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John Hay

John Milton Hay was an American statesman and official whose career in government stretched over half a century. Beginning as a private secretary and assistant to Abraham Lincoln, Hay's highest office was United States Secretary of State under Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. Hay was an author and biographer, wrote poetry and other literature throughout much of his life. Born in Indiana to an anti-slavery family that moved to Illinois when he was young, Hay showed great potential, his family sent him to Brown University. After graduation in 1858, Hay read law in his uncle's office in Springfield, adjacent to that of Lincoln. Hay worked for Lincoln's successful presidential campaign and became one of his private secretaries at the White House. Throughout the American Civil War, Hay was close to Lincoln and stood by his deathbed after the President was shot at Ford's Theatre. In addition to his other literary works, Hay co-authored with John George Nicolay a multi-volume biography of Lincoln that helped shape the assassinated president's historical image.

After Lincoln's death, Hay spent several years at diplomatic posts in Europe worked for the New-York Tribune under Horace Greeley and Whitelaw Reid. Hay remained active in politics, from 1879 to 1881 served as Assistant Secretary of State. Afterward, he remained in the private sector, until President McKinley, for whom he had been a major backer, made him Ambassador to the United Kingdom in 1897. Hay became Secretary of State the following year. Hay served for seven years as Secretary of State, under President McKinley, after McKinley's assassination, under Theodore Roosevelt. Hay was responsible for negotiating the Open Door Policy, which kept China open to trade with all countries on an equal basis, with international powers. By negotiating the Hay–Pauncefote Treaty with the United Kingdom, the Hay–Herrán Treaty with Colombia, the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty with the newly-independent Republic of Panama, Hay cleared the way for the building of the Panama Canal. John Milton Hay was born in Salem, Indiana, on October 8, 1838.

He was the third son of the former Helen Leonard. Charles Hay, born in Lexington, hated slavery and moved to the North in the early 1830s. A doctor, he practiced in Salem. Helen's father, David Leonard, had moved his family west from Assonet, Massachusetts, in 1818, but died en route to Vincennes and Helen relocated to Salem in 1830 to teach school, they married there in 1831. Charles was not successful in Salem, moved, with his wife and children, to Warsaw, Illinois, in 1841. John attended the local schools, in 1849 his uncle Milton Hay invited John to live at his home in Pittsfield, Pike County, attend a well-regarded local school, the John D. Thomson Academy. Milton was a friend of Springfield attorney Abraham Lincoln and had read law in the firm Stuart and Lincoln. In Pittsfield, John first met John Nicolay, at the time a 20-year-old newspaperman. Once John Hay completed his studies there, the 13-year-old was sent to live with his grandfather in Springfield and attend school there, his parents and uncle Milton sent him to Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, alma mater of his late maternal grandfather.

Hay enrolled at Brown in 1855. Although he enjoyed college life, he did not find it easy: his Western clothing and accent made him stand out. Hay gained a reputation as a star student and became a part of Providence's literary circle that included Sarah Helen Whitman and Nora Perry, he experimented with hashish. Hay received his Master of Arts degree in 1858, was, like his grandfather before him, Class Poet, he returned to Illinois. Milton Hay had moved his practice to Springfield, John became a clerk in his firm, where he could study law. Milton Hay's firm was one of the most prestigious in Illinois. Lincoln was a rising star in the new Republican Party. Hay recalled an early encounter with Lincoln: He came into the law office where I was reading... with a copy of Harper's Magazine in hand, containing Senator Douglas's famous article on Popular Sovereignty. Lincoln seemed roused by what he had read. Entering the office without a salutation, he said: "This will never do, he puts the moral element out of this question.

