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Johann Pachelbel

Johann Pachelbel was a German composer and teacher who brought the south German organ schools to their peak. He composed a large body of sacred and secular music, his contributions to the development of the chorale prelude and fugue have earned him a place among the most important composers of the middle Baroque era. Pachelbel's music enjoyed enormous popularity during his lifetime. Today, Pachelbel is best known for the Canon in D, as well as the Chaconne in F minor, the Toccata in E minor for organ, the Hexachordum Apollinis, a set of keyboard variations, he was influenced by southern German composers, such as Johann Jakob Froberger and Johann Caspar Kerll, Italians such as Girolamo Frescobaldi and Alessandro Poglietti, French composers, the composers of the Nuremberg tradition. He preferred a uncomplicated contrapuntal style that emphasized melodic and harmonic clarity, his music is less virtuosic and less adventurous harmonically than that of Dieterich Buxtehude, like Buxtehude, Pachelbel experimented with different ensembles and instrumental combinations in his chamber music and, most his vocal music, much of which features exceptionally rich instrumentation.

Pachelbel explored many variation forms and associated techniques, which manifest themselves in various diverse pieces, from sacred concertos to harpsichord suites. Johann Pachelbel was born in 1653 in Nuremberg into a middle-class family, son of Johann Pachelbel, a wine dealer, his second wife Anna Maria Mair; the exact date of Johann's birth is unknown, but since he was baptized on 1 September, he may have been born in late August. Among his many siblings was an older brother, Johann Matthäus, who served as Kantor in Feuchtwangen, near Nuremberg. During his early youth, Pachelbel received musical training from Heinrich Schwemmer, a musician and music teacher who became the cantor of St. Sebaldus Church; some sources indicate that Pachelbel studied with Georg Caspar Wecker, organist of the same church and an important composer of the Nuremberg school, but this is now considered unlikely. In any case, both Wecker and Schwemmer were trained by Johann Erasmus Kindermann, one of the founders of the Nuremberg musical tradition, at one time a pupil of Johann Staden.

Johann Mattheson, whose Grundlage einer Ehrenpforte is one of the most important sources of information about Pachelbel's life, mentions that the young Pachelbel demonstrated exceptional musical and academic abilities. He received his primary education in St. Lorenz Hauptschule and the Auditorio Aegediano in Nuremberg on 29 June 1669, he became a student at the University of Altdorf, where he was appointed organist of St. Lorenz church the same year. Financial difficulties forced Pachelbel to leave the university after less than a year. In order to complete his studies, he became a scholarship student, in 1670, at the Gymnasium Poeticum at Regensburg; the school authorities were so impressed by Pachelbel's academic qualifications that he was admitted above the school's normal quota. Pachelbel was permitted to study music outside the Gymnasium, his teacher was Kaspar Prentz, once a student of Johann Caspar Kerll. Since the latter was influenced by Italian composers such as Giacomo Carissimi, it is through Prentz that Pachelbel started developing an interest in contemporary Italian music, Catholic church music in general.

Prentz left for Eichstätt in 1672. This period of Pachelbel's life is the least documented one, so it is unknown whether he stayed in Regensburg until 1673 or left the same year his teacher did. At the time, Vienna had much cultural importance. Several renowned cosmopolitan composers worked there, many of them contributing to the exchange of musical traditions in Europe. In particular, Johann Jakob Froberger served as court organist in Vienna until 1657 and was succeeded by Alessandro Poglietti. Georg Muffat lived in the city for some time, most Johann Caspar Kerll moved to Vienna in 1673. While there, he may have known or taught Pachelbel, whose music shows traces of Kerll's style. Pachelbel spent five years in Vienna, absorbing the music of Catholic composers from southern Germany and Italy. In some respects, Pachelbel is similar to Haydn, who too served as a professional musician of the Stephansdom in his youth and as such was exposed to music of the leading composers of the time. In 1677, Pachelbel moved to Eisenach, where he found employment as court organist under Kapellmeister Daniel Eberlin, in the employ of Johann Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach.

He met members of the Bach family in Eisenach, became a close friend of Johann Ambrosius and tutor to his children. However, Pachelbel spent only one year in Eisenach. In 1678, Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Jena, Johann Georg's brother and during the period of mourning court musicians were curtailed. Pachelbel was left unemployed, he requested a testimonial from Eberlin, who wrote one for him, describing Pachelbel as a'perfect and rare virtuoso' – einen perfekten und raren Virtuosen. With this document, Pachelbel left Eisenach on 18 May 1678. In June 1678, Pachelbel was employed as organist of the Predigerkirche in Erfurt, succeeding Johann Effler (c. 1640–1711.

