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John Conyers

John James Conyers Jr. was an American politician of the Democratic Party who served as a U. S. Representative for Michigan from 1965 to 2017; the districts he represented always included part of western Detroit. During his final three terms, his district included many of Detroit's western suburbs, as well as a large portion of the Downriver area. Conyers served more than 50 years in Congress, becoming the sixth-longest serving member of Congress in U. S. history. Conyers was the Dean of the House of Representatives. By the end of his last term, he was the last remaining member of Congress who had served since the presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson. After serving in the Korean War, Conyers became active in the civil rights movement, he served as an aide to Congressman John Dingell before winning election to the House in 1964. He co-founded the Congressional Black Caucus in 1969 and established a reputation as one of the most liberal members of Congress. Conyers joined the Congressional Progressive Caucus after it was founded in 1991.

Conyers supported creation of a single-payer healthcare system and sponsored the United States National Health Care Act. He sponsored a bill to establish Martin Luther King Jr. Day as a federal holiday. Conyers ran for Mayor of Detroit in 1989 and 1993. Conyers served as the ranking Democratic member on the House Committee on the Judiciary from 1995 to 2007 and again from 2011 to 2017, he served as chairman of that committee from 2007 to 2011 and as Chairman of the House Oversight Committee from 1989 to 1995. In the wake of allegations that he had sexually harassed female staff members and secretly used taxpayer money to settle a harassment claim, Conyers announced his resignation from Congress on December 5, 2017. Conyers was born in Highland Park and grew up in Detroit, the son of Lucille Janice and John James Conyers, a labor leader. Among his siblings was younger brother William Conyers. After graduating from Northwestern High School, Conyers served in the Michigan National Guard from 1948 to 1950.

S. Army from 1950 to 1954. S. Army Reserves from 1954 to 1957. Conyers served for a year in Korea during the Korean War as an officer in the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers and was awarded combat and merit citations. After his active military service, Conyers pursued a college education, he earned both his B. A. and LL. B. degrees from Wayne State University. After he was admitted to the bar, he worked on the staff of Congressman John Dingell, he served as counsel to several Detroit-area labor union locals. From 1961 to 1963, he was a referee for Michigan's workmen's compensation department. Conyers became one of the leaders of the civil rights movement, he was present in Selma, Alabama, on October 7, 1963, for the voter registration drive known as Freedom Day. In 1964, Conyers ran for an open seat in what was the 1st District, defeated Republican Robert Blackwell with 84% of the vote, he was reelected 13 times with larger margins. After the 1990 United States Census, Michigan lost a congressional district, there was redistricting.

Conyers's district was renumbered as the 14th district. In 1992, Conyers won re-election to his 15th term in his new district, which included western suburbs of Detroit, with 82% of the vote against Republican nominee John Gordon, he won re-election another nine times after that. His worst re-election performance was in 2010, when he got 77% of the vote against Republican nominee Don Ukrainec. In 2013, his district was renamed as the 13th district. In total, Conyers was serving in his twenty-sixth term, he was the dean of the House as longest-serving current member, the third longest-serving member of the House in history, the sixth longest-serving member of Congress in history. He was the second-longest serving member of either house of Congress in Michigan's history, trailing only his former boss, Dingell, he was the last member of the large Democratic freshman class of 1964, still serving in the House. In May 2014, Wayne County Clerk Cathy Garrett determined that Conyers had not submitted enough valid nominating petition signatures to appear on the August 2014 Primary Election ballot.

Two of his workers circulating petitions were not themselves registered voters at the time, required under Michigan law. But on May 23, Federal District Judge Matthew Leitman issued an injunction placing Conyers back on the ballot, ruling that the requirement that circulators be registered voters was similar to an Ohio law, found unconstitutional in 2008 by a Federal appeals court; the Michigan Secretary of State's office subsequently announced. Conyers was one of the 13 founding members of the Congressional Black Caucus and was considered the Dean of that group. Formed in 1969, the CBC was founded to strengthen African-American lawmakers' ability to address the legislative concerns of Black and minority citizens, he served longer in Congress than any other African American. In 1971, he was one of the original members of Nixon's Enemies List. In 1965, Conyers won a seat as a freshman on the influential Judiciary Committee, chaired by Democratic Congressman Emanuel Celler of New York; the assignment was considered an elite one, as Judiciary ranked behind only Ways and Means and Appropriations in terms of the number of Members who sought assignment there.

