Gilbert De La Matyr
Gilbert De La Matyr was an American cleric and politician from New York and Indiana. He graduated from a theological course of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1854, became an itinerant elder, he served as member of the General Conference in 1868, for one term was Presiding Elder. During the American Civil War, he helped enlist the 8th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment in 1862, was its chaplain for three years. In 1867 he ran on the Republican ticket for New York State Prison Inspector but was defeated by Democrat Solomon Scheu. After holding pastorates in several large cities he settled in Indianapolis and continued his ministerial duties. Here, De La Matyr was elected as a National Greenback candidate to the 46th United States Congress and served from March 4, 1879, to March 3, 1881, he again engaged in preaching. From 1889 on, he was Pastor of the First Methodist Episcopal Church of Ohio. United States Congress. "Gilbert De La Matyr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Franklin Landers was a U. S. Representative from Indiana. Born near the village of Landersdale in Morgan County, Landers attended local schools. At the age of twenty-one he engaged in teaching school, he was associated with his brother in mercantile pursuits at Indiana. Landers laid out the town of Brooklyn, where he engaged in mercantile pursuits and stock raising, he served as a member of the State Senate from 1860-1864. He engaged in the dry-goods business. In 1873, he became the head of a pork-packing house. Landers was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fourth Congress. A reporter described him as "a big-boned man, stoop-shouldered and red-faced, he shambles in his walk and talks in a cooing tone of confidentiality. He chews his cigar distractedly consuming it with fire, his eyes are insinuating. His face is placid and innocent.... His grammar education was neglected, he is not'high-toned.' He dresses as stylish as H. G. did, could give a better account of'what I know about farming,' for he does know a potato patch from a field of buckwheat."
Landers had been elected as a supporter of currency inflation and the representative of the agrarian wing of the Democratic party. "The man who don't like the smell of a hog is a leetle too nice to live," he told one interviewer. He detested and denounced the national banking system, after the Panic of 1873 withdrew his name from all the deposits at the First National Bank in Indianapolis, putting them all in his wife's name instead. With support from the Greenbackers, Landers had a good shot at winning the Democratic gubernatorial nomination in 1876. At the convention, his forces deadlocked with those of Congressman William S. Holman, a compromise choice, J. D. "Blue-Jeans" Williams, was selected instead. Discouraged, Landers announced. "I am not a candidate for anything henceforth," he declared. "I am only a private man whose only mission in politics will be to vote the democratic ticket.... The dirty skunks! I spent my money to carry the district at the state election, I pulled them through, when I went home I found them organized against me.
No, sir. I am done." He was induced to change his mind and much to the Greenbacker party's resentment, spurned their nomination for governor. So when he got into the congressional race against John Hanna, a prominent lawyer "of vocal volume," the Greenbackers put a candidate of their own into the race, ensuring his defeat, he engaged in the management of his farming lands. He died in Indianapolis, Indiana on September 10, 1901, he was interred in Crown Hill Cemetery. United States Congress. "Franklin Landers". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; this article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
Frederick Knefler served in the Union Army in the U. S. Civil War, joining as a first lieutenant in May 1861, he served as a staff officer and as colonel of the 79th Indiana Infantry Regiment and an acting brigade commander. In 1866, he was nominated and confirmed for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865. Frederick Knefler was born in Arad, son of Nathan Knoepfler, a Hungarian Jew and a physician, he enlisted with his father in the revolutionary forces during the 1848-49 Hungarian War of Liberation. After the revolutionary forces were defeated, the entire Knoepfler family fled to the United States, first to New York to Indianapolis, Indiana; as one of the earliest Jewish families settling in Indianapolis, Dr. Knoepfler was one of the original founders of the Indianapolis Hebrew Congregation. Knefler trained as a carpenter in New York, a trade he continued in Indianapolis, he became assistant to the clerk of Marion County, Indiana, in which position he became acquainted with Lew Wallace.
