Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore. Recognised as the capital of Scotland since at least the 15th century, Edinburgh is the seat of the Scottish Government, the Scottish Parliament and the supreme courts of Scotland; the city's Palace of Holyroodhouse is the official residence of the monarch in Scotland. The city has long been a centre of education in the fields of medicine, Scots law, philosophy, the sciences and engineering, it is the second largest financial centre in the United Kingdom and the city's historical and cultural attractions have made it the United Kingdom's second most popular tourist destination, attracting over one million overseas visitors each year. Edinburgh is Scotland's second most populous city and the seventh most populous in the United Kingdom; the official population estimates are 488,050 for the Locality of Edinburgh, 513,210 for the City of Edinburgh, 1,339,380 for the city region.
Edinburgh lies at the heart of the Edinburgh and South East Scotland city region comprising East Lothian, Fife, Scottish Borders and West Lothian. The city is the annual venue of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, it is home to national institutions such as the National Museum of Scotland, the National Library of Scotland and the Scottish National Gallery. The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1582 and now one of four in the city, is placed 18th in the QS World University Rankings for 2019; the city is famous for the Edinburgh International Festival and the Fringe, the latter being the world's largest annual international arts festival. Historic sites in Edinburgh include Edinburgh Castle, the Palace of Holyroodhouse, the churches of St. Giles and the Canongate, the extensive Georgian New Town, built in the 18th/19th centuries. Edinburgh's Old Town and New Town together are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site, managed by Edinburgh World Heritage since 1999. "Edin", the root of the city's name, derives from Eidyn, the name for this region in Cumbric, the Brittonic Celtic language spoken there.
The name's meaning is unknown. The district of Eidyn centred on the dun or hillfort of Eidyn; this stronghold is believed to have been located at Castle Rock, now the site of Edinburgh Castle. Eidyn was conquered by the Angles of Bernicia in the 7th century and by the Scots in the 10th century; as the language shifted to Old English, subsequently to modern English and Scots, The Brittonic din in Din Eidyn was replaced by burh, producing Edinburgh. Din became dùn in Scottish Gaelic, producing Dùn Èideann; the city is affectionately nicknamed Auld Reekie, Scots for Old Smoky, for the views from the country of the smoke-covered Old Town. Allan Ramsay said. A name the country people give Edinburgh from the cloud of smoke or reek, always impending over it."Thomas Carlyle said, "Smoke cloud hangs over old Edinburgh,—for since Aeneas Silvius's time and earlier, the people have the art strange to Aeneas, of burning a certain sort of black stones, Edinburgh with its chimneys is called'Auld Reekie' by the country people."A character in Walter Scott's The Abbot says "... yonder stands Auld Reekie--you may see the smoke hover over her at twenty miles' distance."Robert Chambers who said that the sobriquet could not be traced before the reign of Charles II attributed the name to a Fife laird, Durham of Largo, who regulated the bedtime of his children by the smoke rising above Edinburgh from the fires of the tenements.
"It's time now bairns, to tak' the beuks, gang to our beds, for yonder's Auld Reekie, I see, putting on her nicht -cap!"Some have called Edinburgh the Athens of the North for a variety of reasons. The earliest comparison between the two cities showed that they had a similar topography, with the Castle Rock of Edinburgh performing a similar role to the Athenian Acropolis. Both of them had fertile agricultural land sloping down to a port several miles away. Although this arrangement is common in Southern Europe, it is rare in Northern Europe; the 18th-century intellectual life, referred to as the Scottish Enlightenment, was a key influence in gaining the name. Such luminaries as David Hume and Adam Smith shone during this period. Having lost most of its political importance after the Union, some hoped that Edinburgh could gain a similar influence on London as Athens had on Rome. A contributing factor was the neoclassical architecture that of William Henry Playfair, the National Monument. Tom Stoppard's character Archie, of Jumpers, said playing on Reykjavík meaning "smoky bay", that the "Reykjavík of the South" would be more appropriate.