According to the National Journal, Conyers has been considered, with Pete Stark, John Lewis, Jim McDermott, Barbara Lee, to be one of the most liberal members of Congress for many years. Rosa Parks, known for her prominent role in the Montgomery, Alabama b

St Barth Commuter

St Barth Commuter is a French airline based in Saint-Barthélemy in the Caribbean. The airline was founded in 1995 and began services to Saint Maarten with a single Britten-Norman BN2A Islander. In 2005 the fleet was increased and added new routes to San Juan, Puerto Rico and the French side of Saint Martin, Marigot; the airline is wholly owned by Bruno Magras. The airline St Barth Commuter flies to the following destinations: The airline has scheduled flights to other islands in the Caribbean. St Barth Commuter does charter flights to multiple other islands in the region; the St Barth Commuter fleet consists of the following aircraft as of January 2018: Official Site

Michigan's 5th congressional district

Michigan's 5th congressional district is a United States congressional district in the Lower Peninsula of Michigan. It is a industrial area, with Arenac County, Iosco County, Tuscola County being the main exceptions. From 2003 to 2013 it encompassed much of the area south of Saginaw Bay, it consisted of all of Tuscola and Genesee counties and the southeast portion of Bay and the eastern portion of Saginaw counties in the eastern-central portion of the state during that time. The district was extended into the upper mitt for the 2012 redistricting and most of Tuscola County was cut out; the seat of the district is occupied by Democrat Dan Kildee. His uncle, Dale Kildee represented the district. From 1873 to 1993, the 5th was based in the Grand Rapids area of Western Michigan, its most notable occupant was Gerald Ford, who in 1974 became the 38th President of the United States upon the resignation of Richard Nixon, at the height of the infamous Watergate Scandal. From 1993 to 2003, it was drawn as a district including Bay City and the Thumb.

Flint Saginaw Bay City Flint Township Burton Grand Blanc Grand Blanc Township Fenton Fenton Township Buena Vista Township Vassar Vienna Township Montrose Township Swartz Creek Gaines Clayton Township Davison Davison Township Flushing Flushing Township Mount Morris Mount Morris Township Essexville Hampton Township The following is a list of all occupants of the congressional seat since the district was created at the start of the 38th Congress As of July 2019, there are two living members. The most recent representative to die was Gerald Ford on December 26, 2006; the most serving representative to die was Paul B. Henry on July 31, 1993. Michigan's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present Govtrack.us for the 7th District - Lists current Senators and representative, map showing district outline The Political graveyard: U.

S. Representatives from Michigan, 1807-2003 U. S. Representatives 1837-2003, Michigan Manual 2003-2004

Werner Schaaphok

Werner Schaaphok is a former German-Dutch footballer, who during his career played for Ajax, Blauw-Wit, AGOVV and the Chicago Mustangs. Schaaphok was born during the Second World War in Berlin to two German parents, his original last name was Glanz. His parents divorced, his mother remarried to a Dutchman whose last name was Schaaphok, together they moved to Amsterdam. Werner took on the last name of his stepfather while maintaining German citizenship. Werner Schaaphok made his debut in the starting XI for Ajax in 1959, he went on to play in 148 league matches for Ajax, making it into the Club of 100 of the Amsterdam side. Sidelined by an injury for two weeks during the 1964–1965 Eredivisie season, Werner lost his starting position in the team under newly appointed coach Rinus Michels, to Frits Soetekouw; the teams performance improved under Rinus Michels, Werner Schaaphok received no more playing time. The other defenders on the team did not get injured, Schaaphok found himself as a reserve player on the bench.

Schaaphok was subsequently loaned to Blauw-Wit, where his former coach Keith Spurgoen was the current manager. After playing one season with the Blauw-Wit side from Amsterdam, he moved to AGOVV on another loan basis for a season, where again his former manager Spurgoen had transferred to. After his second loan spell, he was sold to the Chicago Mustangs, for the amount of US$22,500 (then ƒ81.000. He played for the Mustangs for one season, before his Wife got homesick, he returned home to the Netherlands. Back in the Netherlands, he tried to sign with local Amsterdam side DWS, but the club was unable to come to terms with his former club the Chicago Mustangs, where he was still under contract, he played a few matches at amateur level with VVA/Spartaan, but was banned from professional football for two years by FIFA in 1969 due to the breach of his contract. This led to his retirement. Werner Schaaphok was called up to play for the Dutch national team, but was unable to play, since he had never obtained Dutch citizenship.

His reason for not becoming a naturalized citizen in the Netherlands, was due to the impending Dutch national service, as Werner did not want to serve in the military. Ajax Eredivisie: 1959–60 KNVB Cup: 1960–61 Intertoto Cup: 1961–62

Castaic Lake

Castaic Lake is a reservoir formed by Castaic Dam on Castaic Creek, in the Sierra Pelona Mountains of northwestern Los Angeles County, United States, near the town of Castaic. The California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment has issued a safe advisory for any fish caught in Castaic Lake and Castaic Lagoon due to elevated levels of mercury and PCBs; the 320,000 acre⋅ft lake, with a surface elevation of 1,500 feet above sea level, is the terminus of the West Branch California Aqueduct, though some comes from the 154 square miles Castaic Creek watershed above the dam. Castaic Lake is bisected by the Elderberry Forebay Dam, which creates the adjacent Elderberry Forebay; the aqueduct water comes from Pyramid Lake through the Angeles Tunnel and is used to power Castaic Power Plant, a pumped-storage hydroelectric facility on the northern end of the forebay. Water is powering the turbines, rather than being pumped by them. Castaic Lake is part of the Castaic Lake State Recreation Area.

