John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach succeeded his father Albert II as margrave of Ansbach in 1667. He married his second wife Princess Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach on 4 November 1681, their daughter Wilhelmine Charlotte Caroline, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach married George II of Great Britain before he became king. By Margravine Johanna Elisabeth of Baden-Durlach, daughter of Frederick VI, Margrave of Baden-Durlach, his wife Christina Magdalena of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken: Margrave Leopold Frederick of Brandenburg-Ansbach died in infancy. Margrave Christian Albert of Brandenburg-Ansbach died unmarried. Margravine Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach married Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg and had issue, including Charlotte of Hanau, wife of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Margrave George Frederick of Brandenburg-Ansbach died unmarried. Margravine Charlotte Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach died in infancy. By Princess Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach: Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach married George II of Great Britain and had issue.
Margrave Frederick Augustus of Brandenburg-Ansbach died in infancy. Margrave William Frederick of Brandenburg-Ansbach married Duchess Christiane Charlotte of Württemberg, daughter of Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental and had issue
Joey Arias is a multi-talented artist based in New York City, best known for work as a performance artist, cabaret singer, drag artist. But known as a published author, stage persona and cult-movie star, he goes by the names Joseph Arias and Joe Arias. After high school he sang with the rock band Purlie which had a 1973 single on Capitol Records, a stint with improvisational comedy group the Groundlings. In 1976 he and his best friend Kim Hastreiter - who would go on to co-found Paper magazine) - drove across country in a pickup truck and moved to New York City. Arias got a job at the Fiorucci designer clothing store, he and other store staff famously performed in the shop windows. While working at the store he became friends with alternative musician Klaus Nomi, singing backup and designing sets and costumes. On December 15, 1979, Nomi and Arias appeared on Saturday Night Live accompanying David Bowie for a live performance of three songs: "The Man Who Sold the World", "TVC 15" and "Boys Keep Swinging".
While in New York, he performed with Ann Magnuson in a band called Strange Party which recorded and performed in various night clubs. Upon Nomi's death, Arias became executor to the Klaus Nomi estate. A tribute to his friend is held in Berlin every year, the documentary film The Nomi Song was released in 2004. A film on the life Arias shared with Nomi was in development in 2010 with Alan Cumming slated to play Nomi. Arias, gay became involved in the burgeoning 1980s New York performance art scene, appearing at Club 57 and other downtown venues. During these years he began crafting a successful career in cabaret, channeling the vocal style and mannerisms of Billie Holiday. In the early 1990s, Arias covered the songs of Holiday in a show titled Strange Fruit which ran for over a year at the Astor Theater on Lafayette Street in New York City and received a positive notice from John Lahr in The New Yorker; the 1990s saw Arias perform in weekly shows at Bar d'O, an intimate lounge in the West Village of New York City.
Regular guest performers at Bar d' O included Daniel Isengart and Flotilla Debarge. The evenings have inspired annual reunion shows each December at Indochine restaurant and became the subject of a 2011 documentary film produced by Bobby Sheehan. In 2003 Arias moved to Las Vegas, Nevada to star in Cirque du Soleil's Zumanity at the New York-New York Hotel & Casino. In addition to starring in the show, he co-wrote two of the show's songs. After six years, Arias returned to New York where he starred in Arias with a Twist, a collaboration with puppeteer Basil Twist at HERE Arts Center. Produced by Barbara Busackino and Tandem Otter Productions, the show received a positive review from Ben Brantley in the New York Times; the show has toured to Los Angeles and Paris and spawned a "docufantasy" film of the same name which premiered at the TriBeCa Film Festival in 2010. Arias with a Twist: Deluxe, a revamped and expanded version of the show, returned to New York for a limited run at Abrons Arts Center from September 14 to October 16, 2011.