The city has been known by several Latin names, such as Aneda or Edina. The adjectival form of the latter, can be seen inscribed on educational buildings; the Scots poets Robert Fergusson and Robert Burns used Edina in their poems. Ben Jonson described it as "Britaine's other eye", Sir Walter Scott referred to it as "yon Empress of the North". Robert Louis Stevenson a son of the city, wrote, "Edinburgh is what Paris ought to be"; the colloquial pronunciation "Embra" or "Embro" has been used, as in Robert Garioch's Embro to the Ploy. The earliest known human habitation in the Edinburgh area was at Cramond, where evidence was found of a Mesolithi
Sir Frederick Aloysius Weld, was a New Zealand politician and a governor of various British colonies. He was the sixth Premier of New Zealand, served as Governor of Western Australia, Governor of Tasmania, Governor of the Straits Settlements. Weld was born near Bridport, England, on 9 May 1823, his mother, Christina Maria Clifford, was the daughter of Baron Clifford of Chudleigh. Both of his parents were from old recusant Catholic families, his father, Humphrey Weld of Chideock, was a member of the Weld-Blundell family. Humphrey's brother Thomas was founder of the Jesuit college at Stonyhurst. Weld's upbringing was grounded in the Catholic faith, his early years were spent with his parents in France. He received a good education, studying at Stonyhurst before attending the University of Fribourg in Switzerland, where he studied philosophy, chemistry and law, he had intended to pursue a military career, but was convinced otherwise by his tutor at Fribourg. He instead decided to seek a career in the colonies, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand, on 22 April 1844.
In New Zealand, he entered a partnership with Charles Clifford. The two established a number of sheep stations around the country, Weld became prosperous. Weld found a life of agricultural management to be too mundane and soon became active in political concerns. One of his more significant campaigns was to ward against any potential discrimination against Catholics in New Zealand, he became active in lobbying for representative government in New Zealand. In 1848, Weld declined an offer by the governor, Sir George Grey, of a seat on a proposed nominee council. In 1852 he visited England, where he published a pamphlet, Hints to Intending Sheep Farmers in New Zealand, which ran into three editions; when the creation of the New Zealand Parliament was announced, Weld stood for election. He became a member of the 1st Parliament as the representative of Wairau, an electorate in the northeast of the South Island; the main political division of the day was between "centralists" and "provincialists". On this spectrum, Weld established himself as a moderate centralist, although he tended to oppose the extremes of either side.
Weld was a member of the brief "cabinet" formed around James FitzGerald. This represented an attempt by Parliament to assume direct responsibility for administering New Zealand. Acting Governor Robert Wynyard managed to block this move and Weld's role as a "minister" came to an end. Despite the failure of the FitzGerald "cabinet", Weld was pleased that Catholics were able to participate in politics; the fact that Charles Clifford a Catholic, had become Speaker was encouraging to him. Weld resigned from Parliament in June 1855, a short while before the end of its first term, returning to England for a brief time; when he returned, he was elected to the 2nd Parliament in a by-election. He returned to England again in late 1858 to marry his second cousin, Filumena Mary Anne Lisle Phillipps, daughter of Ambrose Lisle March Phillipps De Lisle and a great grandchild of the 4th Baron Clifford of Chudleigh like Weld, with whom he would have thirteen children. In 1860, Weld was invited to join Edward Stafford's government, taking over responsibility for Native Affairs from William Richmond.
In this role, Weld had to contend with conflicts such as the First Taranaki War. Although Weld disliked the prospect of war, believed that Governor George Grey had mishandled the situation, he believed in the need to assert the power of the government, describing it as a "painful duty", he unexpectedly lost the 1861 election in Wairau against William Henry Eyes, but due to the staggered election dates stood in the neighbouring Cheviot electorate a fortnight where he defeated Charles Hunter Brown. Weld lost his ministerial position. In 1864, the government of Frederick Whitaker resigned due to disputes with the Governor; the point in question was who should bear responsibility for funding British troops stationed in New Zealand. Weld, believing that it was British ineptitude that caused conflict with the Māori in the first place objected to Grey's demands that Parliament should fund the troops. Weld instead believed that British troops should be removed from New Zealand altogether, be replaced by local forces.
As Premier, Weld met with mixed success. In 1865 the capital was indeed moved to Wellington, his proposals for Māori relations were adopted; these two things generated considerable bitterness, however – Aucklanders were angry about the change of capital, Māori were angry about the confiscation of over a million acres of land in the Waikato area. Weld's other success, the withdrawal of British troops from New Zealand, was controversial, generated considerable hostility from the Governor. In addition, the government's financial situation was precarious. A little less than a year after taking office, Weld's government resigned. Weld, suffering from poor health and stress, retired from politics in 1866, returned to England the following year; however his health improved, he began working again. In 1869 he published Notes on New Zealand Affairs, in March of the same year he began a career as a British colonial governor with an appointment to the post of Governor of Western Australia. Weld arrived in Western Australia in September, 1869.
