John Dryden was an English poet, literary critic and playwright, made England's first Poet Laureate in 1668. He is seen as dominating the literary life of Restoration England to such a point that the period came to be known in literary circles as the Age of Dryden. Romanticist writer Sir Walter Scott called him "Glorious John". Dryden was born in the village rectory of Aldwincle near Thrapston in Northamptonshire, where his maternal grandfather was rector of All Saints, he was the eldest of fourteen children born to Erasmus Dryden and wife Mary Pickering, paternal grandson of Sir Erasmus Dryden, 1st Baronet, wife Frances Wilkes, Puritan landowning gentry who supported the Puritan cause and Parliament. He was a second cousin once removed of Jonathan Swift; as a boy, Dryden lived in the nearby village of Titchmarsh, where it is that he received his first education. In 1644 he was sent to Westminster School as a King's Scholar where his headmaster was Dr. Richard Busby, a charismatic teacher and severe disciplinarian.
Having been re-founded by Elizabeth I, Westminster during this period embraced a different religious and political spirit encouraging royalism and high Anglicanism. Whatever Dryden's response to this was, he respected the headmaster and would send two of his sons to school at Westminster; as a humanist public school, Westminster maintained a curriculum which trained pupils in the art of rhetoric and the presentation of arguments for both sides of a given issue. This is a skill which would remain with Dryden and influence his writing and thinking, as much of it displays these dialectical patterns; the Westminster curriculum included weekly translation assignments which developed Dryden's capacity for assimilation. This was to be exhibited in his works, his years at Westminster were not uneventful, his first published poem, an elegy with a strong royalist feel on the death of his schoolmate Henry, Lord Hastings from smallpox, alludes to the execution of King Charles I, which took place on 30 January 1649 near the school where Dr. Busby had first prayed for the King and locked in his schoolboys to prevent their attending the spectacle.
In 1650 Dryden went up to Cambridge. Here he would have experienced a return to the religious and political ethos of his childhood: the Master of Trinity was a Puritan preacher by the name of Thomas Hill, a rector in Dryden's home village. Though there is little specific information on Dryden's undergraduate years, he would most have followed the standard curriculum of classics and mathematics. In 1654 he obtained his BA. In June of the same year Dryden's father died, leaving him some land which generated a little income, but not enough to live on. Returning to London during the Protectorate, Dryden obtained work with Oliver Cromwell's Secretary of State, John Thurloe; this appointment may have been the result of influence exercised on his behalf by his cousin the Lord Chamberlain, Sir Gilbert Pickering. At Cromwell's funeral on 23 November 1658 Dryden processed with the Puritan poets John Milton and Andrew Marvell. Shortly thereafter he published his first important poem, Heroic Stanzas, a eulogy on Cromwell's death, cautious and prudent in its emotional display.
In 1660 Dryden celebrated the Restoration of the monarchy and the return of Charles II with Astraea Redux, an authentic royalist panegyric. In this work the interregnum is illustrated as a time of anarchy, Charles is seen as the restorer of peace and order. After the Restoration, as Dryden established himself as the leading poet and literary critic of his day, he transferred his allegiances to the new government. Along with Astraea Redux, Dryden welcomed the new regime with two more panegyrics: To His Sacred Majesty: A Panegyric on his Coronation and To My Lord Chancellor; these poems suggest that Dryden was looking to court a possible patron, but he was to instead make a living in writing for publishers, not for the aristocracy, thus for the reading public. These, his other nondramatic poems, are occasional—that is, they celebrate public events, thus they are written for the nation rather than the self, the Poet Laureate is obliged to write a certain number of these per annum. In November 1662 Dryden was proposed for membership in the Royal Society, he was elected an early fellow.
However, Dryden was inactive in Society affairs and in 1666 was expelled for non-payment of his dues. On 1 December 1663 Dryden married the royalist sister of Sir Robert Howard—Lady Elizabeth. Dryden's works contain outbursts against the married state but celebrations of the same. Thus, little is known of the intimate side of his marriage. Lady Elizabeth outlived her husband. With the reopening of the theatres in 1660 after the Puritan ban, Dryden began writing plays, his first play The Wild Gallant appeared in 1663, was not successful, but was still promising, from 1668 on he was contracted to produce three plays a year for the King's Company in which he became a shareholder. During the 1660s and 1670s, theatrical writing was his main source of income, he led the way in Restoration comedy, his best-known work being Marriage à la Mode, as well as heroic tragedy and regular tragedy, in which his greatest success was All for Love. Dryden was never satisfied with his theatrical writings and suggested that his talents were wasted on unworthy audiences.