It won't stay out." Hay was not a supporter of Lincoln for president until after his nomination in 1860. Hay made speeches and wrote newspaper articles boosting Lincoln's candidacy; when Nicolay, made Lincoln's private secretary for the campaign, found he needed help with the huge amounts of correspondence, Hay worked full-time for Lincoln for six months. After Lincoln was elected, who continued as Lincoln's private secretary, recommended that Hay be hired to assist him at the White House. Lincoln is reported to have said, "We can't take all Illinois with us down to Washington" but "Well, let Hay come". Kushner and Sherrill were dubious about "the story of Lincoln's offhand appointment of Hay" as fitting well into Hay's self-image of never having been an office-seeker, but "poorly into the realities of Springfield politics of the 1860s"—Hay must have expected some reward for handling Lincoln's correspondence for months. Hay biographer John Taliaferro suggests that Lincoln engaged Nicolay and Hay to assist him, rather than more seasoned men, both "out of loyalty and because of the competence and compatibility that his two young aides had demonstrated".

Historian Joshua Zeitz argues that Lincoln was moved to hire Hay when Milton agreed to

Citico (Cherokee town)

Citico is a prehistoric and historic Native American site in Monroe County, Tennessee, in the southeastern United States. The site's namesake Cherokee village was the largest of the Overhill towns, housing an estimated population of 1,000 by the mid-18th century; the Mississippian village that preceded the site's Cherokee occupation is believed to have been the village of "Satapo" visited by the Juan Pardo expedition in 1567. The Citico site is now submerged by the Tellico Lake impoundment of the Little Tennessee River, created by the completion of Tellico Dam at the mouth of the river in 1979; the modern community of Citico Beach has developed along the shoreline above the ancient site. The lake is managed by the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. Tellico Lake covers the lower 33 miles of the Little Tennessee River, which flows down from the mountains to the south and traverses parts of Blount and Loudon counties before emptying into the Tennessee River near Lenoir City; the Citico site was situated along the southwest bank of the river below the river's confluence with Citico Creek, which empties into the river 31 miles upstream from the river's mouth.

Citico is located in an area where the Great Smoky Mountains and the Unicoi Mountains give way to the Appalachian Ridge-and-Valley Province. Citico Beach is located along Highway 455 14 miles south of Vonore; the Citico site is visible from the Harrison Branch boat ramp, located just off U. S. Route 129 2 miles south of Pumpkin Center. On October 16, 1567, an expedition led by Spanish explorer Juan Pardo arrived at a village known as "Satapo" while en route to Coosa, a powerful chiefdom centered in modern northern Georgia. Research conducted by anthropologist Charles Hudson in the 1980s suggests that Satapo was situated at the Citico site in Monroe County, that the two names are linguistically related. According to Hudson, the Pardo expedition left Olamico on October 13 and traveled southwest across the foothills of the Great Smokies, crossing Little River at modern-day Walland and traversing Happy Valley to arrive at "Chalahume" in the Little Tennessee Valley on October 15. After the expedition made its way to Satapo the following day, a friendly native warned Pardo of a plot against him, the expedition returned to Olamico shortly thereafter.

Hudson speculates that when the Cherokee replaced Satapo's Muskogeean-speaking Mississippian inhabitants, the Cherokee kept the site's name. However, as the Cherokee language lacks bilabial stops, the "p" sound in "Satapo" was replaced with a "k" sound, giving the site its Cherokee name; the Cherokee believed that a cliff overlooking Citico was once home the "Tlanuwas"— two giant hawks that terrorized people in the valley until a high priest managed to rob their nest and drop their eggs in the water below, where they were devoured by the Uktena. A Cherokee village thrived at Citico when English explorers and traders began entering the Tennessee Valley in large numbers in the early 18th century. Citico's "head man" was among the'chiefs' who met with Colonel George Chicken at Tanasi in 1725 to form an alliance against the hostile Creeks. Citico appears on George Hunter's 1730 map of the Cherokee region and is mentioned by Alexander Cuming that same year as being one of the Overhill towns headed by a "prince".