He embarked on a series of tours of the state, which saw him travel about 1,200 miles on horseback in his first six months in office. Impress
Major General Sir Harry St. George Ord was a British colonial administrator who served as governor of Bermuda, the Straits Settlements and Western Australia. Ord was the son of Henry Gough Ord and grandson of Craven Ord of Greenstead Hall, Essex, a prominent antiquarian, he was educated at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich. He served in the Royal Engineers, principally in the West Indies, West Africa, the Anglo-French expedition to the Baltic, during the Crimean War. Ord held many important colonial posts, including: Commissioner of the Gold Coast Commissioner at the Courts of Paris and The Hague Governor of Dominica Governor of Bermuda Special Commissioner to West Africa Governor of the Straits Settlements Governor of Western Australia Sir Harry Ord, whom the second Colonial Office appointed in 1867 as the Governor of the Straits Settlements, was at first given no instructions regarding the Colony's relations with the Malay States, he was unpopular in the Straits Settlements, but was an ambitious and energetic man, ready to do what he could to restore order and promote trade in the Peninsula.
Conditions in Malaya at that time were unsettled. The quarrels of the Malays were intensified by feuds between competing groups of Chinese miners, the links of the Chinese with the British settlements threatened to involve these too in the trouble. After some experience of negotiating with Malays and Siamese, Ord worked out a policy under which he proposed to share the supervision of the Peninsula between Britain and Siam; this policy was disapproved by the Colonial Office, Ord was directed to abstain from all interference in the affairs of the Malay States. He married Julia Graham of Exmouth daughter of Admiral James Carpenterin in 1846 by whom he had three sons. Sir Harry Ord died on 20 August 1885 from heart attack, he is buried in the churchyard of St. Martin's parish church in Fornham St. Martin, England; the village institute in Fornham was built in Ord's memory with funds donated by the Maharaja of Johore. The Ord River in the Kimberley region of Western Australia was named in his honour.
Colonial Office List, various list, DNB One Hundred Years of Singapore C. D. Cowan, Nineteenth Century Malaya: The Origins of British Political Control, Sir Harry Ord Biography from Australian Dictionary of Biography online Sir Harry Ord Biography from Constitutional Centre of WA online The Petition of Chung Keng Quee & 44 Others to Sir Harry Ord seeking government protection
The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law. In ancient Rome, a magistratus was one of the highest ranking government officers, possessed both judicial and executive powers. In other parts of the world, such as China, a magistrate was responsible for administration over a particular geographic area. Today, in some jurisdictions, a magistrate is a judicial officer who hears cases in a lower court, deals with more minor or preliminary matters. In other jurisdictions, magistrates may be volunteers without formal legal training who perform a judicial role with regard to minor matters. In ancient Rome, the word magistratus referred to one of the highest offices of state. Analogous offices in the local authorities, such as municipium, were subordinate only to the legislature of which they were members, ex officio a combination of judicial and executive power, constituting one jurisdiction. In Rome itself, the highest magistrates were members of the so-called cursus honorum -'career of honors'.
They held both judicial and executive power within their sphere of responsibility, had the power to issue ius honorarium, or magisterial law. The Consul was the highest Roman magistrate; the Praetor was the highest judge in matters of private law between individual citizens, while the Curule Aediles, who supervised public works in the city, exercised a limited civil jurisdiction in relation to the market. Roman magistrates were advised by jurists who were experts in the law; the term was maintained in most feudal successor states to the western Roman Empire. However, it was used in Germanic kingdoms in city-states, where the term magistrate was used as an abstract generic term denoting the highest office, regardless of the formal titles when, a council; the term "chief magistrate" applied to the highest official, in sovereign entities the head of state and/or head of government. Under the "civil law" systems of European countries, such as Belgium, France and the Netherlands, magistrat and magistraat are generic terms which comprise both prosecutors and judges, distinguished as the'standing' versus'sitting' magistrature, respectively.
