Johann von Ewald was a German military officer from Hesse-Kassel. After first serving in the Seven Years' War, he was the commander of the Jäger corps of the Hessian Leib Infantry Regiment attached to British forces in the American Revolutionary War, he arrived with his troops, first serving in the Battle of White Plains in October 1776. He saw regular action until his capture at Yorktown in 1781. In 1788, he joined the Danish Army. Following his American war experiences, he wrote an Essay on Partisan Warfare, a read treatise on guerrilla warfare, he kept a journal during most of his time in North America that has since become a valuable resource for historians of the war. Johann Ewald was born in Kassel, the capital city of the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel, on 30 March 1744, his father Georg Heinrich Ewald was a bookkeeper, his mother, Katharina Elisabeth, was the daughter of a Kassel merchant. Both parents died while he was young, he was raised after their deaths by his grandmother. In an effort to dissuade the 14-year-old Ewald from a military career, he was taken to see the battlefield after the 23 July 1758 Battle of Sandershausen.
Ewald's response to the scene was "Oh, how happy are they who died for their country in such a way!" In 1760 Ewald enlisted in the Regiment Gilsa, was involved in combat. Serving first in the army of Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick, the regiment saw action at Corbach and Warburg before besieging Kassel in 1761 held by the French. Ewald was wounded during this siege in March 1761, was promoted to ensign for his bravery. Returning to action in June, his regiment saw further action in 1761 and 1762, notably at Wilhelmstal and the second Siege of Cassel in 1762. After the Seven Years' War ended, Ewald remained with the regiment, now reduced, he was transferred to the guards, where he was promoted to second lieutenant in 1766. In 1769 he was transferred to the Leib Regiment after the Landgrave, Frederick II, decreed that only nobles could serve in the guards. On 20 February 1770, after an evening of drinking, Ewald got into an argument with a friend. In the ensuing duel, Ewald was struck in the left eye, nearly died.
According to Ewald, the landgrave refused to punish him for this, saying "When a horse has run out of the stable, one closes the door". Ewald from on wore a glass eye that caused him some discomfort. Ewald enrolled in the Collegium Carolinum, where he studied economics; as a result of these studies, Ewald published his first treatise in 1774, dedicated to Frederick II: Gedanken eines hessischen Officiers über das, was man bey Führung eines Detaschements im Felde zu thun hat. Ewald was promoted to captain in 1774, the last promotion he would receive in the Kassel service. In late 1775 Frederick II signed an agreement with King George III of Great Britain to supply him with troops for use in North America in suppressing the rebellion that had broken out in the Thirteen Colonies; the troops supplied by Frederick included the Leib Regiment, Ewald arrived in New York City in October 1776. Sent forward to New Rochelle, his jäger company was given a lead position in the army of General William Howe, was first engaged in the 28 October Battle of White Plains.
His position in the advance became quite normal for his company, often engaged in skirmishes and the leading edges of battles. Ewald served with some distinction in the New Jersey and Philadelphia campaigns, where he was involved in battles at Mount Holly and Germantown. On the direction of General Charles Cornwallis, Ewald developed a plan of attack against a Continental Army position at Bound Brook, New Jersey in March 1777. In the April battle, the Continentals were surprised, their commander, Benjamin Lincoln, narrowly avoided capture. During the Philadelphia campaign, Ewald's jägers were involved in the Battle of Red Bank, they covered the retreat after the Hessian Brigadier General Carl von Donop's disastrous attempt to take the fort by assault was repulsed, killing Donop and a number of his officers, including some that Ewald considered friends. Ewald analyzed the debacle in his journal, pointing out that the garrison should not have been summoned to surrender, that the main thrust of the attack was misplaced.
Ewald's unit was involved in many of the minor engagements during the occupation of Philadelphia, was constantly engaging the Americans during the British march across New Jersey. Ewald noted of that march, "One can state that this march cost two thousand men." In 1779 Ewald's company was involved in British operations to capture key American defenses at Stony Point, New York. It was not involved in the American response, a raid by Brigadier General Anthony Wayne that captured more than half the British garrison. Most of 1779 was spent on guard duty, until December, when his unit requested by Generals Clinton and Cornwallis, was selected for the expedition to take Charleston, South Carolina, his company was again in the vanguard on the march from the landing place to the city. At one point he used a ruse to reconnoiter an enemy position on the Stono River. After waving his handkerchief, he approached an enemy outpost, inquired whether the unit, which he ascertained to be Pulaski's Legion, had a supposed acquaintance of his serving in it.
During the conversation he caref
Margaret Magill was a teacher and school principal from New Zealand. She was the first woman to serve as the head of the New Zealand Educational Institute and served on the Eastbourne Borough Council, as well as serving as Deputy Mayor for multiple terms, she lived with her lesbian partner and was part of a lesbian circle which included her sister and the sister's partner as well. Margaret Magill was born in 1888 and entered the Wellington Teacher's Training College in 1906, earning her teaching certificate in 1910, she began her career teaching in infant schools and became principal of Thorndon Normal School. During her time on the NZEI board, heated discussions over whether five-year-olds should be given education and whether normal schools should be closed, were debated. Magill, who felt early education was important, served on the executive of the Wellington branch of the New Zealand Free Kindergarten Association for 12 years. In 1926, Magill was elected to serve on the Executive Board of the New Zealand Educational Institute.
She became president in 1933, her election to that post marked the first time it had been held by a woman. In 1931, Magill was elected to serve on the Eastbourne City Council and became its Deputy Mayor in 1933, serving two terms, she was re-elected to the Deputy Mayor post in 1938. In 1940, she was appointed as a Justice of the Peace for Eastbourne, she remained on the NZEI's executive until January 1945, when she retired both as a teacher and board member, but continued her service on the Eastbourne Council for nearly 30 years. Magill, her younger sister Ada were both lesbian, they and their partners formed a small community in Eastbourne on Mahoe Street. Magill's partner, Mimie Wood, with whom she lived from 1920 until her death, was the accountant and secretary for the Royal Society of New Zealand for 42 years; the couple's home was located at her partner Molly Gore's home. Other members of their friendship circle included couples Daisy Isaacs and Amy Grace Kane, Rhoda Messenger and Dora Johnson.
Each of the ladies were members in either the Lyceum Club or the Pioneer Club, a feminist and temperance organization. Together they founded the East Harbour Women's Club in 1948, for which Magill served as president for the next 13 years. In addition to her club affiliations, Magill served on the executive board of the Red Cross, travelling to international conferences in support of their work, she was involved in the pacifist movement and was a strong supporter of disarmament. Magill was inducted as a member of the Order of the British Empire in 1957. Magill died in November 1962 and at the time of her death, only one other woman had served as president of NZEI
Rowland Allen Shaddick was an English cricketer active from 1946 to 1955 who played for Middlesex, Marylebone Cricket Club and Free Foresters. He was born in Clapton and died in Enfield, Middlesex. An amateur cricketer who worked as a doctor, Shaddick appeared in twenty first-class matches as a right-handed batsman who bowled off breaks, he scored 62 runs with a highest score of 12 not out and took 49 wickets with a best performance of 5 for 34 for Free Foresters against Oxford University in 1952. His most successful season was 1947 when he played nine matches and took 29 wickets at an average of 22.20, including 4 for 46 and 4 for 54 for Middlesex against Cambridge University. Rowland Shaddick at Cricinfo Rowland Shaddick at CricketArchive