Upon President Lincoln's proclamation calling for the raising of 75,000 troops after the firing on Fort Sumter, Governor Oliver Morton appointed Lew Wallace Adjutant-General with the task of raising Indiana's quota. Wallace, in turn, appointed Knefler as his principal assistant. After raising five regiments, Wallace requested and received command of the 11th Indiana Infantry Regiment, commissioning Knefler as a first lieutenant in it; the 11th Indiana Infantry was sent to the Washington, D. C. area, missed the first battle of Bull Run. Their 3-month term of enlistment expired, the regiment was shipped back to Indianapolis and mustered out; when Wallace formed a new 11th Indiana Infantry in August 1861, Knefler was commissioned a captain in it. Soon after, Wallace became a brigadier general and Knefler went with him as his assistant adjutant general. Wallace's brigade was part of Grant's force in the capture of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, playing a key part in preventing the Confederate forces from forcing an escape from Fort Donelson through the Union lines.
Wallace's report of the battle stated that Knefler's “prompt and efficient service in the field” and his “courage and fidelity have earned my lasting gratitude.” Knefler was with Wallace in the Battle of Shiloh, his loss of the messenger's written transcription of Grant's oral order during the battle prevented resolution of the dispute between the two generals over whether the ambiguity of the order or Wallace's actions caused his failure to reach the battle on the first day. After Wallace's removal from active service, Indiana governor Oliver Morton appointed Knefler the commanding colonel of the newly formed 79th Indiana Infantry Regiment in August 1862. Sent to join Buell's Army of the Ohio, his regiment, as part of the brigade led by Brigadier General Samuel Beatty, became involved in the battles of Stones River and Missionary Ridge. At Stones River, Knefler reported his regiment lost one-third of its 341 men, including one-half of its commissioned officers; the 79th Indiana captured a key battery during the first day of Chickamauga, but was cut in half in the Confederate breakthrough on the second day, Knefler's half attempting to regroup Beatty's brigade until withdrawn, the other half helping hold Snodgrass Hill until the Confederate charge was repulsed.
In the battle of Missionary Ridge, Knefler was in command of the combined 79th Indiana and 86th Indiana infantry regiments that led the unexpected charge up the center of the ridge. General Beatty's report after the battle complimented Knefler for the charging of Missionary Ridge, fellow colonel George Dick wrote that he “richly merits a commission as brigadier-general for his gallantry displayed in the charging and taking of Missionary Ridge.” According to the Jewish-American History Foundation in recognition of the services rendered by the regiment at Chickamauga, the state of Indiana erected a monument on the battlefield after the war. The tablet of the monument reads: INDIANA'S TRIBUTE TO HER SEVENTY-NINTH REGIMENT INFANTRY Col. Frederick Knefler, Commanding First Brigade Third Division Twenty-first Corps Following Missionary Ridge, the 79th Indiana moved toward Knoxville and participated in the east Tennessee winter campaign until transferred to join General Sherman's Atlanta Campaign.
During this campaign, because of General Beatty's illness, Knefler was given command of the entire brigade, although remaining a colonel. Knefler's brigade participated in the entire campaign, playing a major role in the battles of Pickett’s Mill, Peach Tree Creek and Lovejoy’s Station, marching into Atlanta; when Confederate general Hood decided to cut Sherman's supply line by invading Tennessee, Knefler's brigade was one of those sent to join General Thomas to counter Hood. In the battle of Franklin, Knefler's brigade guarded one flank as Hood put all his effort into a massive charge on the Union center, thus suffered few casualties. In the battle of Nashville, Knefler's brigade on December 16, 1864 formed the reserve behind which the two charging brigades reformed after being repulsed, he ordered his brigade to charge the confused enemy, forcing them into retreat and capturing much of their arms. Knefler's brigade was part of the army preparing to move from east Tennessee into Virginia when the war ended.
Following the final review of Thomas's army in Nashville on May 9, 1865, he returned with the 79th Indiana Infantry to Indianapolis where he was mustered out on June 7, 1865. On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Knef
Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War, its bloodiest war and its greatest moral and political crisis, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, modernized the U. S. economy. Born in Kentucky, Lincoln grew up on the frontier in a poor family. Self-educated, he became Whig Party leader, state legislator and Congressman, he left government to resume his law practice, but angered by the success of Democrats in opening the prairie lands to slavery, reentered politics in 1854. He became a leader in the new Republican Party and gained national attention in 1858 for debating and losing to national Democratic leader Stephen A. Douglas in a Senate campaign, he ran for President in 1860, sweeping the North and winning. Southern pro-slavery elements took his win as proof that the North was rejecting the Constitutional rights of Southern states to practice slavery.