Captain Henry Timberlake, who visited the Overhill towns on a peace mission in 1761–1762, reported 204 warriors at Citico, the most of any Overhill town. Cheulah, the head man of Citico, greeted Timberlake with a ceremonial dance involving 400 townspeople and presented Timberlake with a string of beads. At a pipe-smoking ceremony held afterward at the Citico townhouse, Timberlake recalled smoking so many peace pipes that he "could not stir for several hours." The Overhill Cherokee found themselves at odds with encroaching Euro-American settlers. After the Cherokee aligned themselves with the British in the American Revolution, the colonies dispatched a force under Colonel William Christian to subdue the Overhill towns in 1776; when Chief Dragging Canoe refused to settle for peace, Christian burned five Overhill towns, including Citico. The town burned had been deserted because its entire population had chosen to follow Dragging Canoe's move to the southwest, where they re-established themselves at the mouth of a small creek in a town of the same name in what is now Chattanooga.

Historian J. G. M. Ramsey reported a conference between militia commander John Sevier and Cherokee Chief Hanging Maw held at the original Citico in 1782 in which the two sides agreed to a truce. Ramsey goes on to relate a violent encounter two years between Major James Hubbard and Untoola— a Cherokee "head man" known as the "Gun Rod of Citico"— that left Untoola dead and led to a warrant being issued for Hubbard's arrest. In the late 1780s, a group of scouts led by Captain John Fain was collecting apples at the former site of Citico when they were ambushed by a band of Cherokees. Sixteen of Fain's men were killed, 4 were wounded. A militia force led by Captain Nathaniel Evans arrived shortly thereafter to find several scalped and disemboweled bodies. Evans linked up with Sevier's larger force, the combined force set out in pursuit of the hostile Cherokee. Regarding the new settlement, it was abandoned after the move by the Chickamauga/Lower Cherokee to the Fiver Lower Towns area still further to the west and southwest in 1782, but reoccupied after the close of the Cherokee–American wars

Southport State High School

Southport State High School is a secondary school situated in Southport on the Gold Coast, Queensland in Australia. Southport State High School was the first public high school on the Gold Coast, celebrating its 100th Centenary in 2016.'Respice Finem' remains the school motto to this day, meaning'to look to the end result'. Some of the Southport State High School Buildings are listed on the Queensland Heritage Register; the Southport State School was built in 1879 in Scarborough Street on what is now the site for Southport Central Towers. From 1916, the primary school included a section, as a temporary measure until more suitable premises were decided upon, for students undertaking secondary education, it was this component of the school, moved to a Smith Street location in March 1955 resulting in the creation of a custom built high school which served the entirety of the Town of the South Coast region. On 4 October 2019, the school's Block B was destroyed by a suspicious fire. 25m, 8 lane outdoor pool with Professional instructing and Swim Club Specialist Science Labs Lecture Theatre Specialised Junior Secondary Facility Professional Tennis Courts with in house tennis professional and access available for private coaching Industrial Kitchen Facility Performing Arts Theatre Dance Studio Music Centre for Excellence Apple Mac Edit Suite Multi-purpose Sports Centre Southport State High School has a tradition of extending students through a range of excellence programs.

These programs nurture and extend high achieving students who have a passion for learning in a specialist area of academia, instrumental music, performing arts and visual arts. The Academic Excellence Program provides a more rich, integrated experience challenging them to take responsibility over their own learning. Students in the Academic Excellence Program are challenged to question, build intellectual curiosity and develop critical thinking skills; the Southport State High School Creative Arts Excellence program contains a curriculum designed to allow students to flourish in an environment designed to guide and facilitate students demonstrated creative ability. The program recognises the talents of each individual student; the Sports Excellence Program at Southport State High School enhances the athletic potential of each and every student. The program supplements the training and professional coaching of each student through a program that develops speed, movement, core strength co-ordination and power.