In Portugal, besides being used in the scope of the judiciary to designate prosecutors and judges, the term magistrado was used to designate certain government officials, like the former civil governors of district. These were referred as "administrative magistrates" to distinguish them from the judiciary magistrates; the President of Portugal is considered the Supreme Magistrate of the Nation. In Finland, maistraatti is a state-appointed local administrative office whose responsibilities include keeping population information and public registers, acting as a public notary and conducting civil marriages. In Mexico's Federal Law System, a magistrado is a superior judge, hierarchically beneath the Supreme Court Justices; the magistrado reviews the cases seen by a judge in a second term if any of the parties disputes the verdict. For special cases, there are magistrados superiores who review the verdicts of special court and tribunal magistrates. In the courts of England and Wales, magistrates—also known as justices of the peace —are volunteers who hear prosecutions for and dispose of'summary offences' and some'triable-either-way offences' by making orders with regard to and placing additional requirements on offenders.
Magistrates/JPs are limited to issuing sentences of no longer than twelve months. Magistrates/JPs have other limitations in their sentencing authority with powers extending to fines, community orders which can include curfews, electronic tagging, requirements to perform unpaid work up to 300 hours, supervision for up to three years. In more serious cases, magistrates can send'either-way' offenders to the Crown Court for sentencing when the magistrate feels a penalty should be imposed, more severe than the magistrate is capable of sentencing. A wide range of other legal matters is within the remit of magistrates. In the past, magistrates have been responsible for granting licenses to sell alcohol, for instance, but this function is now exercised by local councils. Magistrates are responsible for granting search warrants to the police and other authorities. However, commission areas were replaced with Local Justice Areas by the Courts Act 2003, meaning magistrates no longer need to live within 15 miles.
Section 7 of the Courts Act 2003 states that "There shall be a commission of the peace for England and Wales—…b) addressed and not by name, to all such persons as may from time to time hold office as justices of the peace for England and Wales". Thus, every magistrate in England and Wales may act as a magistrate anywhere in Wales. There are two types of magistrates in England and Wales: justices of the peace and district judges who hold office as members of the professional judiciary. According to requirements, arou
Governor of Western Australia
The Governor of Western Australia is the representative in Western Australia of the Queen of Australia, Elizabeth II. As with the other governors of the Australian states, the Governor of Western Australia performs important constitutional and community functions, including: presiding over the Executive Council. Furthermore, all Bills passed by the Parliament of Western Australia require the Governor's signature before they become Acts and pass into law; the current governor is Kim Beazley. He succeeded Kerry Sanderson, the first woman to hold the position, in May 2018; until the appointment of Sir James Mitchell in 1948, all governors of Western Australia had been British officials. After Mitchell's appointment, a further three Britons served as governor: Mitchell's two immediate successors, from 1980 to 1983, Rear-Admiral Sir Richard Trowbridge, the last British governor of any Australian state; the Governor of Western Australia is styled His Excellency during his term in office. In August 2014, three of the four living past governors – John Sanderson, Ken Michael and Malcolm McCusker – were given the style "The Honourable", on the recommendation of the premier.
The other living former governor, Michael Jeffery held the style in virtue of his service as Governor-General of Australia. This is a list of Lieutenant-Governors of Western Australia. Stirling was in fact only commissioned as Governor of Western Australia from 4 March 1831, rectifying the absence of a legal instrument providing the authority detailed in Stirling's Instructions of 30 December 1828. Stirling had said of his own position: I believe I am the first Governor who formed a settlement without Commission, Laws and Salary. Five former governors are alive; the most recent governor to die was Sir Francis Burt, on 8 September 2004. Government House, Perth Government House, Western Australia: The Official Website of the Governor of Western Australia
Arthur Kennedy (governor)
Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy was a British colonial administrator who served as governor of a number of British colonies, namely Sierra Leone, Western Australia, Vancouver Island, Hong Kong and Queensland. Arthur Kennedy was born in Cultra, County Down, Ireland on 5 April 1809, the fourth son of Hugh Kennedy and his wife Grace Dorothea, he was educated by private tutor and in 1823–24 attended Trinity College, where he met his predecessor as Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Richard Graves MacDonnell. Kennedy entered the British Army, was gazetted an Ensign in the 27th Foot 11th Regiment on 15 August 1827; until 1837 he served with infantry regiments on Corfu. He spent 1841 -- 1844 in British North America. In 1841 he purchased a Captaincy in the 68th Foot. Kennedy returned to Ireland in 1846, the following year sold his captaincy and took up an appointment with the Poor Law Commission, his job was to administer relief to the many inhabitants of County Clare who were affected by the Potato Famine. He was shocked by what he saw and had serious differences with the local Landlord, Colonel Crofton Moore Vandeleur.