Sugar Ray Leonard vs. Thomas Hearns

Sugar Ray Leonard vs. Thomas Hearns, billed as "The Showdown", was a professional boxing match contested on September 16, 1981 for the WBA, WBC, The Ring and lineal welterweight titles. Sugar Ray Leonard won the WBC welterweight title with a fifteenth-round knockout of Wilfred Benítez in 1979, he lost it to Roberto Durán by a close decision in June 1980 and regained it five months in the infamous No Más Fight, in which Duran quit in the eighth round. In June 1981, Leonard moved up to the light-middleweight division for one fight, knocking out Ayub Kalule in nine rounds to win the WBA light-middleweight title. Hearns won the WBA welterweight title in 1980, scoring a second-round knockout of Jose'Pipino' Cuevas in Detroit, Michigan, he made three successful title defenses, stopping Luis Primera, Randy Shields, Pablo Baez. Promoted as "The Showdown" Leonard fought Hearns on September 16, 1981 at Caesar’s Palace in Las Vegas, NV to unify the world welterweight championship in a scheduled fifteen-rounder.

They fought before a worldwide TV audience of some 300 million. The fight began as Leonard boxing from a distance and Hearns stalking. Leonard had difficulty with Hearns' long reach and sharp jab. By the end of round five, Leonard had a growing swelling under his left eye, Hearns had built a considerable lead on the scorecards. Leonard, becoming more aggressive, hurt Hearns in the sixth with a left hook to the chin. Leonard battered Hearns in rounds six and seven. Hearns started to stick and move, he started to pile up points again; the roles reversed: Leonard became the stalker and Hearns became the boxer. Hearns won rounds nine through twelve on all three scorecards. Between rounds twelve and thirteen, Leonard's trainer, the legendary Angelo Dundee, said the now legendary words "You're blowing it now, son! You're blowing it!" Leonard, with a badly swollen left eye, came out roaring for the thirteenth round. After hurting Hearns with a right, Leonard exploded with a combination of punches and sent Hearns through the ropes.

Hearns was dropped again near the end of the round. In round fourteen, after staggering Hearns with an overhand right, Leonard pinned Hearns against the ropes, where he unleashed another furious combination, prompting referee Davey Pearl to stop the contest and award Sugar Ray Leonard the unified world welterweight championship. Hearns was leading by scores of 124-122, 125-122, 125-121. After the fight, there was controversy due to the scoring of rounds seven. Though Leonard dominated, hurting Hearns and battering him, all three judges gave both rounds to Leonard by a 10-9 margin. Many felt that the ten-point must scoring system was not properly used and those rounds should have been scored 10-8. While the 10-point must system is now regarded as the international standard for scoring combat sports, at the time the Nevada Athletic Commission had only adopted it for all fights it sanctioned; as such, judges used to scoring with older methods--such as the 5-point must system or round scoring--had little guidance as to whether or not a round could be scored 10-8 if it did not contain a knockdown.

Although to be fair, there were rounds for Hearns that could have been scored 10-8 as well that were not. There was some talk of the fight being ended sooner and for less reason than was usual for the era; the rematch, billed as "The War", would happen eight years June 12, 1989. Leonard and Hearns would fight to a draw with one judge scoring the fight 115–113 for Leonard, another judge scoring it 115–113 in favor of Hearns and the third scoring it at 112–112

Flag carrier

A flag carrier is a transportation company, such as an airline or shipping company, being locally registered in a given sovereign state, enjoys preferential rights or privileges accorded by the government for international operations. The term was used to refer to airlines owned by the government of their home country and associated with the national identity of that country; such an airline may be known as a national airline or a national carrier, although this can have different legal meanings in some countries. Today, the term may be used to refer to any international airline with a strong connection to its home country or that represents its home country internationally, regardless of whether it is government-owned. Flag carriers may be known as such due to laws requiring aircraft or ships to display the state flag of the country of their registry. For example, under the law of the United States, a U. S. flag air carrier is any airline that holds a certificate under Section 401 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958, any ship registered in the United States is known as a U.

S. flag vessel. The term "flag carrier" is a legacy of the time when countries established state-owned airline companies. Governments took the lead due to the high capital costs of establishing and running airlines. However, not all such airlines were government-owned. Most of these were considered to be flag carriers as they were the "main national airline" and a sign of their country's presence abroad; the regulated aviation industry meant aviation rights are negotiated between governments, denying airlines the right to an open market. These Bilateral Air Transport Agreements similar to the Bermuda I and Bermuda II agreements specify rights awardable only to locally registered airlines, forcing some governments to jump-start airlines to avoid being disadvantaged in the face of foreign competition; some countries establish flag carriers such as Israel's El Al or Lebanon's Middle East Airlines for nationalist reasons, or to aid the country's economy in the area of tourism. In many cases, governments would directly assist in the growth of their flag carriers through subsidies and other fiscal incentives.