Arias' relationship with Abrons began in October 2010 when Joey Arias in Concert marked Arias' first concert appearances in New York in over a decade. Based on the success of the show, Earl Dax collaborated with Josh Wood who produced Arias in concert at New York's Town Hall on April 21, 2010. Arias continues to perform in venues such as Feinstein's / 54 Below. Film credits include Big Top Pee-wee. Julie Newmar, he appeared in the German documentary Wie ich lernte die Zahlen zu lieben/How I Learned to Love the Numbers by Oliver Sechting and Max Taubert. Arias portrayed Joan Crawford in New York and San Francisco productions of Christmas with the Crawfords, an original holiday spoof tradition since 1992 of Christina Crawford's book Mommie Dearest; the San Francisco-based production premiered Off-Off-Broadway at the Grove Street Playhouse in 2000. Arias starred in a 2001 and 2015 revival of the play at the Chelsea Playhouse. Born in Fayetteville, North Carolina, he was six. In 2014, Arias married Scottish artist Juano Diaz.
Nonlinear control theory is the area of control theory which deals with systems that are nonlinear, time-variant, or both. Control theory is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and mathematics, concerned with the behavior of dynamical systems with inputs, how to modify the output by changes in the input using feedback, feedforward, or signal filtering; the system to be controlled is called the "plant". One way to make the output of a system follow a desired reference signal is to compare the output of the plant to the desired output, provide feedback to the plant to modify the output to bring it closer to the desired output. Control theory is divided into two branches. Linear control theory applies to systems made of devices, they are governed by linear differential equations. A major subclass is systems which in addition have parameters which do not change with time, called linear time invariant systems; these systems can be solved by powerful frequency domain mathematical techniques of great generality, such as the Laplace transform, Fourier transform, Z transform, Bode plot, root locus, Nyquist stability criterion.
Nonlinear control theory covers a wider class of systems that do not obey the superposition principle. It applies to more real-world systems; these systems are governed by nonlinear differential equations. The mathematical techniques which have been developed to handle them are more rigorous and much less general applying only to narrow categories of systems; these include limit cycle theory, Poincaré maps, Lyapunov stability theory, describing functions. If only solutions near a stable point are of interest, nonlinear systems can be linearized by approximating them by a linear system obtained by expanding the nonlinear solution in a series, linear techniques can be used. Nonlinear systems are analyzed using numerical methods on computers, for example by simulating their operation using a simulation language. If the plant is linear, a nonlinear controller can have attractive features such as simpler implementation, faster speed, more accuracy, or reduced control energy, which justify the more difficult design procedure.
An example of a nonlinear control system is a thermostat-controlled heating system. A building heating system such as a furnace has a nonlinear response to changes in temperature. Therefore, the furnace is off until the temperature falls below the "turn on" setpoint of the thermostat, when it turns on. Due to the heat added by the furnace, the temperature increases until it reaches the "turn off" setpoint of the thermostat, which turns the furnace off, the cycle repeats; this cycling of the temperature about the desired temperature is called a limit cycle, is characteristic of nonlinear control systems. Some properties of nonlinear dynamic systems are, they may have multiple isolated equilibrium points. They may exhibit properties such as limit cycle, chaos. Finite escape time: Solutions of nonlinear systems may not exist for all times. There are several well-developed techniques for analyzing nonlinear feedback systems: Describing function method Phase plane method Lyapunov stability analysis Singular perturbation method The Popov criterion and the circle criterion for absolute stability Center manifold theorem Small-gain theorem Passivity analysisControl design techniques for nonlinear systems exist.
These can be subdivided into techniques which attempt to treat the system as a linear system in a limited range of operation and use linear design techniques for each region: Gain schedulingThose that attempt to introduce auxiliary nonlinear feedback in such a way that the system can be treated as linear for purposes of control design: Feedback linearizationAnd Lyapunov based methods: Lyapunov redesign Control-Lyapunov function Nonlinear damping Backstepping Sliding mode control An early nonlinear feedback system analysis problem was formulated by A. I. Lur'e. Control systems described by the Lur'e problem have a forward path, linear and time-invariant, a feedback path that contains a memory-less time-varying, static nonlinearity; the linear part can be characterized by four matrices, while the nonlinear part is Φ with Φ y ∈, a < b ∀ y. Consider: is controllable and is observable two real numbers a, b with a < b, defining a sector for function ΦThe Lur'e problem is to derive conditions involving only the transfer matrix H and such that x = 0 is a globally uniformly asymptotically stable equilibrium of the system.
