John Banner was an Austrian-born American film and television actor. He is best known for his role as Master Sergeant Schultz in the situation comedy Hogan's Heroes. Schultz encountering evidence that the inmates of his stalag were planning mayhem feigned ignorance with the catchphrase, "I see nothing! I hear nothing! I know nothing!". Banner was born to Jewish parents in Austria-Hungary, he decided instead to become an actor. In 1938, when he was performing with an acting troupe in Switzerland, Adolf Hitler annexed Austria to Nazi Germany. Banner emigrated to the United States, where he learned English. In 1942, he enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces, underwent basic training in Atlantic City and became a supply sergeant, he posed for a recruiting poster. He served until 1945. According to fellow Hogan's Heroes actor Robert Clary, "John lost a lot of his family" to the Holocaust. Banner appeared on Broadway three times — in a musical revue called From Vienna, which ran for two months in 1939.
Early on, before he became fluent in English, he had to learn his lines phonetically. Banner appeared in over 40 feature films, his first credited role was a German captain in Once Upon a Honeymoon, starring Cary Grant and Ginger Rogers. He played a Gestapo agent in 20th Century Fox's Chetniks! The Fighting Guerrillas, his typecasting did not please him – he learned that his family members who had remained in Vienna all perished in Nazi concentration camps – but it was the only work he was offered. Banner made more than 70 television appearances between 1950 and 1970, including the Lone Ranger, Sky King, Queen of the Jungle, Adventures of Superman, Father Knows Best, Mister Ed, The Untouchables, My Sister Eileen, The Lucy Show, Perry Mason, The Partridge Family, Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, Alias Smith and Jones, The Man from U. N. C. L. E. and Hazel. In the late 1950s, a still slim Banner portrayed Peter Tchaikovsky's supervisor on a Disneyland anthology series about the composer's life; this followed a scene with fellow Hogan's Heroes actor Leon Askin as Nikolai Rubinstein.
In 1953, he had a bit part in the Kirk Douglas movie The Juggler as a witness of an attack on an Israeli policeman by a disturbed concentration camp survivor. In 1954, he had a regular role as Bavarro in Space Ranger. Two years he played a train conductor in the episode "Safe Conduct" of Alfred Hitchcock Presents, appearing with future co-star Werner Klemperer, who played a spy, he played Nazi villains in several films: the German town mayor in The Young Lions. The year before the premiere of Hogan's Heroes, Banner portrayed a soldier in the World War II German "home guard" in 36 Hours. Although it was a serious role in a war drama, Banner still displayed some of the affable nature that became the defining trait of the character he would create for television the following year. By coincidence, during the final moments of 36 Hours, John Banner's character meets up with a border guard played by Sig Ruman, who had portrayed another prisoner-of-war camp chief guard named Sergeant Schulz, in the 1953 film Stalag 17, starring William Holden.
The comedy series Hogan's Heroes, in which Banner played Sergeant Schultz, the role for which he is most remembered, debuted on the CBS Television Network in 1965. According to Banner, before he met and married his French wife Christine, he weighed 178 pounds; the character of Schultz is a bumbling, but lovable German guard at a World War II prisoner-of-war camp. The camp is used by the prisoners as a secret staging area for intelligence-gathering. Schultz is forever becoming indebted to the prisoners, his main goal is to avoid trouble from his superiors, which leads him to ignore the clandestine activities of the prisoners.. Banner was loved not only by the viewers, but by the cast, as recalled by cast members on the Hogan's Heroes DVD commentary; the Jewish Banner defended his character, "Schultz is not a Nazi. I see Schultz as the representative of some kind of goodness in any generation." Banner appeared in every episode of the series, which ran for six years. In 1968, during the run of the series, Banner co-starred with fellow Hogan's Heroes actors Werner Klemperer, Leon Askin and Bob Crane in the Cold War comedy The Wicked Dreams of Paula Schultz, starring Elke Sommer in the title role.
After Hogan's Heroes was cancelled in 1971, Banner starred as the inept gangster Uncle Latzi in a short-lived television situation comedy, The Chicago Teddy Bears. His last acting appearance was in the March 17, 197
Lekë III Dukagjini known as Lekë Dukagjini, was a mysterious member of the Dukagjini family about whom little is known and, thought to have been a 15th-century Albanian nobleman. A contemporary of Skanderbeg, Dukagjini is known for the Kanuni i Lekë Dukagjinit, a code of law instituted among the tribes of northern Albania, his name Lekë is an abbreviated version of Alexander. Lekë Dukagjini's place of birth is a village called Mirditë, Albania; until 1444 he was pronoier of Koja Zaharia. He took over the ruling of the county from his father Prince Pal Dukagjini in 1446, who appears to have died of apoplexy. Dukagjini fought under the command of Skanderbeg against the Ottomans during the last two years of the legendary war of Skanderbeg. During times of peace they fought against one another, as Albanian loyalties came and went during that period of their history. Lekë Dukagjini killed Lekë Zaharia Altisferi, prince of Dagnum; the two princes had been in dispute over. Irene was the only child of prince of Zadrima.