Based on the'Long Term athlete Development Model' created by Istvan Balyi, the Sports Excellence Program approach emphasises age appropriate skills acquisition to maximise athletic potential. Southport State High School is an internationally recognised and accredited Apple Distinguished Program; as a member of a global community of educational leaders recognised for doing outstanding work with Apple technology in and out of the classroom, teachers are encouraged to explore new ideas, seek new paths and embrace new opportunities. In 2009, a student at the school was charged with assault. In the same year, 303 students were suspended from the school. In 2014, a 14-year-old student was stabbed by his classmate. Southport State High School has produced a number of distinguished students including: Lex Bellpolitician and former Gold Coast mayor Ricki-Lee Coulter – singer and television personality Russ Crane – former Chief of the Royal Australian Navy Fred Hilmer – academic and businessman Doug Jones – international arbitrator Peter Lawlor – politician Jodhi Meares – fashion designer and model Clive Palmer – politician and mining magnate Bob Quinn – politician Larry Sengstock – basketballer and former CEO of Basketball Australia Amy Shark – singer Miles Stewart – Olympic triathlete and current CEO of Triathlon AustraliaNotable teachers include: Katrin Garfoot, Commonwealth Games cyclist Steven McLuckie, Australian Rules footballer Education in Australia List of schools in Gold Coast, Queensland Official website

Gordon Warner

Gordon Warner was an American one-legged swordsman who became the highest-ranked westerner in the Japanese martial art of kendo. He was a world-record-holding breaststroke swimmer, a decorated World War II Marine officer, an academic in educational administration, an author of books on kendo, the culture of Japan, the history of the Ryukyu Islands. Warner grew up among Nisei in Long Beach and began watching Samurai cinema and studying Japanese martial arts as a teenager. Tall and athletic, he became captain of the University of Southern California swim team, lived in a Japanese dorm. On graduating in 1936 with a bachelor's degree in social science he joined the United States Marine Corps Reserve as a second lieutenant. At the urging of two senior officers, lieutenant colonel Anthony Biddle and captain Chesty Puller, he traveled to Tokyo in 1937 to continue his studies in Japanese martial arts, he became a student of Moriji Mochida and Masuda Shinsuke, reached the rank of shodan in kendo two years also beginning to learn iaido, but had to leave Japan in haste after the Kenpeitai learned from his correspondence that he was a Marine officer.

From 1939 to 1941, Warner was a teacher and swimming coach in Hawaii, at the Punahou Academy in Honolulu and at Maui High School. In an exhibition event of the Palama invitational swim meet in Honolulu in 1939, he set the world record for the 220-yard breaststroke held by Leonard Spence, with a time of 2:51.5. In 1941 he was called to United States Marine Corps service as a combat instructor at the Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virginia, he was deployed to the South Pacific, where his fluency in the Japanese language allowed him to understand spoken orders from the Japanese and to confuse Japanese soldiers with false orders of his own. He became the first to raise the American flag on Bougainville Island in the Landings at Cape Torokina in November 1943. Less than a week he lost his left leg when a tank he was commanding was attacked after taking out six machine gun nests, he was awarded the Navy Cross for his heroism in this battle, the Purple Heart for being injured while serving. Warner retired from the Marines as a lieutenant colonel.

He returned to civilian life and to the University of Southern California, where he earned master's degrees in 1944 and again in 1950. His 1950 thesis for a Master of Arts in history was Artificial limb development: A history of the Northrop Artificial Limb Research Department 96, Project 17, founded on prosthesis development. From 1950 to 1954 he studied education at the University of California, completing a doctorate in 1954 with the dissertation History of the continuation education program in California. At this time he took up kendo again, despite his missing leg. With Benjamin Hazard he helped found two of the first post-war Kendo groups in the US, in Berkeley in the spring of 1953 and again in Oakland, California in the fall of the same year. After completing his doctorate he became an assistant professor at California State University, Long Beach, he traveled to Japan in 1956 to attend an international kendo match between American and Japanese kendo masters, hosted a return match in Long Beach in 1957, continued visiting Japan in subsequent years.

