John Fairfield

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John Fairfield
United States Senator
from Maine
In office
March 7, 1843 – December 24, 1847
Preceded by Reuel Williams
Succeeded by Wyman B. S. Moor
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1835 – December 24, 1838
Preceded by Rufus McIntire
Succeeded by Nathan Clifford
13th & 16th Governor of Maine
In office
January 2, 1839 – January 12, 1841
January 5, 1842 – March 7, 1843
Preceded by Edward Kent (twice)
Succeeded by Richard H. Vose
Edward Kavanagh
Personal details
Born (1797-01-30)January 30, 1797
Saco, Massachusetts
(now Maine)
Died December 24, 1847(1847-12-24) (aged 50)
Washington, D.C.
Resting place Laurel Hill Cemetery, Saco, Maine
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Bowdoin College
Profession Law, Trade

John Fairfield (January 30, 1797 – December 24, 1847) was a U.S. politician from Maine having served separately as a U.S. Congressman, state governor and U.S. Senator.

He was born in Saco (in modern-day Maine, then a part of Massachusetts) and attended the Saco schools, Thornton Academy, and Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine. He then engaged in trade and studied law, being admitted to the bar in 1826, and practiced successfully in his native town and in Biddeford, Maine. He was appointed a trustee of Thornton Academy in 1826 and served as president of the board of trustees from 1845 to 1847.

Professional career[edit]

He was appointed reporter of the Maine Supreme Judicial Court in 1834, and was then elected to the United States House of Representatives as a Democrat, serving from March 4, 1835, to December 24, 1838, when he resigned, having been elected Governor.

He was the 13th and 16th Governor of Maine from 1838 to 1841, and again from 1842 to 1843, when he resigned, having been elected a United States Senator to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Reuel Williams. He was then reelected and served from March 7, 1843 until his death in 1847. During his time in the Congress he was chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Naval Affairs for the 29th and 30th Congresses. He was the author of Supreme Court Reports, published in Augusta, Maine between 1835 and 1837.


John Fairfield is the namesake of the town of Fort Fairfield, Maine[1] and also of Governor John Fairfield Elementary School in Saco, Maine.


  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 129. 



See also[edit]

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Rufus McIntire
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
Nathan Clifford
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Kent
Governor of Maine
Succeeded by
Edward Kent
Preceded by
Edward Kent
Governor of Maine
Succeeded by
Edward Kavanagh
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Reuel Williams
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Maine
Served alongside: George Evans, James W. Bradbury
Succeeded by
Wyman B. S. Moor