There are two well-known wrong conjectures on the absolute stability problem: The Aizerman's conjecture The Kalman's conjecture. Graphically, these conjectures can be interpreted in terms of graphical restrictions on the graph of Φ x y or on the graph of dΦ/dy x Φ/y. There are counterexamples to Aizerman's and Kalman's conjectures such that nonlinearity belongs to the sector of linear stability and unique stable equilibrium coexists with a stable periodic solution—hidden oscillation. There are two main theorems concerning the Lur'e problem which give sufficient conditions for absolute stability: The circle criterio
Robert Austrian was an American infectious diseases physician and, along with Maxwell Finland, one of the two most important researchers into the biology of Streptococcus pneumoniae in the 20th century. Austrian received his MD from Johns Hopkins University and did his fellowships in Infectious Diseases at Johns Hopkins and New York University, he went on to found the Infectious Diseases division and fellowship program at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and held the endower Robert Herr Musser chair there from 1962-1986. Austrian's awards include the Maxwell Finland plenary lecture at the Infectious Diseases Society of America annual session in 1974, entitled “Random gleanings from a life with the pneumococcus” and the 1978 Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award, his Lasker award was for the development and clear demonstration of the efficacy of a purified vaccine of capsular polysaccharides in the prevention of pneumococcal disease. Prior to the Austrian polysaccharide vaccine scientists had prepared simpler whole bacteria and capsular polysaccharide vaccines but they were not accepted as standard of care by the medical community.
Several medical authorities touted this era as “the end of infectious diseases” due to the remarkable mortality benefits derived from new antimicrobials and anti-parasitics and vaccine research was not thought to be worthwhile. When antibiotics came into use for the cure of pneumococcal infections in the 1950s and 60s, further pneumococcal vaccine development was abandoned. Austrian chose to focus on prevention rather than antibiotic treatment of this debilitating disease. Beginning with surveillance studies which he conducted revealed that despite antibiotic therapy, there were still, in the 1960s half as many deaths from pneumonia in the United States as there were at the turn of the century. Austrian established that persons over 50 years of age, those with chronic debilitating diseases were the largest group at risk. Austrian established a tremendous knowledge base of pneumococcal biology, he analyzed 83 known types of pneumococci, determined 14 types were responsible for 80% of invasive pneumococcal infections in man, that the outer coatings or capsules of these organisms should be included in an effective vaccine.
Austrian devised a multi-valent polysaccharide vaccine and played a major role in the successful clinical trials which resulted in its licensure. His Lasker award reads as follows “For his persistent, dedicated efforts which permitted the development of a vaccine that soon may reduce human disease caused by the pneumococcus, this Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award is given.” Robert Austrian gives rise to the medical eponym "Austrian syndrome" which describes the clinical syndrome of pneumococcal meningitis and endocarditis, after his 1957 paper in Archives of Internal Medicine. Robert Austrian Lasker Award Austrian's initial paper in Archives on internal medicine describing Austrian syndrome Robert Austrian Obituary-Baltimore Sun
Binhaixi railway station known as Binhai railway station, is a railway station on the Tianjin–Qinhuangdao High-Speed Railway and is the largest located within the Binhai New Area, China. It is one of four major rail hubs in Tianjin, with Tianjin, Tianjin West and Binhai railway stations; the name of station has renamed from Binhai to Binhai West in 5 January 2019. The station was opened on 1 December 2013 alone with the Tianjin–Qinhuangdao High-Speed Railway, it will be served by the Tianjin Metro's future Z2, B3 lines. This station is located on Haichuan Lu, Tianjin, it serves as the major long-distance high-speed railway station for the Binhai New Area. It is located 12 km from the central business district of Binhai, adjacent to the south of the Tianjin Economic and Technology Development Area. Binhai Railway Station features 2 side platforms, serving 8 high-speed rail tracks. Future expansion has been allowed for with extra space for new platforms and tracks north of the existing lines; the building covers an area of 80,000 square metres.