In 1851, the famine having ended, Kennedy's position was abolished, he applied for a position in the Colonial Service. In May 1852 he was appointed Governor of The Gambia, but before assuming office he was appointed Governor of Sierra Leone instead, he served in this office until 1854, during which time he made many administrative changes in an attempt to reform the corrupt and inefficient government. In 1854, Kennedy was promoted to the position of Governor of Western Australia, he took up the position the following year, serving until 1862. He reputedly was considered a despot by many Western Australians. Popular opinion turned against him, in August 1856 a public meeting was held in Perth to protest against his methods. During his tenure as governor, Western Australia flourished because of the large amount of British money, spent in the colony under the system of penal transportation of convicts. However, when Kennedy resigned in 1862, he claimed that much of the colony's success was due to his legislative efforts.
On his return to England, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the Bath. Kennedy's next appointment came in July 1863; the decision had been made that Vancouver Island and British Columbia, governed together by a single governor, were each to have their own governor, Kennedy was appointed Governor of Vancouver Island. Compared to his previous appointments, Vancouver Island was comparatively insignificant, might be considered a demotion. Kennedy arrived at Vancouver Island in March 1864. Facing an aggressive Legislative Assembly determined to challenge his executive power, Kennedy achieved little of note in his two years in office. During this time the colony fell into a disastrous economic depression, Kennedy was unfairly blamed by the colony's inhabitants. With the creation of the United Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, Kennedy left office in October 1866. Kennedy returned to London, in December 1867 he was knighted and appointed Governor of the West African Settlements.
He served there until 1872. In 1871 he was created a KCMG. In 1872, Kennedy was appointed the 7th Governor of Hong Kong, a position in which he served until 1877. During his tenure, he created the Hong Kong dollar, which served as the unitary monetary unit for the territory. Since this time, the Hong Kong dollar has served as the single monetary unit for the entire territory, he developed Kennedy Town, the western end of Victoria City on the Hong Kong Island. Sir Arthur's style of governing was to do as little as possible and to be nice to everyone.'Don't rock the boat' became a cornerstone of Hong Kong's political philosophy. Hong Kong prospered during this period. After his appointment as Governor of Hong Kong expired, Kennedy was appointed Governor of Queensland, serving in that position until 1883; that was his last post in the Colonial Service. In 1881, Kennedy was created a GCMG. On his resignation as Governor of Queensland, Kennedy boarded the Orient with the intention of returning to England.
On 3 June 1883, when the Orient was off Aden in the Red Sea, Kennedy died. He was buried at sea. In 1839, Kennedy married Georgina MacCartney, who died on 3 October 1874, they had a son, Arthur Herbert Williams, who entered the army. His daughter, married Richard Meade, 4th Earl of Clanwilliam. Kennedy's other daughter, Georgina Mildred, was honoured by having the Georgina River named after her in 1880, during his time in office in Queensland. William Landsborough had named this river the Herbert in 1861, but it was decided that it needed a new name because there was another river in Queensland that had that same name. Kennedy Town, an area in the Western District of Hong Kong Kennedy Road, located in the mid-level of Wan Chai in Hong Kong Kennedy Lake, a large freshwater lake near Port Alberni, British Columbia Kennedy Range, in Gascoyne region of Western Australia Kennedy Sound overlooked by Mount Arthur in the Mackay Region, Queensland Arthur Terrace and Kennedy Terrace in the Ithaca and Red Hill suburbs of Brisbane, Queensland List of heads of Hong Kong by education Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online Captain Arthur Edward Kennedy by George Harratt at Clare County Library The Constitution Centre of Western Australia.
"Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy 1855–1862". Governors and Premiers of Western Australia. West Perth, Western Australia: The Constitution Centre of Western Australia. ISBN 0-7307-3821-3
Gerald Strickland, 1st Baron Strickland
Gerald Paul Joseph Cajetan Carmel Antony Martin Strickland, 6th Count della Catena, 1st Baron Strickland, was a Maltese and British politician and peer, who served as Prime Minister of Malta, Governor of the Leeward Islands, Governor of Tasmania, Governor of Western Australia and Governor of New South Wales, in addition to sitting successively in the House of Commons and House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Strickland was born in Valletta, the son of naval officer Commander Walter Strickland, from the ancient English Strickland family of Sizergh, Maria Aloysia Bonici-Mompalao, the niece and heiress of Sir Nicholas Sceberras Bologna, fifth Count della Catena in Malta, whom Gerald succeeded in 1875, he was educated at St Mary's College and Trinity College, Cambridge. Upon graduating, he was admitted to Inner Temple in 1887 entitled to practice as a Barrister-at-Law, he gained the rank of Major in the service of the Royal Malta Militia. Elected in 1886 to the council of the government of Malta, Strickland began to take an active part in Maltese politics at an early age and in December 1887, he accompanied Dr. Fortunato Mizzi – founder of the Maltese Nationalist Party – to the first Colonial Conference in London to submit a scheme for a legislative assembly.