They began the process of seceding from the union. To secure its independence, the new Confederate States of America fired on Fort Sumter, one of the few U. S. forts in the South. Lincoln called up volunteers and militia to restore the Union; as the leader of the moderate faction of the Republican Party, Lincoln confronted Radical Republicans, who demanded harsher treatment of the South. Lincoln fought the factions by pitting them against each other, by distributing political patronage, by appealing to the American people, his Gettysburg Address became an iconic call for nationalism, equal rights and democracy. He suspended habeas corpus, he averted British intervention by defusing the Trent Affair. Lincoln supervised the war effort, including the selection of generals and the naval blockade that shut down the South's trade; as the war progressed, he maneuvered to end slavery, issuing the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. Lincoln managed his own re-election campaign, he sought to reconcile his damaged nation by avoiding retribution against the secessionists.
A few days after the Battle of Appomattox Court House, he was shot by John Wilkes Booth, an actor and Confederate sympathizer, on April 14, 1865, died the following day. Abraham Lincoln is remembered as the United States' martyr hero, he is ranked both by scholars and the public as among the greatest U. S. presidents. Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, as the second child of Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln, in a one-room log cabin on Sinking Spring Farm near Hodgenville, Kentucky, he was a descendant of Samuel Lincoln, an Englishman who migrated from Hingham, Norfolk, to its namesake Hingham, Massachusetts, in 1638. Samuel's grandson and great-grandson began the family's westward migration, passing through New Jersey and Virginia. Lincoln's paternal grandfather and namesake, Captain Abraham Lincoln, moved the family from Virginia to Jefferson County, Kentucky, in the 1780s. Captain Lincoln was killed in an Indian raid in 1786, his children, including eight-year-old Thomas, Abraham's father, witnessed the attack.
Thomas worked at odd jobs in Kentucky and in Tennessee, before settling with members of his family in Hardin County, Kentucky, in the early 1800s. Lincoln's mother, Nancy, is assumed to have been the daughter of Lucy Hanks, although no record documents this. Thomas and Nancy married on June 12, 1806, in Washington County, moved to Elizabethtown, Kentucky, they produced three children: Sarah, born on February 10, 1807. Thomas Lincoln leased farms in Kentucky. Thomas became embroiled in legal disputes, lost all but 200 acres of his land in court disputes over property titles. In 1816, the family moved to Indiana, where the survey process was more reliable and land titles were more secure. Indiana was a "free" territory, they settled in an "unbroken forest" in Hurricane Township, Perry County. In 1860, Lincoln noted that the family's move to Indiana was "partly on account of slavery", but due to land title difficulties. In Kentucky and Indiana, Thomas worked as a farmer and carpenter, he owned farms, town lots and livestock, paid taxes, sat on juries, appraised estates, served on country slave patrols, guarded prisoners.
Thomas and Nancy were members of a Separate Baptists church, which forbade alcohol and slavery. Overcoming financial challenges, Thomas obtained clear title to 80 acres of land in what became known as the Little Pigeon Creek Community. On October 5, 1818, Nancy Lincoln died of milk sickness, leaving 11-year-old Sarah in charge of a household that included her father, 9-year-old Abraham, Dennis Hanks, Nancy's 19-year-old orphaned cousin; those who knew Lincoln recalled that he was distraught over his sister's death on January 20, 1828, while giving birth to a stillborn son. On December 2, 1819, Thomas married Sarah "Sally" Bush Johnston, a widow from Elizabethtown, with three children of her own. Abraham became close to his stepmother, whom he referred t
Robert Dale Owen
Robert Dale Owen was a Scottish-born social reformer who immigrated to the United States in 1825, became a U. S. citizen, was active in Indiana politics as member of the Democratic Party in the Indiana House of Representatives and represented Indiana in the U. S. House of Representatives; as a member of Congress, Owen pushed through the bill that established Smithsonian Institution and served on the Institution's first Board of Regents. Owen served as a delegate to the Indiana Constitutional Convention in 1850 and was appointed as U. S. chargé d'affaires to Naples. Owen was a knowledgeable exponent of the socialist doctrines of his father, Robert Owen, managed the day-to-day operation of New Harmony, the socialistic utopian community he helped establish with his father in 1825. Throughout his adult life, Robert Dale Owen wrote and published numerous pamphlets, speeches and articles that described his personal and political views, including his belief in spiritualism. Owen co-edited the New-Harmony Gazette with Frances Wright in the late 1820s in Indiana and the Free Enquirer in the 1830s in New York City.