In 1445, the Albanian princes had been invited to the wedding of Skanderbeg's younger sister, being married to Muzaka Thopia. Irene entered hostilities began. Dukagjini asked Irene to marry him but Zaharia, saw this and assaulted Dukagjini; some princes attempted to stop the fight, but only more people became involved, resulting in several deaths until peace was established. Neither of the two antagonists had suffered any physical damage, but after the event Dukagjini was morally humiliated. Two years in 1447, in an act of revenge, Dukagjini ambushed and killed Zaharia; the death of Zaharia left his princedom with no successor, resulting in his mother handing the fortress over to Venetian Albania, a stretch of possessions of the Republic of Venice. When Skanderbeg tried to capture Dagnum in 1447 this began the Albanian–Venetian War. In March 1451 Lekë Dukagjini and Božidar Dushmani planned to attack Venetian controlled Drivast, their plot was discovered and Božidar was forced to flee into exile.
In 1459 Skanderbeg's forces captured the fortress of Sati from the Ottoman Empire and Skanderbeg ceded it to Venice in order to secure a cordial relationship with Signoria before he send his troops to Italy to help King Ferdinand to regain and maintain his kingdom after the death of king Alfonso V of Aragon. Before the Venetians took over the control of Sati, Skanderbeg captured it and surrounding area, driving Lekë Dukagjini and his forces away, because he was opposed to Skanderbeg and destroyed Sati before the Venetian takeover. Dukagjini continued to fight with limited success against the Ottoman Empire, carrying on as the leader of the Albanian resistance after the death of Skanderbeg, until 1479. At times his forces united with the Venetians with the blessing of the Pope; the Law of Lek Dukagjini was named after Lekë Dukagjini who codified the customary laws of the Albanian highlands. Although researchers of history and customs of Albania refer to Gjeçovi's text of the Kanuni as the only existing version, uncontested and written by Lekë Dukagjini, it was incorrect.
The text of the Kanuni contested and with many different interpretations which evolved since 15th century, was only named after Dukagjini. Whilst identifying Skanderbeg as the "dragon prince" who dared to fight against any foe, chronicles portray Dukagjini as the "angel prince" who, with dignity and wisdom, ensured the continuity of the Albanian identity; the set of laws were active in practice for a long time, but it was not gathered and codified until the late 19th century by Shtjefën Gjeçovi. The most infamous laws of Kanuni are those regulating blood feuds. Blood feuds have started once again in northern Albania after the fall of communism in the early 1990s, having been outlawed for many years during the regime of Enver Hoxha, contained by the closed borders. Dukagjini's military success against the Ottomans was never successful. Loyalties wavered, splintered, betrayals were common, Albania fell into complete submission to the Ottomans by the end of the 15th century. Overshadowed by the legend of Skanderbeg, Dukagjini is most well known for the set of laws ruling the highlands of northern Albania, known as the Kanun of Lekë Dukagjini
Iruttu Araiyil Murattu Kuthu is a 2018 Indian Tamil language adult comedy horror film and directed by Santhosh P. Jayakumar and produced by K. E. Gnanavel Raja; the film stars Gautham Karthik, VJ Sha Ra, Yashika Aannand, Vaibhavi Shandilya, Chandrika Ravi in the lead roles, with Rajendran, Bala Saravanan, John Vijay, Jangiri Madhumitha playing supporting roles. The music was composed by Balamurali Balu with cinematography by Ballu and editing by Prasanna GK; the film is being remade in Telugu as Chikati Gadilo Chitha Kottudu and was theatrically released in India on March 21, 2019. Veera is a playboy, rejected by every potential bride because of that reason. Thendral accepts his marriage proposal with one condition, she demands that he impress her and asks him to take her on a trip in order to know each other better. She suggests him to bring along another couple. Veera informs his friend Vasu, who tells him that he has a girlfriend named Kavya, Veera's ex-girlfriend; when Kavya learns about Vasu's friendship with Veera, she vows to get her hands on him during the trip.
The couple travels to Thailand and rents a bungalow. Their host asks them not to go into a particular room in that bungalow. One day and Vasu consume Viagra by accident, when their girlfriends arrive earlier than expected, they run into the closed room to hide their arousal. There, they find a portrait of a masturbate, thereby arousing the ghost; the ghost begins to haunt them. She reveals that she died in an accident as a virgin and will have sex with a virgin to rest her soul. Since both of them are virgins, they are unable to leave the house; the ghost fails. They make fun of the ghost, but all their plans go in vain as she takes the form of a beautiful woman. Since the ladies know that the ghost is present, they call Jack and Rose, two conmen disguised as father and nun, respectively; when Jack and Rose encounter the ghost, they too are trapped. For pacifying the ghost, they hire a cook named Babyshri. There, Babyshri falls in love with Jack. From somewhere, another virgin man named Girish Kalyan gets trapped in the house.