The establishment of competitors in the form of other locally registered airlines may be prohibited, or regulated to avoid direct competition. Where run airlines may be allowed to be established, the flag carriers may still be accorded priority in the apportionment of aviation rights to local or international markets. In the last two decades, many of these airlines have since been corporatized as a public company or a state-owned enterprise, or privatized; the aviation industry has been deregulated and liberalized, permitting greater freedoms of the air in the United States and in the European Union with the signing of the Open Skies agreement. One of the features of such agreements is the right of a country to designate multiple airlines to serve international routes with the result that there is no single "flag carrier"; the chart below lists airlines considered to be a "flag carrier", based on current or former state ownership, or other verifiable designation as a national airline. International Air Transport Association US Maritime Administration

Government Secondary School, Afikpo

Government Secondary School, Afikpo is a boys' high school located in Afikpo, a town in Ebonyi State in the former Eastern Region of Nigeria, the part of Nigeria that attempted to secede as the independent state of Biafra in the late 1960s. The Nigerian Civil War was Nigeria's successful attempt to reintegrate Biafra forcibly into the larger Nigerian polity. GSSA was one of the best of the antebellum “leadership academies” of Nigeria until the war and its aftermath. GSSA was established in 1952 by Charles W. Low; the first Principal was Charles W. Low, an Australian GSSA was established as an elitist school; the school has continued to be one of the best secondary schools in Nigeria. All students are required to complete a number of core courses in the Sciences, its students achieved high scores in examination results at SSCE, O-Level and A-Level. Students of the school participate in athletics and sports like, hockey and football; the school has an Officer Cadet Corps that offers instruction in adventure training and field drills.

The various houses to which students are assigned upon admission are: Afikpo House Akabuogu House Charles Low House Ibiam House Ibi Mboto House Niger House Okpara House Ramat House School House The school's anthem was composed by Dr. Alex Osuji, an “aborigine” GSS AFIKPO,!! WE HAIL THEE EVER BRIGHT, AND PROMINENT, THE DESIRED YOUTH WHO SEEK, EMINENT WITH OUR TALENTS, THE DREAMS OF OUTSIDERS WHO SEEK, THOSE THAT FROM THEE WENT, pan-African philosopher Okwui Enwezor, scholar. Lieutenant Commander Lawrence Ewa, 1985 set. Naval officer based in Lagos Emmanuel Isu, formal gubernatorial aspirant Ebonyi state Anyaoha Samuel Ndubuisi, 1999 set Communication Engineer.

Malaysian Deaf Sports Association

Persatuan simply known as MSDeaf is the national governing body of deaf sports in Malaysia, formed in 1993. It is affiliated with the Comite International des Sports des Sourds since 1993. Despite its establishment in 1993, the sports council got recognition as the Deaf Sports Association of Malaysia from the government of Malaysia under the leadership of Najib Razak in 2018. On 5 April 2018, the Malaysian government recognised the Malaysian Deaf Sports Association as the sole national federation to deal with the deaf sports after passing the amendment of National Sports Development Act which got approved in the parliament; the minister of Ministry of Youth and Sports, Khairy Jamaluddin presented the amendment of the National Sports Development Act to the parliament, approved on 3 April, 2018. The Federation is responsible for sending the deaf sportspeople representing Malaysia at the Deaflympics since the 1993 Summer Deaflympics; the Malaysian Deaf Sports Association is responsible for sending their athletes to compete at the Asia Pacific Deaf Games and in other internationally recognised sports events which are in accordance with the rules and regulations of the International Committee of Sports for the Deaf.

Malaysia at the 2017 Summer Deaflympics

The Best of M People

The Best of M People is the first greatest hits album by English dance music band M People, released in 1998. The album contains seventeen tracks, including ten UK top 10 hits and three new songs: "Testify", "Dreaming" and a cover version of The Doobie Brothers' "What a Fool Believes". A limited edition was released, including a bonus live album with eight tracks recorded at the Later... with Jools Holland M People special, plus enhanced content. The album is now available in the United States through iTunes; the album has sold 1.1 million copies in the UK. There was an advanced sampler called Classic and a promotional version containing the same content as the bonus live disc but with more sound excerpts and full videos