Owen was an advocate of married women's property and divorce rights, secured inclusion of an article in the Indiana Constitution of 1851 that provided tax-supported funding for a uniform system of free public schools, established the position of Indiana Superintendent of Public Instruction. Owen is noted for a series of open letters he wrote in 1862 that favored the abolition of slavery and supported general emancipation, as well as a suggestion that the federal government should provide assistance to freedmen. Robert Dale Owen was born on November 7, 1801, in Glasgow, Scotland, to Ann Caroline Dale and Robert Owen, his mother was the daughter of a Scottish textile manufacturer. Robert Dale was the eldest surviving son of eight children. Owen grew up in Braxfield and was tutored before he was sent at the age of sixteen to Philipp Emanuel von Fellenberg's school at Hofwyl, Switzerland; the Swiss school exposed Owen to Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi's method of education. After completing his formal education, Owen returned to Scotland to join his father in the textile business at New Lanark.
Owen's father, a successful textile manufacturer and philanthropist, became a noted socialist reformer whose vision of social equality included, among other projects, the establishment of experimental utopian communities in the United States and the United Kingdom. Robert Dale Owen, who shared many of his father's views on social issues immigrated to the United States in 1825, became a U. S. citizen, helped his father manage the socialistic community at New Harmony, Indiana. Owen's three surviving brothers and his sister, Jane immigrated to the United States and became residents of New Harmony. Between 1825 and 1828, Owen managed the day-to-day operations of the socialistic community at New Harmony, while his father returned to Britain to resume his social reform and philanthropic work in Europe. In addition to his other work and Frances Wright, a wealthy, Scottish philanthropist and radical reformer, published articles in the New-Harmony Gazette, the town's liberal weekly newspaper, served as its co-editors.
Established in 1825, the Gazette was one of Indiana's earliest newspapers. After the New Harmony utopian community dissolved in 1827, Owen traveled in Europe before returning to the United States in 1829. During this period Owen wrote Moral Physiology, it was the first book in the United States to advocate birth control. Owen moved to New York City, where he and Wright co-edited the weekly Free Enquirer until 1831–32; as they had done in the New Harmony Gazette, the Free Enquirer continued to express their radical views on a variety of subjects, including abolition of slavery, women's rights, universal suffrage, free public education, birth control, religion. Owen returned to New Harmony, Indiana, in 1833, after he and Wright discontinued their editorship of the New York newspaper. Owen and Mary Jane Robinson were married before a justice of the peace on April 12, 1832, in New York City. After an extended trip to Europe, they relocated to Indiana; the couple had six children. Their surviving children were Florence, Julian Dale and Rosamond.
On June 23, 1876, five years after the death of his first wife, Owen married Lottie Walton Kellogg at Caldwell, New York. During 1829–30, Owen became an active leader in the Working Men's Party in New York City. In contrast to other Democrats of the era, Owen was opposed to slavery, although his radical partisanship distanced him from the leading abolitionists of the era. After Owen's return to New Harmony, Indiana, in 1833, he became active in state politics. Owen served in the Indiana House of Representatives, he distinguished himself as an influential member of the Indiana General Assembly during his first term by securing appropriations for the state's tax-supported public school system. In addition, Owen was instrumental in introducing legislation and argued in support of widows and married women's property rights, but the bill was defeated, he proposed
Ray John Madden was a United States Representative from Indiana. He was born in Minnesota, he attended Sacred Heart Academy in his native city. He graduated from the law department of Creighton University with an LL. B. in 1913 and commenced practice in Omaha, Nebraska. Madden was elected as a municipal judge in Omaha in 1916, he resigned during the First World War to serve in the United States Navy. After the war, he was engaged in the practice of law in Indiana, he was the city comptroller of Gary from 1935-1938 and the treasurer of Lake County, Indiana from 1938-1942. He was a delegate to every Democratic National Convention from 1940 through 1968, he was elected as a Democrat to the sixteen succeeding Congresses. While in Congress, he served as a co-chairman of the Joint Committee on Organization of Congress, chairman of the Committee on Rules, he was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1976 to the Ninety-fifth Congress. He was a chairman of the Madden Committee. After leaving Congress, he was a resident of Washington, D.
C. until his death there. He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. United States Congress. "Ray Madden". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-01-15