He thus was making a bid for poetic fame off-stage. In 1667, around the same time his dramatic career began, he published Annus Mirabilis, a lengthy his
Franz Volhard was a German internist born in Munich. He studied medicine at the universities of Bonn and Halle; as a student his instructors included Eduard Friedrich Wilhelm Pflüger, Bernhard Naunyn, Oswald Schmiedeberg, Joseph von Mering. From 1897 to 1905 he worked at the university medical clinic at Giessen under Franz Riegel. In 1905 he became head of the medical department at the city hospital in Dortmund, in 1908 was named director of the Krankenanstalt in Mannheim. Afterwards, he served as a professor at the universities of Frankfurt. Volhard made several important contributions in the fields of nephrology, he is remembered for his collaborative work with pathologist Karl Theodor Fahr in Mannheim, where the two men carried out research of kidney diseases. The two physicians created a classification system of renal disorders, making the differentiation between degenerative and arteriosclerotic diseases. With Fahr, he published a classic monograph on Bright's disease called Die Bright'sche Nierenkrankheit, Pathologie und Atlas.
Volhard recognized that constrictive pericarditis was a treatable condition, as a result of his research with Viktor Schmieden, it led to the first pericardectomy for constrictive pericarditis. Volhard performed extensive studies involving renovascular hypertension and uremia. Regarding uremia, he divided associated symptoms into two criteria called "true uremia" and "pseudo-uremia". Pseudo-uremia was described as having symptoms of independent origin, such as cases involving elevated arterial blood pressure. In 1903, Volhard was credited with the discovery of lipase in the kidney, he developed a method of preserving cardiac specimens via a process of dehydration and the application of hot paraffin. In 1917, he joined the German Fatherland Party. In Berlin the "Franz-Volhard-Klinik" is named in his honor. Charite-Buch "Personal and Historical Perspectives" Hypertension, Vol 22, No. 2, August 1993, 253-256: Friedrich C. Luft and Rainier Dietz Franz Volhard @ Who Named It
The 2008 Delaware gubernatorial election took place on November 4, 2008, coinciding with the United States presidential election. Democratic state Treasurer Jack Markell defeated republican William Swain Lee in a landslide, succeeding incumbent Ruth Ann Minner a Democrat, prevented from running for a third term; as of 2008, Democrats had controlled the Delaware governorship for 16 years. In an upset, state Treasurer Jack Markell defeated Lieutenant Governor John Carney by 51 to 49% for the Democratic nomination on September 9; the Republican nominee was former state Superior Court Judge William Swain "Bill" Lee, defeating airline pilot Michael Protrack. Lee was the Republican nominee for governor in 2004, lost to Minner by a narrow margin; the race received more attention with the potential elevation of U. S. Senator Joe Biden as Barack Obama's choice as his Vice President of the United States. Election of a Republican governor would assist the party by proxy gaining an additional seat in the US Senate.
Senator Biden resigned his seat in the United States Senate on January 15, 2009, Ted Kaufman was appointed by Governor Minner to the vacant seat. Kaufman had served as Senator Biden's Chief of Staff during his tenure in the United States Senate. John Carney, Lieutenant Governor of Delaware Jack Markell, Delaware State Treasurer William Swain Lee, former Delaware Superior Court justice and nominee for governor in 2004 Michael Protack, airline pilot Jeffrey Brown and party founder Delaware gubernatorial election, 2004 Sarah McBride, a Markell staffer Delaware Commissioner of Elections Delaware Governor candidates at Project Vote Smart Delaware Governor race from OurCampaigns.com Delaware Governor race from 2008 Race Tracker Campaign contributions from Follow the Money Official campaign websites John Carney, Democratic candidate Bill Lee, Republican candidate Jack Markell, Democratic candidate
High Knob is the peak of Stone Mountain, that forms part of the border between Scott County and Wise County, near the city of Norton that rises to 4,223 feet above mean sea level. High Knob is found on the western front range of the Appalachian Mountains, along the mountainous southeastern edge of the Cumberland Plateau of Southwest Virginia, it is unique to Virginia in containing both Appalachian Ridge and Valley topography. High Knob stretches across portions of southern Wise County, northern Scott County, the northeastern tip of Lee County, it is a significant physical features in Virginia and is among the widest singular mountains in the southern Appalachians, being locally greater than 13 miles wide from base to base and more than 26 miles long. It represents the "pivot point" of the Cumberland Mountain Overthrust Block.. Although some 1,000 to 1,500 feet lower in elevation than the Mount Rogers highcountry to the east, the terrain surrounding the High Knob of Stone Mountain forms a true highcountry with respect to the western slopes of the Appalachians in Virginia.
The area around High Knob is dominant structural feature of the Powell Valley Anticline of the Cumberland Mountain Overthrust Block. With its adjoining faults, this region possesses the greatest concentration of significant caves in Virginia; the summit of High Knob in particular exerts a significant impact upon the climate of Southwest Virginia and surrounding areas, being one of the rainiest and snowiest locations in both Virginia and the southern Appalachians. This orographically forced climate has, through the vastness of time, worked in intimate union with the geology and topography to create a richly diverse landscape possessing vast biological diversity. High Knob unofficially holds the record for the most snow measured in Virginia during a single season, with 200.5 inches during the 1995–96 winter. During a typical year, 60.0 inches to 70.0 inches of total precipitation falls across the area, to make it one of the wettest areas north of the Great Smokies, the wettest in Virginia for which there are available records.