To execute the plan, they come up with a plan to have a party in which they invite boys and girls, hoping that one of them should be a virgin, but no one is. Veera thinks that his playboy nature is responsible for all this fiasco and decides to have sex with the ghost. Veera seduces the ghost, but in the process puts a fire boundary around the ghost on the advice of a Buddhist priest named Swamy. While Swamy controls the ghost, all the others have sex and lose their virginity, which, in turn, results in the ghost getting killed. While taming the ghost, it is revealed that Girish are homosexual men. Following the success of the adult comedy Hara Hara Mahadevaki, K. E. Gnanavel Raja chose to associate with director Santhosh P. Jayakumar and actor Gautham Karthik for another film in the same genre. Titled Iruttu Araiyil Murattu Kuththu, Santhosh stated it would be one of the first "adult horror comedy" films shot in the Tamil film industry. Production was delayed due to the FEFSI strike in September 2017, but it duly began that month.
The makers attempted to cast Oviya in a lead role, following her rise to fame through the reality show Bigg Boss, but she turned down the offer. Vaibhavi Shandilya was subsequently cast as the lead actress and began shooting for the film in Chennai for a five-day schedule; the team moved to Thailand to shoot the rest of the film. Actresses Rashmi Gautham and Chandrika Ravi joined the team during the Thailand schedule, with Rashmi replaced by Yaashika Aanand; the soundtrack was composed by Balamurali Balu in his second collaboration with actor Gautham Karthik. Iruttu Araiyil Murattu Kuththu received positive reviews from youth and become commercial successful venture. Tamil Nadu theatrical rights of the film were sold for ₹5.25 crore. Iruttu Araiyil Murattu Kuththu on IMDb
The Descent of Mary is a minor work of the New Testament apocrypha, only known through mention in the Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis, who gives a short passage. Epiphanius attributes the tale to the Gnostics; the excerpt purports to be the story about the death of Zechariah, the father of John the Baptist, supposed to have seen a vision of a man "in the form of an ass" while burning incense in the temple. When he emerges, he is unable to speak at first, but when he is able to relate the vision, those about him kill him; the story is consonant with other Gnostic writings and depiction of Gnostic thought in the writings of Origen, as well as with the Gospel of James. Scholars have suggested a 2nd-century date to the text. Schneemelcher, Wilhelm. New Testament Apocrypha: Gospels and Related Writings. I. Westminster John Knox Press. Pp. 395–396
Barlow's law was an incorrect physical law proposed by Peter Barlow in 1825 to describe the ability of wires to conduct electricity. It said that the strength of the effect of electricity passing through a wire varies inversely with the square root of its length and directly with the square root of its cross-sectional area, or, in modern terminology: I ∝ A L where I is electric current, A is the cross-sectional area of the wire, L is the length of the wire. Barlow formulated his law in terms of the diameter d of a cylindrical wire. Since A is proportional to the square of d the law becomes I ∝ d L for cylindrical wires. Barlow undertook his experiments with the aim of determining whether long-distance telegraphy was feasible, believed he proved that it was not; the publication of Barlow's law delayed research into telegraphy for several years, until 1831 when Joseph Henry and Philip Ten Eyck constructed a circuit 1,060 feet long, which used a large battery to activate an electromagnet. Barlow did not investigate the dependence of the current strength on electric tension.
He endeavoured to keep this constant. In 1827, Georg Ohm published a different law in which current varies inversely with the wire's length, not its square root. Ohm's law is now considered Barlow's false; the law Barlow proposed was not in error due to poor measurement. Heinrich Lenz pointed out that Ohm took into account "all the conducting resistances…of the circuit" whereas Barlow did not. Ohm explicitly included a term for. Barlow approximated the results with a power law instead. Ohm's law in modern usage is stated with this explicit term but an awareness of it is necessary for a full understanding of the current in a circuit
Africa Fighting Malaria is an NGO based in Washington D. C. United States and South Africa which states it "seeks to educate people about the scourge of Malaria and the political economy of malaria control"; the organization "promotes market based solutions and economic freedom as the best ways to ensure improved welfare and longer life expectancy in poor countries", according to their financial statement. Founded in 2000 during the Stockholm Negotiations on Persistent Organic Pollutants, AFM's original focus was the promotion of a public health exemption for the insecticide DDT for malaria control. According to their current website, their mission is to "make malaria control more transparent and effective by holding public institutions accountable for funding and implementing effective and country-driven malaria control policies." According to IRS filings, the organization spends money on executive compensation, with no program expenses of any kind. It has been described as a front group established to discredit environmentalists.
In documents obtained during state litigation against tobacco companies, founder Roger Bate described the organization's purpose as part of a larger strategy to portray first-world environmentalists as unconcerned with Black Africans. Official website