He remained at Long Beach State until 1964, as coach of swimming and water polo and as chair of the department of educational administration. In 1964, Warner retired from his faculty position to become the director of the Education Department of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands, on Okinawa Island. In the early 1970s he was the historian and curator of the US Armed Forces Museum on Okinawa, which closed in 1976, he continued practicing kendo reaching the 7th dan. He reached the 6th dan in iaido. In 2001 the emperor of Japan awarded him the Order of the Sacred Treasure, 3rd class, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon, for his accomplishments in the martial arts. Warner died on Okinawa on March 4, 2010, was buried in Arlington National Cemetery, he had two children, a son Ion Musashi Warner and a daughter Irene Tomoe Cooper. Warner's books include: This Is Kendo: The Art of Japanese Fencing Japanese Festivals History of Education in Postwar Okinawa Japanese Swordsmanship: Technique and practice The Okinawa War The Okinawan Reversion Story: War, Occupation, Reversion, 1945-1972 Dining in Chopstick Societies

Paul Gertner

Paul Gertner is an American close-up magician from Pittsburgh. He is set of DVDs. Paul Gertner's interest in magic began as borrowing library books on the subject, he claims his interest in magic began with his father, who created "magical" home movies using special effects and an 8 mm video camera. When he was sixteen, Paul worked nights at the Forks Hotel in Buffalo, New York, learning a great deal about how to interact with an audience and the psychological side of performing, his mentor there was legendary bar magician Eddie Fechter. From the mid-1970s on, Gertner performed corporate gigs and trade shows, has worked for a variety of companies, including IBM, NASA, GlaxoSmithKline, US Steel. Paul Gertner has appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson three times, he has appeared on Penn & Teller: Fool Us three times—a first for the show—and fooled the hosts twice. He has a wife named a son named Beth and Bill. Paul Gertner is famous for his competition act, which he used to win first place at the Las Vegas Desert Seminar $10,000 and first place at FISM, arguably the largest magical competition/convention there is.

The act consists of three different routines: That's Ridiculous, The Steel Cups and Balls, Ring on Hourglass. That's Ridiculous comprises coins appearing magically underneath playing cards placed on a table; this routine is fast-paced and energetic, with the rapid-fire production of six half dollars, two silver dollars, an oversized giant half-dollar in only a few seconds. The Steel Cups and Balls is Paul Gertner's approach to the classic balls routine. Three steel ball bearings appear in and around three steel cups; the routine ends with several massive, heavy ball bearings being produced from the cups and dropping to the table with a large thud. Part of the trick's surprise is that one of the bearings is too big to fit in the cup, despite having just been produced from it. A ring borrowed from a spectator, vanished at the beginning of the act appears on the middle of a beautiful hourglass used to time the act; the glass of the hourglass has to be smashed with a hammer to make the removal of the ring possible.

Gertner's most popular published work is Steel and Silver, which Gertner claims to be the fastest-selling magic book in history. This book has been released as a DVD set by L&L Publishing. Official website

Mary Freeman-Grenville, 12th Lady Kinloss

Beatrice Mary Grenville Freeman-Grenville, 12th Lady Kinloss was a British peer. The eldest of the three daughters of Luis Chandos Francis Temple Morgan-Grenville and Katherine Beatrice MacKenzie Jackman, she was educated at Ravenscroft School Eastbourne, she was the senior heir-general to Edward Seymour, Viscount Beauchamp, the only son of Lady Catherine Grey. She succeeded to the title Lady Kinloss on the death in 1944 of her grandmother, Mary Morgan-Grenville, 11th Lady Kinloss, she married Greville Stewart Parker Freeman in 1950. She sat as an Independent Crossbencher peer in the House of Lords from the implementation of the Peerage Act 1963, which allowed women peers in their own right to sit in the House, until the implementation of the House of Lords Act 1999, which removed all but 92 hereditary peers, she served on the House of Lords Committee on European Communities from 1990-92. She was unsuccessful in her bid to be elected as one of the retained 92 hereditary peers, coming 38th in a field of 79 candidates for 28 seats reserved for Crossbenchers.

The 12th Lady Kinloss died on 30 September 2012, the 160th birthday of her grandmother Mary Morgan-Grenville, 11th Lady Kinloss. She was succeeded by Teresa Freeman-Grenville, 13th Lady Kinloss. Ms Beatrice Freeman-Grenville, Hansard 1803–2005.