The result was that the new Maltese Constitution of December 1887 was based on the joint Strickland-Mizzi proposals. In the following year, he was appointed as Assistant Secretary to Malta in 1888 and held the office of Chief Secretary of Malta in 1889, a post which he held till July 1902 when to avert more trouble in Malta which were created by his orders in councils to increase taxation, he was appointed as Governor of the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean. Sir Gerald and Lady Edeline Strickland left Southampton for Antigua in September 1902, took up residence at Government House, St Johns on arrival, he was appointed as Governor of Tasmania in 1904, serving as such until 1909, as Governor of Western Australia from 1909 to 1913. In the early years consequent upon Australian Federation he was involved in the delicate matter of State rights and the developing nature of the appointment and salaries of governors. Appointed as Governor of New South Wales in March 1913, on 30 May 1913 he was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George.
He was a supporter of the Eugenics Education Society. In 1917, Strickland returned to Malta and, after the grant of Self-Government, formed the Anglo-Maltese Party in 1921, which soon afterward amalgamated with the Maltese Constitutional Party to become the Constitutional Party under his leadership. Strickland was the leader of the Opposition between 1921 and 1927. In 1924, he won the seat of Lancaster for the Conservatives in the United Kingdom House of Commons, he left the House of Commons in 1928 upon being made a peer. After the 1927 election, Strickland had a majority in the Legislative Assembly and became Head of the Ministry from August 1927 until 1932. Amongst the most important events of his government were the commencement of building works for St. Luke's Hospital in Gwardamanġia and his clash with the Senate, which led to the issue of Letters Patent which curtailed its powers and his concurrent clash with the ecclesiastical authorities. On 1 May 1930, Sir Mauro Monsignor Caruana, Titular Archbishop of Rhodes and Bishop of Malta, Mikiel Monsignor Gonzi, Bishop of Gozo, issued a pastoral letter, read in all the churches of Malta and Gozo.
In it, Archbishop Caruana and Bishop Gonzi declared that whoever voted for the Constitutional Party and its former coalition partner, the Labour Party, committed a mortal sin. That year he narrowly avoided assassination; this mortal sin was committed by those who read Strickland's newspapers, printed by his Progress Press, namely the Daily Malta Chronicle and Ix-Xemx. He subsequently began publishing Il-Berqa; the clash between the Catholic bishops and the Constitutional Party led to the suspension of the Maltese Constitution following consultations between the British Governor and London. Between July 1932 and November 1933, Strickland was again the leader of the Opposition, after the grant of a new Constitution in 1939, he became the leader of the elected majority in the Council of Government. Strickland married Lady Edeline Sackville-West, the daughter of The 7th Earl De La Warr and the Honourable Constance Mary Elizabeth Cochrane-Wishart-Baillie, on 26 August 1890, they had six daughters, two sons who died at an early age.
Their first daughter married Henry Hornyold, became known as Mrs Hornyold-Strickland and chaired the Conservative Party Conference in 1947. They had the following children: Reginald Strickland Hon. Mary Christina Strickland Hon. Cecilia Victoria Strickland Hon. Mabel Edeline Strickland OBE Margaret Angela Strickland Hon. Henrietta May Strickland Walter Strickland Hon. Dr. Constance Teresa Strickland LMSSA On 31 August 1926, following the death of Lady Edeline in 1918, Strickland married Margaret Hulton, daughter of the newspaper proprietor Edward Hulton in the same church as his earlier wedding, she was made a Dame of the Order of the British Empire in the 1937 Coronation Honours. Strickland was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1889, for rendering invaluable services during a severe cholera epidemic, he was promoted within the order to KCMG in 1897. He was raised to the Peerage of the United Kingdom as Baron Strickland, of Sizergh Castle in the County of Westmorland, on 19 January 1928.
He died at Villa Bologna, his residence in Attard, is buried in the family crypt at St. Paul's Cathedral, Mdina