Primary access is via Interstate 5 at exits 176B at the town of Castaic. Water from the lake is distributed throughout the northern portion of the Greater Los Angeles Area; some water is released into Castaic Lagoon below the dam, to maintain its water level for recreation. Castic Lagoon drains into Castaic Creek, which flows south until it meets the Santa Clara River, a few miles west of Santa Clarita. Castaic Lake has a lower lagoon with a swim beach, open from Memorial Day weekend to Labor Day weekend annually; this lake offers bass fishing in the upper and lower lake year-round and float tube fishing in the lower lake. Castaic Lake was one of the main filming locations for the Mighty Morphin Power Rangers series. Many of the action scenes were recorded here. Castaic Lake was the starting point for The Amazing Race 26 on November 12, 2014. NBC's Fear Factor was shot there. List of dams and reservoirs in California List of lakes in California List of largest reservoirs of California "Dams Within the Jurisdiction of the State of California".

California Department of Water Resources, Division of Safety of Dams. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved December 3, 2012. Castaic Lake State Recreation Area "California Public Utilities Commission"

Gospel of Judas

The Gospel of Judas is a Gnostic gospel whose content consists of conversations between Jesus and Judas Iscariot. It is thought to have been composed in the second century by Gnostic Christians, not by Judas, since it contains late-2nd-century theology; the only copy of it known to exist is a Coptic language text, carbon dated to AD 280, plus or minus 60 years. It has been suggested. A translation of the text was first published in early 2006 by the National Geographic Society. In contrast to the canonical gospels, which paint Judas as a betrayer who delivered Jesus to the authorities for crucifixion in exchange for money, the Gospel of Judas portrays Judas's actions as done in obedience to instructions given to him by Jesus of Nazareth, it asserts that the other disciples had not learned the true Gospel, which Jesus taught only to Judas Iscariot, the sole follower belonging to the "holy generation" among the disciples. A leather-bound Coptic language papyrus document that surfaced during the 1970s, near Beni Masar, was named the Codex Tchacos after an antiquities dealer, Frieda Nussberger-Tchacos, who became concerned about the deteriorating condition of the manuscript.

First translated in the early 2000s, the codex contains text that appears to be from the late 2nd century, includes the self-titled "Gospel of Judas." which relates the story of Jesus's death from the viewpoint of Judas. The manuscript was radiocarbon dated, described by the National Geographic as showing a date between AD 220-340. Today the manuscript is in over a thousand pieces, with many sections missing due to poor handling and storage; some passages are only scattered words. According to Coptic scholar Rodolphe Kasser, the codex contained 31 pages, with writing on both sides, it is speculated that individual pages had been sold. It has been speculated, on the basis of textual analysis concerning features of dialect and Greek loan words, that the Coptic text contained in the codex may be a translation from an older Greek manuscript dating, at the earliest, to AD 130–170. Cited in support is the reference to a “Gospel of Judas” by the early Christian writer Irenaeus of Lyons, who, in arguing against Gnosticism, called the text a "fictitious history".

However, it is uncertain whether the text mentioned by Irenaeus is in fact the same text as the Coptic “Gospel of Judas” found in the Codex Tchacos. The Gospel of Judas consists of 16 chapters which document Jesus's teaching about spiritual matters and cosmology. According to the text, Judas is the only one of Jesus's disciples who understands the words of his master; this Gospel contains few narrative elements. The Gospel contains ideas; the author says that God is a "luminous cloud of light" who exists in an imperishable realm. Adamas, the spiritual father of all humanity, was created in God's image and dwelled in the imperishable realm. At the beginning of time, God created a group of lower gods. Twelve angels were willed to "come into being rule over chaos and the "; the angels of creation were tasked with creating a physical body for Adamas, which became known as the first man Adam. Humanity began to forget its divine origins and some of Adam's descendants became embroiled in the world's first murder.

Many humans came to think that the imperfect physical universe was the totality of creation, losing their knowledge of God and the imperishable realm. Jesus was sent as the Son of the true God, not of one of the lesser gods, his mission was to show. Through embracing the internal God, the man can return to the imperishable realm. Eleven of the disciples Jesus chose to spread his message misunderstood the central tenets of his teaching, they were obsessed with the physical world of the senses. The author says that they continued to practise religious animal sacrifice, which pleased the lower gods but did not help to foster a connection with the true God, they wrongly taught. In contrast, Jesus is able to teach Judas the true meaning of his life and death. Mankind can be divided into groups; those who are furnished with the immortal soul, like Judas, can come to know the God within and enter the imperishable realm when they die. Those who belong to the same generation of the other eleven disciples cannot enter the realm of God and will die both spiritually and physically at the end of their lives.

As practices that are intertwined with the physical world, animal sacrifice and a communion ceremony centered around "cannibalism" are condemned as abhorrent. The other Gospels say; the author of Judas expresses the view that this sort of substitutionary justice pleases the lower gods and angels. The true God is gracious and thus does not demand any sacrifice. Amy-Jill Levine, professor of New Testament Studies at Vanderbilt University Divinity School, was on the team of scholars responsible for unveiling the work, she said that the Gospel of Judas contains no new historical information concerning Judas. Historians Elaine Pagels and Karen Leigh King argue that a more nuanced, contextualized understanding of alternative interpretations of the Christian tradition should inform discussions of Gnosticism. In the centuries following Je