was a complex one. Smuts himself alluded to the fact that at some unspecified point in the future, black South Africans might be asked to share power with the white minority, provided Black politicians demonstrated their commitment to'civilised' norms of political and personal conduct.

Though, the UP seemed to have little difficulty in tacitly supporting apartheid. One of the reasons the UP fared so disastrously in the 1948 election was its lack of commitment to a clear policy on race relations; this stood in contrast to the National Party, unequivocally behind the notion of preserving white supremacy at all costs. The UP was against apartheid as a system, but favoured the continuation of white minority rule, akin to the political arrangements in Rhodesia at the time. During the late 1960s the party tried to gain support by its resistance to the National Party's politics on giving land to the bantustans, insisting on a single citizenship for all South Africans. By the 1970s, the UP advocated federalism and a gradual retreat from official segregation and discrimination; the party supported links with the Commonwealth of Nations, unsuccessfully campaigned against the establishment of a republic in the whites-only referendum held on 5 October 1960. By the late 1970s, the breakaway and successor groups of the United Party – the Progressive Federal Party, New Republic Party and South African Party – were more or less committed to a multiracial federation as a solution to the racial question.

The ruling National Party's reform program under PW Botha attracted

John Torrence Tate Sr.

John Torrence Tate Sr. was an American physicist noted for his editorship of Physical Review between 1926 and 1950. He is the father of mathematician John Torrence Tate Jr. Tate was born on 28 July 1889 in Lenox, Iowa, he attended the University of Nebraska, studying electrical engineering, earning a BS in 1910. He continued at the University of Nebraska, shifting his focus to physics and earning an MA in 1912. Like many American students interested in pursuing advanced degrees in physics, he departed for Germany to further his studies, earning a PhD under James Franck in 1914, with a dissertation on "The Heat of Vaporization of Metals." He returned to the University of Nebraska as a faculty member, where he stayed until 1916, when he was offered a post at the University of Minnesota. With the exception of brief sabbaticals to conduct war-related work, Tate remained at Minnesota for the following 34 years. Tate Laboratory of Physics at the University of Minnesota is named in his honor. While a professor at the University of Minnesota, Tate presided over the growth of the Physical Review into a high impact journal.

Physicist John H. Van Vleck, a colleague of Tate's at Minnesota from 1923 to 1928, recalled that in the early 20th century "The Physical Review was only so-so in theory, in 1922 I was pleased that my doctor’s thesis was accepted for publication by the Philosophical Magazine in England... By 1930 or so, the relative standings of The Physical Review and Philosophical Magazine were interchanged." Alfred Nier and John Van Vleck credited the rapid growth of the journal's size and influence in the 1920s to Tate's sensitivity to the importance of the emerging quantum revolution, in particular the rapidity with which he published papers relating to quantum phenomena. On the 1st of June 1936 Tate, as the editor of the Physical Review, received a submission from Einstein and Nathan Rosen. Tate sent the submission to H. P. Robertson, who made an anonymous critical peer review, questioning the basic conclusion of the paper. On the 23rd of July, Tate returned the submission with the anonymous review. On the 27th of July, Einstein replied: Dear Sir, We had sent you our manuscript for publication and had not authorized you to show it to specialists before it is printed.

I see no reason to address the—in any case erroneous—comments of your anonymous expert. On the basis of this incident I prefer to publish the paper elsewhere. Respectfully