Significant additional moisture contributions occur from fog drip off trees and rime deposition on trees, with many days during the year being spent amid orographic feeder butts that cap its upper elevations. On a clear day, four other states can be seen from the summit: West Virginia, Tennessee and North Carolina. At its peak stood one of the few remaining fire towers of the Appalachian Mountains. Built in 1938–39 by the Civilian Conservation Corps, the original structure was a 14' × 14' wooden house; the replacement lookout, a three-story structure, was built by the Flatwoods Job Corps in 1978–79. High Knob's fire tower is listed in the National Historic Lookout Registry. On October 31, 2007, the High Knob Lookout Tower was destroyed by arson; the tower was set on fire in the early hours of Halloween morning. By the time the Jefferson Forest Service and local fire departments arrived on scene, the fire tower was engulfed in flames, could not be saved. Firefighters were able to keep the fire from spreading to the rest of the Knob, suffering from drought conditions.
In 2009 work began in earnest to replace the destroyed tower. A tower replacement project was spearheaded by The High Knob Enhancement Corporation who raised required funding from donations. Under the direction of the National Park service Hill studio architects and Landscape Architects submitted designs and construction documents for the new tower now standing where the lost tower once stood; the tower was built by DOT Construction. The tower was completed on August 22, 2014; the new tower achieves accessibility for physically impaired visitors by conceiving a properly graded and surfaced loop trail that culminates in a bridge crossing which connects the tower with the trail. Clinch Coalition "High Knob-Stone Mtn". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 2008-10-10. TopoQuest. "USGS Quad Norton, VA". Retrieved 2008-06-29. Kingsport Times-News. "Arsonists destroy High Knob tower". Retrieved 2007-10-31
Benjamin Glover Shields was an American politician and a member of the United States House of Representatives from Alabama. Shields was born at his family's plantation in Abbeville, South Carolina on January 9, 1811, he was a son of Samuel Bayard Shields. His father was from Newcastle County, but his maternal grandfather was a wealthy planter from Abbeville, he moved with his father to Clarke County and resided at Demopolis, Alabama, in Marengo County where he completed preparatory studies, before entering Franklin College in Athens, Georgia. Shields became a member of the Alabama House of Representatives in 1834. Between March 4, 1841, March 3, 1843, he served as a Democrat in the Twenty-seventh Congress. In 1845, he was commissioned by President James K. Polk as United States Chargé d'Affaires to Venezuela, he remained in this position until January 7, 1850. Upon returning to the United States, he became an opponent of secession, ran unsuccessfully for Governor as a Union Democrat. After the U.
S. Civil War, Shields became one of the few Republicans in Texas. From 1874 to 1879, he served as U. S. Collector of Customs at the Port of Galveston. In April 1832, Shields was married to a daughter of Dr. Ishmael P. Harwell, he died at his home near Marlin, Texas on November 15, 1892, as a result of a cold he caught while riding in the rain to cast his vote for president on behalf of Benjamin Harrison and for governor on behalf of Jim Hogg. United States Congress. "Benjamin Glover Shields". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Benjamin Glover Shields at Find a Grave
James Elser is an American ecologist and limnologist. He is Director & Bierman Professor of Ecology, Flathead Lake Biological Station, University of Montana and Research Professor, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, he is known for his work in ecological stoichiometry. In 2019, he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Elser earned a B. S. in Biology in 1981 from the University of Notre Dame and an M. S. in Ecology in 1983 from the University of Tennessee. He earned a Ph. D. in Ecology at University of California-Davis in 1990, working with the limnologist Charles R. Goldman. Elser was hired as an Assistant Professor at Arizona State University in 1990, where he advanced to Associate and Full Professor, was named Regents' Professor in 2009. In 2016 he moved to University of Montana, where he directs the Flathead Lake Biological Station, while remaining a Research Professor at Arizona State, he served as president of the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography from 2014–2016 Elser's research focuses on ecological stoichiometry, how the balance of chemical elements and affects ecological systems.
Particular contributions include global analyses of the nutrient limitation of primary producers, the stoichiometry of nutrient recycling, the linkage between the phosphorus and RNA content of organisms and their growth rate. This work is summarized in the 2002 book Ecological Stoichiometry, co-authored with Robert Sterner. Elser has organized Woodstoich, a series of four workshops on ecological stoichiometry for early career researchers; the sustainable use of phosphorus is a recent focus, as Director of the Sustainable Phosphorus Alliance 1990 Raymond L. Lindeman Award, Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography2008 Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science2012 G. Evelyn Hutchinson Award, Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography2013 Foreign member, Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters2019 Member, National Academy of Sciences USA. Homepage Google Scholar