The Waiting Hall is situated above the tracks. Platforms and the station entrances are at ground level. Basement levels contain the Arrivals Hall and parking for 990 private cars. A long distance bus station of 20,000 square metres is attached to the station complex
Suzan Gail LeVine was sworn in as the United States Ambassador to Switzerland and Liechtenstein on May 30, 2014 and took up her position in Bern on June 2, 2014. Reflecting her work in technology, LeVine took her oath of office while placing a hand on a Kindle containing the U. S. Constitution and, became the first U. S. official to be sworn in on an e-reader. She resigned her post in Bern on January 20, 2017. On July 9, 2018, she joined Governor Jay Inslee's cabinet as the new Washington State Commissioner for the Employment Security Department. Born near Philadelphia, LeVine, 49, grew up in Ventnor, New Jersey. In 1993, she earned a Bachelor of Science in mechanical engineering with aerospace applications and a Bachelor of Arts in English from Brown University, she received an Honorary Degree from EPFL, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, in October 2017. As the Commissioner for the Washington State Employment and Security Department, Suzi leads an agency, responsible for the state's unemployment insurance system, the new paid family and medical leave program, the funding administration for the WorkSource system, the labor market information, aspects of the H-2A and H-2B foreign guest worker programs, the Washington State Service Corps program.
Suzan "Suzi" LeVine served as the United States Ambassador to Switzerland and Liechtenstein from June 2014 until January 2017 during which time she expanded foreign direct investment into the U. S. helped counter violent extremism, enabled American citizens in Switzerland to regain access to banking services, advanced the global diversity dialogue. She championed female participation in entrepreneurship and technical fields, supporting women in both corporations and universities. While in Switzerland, she was instrumental in the signing of a Joint Declaration of Intent between Switzerland and the United States to collaborate on apprenticeship and partnered with 30 companies to bring and/or expand their Swiss style apprenticeship model into the United States, she secured billions of dollars in investment and hundreds of jobs into the United States – with $3B alone announced at a special White House round table she catalyzed with Swiss business and government leaders. During their time in Switzerland, Ambassador LeVine and her husband, Eric LeVine, hosted a number of visitors from the United States to view the Swiss system.
Most notable was a delegation from Colorado led by Governor John Hickenlooper. This helped her understand the appeal and applicability of the Swiss system in the United States which she wrote about in The Ambassadors Review and the Commerce Department Blog. Since returning from Switzerland, LeVine and her husband have been speaking across the U. S. and around the globe at events, round-tables, with individuals in government, academia and philanthropy about what can be learned and applied from the Swiss dual education system. She and her husband are convinced that there are many pathways to success, that an "Apprenticeship Renaissance," as she calls it, is a key to the long-term economic growth in the United States and a key to more people than achieving their American Dream, she shared these insights at a presentation at EPFL in October, 2017. She now serves on the CareerWise Colorado board, the Markle Foundation's Rework America Task Force, ETH's CEMETS International Advisory Board, the Seattle Region Partnership.
She served on Governor Inslee's Career Connect Taskforce which completed its work and made its recommendations Feb 20, 2018. Her career started in technology with college summer internships at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Carnegie Mellon's Data Storage System's Center, she started her first full-time job working on operating systems at Microsoft in 1993 where she worked on MS-DOS and helped launch Windows 95. She ran communications for the Expedia IPO and stayed with Expedia until 2005, becoming Vice President of Sales & Marketing in the Luxury Travel Division. In 2009, she went back to Microsoft and focused on education until 2012. In 2006, she and Rabbi Rachel Nussbaum co-founded The Kavana Cooperative, a post-denominational innovative approach to building a meaningful Jewish community. At the same time, she co-founded the advisory board for the Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences at the University of Washington with Bill Henningsgaard - one of the world's leading early learning research institutes.
She is a member of the Council of American Ambassadors. LeVine has volunteered as a community organizer and resource raiser for several Democratic campaigns, most notably, for Obama for America, she serves as a Deputy National Finance Chair for the DNC and as an Advisory Council Member for the NDRC. She and her husband, Eric LeVine, CEO of CellarTracker, have two children and Talia LeVine, with whom they enjoy hiking, biking and playing with their two dogs and Gurtie, she won the Microsoft Alumni Foundation "Beacon Award" in 2013 for community leadership and inspiration, the Helen M. Jackson "Woman of Valor" award in 2008, the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle Spitzer Young Leadership award in 2007. In 2012, she was awarded a Wexner Fellowship for her leadership in the Seattle Jewish community