John Ford was an American film director. He is renowned both for Westerns such as Stagecoach, The Searchers, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, as well as adaptations of classic 20th-century American novels such as the film The Grapes of Wrath, his four Academy Awards for Best Director remain a record. One of the films for which he won the award, How Green Was My Valley won Best Picture. In a career that spanned more than 50 years, Ford directed more than 140 films and he is regarded as one of the most important and influential filmmakers of his generation. Ford's work was held in high regard by his colleagues, with Orson Welles and Ingmar Bergman among those who have named him one of the greatest directors of all time. Ford made frequent use of location shooting and long shots, in which his characters were framed against a vast and rugged natural terrain. Ford was born John Martin "Jack" Feeney in Cape Elizabeth, Maine, to John Augustine Feeney and Barbara "Abbey" Curran, on February 1, 1894.
His father, John Augustine, was born in Spiddal, County Galway, Ireland, in 1854. Barbara Curran was born in the town of Kilronan on the island of Inishmore. John A. Feeney's grandmother, Barbara Morris, was said to be a member of an impoverished branch of a family of the Irish nobility, the Morrises of Spiddal. John Augustine and Barbara Curran arrived in Boston and Portland in May and June 1872, they married in 1875 and became American citizens five years on September 11, 1880. They had eleven children: Mamie, born 1876. John Augustine lived in the Munjoy Hill neighborhood of Portland, with his family, would try farming, working for the gas company, running a saloon, being an alderman. Feeney attended Portland High School, Maine, where he was a successful fullback and defensive tackle, he earned the nickname "Bull" because of the way he would charge the line. A Portland pub is named Bull Feeney's in his honor, he moved to California and in 1914 began working in film production as well as acting for his older brother Francis, adopting "Jack Ford" as a professional name.
In addition to credited roles, he appeared uncredited as a Klansman in D. W. Griffith's 1915 The Birth of a Nation, he married Mary McBride Smith on July 3, 1920, they had two children. His daughter Barbara was married to singer and actor Ken Curtis from 1952 to 1964; the marriage between Ford and Smith lasted for life despite various issues, one of which could have proved problematic from the start, this being that John Ford was Catholic while she was a non-Catholic divorcée. What difficulty was caused by the two marrying is unclear as the level of John Ford's commitment to the Catholic faith is disputed. A strain would have been Ford's many extramarital relationships. John Ford began his career in film after moving to California in July 1914, he followed in the footsteps of his multi-talented older brother Francis Ford, twelve years his senior, who had left home years earlier and had worked in vaudeville before becoming a movie actor. Francis played in hundreds of silent pictures for filmmakers such as Thomas Edison, Georges Méliès and Thomas Ince progressing to become a prominent Hollywood actor-writer-director with his own production company at Universal.
John Ford started out in his brother's films as an assistant, handyman and occasional actor doubling for his brother, whom he resembled. Francis gave his younger brother his first acting role in The Mysterious Rose. Despite an combative relationship, within three years Jack had progressed to become Francis' chief assistant and worked as his cameraman. By the time Jack Ford was given his first break as a director, Francis' profile was declining and he ceased working as a director soon after. One notable feature of John Ford's films is that he used a'stock company' of actors, far more so than many directors. Many famous stars appeared in at least two or more Ford films, including Harry Carey Sr. Will Rogers, John Wayne, Henry Fonda, Maureen O'Hara, James Stewart, Woody Strode, Richard Widmark, Victor McLaglen, Vera Miles and Jeffrey Hunter. Many of his supporting actors appeared in multiple Ford films over a period of several decades, including Ben Johnson, Chill Wills, Andy Devine, Ward Bond, Grant Withers, Mae Marsh, Anna Lee, Harry Carey Jr.
Ken Curtis, Frank Baker, Dolores del Río, Pedro Armendáriz, Hank Worden, John Qualen, Barry Fitzgerald, Arthur Shields, John Carradine, O. Z. Whitehead and Carleton Young. Core members of this extended'troupe', including Ward Bond, John Carradine, Harry Carey Jr. Mae Marsh, Frank Baker, Ben Johnson, were informally known as the John Ford Stock Company. Ford enjoyed extended working relationships with his production team, many of his crew worked with him for decades, he made numerous films with the same major collaborators, including producer and business partner Merian C. Cooper, scriptwriters Nunnally Johnson, Dudley Nichols and Frank S. Nugent, cinematographers Ben F. Reynolds, J
The intestinal arteries arise from the convex side of the superior mesenteric artery. They are from twelve to fifteen in number, are distributed to the jejunum and ileum; the term "intestinal arteries" can be confusing, because these arteries only serve a small portion of the intestines. They do not supply any of the large intestine; the large intestine is supplied by the right colic artery, middle colic artery, left colic artery. They do not supply the duodenum of the small intestine; the duodenum is supplied by the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery and superior pancreaticoduodenal artery. For clarity, some sources prefer instead using the more specific terms ileal arteries and jejunal arteries, they run nearly parallel with one another between the layers of the mesentery, each vessel dividing into two branches, which unite with adjacent branches, forming a series of arches, the convexities of which are directed toward the intestine. From this first set of arches branches arise, which unite with similar branches from above and below and thus a second series of arches is formed.
In the short, upper part of the mesentery only one set of arches exists, but as the depth of the mesentery increases, third, fourth, or fifth groups are developed. The differences between the ileal arteries and the jejunal arteries can be summarized as follows: From the terminal arches numerous small straight vessels arise which encircle the intestine, upon which they are distributed, ramifying between its coats. From the intestinal arteries small branches are given off to the lymph glands and other structures between the layers of the mesentery; this article incorporates text in the public domain from page 607 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy sup&infmesentericart at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman
Open Fire is the first live album released by American hard rock/heavy metal band Y&T, released in 1985 by A&M Records. All of the live material was recorded at various locations earlier in 1985, with the exception of a studio version of "Summertime Girls." The material used on this album was recorded after the release of their previous album, but none of those songs appeared on this album. Open Fire would prove to be a success spending 17 weeks on the Billboard 200 and peaking at Number 70; the album produced the song "Summertime Girls" which would go on to become the band's biggest hit, peaking at Number 16 on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Chart. The studio version of the song appeared on the band's next proper studio album, Down for the Count, released in November 1985. Despite this, Open Fire would go on to become on the hardest albums to find by the band until Hip-O Records reissued it with two bonus tracks in 2005; the bonus material consisted of live renditions of "Black Tiger" and "Summertime Girls."
The live version of "Summertime Girls" appeared as the B-side of the studio cut when it was released as a single. In the same year, Majestic Rock Records released the album on CD using the track list of the vinyl release, it featured a different front cover, but the back cover was the same as the original A&M release, as well as the Hip-O reissue. Both CD releases are once again out of print, the album is becoming difficult to find on the used CD market. Dave Meniketti – vocals, guitar Joey Alves – guitar, vocals Phil Kennemore – bass, vocals Leonard Haze – drums, vocals